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oecd
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  经合组织
     PSR is a model that expounded by the OECD to analyze the pressure,situation and response of a system.
     PSR是OECD(经合组织)提出的用于系统的压力、状态、响应分析的模型。
短句来源
     OECD recently pointed out that industrial biotechnology is one of the most promising technologies for sustainable development.
     世界经合组织指出 :“工业生物技术是工业可持续发展最有希望的技术” .
短句来源
     This article offers an analysis of the most up to date trend of educational service trade, recent development of negotiations on educational trade service among OECD member countries and the major policies involved in educational service trade. On the basis of the analysis, the author expresses personal considerations about Chinese government's policy on educational service trade.
     本文分析了教育服务贸易发展的主要趋势 ,世界经合组织 ( OECD)成员国关于教育服务贸易的最新协商 ,教育服务贸易涉及的主要政策 ,在此基础上 ,对我国教育服务贸易的对策提出了自己的思考
短句来源
     The thesis introduces the basic principles of the system of environmental tax law,combinesthe law theories and economic theories, and makes them the theoretical basis for environment tax,introduces and analyzes the system of environmental tax law in OECD.
     本文从环境税的基本原理谈起,引入了法学理论及经济学理论作为环境税的理论基础,介绍并分析了经合组织国家的环境税收法律制度。
短句来源
     The draft Multilateral Agreement on Investment (MAI) prepared by OECD from 1995 to 1998 is a high - level investment liberalization Agreement draft, it responds the developed countries' views of the investment liberalization and shows the contradictions among developed countries, these views and contradictions shall be paid attention to by developing countries.
     经合组织(OECD)在1995年到1998年起草的多边投资协定(MAI)草案,是一个高度自由化性质的多边投资条约草案,集中反映了西方国家关于自由化性质的国际投资多边立法的种种要求,也表露出MAI谈判方之间的种种矛盾和冲突,这些情况值得引起发展中国家的高度关注。
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  “oecd”译为未确定词的双语例句
     According to OECD301B standard,the biodegradability of Polyepoxysuccinic acid(PESA) and two kind of common RO scale inhibitors in industry PTP-0100 and MDC220 are studied.
     参照OECD301B标准,研究了聚环氧琥珀酸(PESA)及工业上常用的两种反渗透阻垢剂PTP-0100、MDC220的可生物降解性.
短句来源
     Comparison and application of measurement methods to agricultural support policy by OECD and WTO
     OECD与WTO农业支持政策衡量的比较及应用
短句来源
     Analysis on the Indicator System of OECD Educational Development at Its Inspiration——A Case Study of Education at A Glance:OECD Indicators (2003)
     OECD教育发展指标体系分析及启示——以《教育概览:OECD指标(2003)》为例
短句来源
     Research on OECD Indicators of Education 2003 Edition and Its Inspiration
     经济合作与发展组织2003年教育发展指标体系研究及启示
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     An Analysis of Lifelong Learning Policies and Practices in OECD Countries
     OECD国家终身学习政策与实践分析
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  相似匹配句对
     OECD Reengineers Adult Education
     OECD重塑成人教育
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     OECD's Chemical Safety Measures
     经济合作与发展组织的化学品安全对策
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  oecd
52, 2000) der KZfSS publizierten empirischen Befunden hinsichtlich der politisch-institutionellen Determinanten des Wirtschaftswachstums in OECD-Demokratien auseinander.
      
He differentiates the OECD-world from a "new Second World", mainly consisting of countries of the "East Asian miracle" and of East European countries soon to enter the EU as regular members.
      
We ask whether Germany really is such an unusual case compared to other OECD countries.
      
The article shows that these theories can explain the variation in embryo research policies in the OECD rather well, but fail for the German case.
      
The article addresses the changes of borders and border controls in the OECD-world and identifies three major transformations of the border-regimes.
      
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In correspondence with the Organization for Economic Co- operation and Development (OECD) guideline, a battery scheme of mutagenicityhas been established for investigating 13 pharmaceutical products including someChinese traditional medicines. Three assays applied were within the scheme:CHL (Chinese hamster lungcell Line) test (detecting chromosomal aberrationin vitro); Ames test (detecting gene mutation in vitro); and micronucleus test (detecting chromosomal aberration in vivo). In the study harringtonine...

In correspondence with the Organization for Economic Co- operation and Development (OECD) guideline, a battery scheme of mutagenicityhas been established for investigating 13 pharmaceutical products including someChinese traditional medicines. Three assays applied were within the scheme:CHL (Chinese hamster lungcell Line) test (detecting chromosomal aberrationin vitro); Ames test (detecting gene mutation in vitro); and micronucleus test (detecting chromosomal aberration in vivo). In the study harringtonine showed a remarkable chromosomal aberration,chiefly the chromatid break of the CHL cells. The number of polychromaticerythrocyte containing micronuclei was found greatly increasing. Moreover,hexoesterol like diethyelstilbestrol, was also found to induce mainly aberrationof polypoid cells. Both of the in vitro and in vivo tests had shown the twochemicals with obiously genetic toxicity and carcinogenic potential. Antineopla-stic drugs, namely, mitomycin C, daunomycin, arabinosylcytosini, cyclophospho-mide, thioteoum, and positive controls, such as N-methyl-nitro-nitrosoguanidine,diethylnitrosamine, and 4-nitroquinolinel-oxid had been proved being mutagens.However, cantharidin, norcantharidin, isocromoglycatis, megestroli acetas, Liu-weidehuang, and Qingwenlin showed negative results in the 3 tests. This study proved that hormone and antineoplastics demonstrated genetictoxicity and carcinogenetic potential, and the former showed a risk of mutage-nicity, which should be carefully used clinically. The battery scheme ofmatagenicity has been proved effective, sensitive, accurate and specific.

