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grey     
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  灰色
     Research on the Theory and Application Technology of Grey Model for Error Correction of the Dynamic Measurement
     动态测量误差修正灰色建模理论与应用技术研究
短句来源
     On the Grey Prediction Method and Its Application in Watercraft Motion Modeling and Prediction
     灰色系统理论预测方法研究及其在舰船运动预报中的应用
短句来源
     Research on Analytical Method with Grey System and Neural Network and Their Application
     灰色系统与神经网络分析方法及其应用研究
短句来源
     Study on the Analytic Methods for Grey Decision-Making
     灰色决策问题的分析方法研究
短句来源
     The Research on the Grey Predictive Model for the Economic Development of the National High and New Tech Zone
     国家级高新技术开发区经济发展灰色预测模型研究
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     Microstructure in Laser Hardened Layer of Grey Cast Iron
     铸铁激光硬化层构成初析
短句来源
     Grey Region Pole Assignment in Grey System
     色系统的极点区配置
短句来源
     Analysis of surface quality of grey iron subjected to laser melting treatment
     铸铁激光表面熔化处理的表面质量分析
短句来源
     Automation for Reduced Grey M Dye Stuff Process
     还原M染料生产过程的自动控制
短句来源
     Transformation in Grey Cast Iron under a High Shock Pressure-Ⅲ.The α(?)ε Phase Transformation and the Changes of Fe_3C
     口铸铁在冲击高压下的变化—Ⅲ.αε相变及 Fe_3c 的变化
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  灰度
     ②Caspase-3 expression was significantly increased in model group, compared with that of control group (average grey scale value: 134.67±11.12, 178.10±1.08, P < 0.01; OD: 0.282±0.034, 0.155±0.005, P < 0.01).
     ②半胱氨酸天冬氨酸蛋白酶3表达:模型组明显高于正常组(平均灰度值:134.67±11.12,178.10±1.08,P<0.01;平均吸光度:0.282±0.034,0.155±0.005,P<0.01)。
短句来源
     Compared with those in control group,the grey scales of p-ERK1/2 in 10-6 mol/L Che+10-8mol/L UⅡ,and 10-5mol/L PD98059+10-8mol/L UⅡ,5 μg/mL CsA+10-8mol/L UⅡ groups declined significantly(P<0.01).
     1×10-6mol/L Che+1×10-8mol/L UⅡ组、1×10-5mol/L PD98059+1×10-8mol/L UⅡ组和5μg/mL CsA+1×10-8mol/L UⅡ组的p-ERK1/2的灰度低于对照组(P<0.01);
短句来源
     The expressions of NF-κB(grey scale values) at 1 and 2 days in the treatment group were 61±19 and 24±6,respectively,and they were significantly lower than 92±16 and 65±13 in the model group(P<0.05).
     治疗组1 d和2 d的NF-κB表达(灰度值)分别为61±19、24±6,明显低于模型组的92±16、65±13,P<0.05;
短句来源
     RESULTS:The expression of P21 and P53 protein in rat brain were not observed in control group,and the grey value wsa 155.34±1.18 and 172.91±1.37 at 48 hours, respectively.
     结果:P21和P53蛋白在对照组大鼠脑组织中无表达,48h灰度值分别为155.34±1.18和172.91±1.37;
短句来源
     Results ①Immunohistochemistry results showed that there was no obvious difference for the mean grey values(0-black to 255-white) of MMP-2 positive products in the airway epithelia and the pulmonary inflammatory cells between normal saline control group(185.60±4.81,161.47±5.71) and simply sensitized group(184.80±9.64,160.33±4.03)(P>0.05).
     结果①免疫组织化学结果显示:豚鼠气道上皮和肺内炎性细胞的MMP-2阳性免疫反应产物的平均灰度值(0-深色,255-浅色),生理盐水组(185.60±4.81、161.47±5.71)与单纯致敏组(184.80±9.64、160.33±4.03)比较没有显著差异(P>0.05);
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  格雷
     Method to Conduct Fast Conversion between Grey Code and Binary Code
     格雷码(Gray)和二进制码的快速转换方法
短句来源
     Discussed the PAPR issue, studied the grey supplementary sequence and the choice mapping method, did the simulation confirmation.
     讨论了峰平功率比PAPR问题,研究了格雷互补序列和选择映射方法,进行了仿真验证。
短句来源
     for the grey supplementary sequence has the advantage of PAPR no bigger than 6dB and the disadvantage of bad correlation, this article uses the m sequence and the Gold sequence improves the grey supplementary sequence the performance, which computation is small and it is usable in practice.
     由于格雷互补序列具有峰值系数不大于6dB的优点和相关性差的缺点,针对格雷互补序列的相关特性不好的缺点,本文研究采用m序列和Gold序列来改进格雷互补序列的性能,计算量小,实用性强。
短句来源
     Based on the nature of Exclusive or operation, deduce the forming procedure for Grey one and analyze the application of exclusive or operation on the check code.
     利用异或运算的性质,给出格雷码公式的推导过程,探讨异或运算在校验码中的应用.
短句来源
     In this paper,The Grey code of absolute rotary encoder converting to Binary code by PLC is introduced,which realize measuring gate opening.
     介绍了绝对值型旋转编码器通过PLC将格雷码转换成二进制码,实现闸门开度测量的方法。
短句来源

