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acute experiment
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  急性实验
     In the acute experiment, myo inositol levels were increased in rat cerebral cortex and hippocampus but not in striatum by arecoline 100 and 200 mg/kg ip.
     急性实验中,经M受体激动剂槟榔碱50,100,200mg/kg(ip)30min后,在100和200mg/kg剂量下可显著地提高大鼠大脑皮层和海马中肌醇含量,但不影响纹状体中肌醇含量;
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     The results of the acute experiment in mice indicated that tne suitable dose of UVA (22.3J/cm2 and 55.9J/cm2) radiation could enhance the immunity of mice of pre-infection of Salmonella Typhimurium and a synergistic joint action was found in the treatment of combining highly dose of UVC (223.4Jcm2) with CdCl2 (15mg/kg).
     小鼠急性实验结果显示:22.3和55.9J/cm~2的UVA照射能增强小鼠的免疫力; 223.56J/cm~2的UVC与CdCl_2(15mg/kg)共存时有协同作用。
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     Thioglycolic acid(TGA)in dosage of 30,100,300 mg/kg was administered to rats by sin-gle dermal application in acute experiment.
     通过大鼠急性及亚慢性实验探讨了巯基乙酸经皮接触的肝脏毒性、急性实验巯基乙酸的剂量为30、100、300mg/kg 1次涂皮;
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     2.1 Acute experiment:The effects showed that the cathepsin D activities of HE group and HC group were higher significantly than that of C group(P<0.05)(P<0.01), but NE group didn’t change significantly.
     2.1急性实验结果在力竭后及恢复期间,与对照组(C)相比,低氧安静组(HC)、低氧力竭组(HE)组织蛋白酶D有明显升高(P<0.05)(P<0.01),其中HE组升高幅度更大;
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     1.1 Acute experiment: 152 female SD rats were randomly divided to four groups : (1) Control at normoxic condition(C), (2) Exhausting at normoxic condition(NE), (3) Control at hypoxic condition(HC) ,(4)Exhausting after hypoxic condition(HE).
     1.1 急性实验方法:取健康SD雌性大鼠152只,随机分成四大组:(1)常氧对照组(C),(2)常氧力竭组(NE),(3)低氧对照组(HC),(4)低氧力竭组(HE)。
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  “acute experiment”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Acute experiment of the four drugs such as potassium permanganate,cupric sulfate,dipterex and formalin to the goldfish indicated that the safe concentration is 0.80mg/L, 1.34 mg/L. 4.97 mg/L and 19.86 mg/L respectively.
     研究了4种药物对金鱼的急性毒性作用,结果表明,高锰酸钾、硫酸铜、敌百虫和福尔马林的安全浓度分别为 0.80、1.34、4.97、19.86 mg/L。
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     The results showed that in acute experiment, the LD_(50) powder given orally was more than 6g/kg, and the LD_(50) of liquids by peroral, hypodermatic and intraperitoneal ways were more than 30g/kg.
     古尼拟青霉干粉经口LD_(50)大于6g/kg; 药液经口、皮下及腹腔LD_(50)均大于30/kg。
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     In acute experiment,study was carried 15 min and 30 min after the injection.
     急性用药组分别在给药15min、30min后测量痛阈变化;
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     In the acute experiment, scopolamine (0.1 mg/kg, ip) significantly impaired spatial memory in the trained aged rats.
     单次腹腔注射东莨菪碱0.1mg/kg明显损害已训练达标老年大鼠的空间记忆。
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     An Acute Experiment on Hypercapnia with Microcirculatory Stasis
     急性实验性高碳酸血症的微循环障碍
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  相似匹配句对
     In the experiment:
     在实验中:
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     experiment:
     二、维生素E干预实验研究结果显示:
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     Research on the Acute and Toxic Experiment of Ornidazole
     奥硝唑急性毒性试验研究
短句来源
     The pharmacodynamics and acute toxicity experiment are researched;
     进行药效学和急性毒性实验研究;
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     Acute pericarditis
     急性心包炎
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  acute experiment
The spinal superreflexia state was modeled in experiments on rats using preliminary transection of the spinal cord and injection (in the course of the acute experiment) of 4-aminopyridine.
      
