助手标题  
全文文献 工具书 数字 学术定义 翻译助手 学术趋势 更多
查询帮助
意见反馈
   spondylitis 在 特种医学 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.008秒
图标索引 在分类学科中查询
所有学科
特种医学
内分泌腺及全身性疾病
中医学
临床医学
中西医结合
外科学
眼科与耳鼻咽喉科
感染性疾病及传染病
预防医学与卫生学
更多类别查询

图标索引 历史查询
 

spondylitis
相关语句
没有找到相关双语例句
例句
为了更好的帮助您理解掌握查询词或其译词在地道英语中的实际用法,我们为您准备了出自英文原文的大量英语例句,供您参考。
  spondylitis
Operative Treatment of Specific and Unspecific Spondylitis of the Thoracic Spine
      
über das Auftreten des Kompressionssyndroms im Liquor cerebrospinalis bei Spondylitis tuberculosa
      
Kosten-Nutzen-Analyse einer Therapie der ankylosierenden Spondylitis (Morbus Bechterew) mit Radiumchlorid [224Ra]
      
Ventraler Wirbelk?rperersatz bei Spondylitis der Lendenwirbels?ule
      
Adjuvante dorsale Stabilisierung der thorakalen und lumbalen Wirbels?ule bei tuberkul?ser Spondylitis
      
更多          


This article reported the clinical, plain radiography and CT features of 110 patientswith ankylosing spondylitis ( AS ) and correlation with emission computed tomography ( ECT)in 2 4cases. The results showed that patients with high sacroiliac joints or hip joints to soft tissue isotopeuptake ratio had significantly greater Lowback pain and stiffness (P < 0. 05 ). The ratio correlatedpositively with erosion and sclerosis score as demonstrated on plain film and CT(r=0. 53~0. 66;P<0. 05,r=0. 40~0. 53;P<0....

This article reported the clinical, plain radiography and CT features of 110 patientswith ankylosing spondylitis ( AS ) and correlation with emission computed tomography ( ECT)in 2 4cases. The results showed that patients with high sacroiliac joints or hip joints to soft tissue isotopeuptake ratio had significantly greater Lowback pain and stiffness (P < 0. 05 ). The ratio correlatedpositively with erosion and sclerosis score as demonstrated on plain film and CT(r=0. 53~0. 66;P<0. 05,r=0. 40~0. 53;P<0. 05)and negatively with ankylosis score(r=-0. 42~-0. 47;P<0.05)。with increase of erosion and sclerosis,the bone/soft tissue uptake ratio became higher whereas in-creased ankvlosis was associated with lower uptake ratio, It was assumed that ECT Bone/soft tissueisotope uptake ratio is an indicator of activity of ankylosing spondylitis and is helpful in defining loca-tion and extent of lesion.

报告110例强直性脊柱炎(AS)的临床、X线平片及CT表现,并与其中24例发射计算机体层(ECT)全身骨显像及骨与邻近软组织核素比值进行了对照分析。结果表明,骶髂关节和髋关节骨与邻近软组织核素比值高者,临床上均有明显的下背疼痛和僵硬(P<0.05),核素比值与X线平片及CT显示骨的侵蚀和硬化呈正相关(r=0.53~0.66,P<0.05;r=0.40~0.53,P<0.05),与强直呈负相关(r=-0.42~-0.47,P<0.05)。随着骨侵蚀和硬化的增加,骨与软组织核素比值亦相应升高,而强直加重时比值反而减小。ECT骨与软组织核素比值测定不仅能预示AS的活动,而且可以确定病变的部位和范围尤其对全身有多处病变者其敏感性和检出率明显高于CT及X线平片。作者认为ECT骨与软组织核素比值测定对AS的早期诊断是一个有价值的检查方法。

Objective To evaluate CT test in the diagnosis of sacroiliac joint disorder in ankylosing spondylitis(AS). Method Sacroiliac joint CT findings of 43 normal individuals were analysed and comparative double blind study was made of the X ray films and CT images of 30 patients with ankylosing spondylitis. Result The normal width of the synovial part of the sacroiliac joint was 2~5mm. After the age of 40 years, the anterior and inferior joint space may become narrower. The width of sacral subchondral...

