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local dose
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  局部剂量
     ~(60)Co Local Dose Research on Esophagus Radiation Injury Caused by Chest Radiation Therapy
     ~(60)Co胸部放疗致食管放射性损伤的局部剂量研究
短句来源
     Conclusions 3DCRT can improve local dose of tumor and the local control rate. HCPT can increase radiosensibility,and it is an important treatment of NSCLC with 3DCRT combined HCPT.
     结论3DCRT可以提高肿瘤局部剂量和局控率,H CPT使放疗增敏,二者结合,是有效治疗NSCLC的方法。
短句来源
     Among these patients,one received palliative dose and the others, radical doses. Radiation doses in mixed beam group were fast neutron 600~1160ncGy ,plus photo therapy 3000~6000cGy,with the total local dose at the prostate gland of 6480~7800cGy;
     用快中子与光子混合射线治疗16例,快中子剂量为600~1160ncGy,X线剂量为3000~6000cGy,前列腺局部剂量为6480~7800cGy。
短句来源
  局部量
     OBJECTIVE:To explore whether intracerebral local medication could reduce dose and improve effectiveness and whether intracerebral local medication has local dose effect relationship through the local application of Ganglioside GM 1 in intracerebral hematoma cavity.
     目的:经脑内血肿腔局部应用神经节苷脂(Ganglioside)GM-1,探讨脑内局部给药能否有减低药量而提高疗效的效果,同时脑内局部用药是否具有局部量效关系。
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  “local dose”译为未确定词的双语例句
     prophylactic radiotherapy with local dose < 45Gy(Group B-,71 patients); and prophylactic radiotherapy with local dose ≥ 45Gy(Group C-,19 patients).
     行锁骨上放疗共71例,剂量<45 Gy 52例(B组),≥45 Gy 19例(C组)。
短句来源
     Results The ig 30ml. kg-1 of Clont Gargie (containing metronidazole 150mg) had not toxic reaction to mice, so did the local dose of 5ml.
     结果克隆特合漱液小鼠灌胃30ml·kg-1体重(含甲硝吐150mg)无毒性反应;
短句来源
     The authors believe that radiotherapy is very effective in improving the quality of life for the patients with recurrent rectal carcinoma ,but the local dose should not be above 70Gy.
     作者认为,对于晚期复发直肠癌,放射治疗能起姑息减症的作用,但剂量不宜过高,一般在40~65Gy.为宜。
短句来源
     the specific platelet-activating factor receptor antagonist BN52021 is beneficial to the survival of skin flap,and a single, preoperative local dose of this lipophilic drug is beneficial to the hemodynamic balance of the total flap.
     BN5 2 0 2 1可改善皮瓣局部的血供 ,有利于皮瓣整体的血流动力学平衡 ,减轻皮瓣局部的炎症反应 ,明显地增强随意皮瓣的成活能力 ;
短句来源
     Prophylactic whole brain irradiation of 26~30 Gy is necessary and the curative local dose should be 50~55 Gy.
     全脑预防照射作为必要治疗措施 ,脑预防剂量在 2 6~ 30Gy和肿瘤灶治疗量在 5 0~ 5 5Gy为宜。
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  相似匹配句对
     The ideal dose of midazolam for Conscious sedation in local anesthesia
     咪唑安定在局麻手术病人行清醒镇静的剂量探讨
短句来源
     On Local Putonghua
     略论“带地方色彩的普通话”
短句来源
     LOCAL ANESTHETICS
     局麻药
短句来源
     dose irradiation.
     含量比未经辐射的低,表明适宜剂量辐射可以提高幼苗耐热性。
短句来源
     Their local accumulation dose was 65Gy~130Gy.
     局部累积照射剂量为 6 5~ 130Gy。
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  local dose
Because high local dose can be obtained, the local release of gentamicin from acrylic bone cements has been shown to be efficient in preventing infections.
      
