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africa
相关语句
  非洲
    Discussion on Africa's Industrial Development
    非洲工业发展的现状和前景
短句来源
    ON HISTORICAL STATUS AND ROLE OF THE NATIONAL BOURGEOISIE IN TROPICAL AFRICA
    略论热带非洲民族资产阶级的历史地位与作用
短句来源
    AFRICA'S ECONOMIC REFORM AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
    非洲经济改革与持续发展
短句来源
    SOME QUESTIONS CONCERNING THE STUDY OF AFRICA'S TRADITIONAL CULTURE AND MODERNIZATION
    关于“非洲传统文化与现代化”研究的若干问题
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    An outlook of the development prospect of Africa in the early 21st century
    21世纪初期非洲发展前景展望
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  “africa”译为未确定词的双语例句
    BLACK AFRICA:ITS REALITIES AND PROSPECT
    黑非洲的现实及前景
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    South Africa:China is Welcome
    南非:欢迎中国
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    Investing in South Africa
    投资到南非
短句来源
    South Africa:Investment Orientation and Preferential Policy
    南非:投资方向和优惠政策
短句来源
    On the Economic Cooperation between China and North Africa in the 21~(st) Century
    论21世纪中国与北非经济合作
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  africa
Genetic relationships were studied among 23 isolates of Sphaeropsis sapinea collected from China, the United States, England, South Africa and Chile by using a random amplification of a polymorphic DNA (RAPD) analytical method.
      
Restriction endonucleases (RENs) were detected in 650 microbial strains isolated from water columns and bottom sediments of deep rift lakes, Baikal (Russia) and Nyasa (Southeastern Africa).
      
During the first period, the primary natural foci in Eurasia were formed and, during the second period, synanthropic (rat) and secondary natural foci appeared with the participation of humans in Africa, The New World, and on some tropical islands.
      
Identification and Genesis of the Mixed-Layer Lizardite-Saponite Phase in a Kimberlite Pipe, South Africa
      
In autolithic breccia of a kimberlite pipe in South Africa, the ordered mixed-layer lizardite-saponite phase was first identified in rocks containing a mechanical mixture of lizardite and saponite or only saponite in association with lizardite.
      
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Countries benifit from trading in groups instead of individually nowadays. Seven big groups, Western Europ, U. S. A & Canada,USSR & Eastern Europ, Asia & the Pacific region, Latin America & the Middle East,and Africa,are considered as the world basic trading regions.

当今世界经济发展中地区集团化趋势日趋加强,这无疑将对国际贸易格局产生巨大影响,研究经济集团化发展趋势对我国进出口贸易具有重要意义。陈明星同志撰写的“世界经济发展中的地区集团化趋势”一文概括总结了目前世界上现存的七大地区经济集团,并具体分析了各地区集团的基本特点及发展趋势,有比较好的参考价值。

There is no doubt that ambiguous concepts of growth pole exist both in theoretical studies and in worldwide applications. This article clarified Perroux's original growth pole concept and its revised version applied by his followers. After pointing out the weakness of the revised concept and the failure of its practice of regional planning in many countries from Europe and America to Asia and Africa, the authors turned to Perroux's growth pole theorywhich is here considered as an applicable strategy for...

There is no doubt that ambiguous concepts of growth pole exist both in theoretical studies and in worldwide applications. This article clarified Perroux's original growth pole concept and its revised version applied by his followers. After pointing out the weakness of the revised concept and the failure of its practice of regional planning in many countries from Europe and America to Asia and Africa, the authors turned to Perroux's growth pole theorywhich is here considered as an applicable strategy for regional development.In order to seleect, or more exactly to recognize growth poles, it is necessary to propose an approach of starting from macro-economy to micro scope and from propulsive industries to propulsive enterprises. By searching the location (or potential location) of the propulsive enterprises, growth pole can be identified. The quantitative measure of selecting propulsive industries includes 8 indexes. industrial linkages, labourforce linksgea, innovation, comparative advantages, incom elasticrts, policy promotion, structural coordination and product life. After calculating each index, the total propulsive industrial index can be worked out by adding each weight index.By using this approach, the indexes of Kaifeng Municrpality of Henan Provice were computed. The results show that Kaifeng City and lancao Town are two growth poes in the research area.

本文分析了皮鲁式增长极与修改式增长极的区别,指出了修改式增长极概念的不足,肯定了皮鲁式增长极在区域发展规划中的实用性,提出了从宏观到微观,从推进型产业到推进型企业区位及发展环境的增长极选择方法。并针对推进型产业及其区位的性质和有关影响因素,提出了相应的选择指标与方法。最后以河南开封市为例,验证了选择方法的实际可操作性与实用性。

THE HISTORY OF Chinese foreign economic and technical cooperation in agriculture can be traced back to forty years ago. In 1950s, foreign agricultural cooperation was mainly undertaken with former USSR and Eastern European countries with the characteristics of general exchanges of cultivation technology and plant species; In 1960s and 1970s, Chinese agricultural aid became the main form of the cooperation by which China provided agricultural technical and material assistance to the developing countries in Asia...