Objective To evaluate CT test in the diagnosis of sacroiliac joint disorder in ankylosing spondylitis(AS). Method Sacroiliac joint CT findings of 43 normal individuals were analysed and comparative double blind study was made of the X ray films and CT images of 30 patients with ankylosing spondylitis. Result The normal width of the synovial part of the sacroiliac joint was 2~5mm. After the age of 40 years, the anterior and inferior joint space may become narrower. The width of sacral subchondral cortical plate was less than 3mm in 87% cases and anterior posterior uniformity was found in 90% patients. The widths of the middle part of the iliac subchondral cortical was less than 5mm. The subchondral cortical plate might be indistinct in some normal controls but never showed erosions, which are essential for the diagnosis of early sacroilitis. The comparative study of X ray film and CT images revealed that CT scanning could exclude or confirm sacroilitis in highly suspected cases and in those cases shown on plain films as grade Ⅱ were often presented by CT as grade Ⅲ(one grade higher). As for grade Ⅲ and grade Ⅳ sacroilitis, the grades shown by CT scanning and plain films were identical. Conclusion The writers therefore considered that CT scanning should be applied to highly suspected cases; It was unnecessary in to use CT grade Ⅲ and Ⅳ just in order to meet diagnostic demands.

①目的探讨CT对强直性脊柱炎骶髂关节病变的诊断价值。②方法分析了43例正常骶髂关节CT表现,并对30例强直性脊柱炎(AS)骶髂关节病变作了双盲X线和CT对照研究。③结果正常人滑膜部关节间隙宽度为2~5mm.40岁后,关节前下部间隙可出现局部狭窄。骶侧皮质厚度小于3mm者占87%,前后均匀者占90%;髂侧中部皮质厚度小于5mm,其前部皮质厚度可大于5mm(占16%)。部分正常人可出现关节面不清晰,但不出现明确的侵蚀改变。AS骶髂关节病变的对照研究表明,对平片可疑病变,CT可排除或肯定诊断;早期病变(Ⅱ级)CT检查可提高一个级别;Ⅲ,Ⅳ级病变CT和平片分级相同。④结论CT检查可用于临床高度怀疑而平片难以确诊者;对Ⅲ,Ⅳ级病变,如仅为诊断,则CT扫描似并非必需

The role of radiography and magnetic resonance (MR ) imaging in the detection of sacroiliitis in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) was compared in this study. Thirty six sacroiliac jolnts in 18 patients with AS were examined with radiography and MR scan. MR images were performed with the sequence of the coronal T1 weighted image, T2 weighted image, and T2 weighted image. Images of all patlents were graded according to the modified New York criteria. Statistical results showed that significant differences...

The role of radiography and magnetic resonance (MR ) imaging in the detection of sacroiliitis in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) was compared in this study. Thirty six sacroiliac jolnts in 18 patients with AS were examined with radiography and MR scan. MR images were performed with the sequence of the coronal T1 weighted image, T2 weighted image, and T2 weighted image. Images of all patlents were graded according to the modified New York criteria. Statistical results showed that significant differences existed between MR imaging and radiography in the detection of sacroiliitis (P<0.01). MR imaging was superior to plain film radiographs in visualising erosions (P<0.01). Radiography cannot reveal the cartilage changes and bone marrow oedema, which can only be seen in MR images. In the absence of radiographic changes, MR imaging can provide objective and complementary find-ings of sacroiliitis in patients with AS. Due to the ability to image cartilage changes and bone marrow oedema directly, MR imaging may be particularly useful in early diagnosis of sacroiliitis. For patients without any changes on sacroiliac joint radiograph, further examina-tion of MR imaging may be advisable.

本研究拟评估传统X线和MR成像技术对强直性脊柱炎患者骶髂关节炎的诊断作用。18例强直性脊柱炎患者的36个骶髂关节分别在一周内行X线和MR成像检查,对各影像按照修订的纽约标准进行分级评估,统计表明MR影像在骶髂关节炎诊断上明显优于传统X线检查,MR影像不仅在观察骨侵蚀方面优于X线检查,且可显示软骨改变及骨髓炎性水肿等征象,可作为X线检查的补充手段,有助于骶髂关节炎的早期诊断。

 
<< 更多相关文摘    
图标索引 相关查询

 


 
CNKI小工具
在英文学术搜索中查有关spondylitis的内容
在知识搜索中查有关spondylitis的内容
在数字搜索中查有关spondylitis的内容
在概念知识元中查有关spondylitis的内容
在学术趋势中查有关spondylitis的内容
 
 

CNKI主页设CNKI翻译助手为主页 | 收藏CNKI翻译助手 | 广告服务 | 英文学术搜索
版权图标  2008 CNKI-中国知网
京ICP证040431号 互联网出版许可证 新出网证(京)字008号
北京市公安局海淀分局 备案号:110 1081725
版权图标 2008中国知网(cnki) 中国学术期刊(光盘版)电子杂志社