The number of cells containing gammaglobulin in the regional lymphatic nodes of rabbits during the response to the single local dose of diphtheria toxoid was demonstrated using immunofluorescent technique.
      
Effects of a single local dose of gentamicin upon sensory and nonsensory cells throughout the cochlea were assessed by changes in immunostaining patterns for a broad array of functionally important proteins.
      
Since for the irradiation experiments with these low photon energies the local dose variations would become unacceptable, monolayers of lymphocytes attached within 3?h PHA stimulation have been used.
      
For the radioiodine isotopes I-123, I-125, I-131, and I-132 the mean tissue dose and local dose distribution in the epithelial cells of a follicle have been calculated and compared to each other.
      
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From May 1981 to May 1990,14 patients with post-operative recurrent rectal carcinoma were treated by radiotherapy in our department of B.U.M.U.Hospital.7 patients were males and 7 females,age ranged from 31 to 60 years.The results showed that the remission rate of perineal pain and bleeding were 100% effective at the end of radiation therapy,and the asymptomatic survival within 3 months was 70% with 30% of the patients up to 6 months.The median survival period was 14 months.The dose used in 13 patients was 40...

From May 1981 to May 1990,14 patients with post-operative recurrent rectal carcinoma were treated by radiotherapy in our department of B.U.M.U.Hospital.7 patients were males and 7 females,age ranged from 31 to 60 years.The results showed that the remission rate of perineal pain and bleeding were 100% effective at the end of radiation therapy,and the asymptomatic survival within 3 months was 70% with 30% of the patients up to 6 months.The median survival period was 14 months.The dose used in 13 patients was 40 to 60 Gy.The authors believe that the local dose in excess of 60 Gy should not be used.It is concluded that radiotherapy is very effective to improve the quality of life for patients with recurrent rectal carcinoma.

报告北京协和医院放疗科1981年至1990年对14例晚期复发的直肠癌患者放疗的效果。本组病人年龄31~60岁,男女各7例。放疗结束时病人会阴区疼痛症状完全及部分缓解达100%,2例便血症状得到控制。经随诊,无症状生存达3个月者10例,无症状生存达半年者4例,全组病人平均生存达14个月。作者分析并认为对晚期复发的直肠癌患者的放疗,意在姑息减症,放疗剂量不宜过高。放疗安全无明显并发症,对提高病人生存质量,是一种有效的治疗姑息手段。

Purpose A randomized trial was performed for patients with rectal cancers by using a technique of field - in - field preoperative irradiation to evaluate the role of preoperative radiotherapy Materials and Methods Between February 1990 and October 1993, 49 cases of clinical resectable rectal adenocarcinoma were randomized into two groups 24 entered in surgery treatment alone ( op - group) , and 25 , in preoperative irradiation group (Rt - group) with 44Gy in 4-5weeks. A concomitant boost dose of 4...

Purpose A randomized trial was performed for patients with rectal cancers by using a technique of field - in - field preoperative irradiation to evaluate the role of preoperative radiotherapy Materials and Methods Between February 1990 and October 1993, 49 cases of clinical resectable rectal adenocarcinoma were randomized into two groups 24 entered in surgery treatment alone ( op - group) , and 25 , in preoperative irradiation group (Rt - group) with 44Gy in 4-5weeks. A concomitant boost dose of 4 Gy divided into 4 fractionations was delivered by using a field - in - field irradiation technique, and operation was performed in 4 - 6 weeks after radiotherapy. Results 46 ( 93 . 9 % ) eligible and evaluable patients were followed up for at least 24 months with a median of 42 months, there is no significant difference of survivals (62 . 4 % for Rt - group and 58.1% for op-group ) or operation complication(48%. and 41.7%) between the two groups. However, three patietnts (12% ) in Rt - group and 10 patietnts (40. 9% ) in op - group had local recurrence. In Rt-group,no tumor was seen in 4 cases (15%) pathologically Conclusion The technique of field-in- field preoperative radiotherapy can improve local control rate due to increasing local doses, and can play an important role in the management of rectal carcinoma