The reactions of neurons of the associative mediodorsal nucleus of the thalamus to a solitary stimulation of the radial, sciatic, and splanchnic nerves were studied in conditions of an acute experiment in anesthetized and immobilized cats.
      
A method is suggested which makes it possible to record simultaneously (in an acute experiment) the reaction of the innervated and denervated small intestine loops for differentiation of the nervous and humoral factors acting upon an intact organism.
      
AP was given by gavage: 600 mg/kg daily for 6 days before the beginning of the acute experiment.
      
Cocaine (40 mg/kg) was injected subcutaneously for an acute experiment and subsequent 20 mg/kg doses twice daily for 3 days in a chronic study.
      
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Observations were made to compare the effect of HCl introduced into the small intestine of dogs on pancreatic secretion in the following three conditions: (1) Acute experiments with barbiturates(pentothal sodium or pentobarbital sodium) as an(?)sthesia; (2) Chronic experimental dogs with Thomas pancreatic fistula; (3) Chronic dogs in(2) an(?)sthetized by means of the same barbiturates as in the acute experiments. The results indicated that in the acute experiments, the latent period of pancreatic...

Observations were made to compare the effect of HCl introduced into the small intestine of dogs on pancreatic secretion in the following three conditions: (1) Acute experiments with barbiturates(pentothal sodium or pentobarbital sodium) as an(?)sthesia; (2) Chronic experimental dogs with Thomas pancreatic fistula; (3) Chronic dogs in(2) an(?)sthetized by means of the same barbiturates as in the acute experiments. The results indicated that in the acute experiments, the latent period of pancreatic secretion was about 3-5 minutes and the amount secreted was usually below 20 drops in the first 30 minutes after the introduction of the acid. But in the case of chronic experiments, the results were quite different. The latent period was shorter, usually less than 2 minutes and the amount of pancreatic secretion was usually 10 times as much as in the acute experiments. Moreover, the pancreatic secretion of the chronic fistula dogs was not changed either in latent period or in amount when under the barbiturate an(?)sthesia. From the above results, it is quite natural to assume that the influence of the barbiturate an(?)sthetics, pentothal sodium and pentobarbital sodium on pancreatic secretion induced by HCl in the intestine of dogs is negligible. The great difference in the pancreatic secretion between the acute and the chronic experiments might, therefore, be due to the operative trauma which is unavoidable in acute experiments. Another observation was made to determine the effect of atropine on pancreatic secretion induced by HCl in chronic fistula dogs. The result showed that atropine distinctly reduced the response of pancreas to the acid. The latent period was increased and the amount of pancreatic secretion was decreased as compared with the result obtained in normal chronic fistula dogs. Hence it is quite suggestive that there might exist a nervous component in the mechanism of pancreatic secretion induced by HCl in the small intestine. We wish to express our gratitude to Comrade for his valuable advice and to professors T. C. Shen and T. F. Liu for their encouragement throughout this work.

本實驗比較急性實驗狗、慢性胰瘻狗和經過麻醉的慢性胰屢狗對於鹽酸注入小腸所引起的胰液分泌量和潛伏期,結果證明: (1)在急性實驗情况下,狗胰腺對鹽酸刺激小腸所引起的胰液分泌量遠較在慢性實驗時為少,且潛伏期較長。 (2)巴比妥類麻醉劑:硫賁妥鈉(sodium pentothal)和戊烷巴比妥鈉(sodiumpentobarbital)對鹽酸所引起的胰液分泌量及潛伏期影響極微。 (3)在急性實驗情况下,由鹽酸所引起的胰液分泌量的減少和潛伏期的加長,似乎不是由於巴比妥類麻醉劑的作用,而可能是由於手術創傷的影響。 (4)注射阿托平後,胰腺對於鹽酸刺激小腸所引起的反應顯著减小,故推测在鹽酸引起胰液分泌的機制中可能有神經反射作用的參與。本工作在进行過程中,承蘇聯專家同志親切地給予指導,并承沈(?)淇、劉曾復二教授关懷和支持,(?)此誌謝。

It has been shown in our previous paper that intravenous injection of adrenalin and stimulation of the splanchnic nerve in the dog produced an inhibition of gastric secretion induced by histamine. Baxter, working on cats under experimental conditions comparable to ours, however, reported that intravenous injection of adrenalin either had no marked effect or a slightly augmentative effect on the histamine-induced secretion, and that stimulation of the splanchnic nerve yielded similar results. The question thus...