THE HISTORY OF Chinese foreign economic and technical cooperation in agriculture can be traced back to forty years ago. In 1950s, foreign agricultural cooperation was mainly undertaken with former USSR and Eastern European countries with the characteristics of general exchanges of cultivation technology and plant species; In 1960s and 1970s, Chinese agricultural aid became the main form of the cooperation by which China provided agricultural technical and material assistance to the developing countries in Asia and Africa; In 1980s, foreign investment began to flow into Chinese agriculture sector as a result of the country's adoption of reform and opening-up policy, and this turned a new leaf in China's agricultural cooperation with other countries and foreign organization.With regards to the financial resources of agricultural cooperation, there are three major channels at present. One is on a multilateral basis, and concerns mainly with the agencies and regional organizations such as World Bank, World Food Program, International Agriculture Development Fund, Asia Development Bank, and EEC, etc. The other channel is on a bilateral basis, and Japan, Canada, Germany , Australia, Denmark, Holland, etc. has provided agricultural assistance to China. Another channel of agriculture cooperation is one financed from private resources on a people- to-people basis.As for the cooperation forms, a scenery of hundreds of flowers in bloom reflects that the Government has adopted a flexible policy to absorb foreign investment in this field. There are now multilateral and bilateral midand long-term soft loans, gracious food aid, technical grant, joint venture, cooperative operation, assembling or processing import materials or processing by licensing agreement, just mention a few. Among these forms, the most frequently used are mid- and long-term soft loans and grant aid. By the end of 1992, the number of foreign investment projects in agriculture, forestry, husbandry, fishery, and water conservation sectors reached at 3136 in total and absorbed about US $ 7. 387 billion in real term. To draw a clear picture, it could be broken down as follows; foreign loan US $ 3.92 billion, 53.06%; foreign aid US $ 1.066 billion, 14.43%, foreign direct investment (excluding rural industry ) US$ 2.48 billion, 27.72%; other foreign investment ( including processing and assembling ) US $ 0.353, 4.78%.Last year, foreign capital flow into China saw a high rising. According to the authoritative statistics, 1047 projects of foreign investment were approved and the investment utilized totaled US $ 1.312 billion. The number of foreign direct investment projects accounted for 1017 with the total amount of US $ 0. 678 billion.In general speaking, foreign investment was geared into the general planning for national agricultural development. In a sense, foreign investment in agriculture largely covered the fund shortage of many agricultural capital construction projects.Another achievement is observed as foreign investment in agriculture sector is concerned that foreign investment plays an important role in poverty alleviation in remote rural areas and also serves as a catalysis to promote concerted development in national agricultural economy.China has established relations with more than 100 non- government organizations and received about US $ 1.5 million by average for one year from this resource. Projects aided by non-government organizations are particularly welcome by people at grassroots because these projects are normally small in size, quick in efficiency, and very closed to people's daily life.Foreign investment in agriculture sector has encouraged introduction of foreign advanced agriculture technology as well as advanced equipment and managerial experience, and also has trained quite a number of technology and management personnel. Successful projects such as saline-alkali soil transformation projects in Quzhou and Nanpi counties in Hebei Province, imgation and afforestation projects in Haolan County in Gansu Province are set as models by the donors for comprehensive development by means of combination between project construction and technical research, which illustrates the benefit from foreign investment in agriculture sector.Utilization of foreign investment in agriculture sector is still a priority on the agenda of Chinese agricultural development. In recent years, the state has maintained an investment ratio at 6 % of the central government's budget. Taking the year of 1988 as an example, the central government put 15 billion RMB Yuan in the Ministry of Agriculture system, and at the same year, the national budget was 200 billion RMB Yuan. In 1989, agriculture investment was increased comparing with previous year, but was not met the ratio of 6% as usual. From past experience and current financial situation of the country, state investment in agriculture could not be increased remarkably as the sector requires and the fund shortage may be as big as 40% or more. It is still an obvious hard task for the country to utilize more foreign investment in agriculture sector in future. To this end, an objective is set, which is targeted to introduce US $ 0.8--1 billion per year to satisfy the fund demand urgently required by the sector.

中国农业进入了新的发展阶段,国外资金和外来援助已经、正在和必将继续成为农业发展的重要动力。本文介绍了农业发展现状和农业利用外资的概况,说明了作为国民经济的基础产业,农业的全面发展将与利用外资更加紧密地结合进行。

 
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