 

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      grey
    In our previous studies, grey satellite foci were found in the front of heads of pterygia.
          
    Effect of Gamma Irradiation on the Preference Behavior and Lipid Metabolism in Grey Garden Slug Deroceras reticulatum Mull.
          
    Sorption of heavy metal (copper and strontium) ions by the meadow chernozem and grey forest soils differing in the content of organic substance was described using the Langmuir equation.
          
    The fungal-bacterial ratio in the soils of natural ecosystems (0-5 cm, without litter) was 4.3, 2.2, 1.5, and 1.5 for tundra soil, virgin chernozem, coniferous (soddy-podzolic soil), and larch (grey forest soil) forests, respectively.
          
    The lower layers of soddy-podzolic (5-10 cm) and grey forest (48-58 cm) soils showed a decrease in the fungal and increase in the bacterial component in the total SIR.
          
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    Various kinds of acid igneous rocks are found around the Kushan, to theeast of Foochow, Fukien. One earlier variety of the granites, provisionally termedas Kushan Granite, is coarser-grained, often flesh-colored, and biotite-bearing,similar in character to the most frequently seen and widely distributed graniteof whole Fukien; the other, the Kueichi Granite, often intruding into the firstnamed, is colored by different shades of grey, mostly, fine-grained, and mia-rolitie, containing minor amount of hornblende...

    Various kinds of acid igneous rocks are found around the Kushan, to theeast of Foochow, Fukien. One earlier variety of the granites, provisionally termedas Kushan Granite, is coarser-grained, often flesh-colored, and biotite-bearing,similar in character to the most frequently seen and widely distributed graniteof whole Fukien; the other, the Kueichi Granite, often intruding into the firstnamed, is colored by different shades of grey, mostly, fine-grained, and mia-rolitie, containing minor amount of hornblende instead of biotite, yet sometimesvarying its texture to felsitic, porphyritic, or even to micro-graphic. In thecourse of weathering, the soils thus formed from these two granites, as well astheir corresponding surface vegetations are also evidently dissimilar. That the Kueichi granite was really intruding into the Kushan is evidencedby its ramifying apophyses in the latter, its broad marginal phase, its miaro- litie cavities elongated and lined parallel to the intrusive contact and the"sericitization front", so to show a convex curvature facing the Kushan Graniteside along their mutual contact. The prevalent strike of the contact of the granites conicides with thefracture and joint systems of the Kushan Granite, one set of which is N65°E,being also parallel to one of the major vertical joints of the Kueichi. This isprobably due to the prolonged fracturing during the formation of Pacificfolding zones of the Chekiang and Fukien coast, rendering the KueichiGranite intruding along the said fracture system yet itself subjected to the samemechanical stress. Rocks correlated to these two granites are found elsewhere in Fukien. Theymay also be comparable to the two granites of Sihwashan, S. Kiangsi, foundby C. S. Mo and his colleagues. The repeated intrusions of the Post-Jurassicgranites may allow to consider the possibility of repeated formations of theirgenetically related ores. The lead-zinc deposits of Yuntai and Lungyai areprobably related to the igneous activity of the Kueichi Granite.