It has been shown in our previous paper that intravenous injection of adrenalin and stimulation of the splanchnic nerve in the dog produced an inhibition of gastric secretion induced by histamine. Baxter, working on cats under experimental conditions comparable to ours, however, reported that intravenous injection of adrenalin either had no marked effect or a slightly augmentative effect on the histamine-induced secretion, and that stimulation of the splanchnic nerve yielded similar results. The question thus arose as to whether the discrepancy between Baxter's and our reports was due to the use of different experimental animals. Experiments were therefore carried out on cats in our laboratory in an attempt to throw some light on the question. It was observed that, in both acute and chronic experiments, intraveous injection of adrenalin in most cases produced a marked diphasic effect on the secretion induced by histamine. The effect consisted of an initial phase of inhibition followed by one of augmentation, the two phases being usually about equal in size, sometimes the second phase somewhat larger than the first. When a dose of 0.02-0.1mg of adrenalin was administered in a single injection intravenously, the total duration of the diphasic response lasted 10-15min. It would be evident that if rather long intervals, e.g. 10-30min. were chosen for the collection of gastric juice, the diphasic feature of the response would be missed, and one might easily come to the conclusion that in the cat adrenalin either had no marked effect or an augmentative effect on the histamine-induced secretion, as Baxter did. In acute experiments, the stimulation of the splanchnic nerve showed an inhibitory effect on the secretion, disregarding whether the adrenal veins were ligated or not. In contrast with the adrenalin effect, that of splanchnic stimulation was rarely diphasic. We wish to express our deep gratitude to Prof. T. P. Feng for his constant guidance throughout this work.

(一)靜脈注射腎上腺素對組織胺引起的貓胃分泌不論在急性或慢性實驗,通常是双相的,開頭抑制分泌,接着增加分泌,兩相大小相似,有時第二相還稍為大些。在一次注射0.02—0.1毫克腎上腺素之後,整個效應過程歷時約10—15分钟。若用較長的間隔如每10—30分鐘收集一次胃分泌,則此双相效應就會被掩蓋,因而得出腎上腺素對貓胃分泌無明顯效應或有增加分泌的效應的結論,如Baxter等人所得到的一樣。 (二)在急性實驗中,刺激大内臟神經對组織胺引起的貓胃分泌有顯著的抑制效應。与腎上腺素的效應不同,刺激大內臟神經的效應通常是單相的。我們在工作中经常得到馮德培所长的指导。谨致谢意.

The present investigation was undertaken to observe the renal response to the distention of the urinary bladder and to elucidate the mechanism by which the effect takes place. The results obtained in our experiments may be summarized as follows: (1)In the acute experiment the distention of the urinary bladder by introducing warm saline (about 37℃)through a cannula inserted in the neck of the bladder was,as a rule,accompanied by reflex oliguria or anuria. (2)Such a reflex was found to have two distinct...

The present investigation was undertaken to observe the renal response to the distention of the urinary bladder and to elucidate the mechanism by which the effect takes place. The results obtained in our experiments may be summarized as follows: (1)In the acute experiment the distention of the urinary bladder by introducing warm saline (about 37℃)through a cannula inserted in the neck of the bladder was,as a rule,accompanied by reflex oliguria or anuria. (2)Such a reflex was found to have two distinct phases:one of them appears at the beginning of the bladder distention and persists as long as the distention lasts,whereas the other occurs 8—10 minutes later and con- tinues over a period of 30—60 minutes. (3)The first or rapid phase is neurogenic in nature since it disappears completely after renal denervation,while the second or delayed phase is believed to be neurohumoral,being practically absent after hypophysectomy.

本实验是在狗的急性实验中观察膀胱加压对肾脏泌尿影响的机制,结果表明:(一)膀胱加压可反射地抑制肾脏泌尿,抑制持续的时间一般为30—60分钟。(二)肾脏泌尿的抑制可分为二个时相——快相和慢相,前者出现在膀胱加压期间,乃是交感性内脏神经的兴奋,改变了肾脏血液动力学的结果,后者出现较迟,而与脑垂体分泌体液因素有关。(三)关于我们实验中脑垂体激素反射性分泌的传入径路问题,在文中作了简单的分析。

 
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