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fentanyl
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  芬太尼
    The patients had no food for about 6 h before operation and premedicated with oral midazolam 0.5 mg·kg-1. Anesthesia was induced with fentanyl 20μg·kg-1, midazolam 0.1 mg·kg-1, vecuronium 0.1 mg·kg-1 and atropine 0.01 mg·kg-1 and maintained with isoflurane-N2O-O2 and intermittent IV boluses of fentanyl after tracheal intubation.
    静脉注射芬太尼20μg·kg-1、咪达唑仑0.1 mg·kg-1、维库溴铵0.1 mg·kg-1麻醉诱导后气管插管,机械通气。 间断静脉注射芬太尼复合吸入混合气体异氟醚-N2O-O2(1:49: 50)麻醉维持。
短句来源
    Conclusion Cisatracurium 3×ED95 is the dose of choice for rapid-sequence induction when combined with propofol and fentanyl in children.
    结论小儿芬太尼复合异丙酚时,顺式阿曲库铵0.15 mg/kg(3倍ED95)是麻醉诱导的适宜剂量。
短句来源
    Children in control,fentanyl,remifentanil and sufentanil groups received saline 0.2 mL/kg,fentanyl 2 μg/kg,remifentanil 1 μg/kg and sufentanil 0.2 μg/kg IV,respectively,using an blind method before intubation.
    随机平均分成对照组、芬太尼组、瑞芬太尼和舒芬太尼组,气管插管前采用盲法分别应用9g/L盐水0.2mL/kg、芬太尼2μg/kg、瑞芬太尼组1μg/kg和舒芬太尼0.2μg/kg。
短句来源
    BP and HR at intubation and their maximum values during the observation were significantly lower in sufentanil and remifentanil groups than those in fentanyl group(Pa<0.05).
    瑞芬太尼组和舒芬太尼组气管插管时的血压和HR及其观察期最大值均显著低于芬太尼组(Pa<0.05)。
短句来源
    Times required for the occurrence of the maximum values of SBP and HR were significantly longer in remifentanil group than in control,fentanyl and sufentanil groups(Pa<0.05);
    瑞芬太尼组观察期出现SBP和HR最大值时间显著长于对照组、芬太尼组和舒芬太尼组(Pa<0.05);
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  “fentanyl”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Ulinastatin and apretinin were added to the priming solution before CPB.Anesthesia was induced and maintained with fentanyl,midazolam,propofol infusion and isoflurane inhalation. Blood samples were taken before CPB (Tt,baseline),5 min after aortic unclamping (T_2),30 min (T_3) and 4 h (T_4) after termination of CPB for determination of plasma concentrations of IL-6,IL-8,IL-10,TNF-a,cTnI and CK-MB activity.
    于CPB前(T_1)、升主动脉开放5 min(T_2)、CPB结束后30 min(T_3)、4 h(T_4)抽取动脉血,测定血浆IL-6、IL-8、IL-10、TNF-α、cTnI浓度及CK-MB活性,记录术后辅助通气时间、24 h引流量、心脏复跳情况及围术期多巴胺使用情况。
短句来源
    Induction of anesthesia with sodium hydroxybutyrate 80~100 mg/kg,fentanyl 3 mg/kg and pavulon 0 08~0 1 mg/kg.
    潘龙 0 1mg/kg分别于切皮、转机前、停机后静脉注射。 羟丁酸钠于转机前停机后静脉注射 4 0mg/kg。
短句来源
    Methods 66 Children patients were divided into three group(n=22),Group A:γ–hydroxybutyrate sodium(γ-OH)+ ketamine, Group B:Propfol + Ketamine, Group C:Propofol +fentanyl.
    方法 66例小儿病人随机分成3组,每组22例,A组:γ-OH+氯胺酮; B组:异丙酚+氯胺酮;
短句来源
    Fentanyl(5μg·kg-1·d-1)with bupivacaine(3μg·kg-1·d-1)and droperidol(30μg·kg-1·d-1)in the way of dosage decreasing day by day.
    kg-1.d-1、布比卡因3μg. kg-1.d-1和氟哌利多30μg.
短句来源
    Fentanyl(5-7μg·kg-1·d-1)with droperidol(15-20μg·kg-1·d-1),or fentanyl(5-7μg·kg-1·d-1)with granisetron(50μg·kg-1·d-1)and dexamethasone(2.5-5 mg/d)is more suitable in children postoperative analgesia.
    kg-1.d-1或格拉司琼50μg. kg-1.d-1、地塞米松2.5~5mg/d更适合小儿。
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  fentanyl
Demographic data, intraoperative consumption of fentanyl and phentolamine, preoperative hospital stay and postoperative ICU stay were compared.
      
The phaeochromocytoma group required significantly more fentanyl during surgery (370±87 vs.
      
Fentanyl, Na-pentobarbital and halothane influence myocardial infarct size
      
The anesthetics used were fentanyl, Na-pentobarbital, and halothane.
      