    经初步瞭解,福建鼓山分布着两种后侏罗纪花岗岩。这从岩石地面分布上的接触情况与显微镜下观察的岩石中组成成分的接触情况两方面得到证实的。从二者产生状态看来,彼此生成时间甚为接近,而同属於太平洋运动产物,分属早晚期活动。再根据前人各种地质文件,推论出福建各地普遍存在着相当於这两种侵入的花岗岩类岩石。因此,联系到福建后侏罗纪金属矿成矿作用的多次性可能。这在江西西华山已有发现。此后从多次性来研究后侏罗纪的炎成矿床的成矿作用,成为必要了。

    The present paper deals with the third stage larvae of synanthropic flies col-lected from Shanghai District. A general key is given, comprising 31 identifiedspecies and several undetermined species. The latter are keyed to the family orgenus only. The larvae of Fannia prisca Stein, Ophyra chalcogaster (Wd.), and the pupaeof Graphomyia rufitibia Stein, and Musca convexifrons Thoms. are described for thefirst time. 1. Fannia prisca Stein (fig. 2) Third stage larva: The sculptures of the cuticle of the ventral...

    The present paper deals with the third stage larvae of synanthropic flies col-lected from Shanghai District. A general key is given, comprising 31 identifiedspecies and several undetermined species. The latter are keyed to the family orgenus only. The larvae of Fannia prisca Stein, Ophyra chalcogaster (Wd.), and the pupaeof Graphomyia rufitibia Stein, and Musca convexifrons Thoms. are described for thefirst time. 1. Fannia prisca Stein (fig. 2) Third stage larva: The sculptures of the cuticle of the ventral side of theabdominal segments are scale like, those on the posterior one fourth being moreregular. On the same side of segments IV-VII are 2 large non-pediculate strawberrylihe sub-lateral processes, in addition to 6 small ones transversely arranged nearthe posterior border of each segment. The basal portion of the marginal fleshyprocesses of the 8th abdominal segment are provided with bifurcated short branches.The anterior spiracle possesses 9 finger-shaped processes radiating in a fan-likemanner. The pediculate posterior spiracle is provided with 3 rather long processes,on the tip of which the spiracular slit opens. These characteristics when used incombination are sufficient to distinguish this species from F.canicularis (L.) andF. scalaris (F.). In nature, the larvae are chiefly found in decaying Vegetable matter, such asheaps of vegetable leaves in garden or in garbages; occasionally they occur on de-caying animal matter as well as animal and human feces. In the laboratory, thelarvae can be reared easily in dregs from bean curd manufacture. 2. Graphomyia rufitibia Stein (figs. 3, 4) Pupa: Puparium brown, spindle shaped, tapering on both ends. Posterior surfaceof 8th abdominal segment very small, with 3 pairs of posterior processes. Posteriorspiracles small, elliptical, with spiracular slits slightly sinuous and subparallel toeach other. In the anal region are 2 anal, 2 subanal, 2 extra-anal tubercles and asingle preanal protuberance. With the exception of the anal tubercles the remainingtubercles and protuberance are provided with minute spines. Anal plate rather small,the lateral portion gently bent backwards. Anterior spiracle with 5 rounded digits.The general appearance of the bucco-pharyngeal apparatus is similar to the Phaonia type. Egg: The egg has broad dorsal flanges, which run nearly parallel, well separa-ted to each other, and with a bluntly serrated margin. This also suggests that thegenus Graphomyia is closely related to phaoniine flies. The pupae were found twice in garbage heaps. 3. Ophyra chalcogaster (Wd.) (fig.6) Third stage larva: Resembles to O. leucostoma (Wd.), but differing in the fol-lowing points: Anterior margin of the anal plate rounded and oblique to theposterior border of the segment before it, but the posterior margin is curved in-wardly, with the effect that the endings of the plate are directed slightly caudad.In O. leucostoma (Wd.), however, both the anterior and the posterior margins of theanal plate run parallel to the segment border. Near the posterior border of theabdominal segments are 1-2 rows of closely set series of minute spinules. In O.leucostoma (Wd.), these spinules are larger and are irregularly arranged. The larvae breed chiefly in feces of domesticated birds or animals and also ingarbages. 4. Musca convexifrons Thoms.(fig.9) Pupa: Puparium brownish grey. The posterior spiracles are heavily chitinizedwith much sinuously convoluted spiracular slits. There are no spinules along thedorsal grooves of the 8th abdominal segment. The lateral portion of the anal plateis square shaped. On the ventral pads of the abdominal segments is a row of largespines, which is interrupted in the middle. On each side of the row are smallerspines arranged in 2 definit rows arteriorly, but are arranged irregularly posteriorly.Anterior to the anterior margin of the anal plate below the square shaped lateral.portion is an isolated single row of minute spines. As a whole the characteristics as given above are very similar to those givenby Zimin (1948) for the larva of M. larvipara Portsch. In fa