目的探讨和评价本技术在直肠癌治疗中的地位及其疗效。材料与方法1990年2月至1993年10月,49例临床可切除的直肠腺癌被随机分为两个研究组:24例进入单纯手术治疗组(手术组),另25例随机进入术前放疗组(放疗组)。术前放射治疗剂量为44Gy/4~5周,同时采用野中野间插照射4次(每次1Gy,每周2次)。放疗后4~6周接受外科手术。结果入组和可评价的46例(93.9%)随访时间至少24个月,平均42个月。两组生存率或手术并发症无统计学差异,但局部复发率放疗组(12%)明显的低于手术组(40.9%)。放疗组中有4例术后标本病理检查未发现癌。结论野中野放疗技术通过提高局部剂量能改进肿瘤的局部控制率,作为术前放疗技术可能在直肠癌治疗中具有重要价值。

Purpose To present the preliminary results and side effects of fast neutron therapy for prostate cancer.Materials and Methods From January 1992 to June 1996,19 prostate cancer patients were treated at the Beijing Fast Neutron Therapy Coordination Group (3 with fast neutron and 16, with mixed fast neutron and photo therapy).Among these patients,one received palliative dose and the others, radical doses.Radiation doses in mixed beam group were fast neutron 600~1160ncGy ,plus photo therapy 3000~6000cGy,with the...

Purpose To present the preliminary results and side effects of fast neutron therapy for prostate cancer.Materials and Methods From January 1992 to June 1996,19 prostate cancer patients were treated at the Beijing Fast Neutron Therapy Coordination Group (3 with fast neutron and 16, with mixed fast neutron and photo therapy).Among these patients,one received palliative dose and the others, radical doses.Radiation doses in mixed beam group were fast neutron 600~1160ncGy ,plus photo therapy 3000~6000cGy,with the total local dose at the prostate gland of 6480~7800cGy;in fast neutron only group,the radiation dose given was 1000~1200ncGy,using AP~PA portals in the majority of patients. For photon therapy,four pelvic “box” portals or five portals technique was used. Results The urination improvement rate was 93.8%.the KPS improvement rate was 84.6%.Five patients died of tumor and 2, complications. The 2- and 3- year cancer-specific survival rates were 83.3%(10/12) and 100%(6/6). Acute radiation reactions were observed in 68.4%(13/19). Of 12 long_term survivors,58.3%(7) had late reactions.(Grades Ⅰ,Ⅱ:25% and Grade Ⅲ~Ⅳ :33.3%).Conclusion Mixed fast neutron-photon beam is able to improve the treatment result but has a higher morbidity rate.

目的观察快中子与光子混合射线治疗前列腺癌的效果及毒副作用。材料与方法北京市快中子治疗协作组于1992年1月~1996年6月共收治前列腺癌19例。用快中子与光子混合射线治疗16例,快中子剂量为600~1160ncGy,X线剂量为3000~6000cGy,前列腺局部剂量为6480~7800cGy。单纯快中子治疗组剂量1000~1200ncGy。中子治疗多用前后-后前(AP-PA)照射野,X线用4野“盒式”技术或5野照射盆腔。结果全组患者放疗后泌尿系统症状改善率93.8%;84.6%患者的卡氏行为状态评分(KPS)值改进。全组7例死亡(5例死于本病,2例死于并发症)。2年生存率10/14(71.4%),2年肿瘤专项生存率(cancer-specificsurvival)10/12(83.3%);3年生存率6/7(85.7%),3年肿瘤专项生存率6/6(100.0%)。全组13例(68.4%)出现急性放射反应。长期生存患者12例中,7例(58.3%)出现晚期反应,3例(25.0%)为Ⅰ~Ⅱ度,4例(33.3%)Ⅲ~Ⅳ度。结论混合射线对前列腺癌有较好的疗效,但严重并发症发病率也较高。

 
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