Under fentanyl, the BP was 143±3/91±2 mm Hg and HR 99±3/min.
      
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Abstract The method introduced has shown not only easy practice but easy controlled hypotension to decresse the hemorrhage during operation, and can avoid hypoxemia oceur,and awake quickly. A brief discussion of how to prevent and treat about the complications had been done during using the Fentanyl.

小剂量芬太尼与安氟醚复合麻醉剂应用于140例小儿手术麻醉。该麻醉法可控性好,应激反应轻,易于控制血压,有助于减少手术出血。术后无一例呼吸抑制,苏醒快。对麻醉并发症的防治进行了讨论。

In this article,a nine-year,s date(1988 to June 1996)about anesthesia of 105 pediatric patientsunderwent cerebral stereotastic operations was anaiysed.The results showed that all children (ASA I-II,2-14yr,M/F:61/44),anesthetilized basically by local anesthesia with 0.5%procaine, were also needed tobe combined with one other different anesthetic method during procedures,such a8 54 cases(51.6%) withsedative(diazepam or droperidol)or basical anesthesia(ketamine or pethidine I.M.),46 cases(43.8%)with intravenous...

In this article,a nine-year,s date(1988 to June 1996)about anesthesia of 105 pediatric patientsunderwent cerebral stereotastic operations was anaiysed.The results showed that all children (ASA I-II,2-14yr,M/F:61/44),anesthetilized basically by local anesthesia with 0.5%procaine, were also needed tobe combined with one other different anesthetic method during procedures,such a8 54 cases(51.6%) withsedative(diazepam or droperidol)or basical anesthesia(ketamine or pethidine I.M.),46 cases(43.8%)with intravenous anesthesia(ketamine, r-OH, fentanyl or thiopental I.V,)and 5 cases(4.8%)with trachealintubation. The commonnest complications during operations were nausea, vomiting,bradycardia andtachycardia as well as dyspnea in various degrees. In conclusion,we suggested that, in order toincreasethe safety during pediatric anesthesia and stereotartic operation, anesthetists should attend followingproblems:(1)preparing the pediatric patients preopratively,including history,physical examination,premedication and or so;(2) choosing anesthetic techniques and anesthetics reasonably for earh case;(3)positioning proppJrly for airway manapement and preventing vomiting or regurigitation with subsequentpulmonary aspiration of stomaich content during anesthesia,and(4)monitoring SBP, DBP,MAP,ECGand SpO2.

本文对我院1988~1996年6月105例脑立体定向手术患儿(ASAⅠ~Ⅱ,平均年龄9.79±3.68岁,男/女:61/44)的麻醉资料进行了分析。结果表明,所有患儿均在局麻(0.5%普鲁卡因)基础上进行手术(手术时间1.2~4.5h).其中辅用镇静剂(安定、氟哌啶)或基础麻醉(肌注氯胺酮或哌替啶)54例(51.4%)、静脉麻醉46例(43.8%)和气管内麻醉5例(4.8%)。术中最常见的并发症为恶心呕吐(24例)、窦性心动过速(10例)/过缓(24例)和不同程度的呼吸困难(29例)。为提高手术麻醉的安全性,对围手术麻醉期应注意的几个问题,如术前用药、术中并发症处理、术中监测等进行了讨论。

Objective and Methods:Fortyseven healthy infants and children, ASA grade I, aged from 3 months to 135 years, undergoing elective plastic surgery, were included in the study. Anesthesia was induced with propofol 25~32mg/kg, fentanyl 2μg/kg and suxamethonium 15mg/kg. After the trachea was intubated, anesthesia was maintained with propofol, fentanyl for analgesia amd vecuronium for muscle relaxation. Results and Conclusion: Anesthesia induction with propofol could provide a good intubation condition...

Objective and Methods:Fortyseven healthy infants and children, ASA grade I, aged from 3 months to 135 years, undergoing elective plastic surgery, were included in the study. Anesthesia was induced with propofol 25~32mg/kg, fentanyl 2μg/kg and suxamethonium 15mg/kg. After the trachea was intubated, anesthesia was maintained with propofol, fentanyl for analgesia amd vecuronium for muscle relaxation. Results and Conclusion: Anesthesia induction with propofol could provide a good intubation condition and depressed significantly cardiovascular responses to tracheal intubation in children. Compared with children aged more than 3 years, children aged less than 3 years required larger dose of propofol in induction and maintance of anesthesia, and had a longer awake time. The incidences of early postoperative hypoxemia and vomitting in our subjects were 64% and 43%, respectively.

目的与方法:在47例ASAⅠ级、年龄8月~13.5岁、施择期整形外科手术的小儿,观察异丙酚、芬太尼和琥珀胆碱诱导,以异丙酚-芬太尼和肌松药维持麻醉的效果。结果与结论:用异丙酚诱导麻醉能产生满意的插管条件,并能明显抑制气管插管的心血管反应。与>3岁小儿相比,<3岁小儿的异丙酚诱导用量和维持用量均明显增高,清醒时间延长。

 
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