    本文用检索表的方式报告了采自上海的50多种与人类杂处的常见蝇类和其他双翅类的幼虫鉴别特征;其中34种(内3种非上海产)有种的鉴别特征,其余的有些仅鉴别到属、亚科或科。对过去还未见记载的元厕蝇和斑跖黑蝇的幼虫、以及绯胫纹蝇和突额家蝇的蛹的形态,文内作了必要的描述。从绯胫纹蝇的口咽器和卵的形态看来,纹蝇属是与棘花蝇类很近缘的。

    The F_1 of Shorthorn×Mongolian cross adapts itself very well to the environmental conditions of the northern part of Hopei Province.They are strong-built, with low succeptibility to diseases. The F_1 has highly improved conformation over the Mongolian cattle, being more symmetrical, with refined head, increased body width; back and loins are straight, wide and long; ribs well-sprung, length of legs increased.They are more meaty than the Mongolian cattle.But their hind quarters are still not well developed and...

    The F_1 of Shorthorn×Mongolian cross adapts itself very well to the environmental conditions of the northern part of Hopei Province.They are strong-built, with low succeptibility to diseases. The F_1 has highly improved conformation over the Mongolian cattle, being more symmetrical, with refined head, increased body width; back and loins are straight, wide and long; ribs well-sprung, length of legs increased.They are more meaty than the Mongolian cattle.But their hind quarters are still not well developed and rather narrow, some of them with sloping and ridge-shaped hips. The udders of the F_1 cows are better developed, with thicker and more curved milk veins, and longer teats.The hair of the crossbred cattle is short and lustrous.The predominant coat color is red or roan, cattle of black, black and white, yellow, yellow and white colors are next numerous, while those of brown, white, steel grey, and wild cat are still less in number. The development and growth of F_1 attained a higher level.Average birth weight of bull calves is 25.13kg, and of heifer calves 23.14kg, they increased by 31.36% and 32.46% respectively than the Mongolian calves.Their weight at 6 months increased by 26.12% and 32.48% respectively, at 12 months by 65.85 and 90.10% respectively.Average weight of F_1 cows at 1st freshening is 399.04kg, 2nd freshening 405.80kg, 3rd freshening 436.00kg, an increase of 41.75%, 26.54% and 31.92% as compared with Mongolian cows at respective freshenings.F_1 bulls at 3 years of age weigh 577.5kg, at 4 years 750.0kg. The height at withers of mature bulls is 141.00cm on the average, body length 175.00cm, heart girth 215.0cm, increased by 17.50%, 17.69% and 20.14% respectively.The average height at withers of mature cows is 124.61cm, body length 146.17cm, heart girth 181.71cm, increased by 1198%, 10.40% and 10.03% respectively. Average length of lactation period of F_1 cows is 267.82 days, an increase of 108.24 days.Average production of milk is: 1st lactation 1,625.25kg, 2nd lactation 1,977.53kg, 3rd lactation 2,342.43kg, increased by 290.36%, 285.27% and 302.22% respectively as compared with Mongolian cows.Cows with milk production over 2,000kg at 1st lactation amounted to 30.80% of the total number of cows, the highest producer gave 3,337.2kg.Average fat content is 4.60%, they range from 3.93% to 5.5%.