本文按国际标准研究和建立了药物致突变系列。这一系列包括体外的CHL法、Ames法和体内的小鼠骨髓细胞微核法。通过致突变系列研究了13种中西药品的遗传毒性和潜在致癌性。发现三尖杉酯碱能诱发明显的染色单体畸变和骨髓微核率的增加,是一种不需要肝微粒体酶介导的有遗传毒性和潜在致癌性的药物。还发现激素类药物已烷雌酚具有和己烯雌酚相似的诱发多倍体细胞增加的遗传毒作用。此外,抗肿瘤药物MMC、Dau、Arc-C、B-518、Thio-TEPA和阳性对照剂均有明显的遗传毒性和潜在致癌性。而CT、NCT、78012、MTA、6-H、Q-W未发现有类似毒性作用。本文研究表明CHL法和小鼠骨髓微核法是十分有用的手段,Ames法似有一定的局限性。药物致突变测试系列具有简单、敏感、准确、特异等优点,值得推广。

This paper describes briefly reactions to ICRP 1977 recommendations sinceits publication. The recommendations have been widely accepted by importantinternational organizations and many national regulatory bodies. The revised BasicSafety Standards for Radiation Protection (IAEA, ILO, OECD/NEA and WHO,1982) was based on the ICRP recommendations. It is suggested that the basicstandards in the radiation protection regulations of our country should be basedon ICRP recommendations as well. However, considerable...

This paper describes briefly reactions to ICRP 1977 recommendations sinceits publication. The recommendations have been widely accepted by importantinternational organizations and many national regulatory bodies. The revised BasicSafety Standards for Radiation Protection (IAEA, ILO, OECD/NEA and WHO,1982) was based on the ICRP recommendations. It is suggested that the basicstandards in the radiation protection regulations of our country should be basedon ICRP recommendations as well. However, considerable research efforts shouldbe made to convert the appropriate principles to more definite rules in nationalregulations.

本文简要地介绍了ICRP 1977年建议发表以来国际上的反应以及被一些国际组织和国家法规部门接受的情况。事实表明,建议中提出的剂量限制体系已被国际上普遍接受,成为一些国际组织和国家制定辐射防护基本安全标准的主要依据。一个重要的标志是四个有广泛影响的国际组织——IAEA,ILO,NEA/OECD和WHO于1982年发布的《辐射防护基本安全标准》就是以此建议为基础的。本文提出,我国辐射防护规定中的基本标准也应以上述两个文件的有关内容为基础,但作为国家的法规,在一些问题上应结合我国情况作出具体规定,为此必须加强辐射防护标准的科学研究工作。

In Correspondence with the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) guideline, two bacteria tests ofmutagenicity with S. typhimurium and B. subtilis have been establishedfor investigating genetic toxicity and potential carcinogenicity in 25drugs. The results indicated: 14 drugs have been shown positive results byboth Ames test and Rec-assay (Daunorubicin, Cyclophosphomide, Mito-mycine C. Thiotepa, Cytarabine, Chloral Hydrate, Mepacrine. 5-Fluoro-uracil, Metronidazole, Isoniazid, Yuanhuadine,...

In Correspondence with the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) guideline, two bacteria tests ofmutagenicity with S. typhimurium and B. subtilis have been establishedfor investigating genetic toxicity and potential carcinogenicity in 25drugs. The results indicated: 14 drugs have been shown positive results byboth Ames test and Rec-assay (Daunorubicin, Cyclophosphomide, Mito-mycine C. Thiotepa, Cytarabine, Chloral Hydrate, Mepacrine. 5-Fluoro-uracil, Metronidazole, Isoniazid, Yuanhuadine, Caffeine, Rifampicin andAcidum Chromic). These drugs may be possess genetic toxicity andpotential. carcinogenicity. However, 11 drugs, namely, Norcantharidin,Harringtonine, Homoharringtonine, Artemether, Phenytoin, Chlorpro-mazine, Isocromoglycatis, Ethinylestradiol, Vitamin C, Furosemide andHua Zhi-ling have been showed negative results. This study proved: Mutagenicity tests of the bacteria are of vitalimportance to evaluate genetic toxicity and potential carcinogenicity ofthese drugs.

本文按国际标准建立的鼠伤寒沙门氏杆菌和枯草杆菌两种微生物诱变试验方法。对25种药品进行了遗传毒性和潜在致癌性的研究。结果表明:在25种药品中用Ames试验和重组修复试验,共检测出14种药品为阳性结果(正定霉素,环磷酰胺、丝裂霉素C,噻替派、阿糖胞苷、5-氟尿嘧啶、阿的平、灭滴灵、异烟肼、水合氯醛、芫花酯乙、咖啡因、利福平和铬酸),它们可能具有遗传毒性和潜在的致癌性。而去甲斑蟊素、三尖杉酯碱、高三尖杉酯碱、蒿甲醚、苯妥英钠、氯丙嗪、色羟丙钠、炔雌醇、抗坏血酸、速尿和化痔灵等11种药品未发现有类似的遗传毒性。本文研究证明,微生物诱变试验对评价药品的遗传毒性和潜在致癌性是很有用的方法。

 
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