    短蒙一代杂种牛,对察北地区自然条件的适应性良好,生活力强,体格健壮,疾病较少。短蒙一代杂种牛在体型外貌方面比蒙古牛有了很大程度的改善,全身结构均称、头清秀、体躯宽度显著增加、斜尻有了改善、背腰平宽长、肋骨开张、四肢增高、肌肉组织亦较蒙古牛丰满充实。但后躯仍嫌狭小,有的牛仍显现耕尻和屋脊状尻。一代杂种母牛乳房增大、乳静脉变粗、有弯曲、乳头长度增加。被毛短、有光泽。毛色以红、红白色为数最多,黑、黑白,黄、黄白色次之,狸、褐、白、青等色较少。短蒙一代杂种牛的生长发育较快,公犊平均初生体重为95.13公斤,母犊为93.14公斤,比蒙古牛分别提高31.36%与39.46%,6个月龄体重提高39.48%与96.12%,12个月龄体重提高90.10%与65.85%。短蒙一代杂种母牛平均体重第一产399.04公斤,第二产405.80公斤,第三产436.00公斤,比蒙古牛分别提高41.75%、96.54%与31.92%。一代杂种公牛3岁体重为577.50公斤,4岁为750.0公斤。短蒙一代杂种牛各年龄体格较蒙古牛为大,成年公牛鬐甲高141.0厘米,斜体长 175.0厘米,胸围215.0厘米,较蒙古牛分别增加17.50%、17....

    短蒙一代杂种牛,对察北地区自然条件的适应性良好,生活力强,体格健壮,疾病较少。短蒙一代杂种牛在体型外貌方面比蒙古牛有了很大程度的改善,全身结构均称、头清秀、体躯宽度显著增加、斜尻有了改善、背腰平宽长、肋骨开张、四肢增高、肌肉组织亦较蒙古牛丰满充实。但后躯仍嫌狭小,有的牛仍显现耕尻和屋脊状尻。一代杂种母牛乳房增大、乳静脉变粗、有弯曲、乳头长度增加。被毛短、有光泽。毛色以红、红白色为数最多,黑、黑白,黄、黄白色次之,狸、褐、白、青等色较少。短蒙一代杂种牛的生长发育较快,公犊平均初生体重为95.13公斤,母犊为93.14公斤,比蒙古牛分别提高31.36%与39.46%,6个月龄体重提高39.48%与96.12%,12个月龄体重提高90.10%与65.85%。短蒙一代杂种母牛平均体重第一产399.04公斤,第二产405.80公斤,第三产436.00公斤,比蒙古牛分别提高41.75%、96.54%与31.92%。一代杂种公牛3岁体重为577.50公斤,4岁为750.0公斤。短蒙一代杂种牛各年龄体格较蒙古牛为大,成年公牛鬐甲高141.0厘米,斜体长 175.0厘米,胸围215.0厘米,较蒙古牛分别增加17.50%、17.69%与20.04%;成年母牛鬐甲高124.61厘米,斜体长146.17厘米,胸围181.71厘米,此蒙古牛分别提高11.98%、10.40%与10.03%。短蒙一代杂种牛泌乳期平均为267.82天,此蒙古牛增长108.42天,泌乳300天以上者占39.03%,比蒙古牛增多5.18倍。平均泌乳量第一产为1,625.25公斤,第二产为1,977.53公斤,第三产以上为2,342.43公斤,此蒙古牛分别提高290.36%、285.27%与302.22%。第一产泌乳量在2,000公斤以上者有30.80%,最高达3,337.2公斤。平均乳脂率为4.60%(范围3.93—5.5%)。

     
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