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indwelling
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     Average operation time( 48.6± 15.2 min), blood loss( 58.7± 12.4 ml), bladder irrigating time( 1.2± 0.8 d), indwelling catheterzation( 1.8± 0.5 d), postoperative hospital( 4.5± 1.2 d)and short-term complication rates in PVP were significant shorter than those in open prostatectomy(P< 0.05).
     PVP组平均手术时间(48.6±15.2min)、术中出血量(58.7±12.4ml)、术后膀胱冲洗时间(1.2±0.8d)、留置尿管时间(1.8±0.5d)、住院时间(4.5±1.2d)及近期并发症发生率明显小于开放手术组(P<0.05)。
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     There was no correla-tion between detrusor contractility and the lasting time of indwelling catheter (r=-0.024,P>0.05),butdetrusor contractility was correlated with DI,the amplitude of DI and the grade of bladder outlet obstruction(r=0.377,0.604 and 0.473,respectively;P<0.05,0.01 and 0.01,respectively).
     逼尿肌收缩力与留置尿管时间无相关性(r=-0.024,P>0.05),与DI、DI幅度、梗阻程度有相关性(r分别为0.377、0.604、0.473,P分别为<0.05、0.01、0.01);
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     Tracheotomy and mechanical ventilation (47.06%),indwelling urinary catheter(41.18%),indwelling(central) venous catheter and drainage tube(41.18%),persisted use of broad spectrum antibiotic(76.47%),(chemical) therapy(17.65%),admission to ICU(29.41%),and neutropenia(29.41%) might be the predisposing(factors).
     气管切开机械通气(47.06%),留置尿管(41.18%)、留置静脉导管及体腔引流管(41.18%)、持续使用广谱抗菌药物(76.47%)、化疗(17.65%)、进入ICU治疗(29.41%)及粒细胞减少(29.41%)为可能相关因素;
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     Results The rates of urinary trac t infection of groups A1 and A2 were 0% vs 0%,0% vs 25.4%,4.6% vs 49.2%,12.3% vs 84.1% at 1 day,3 days,7 days,14 days after indwelling,respectively. The differe nces of infection rates at 3,7,14 days between the 2 groups were significant ( P<0.01 for all).
     结果A1、A2组尿管留置1、3、7、14d,尿路感染率分别为0%、0%,0%、25.4%,4.6%、49.2%,12.3%、84.1%,3、7、14d2组比较差异均有统计学意义(P值均<0.01)。
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     The time of nasogastric tube indwelling was (14.23±2.19) days in NNSgroup and (16.43±1.46) in the control group group (P<0. 05);
     鼻胃管留置时间和住院时间NNS组分别为(14.23±2.19)d和(22.47±3.41)d,对照组分别为(16.43±1.46)d和(24.56±3.22)d;
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  “indwelling”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The indwelling time of the laryngeal mask was 1.5h to 3d (2.65h averagely).
     喉罩放置时间 1 5h~ 3d ,平均 2 65h。
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     Application of ISO9001 process control mode in central vein tube indwelling via peripheral vein
     ISO9001过程控制模式在外周中心静脉置管中的应用
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     Results: The duration of operation was 50-135 min, mean time was 81. 5 min,mean bleeding volume was 150 mL, mean resected prostatic tissue was 70. 5g and the mean duration of indwelling urethral catheter was 6. 5 days.
     结果:手术时间50-135 min,平均81.5 min,术中出血50-750 mL平均失血量为150 mL,平均切除前列腺组织重量70.5 g。
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     Complications occurred in 7 cases(3.5%), including indwelling catheter tip dislocation(2 cases,1%), disconnection between port and catheter after the procedure(1 cases, 0.5% ), pneumothorax(2 cases,1%), skin fester(1 cases,0.5%), massive blood effusion in subcutaneous tissue(1 cases,0.5%), target vessel closed off (2 cases,1%).
     并发症有 9例 (4.5 % ) :导管移位 2例 (1% )、导管 药盒松脱 1例 (0 .5 % )、气胸 2例 (1% )、皮肤溃烂 1例(0 .5 % )、皮下大量渗血 1例 (0 .5 % ) ,靶血管闭塞 2例 (1% )。
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     Results The APACHEⅡscores on day 2 and day 5 after therapy in indwelling catheter group were significantly decreased compared with the control group(P=0.000).
     治疗后第2天和第5天,静脉导管组的APACHEⅡ评分明显低于常规治疗组(P=0.000)。
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  相似匹配句对
     NURSING FOR INDWELLING ESOPHAGUS STAND
     食管支架留置术的护理
短句来源
     Exhaust of Venous Indwelling Needle
     静脉留置针排气方法的改进
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  indwelling
In most cases these infections are associated with indwelling urinary catheters.
      
Indwelling catheters should be removed if possible, otherwise be changed.
      
Dogs were instrumented with indwelling portal vein and carotid artery catheters, a catheter jejunostomy and an electromagnetic flow measuring probe around the portal vein enabling continuous flow recordings.
      
To determine the effects of cardiac tamponade on myocardial blood flow and its distribution, dogs were prepared with indwelling pericardial catheters.
      
Thirty of 221 (14%) currently used an indwelling catheter, and 84 of the remainding190 (44%) reported symptoms of urinary dysfunction, of which the most common were urgency and frequency.
      
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(1)In the chloralose-urethanized or curarized rabbits,infusion of saline or blood into the right auricle in amount of 8—10 ml/kg at the rate of 0.5—1.0 ml/sec induced bradycardia and hypotension. (2)Section of sino-aortic nerves and bilateral vagotomy did not alter the negative chronotropic effect due to auricular infusion,thus indicating that a local mechanism was responsible for the effect. (3)Distension of the right auricle by inflating an indwelling balloon with various pressures(20—70 mm Hg)also evoked...

(1)In the chloralose-urethanized or curarized rabbits,infusion of saline or blood into the right auricle in amount of 8—10 ml/kg at the rate of 0.5—1.0 ml/sec induced bradycardia and hypotension. (2)Section of sino-aortic nerves and bilateral vagotomy did not alter the negative chronotropic effect due to auricular infusion,thus indicating that a local mechanism was responsible for the effect. (3)Distension of the right auricle by inflating an indwelling balloon with various pressures(20—70 mm Hg)also evoked bradyeardia which persisted after cutting the vagi.Plotting the change in heart rate against pressure within the balloon,a non- linear relationship was revealed.The bradycardia observed could not be attributed to anoxemia resulting from reduced venous return,since the temporary occlusion of superior and inferior venae cavae failed to evoke bradycardia. (4)The blockage of sino-auricular node by local novocaine infiltration as well as by local or general hypothermia(26—28℃)abolished the negative chronotropio res- ponse to the atrial infusion.Therefore it was suggested that such a response occurred as a result of alteration in the functional state of sino-auricular node. (5)Under our experimental conditions,the cardiac acceleration reflex originally found by Bainbridge could not be demonstrated in the rabbits.

(一)在氯醛糖和氨基甲酸乙酯麻醉的兔或未麻醉的箭毒化兔,右心房内输液(输入量为8—10毫升/公斤,输入速度为0.5—1.0毫升/秒),可规律地引起心率减慢和动脉血压下降。(二)右心房输液引起的心率变化,在切断两对缓冲神经和迷走神经后并不消失,说明此种输液效应并非反射作用。(三)经颈外静脉向右心房内引入一小气囊,以不同压力扩张后,也可导致心率减慢。此时气囊内压值与心率变化之间的关系不是完全呈直线式的。切断迷走神经后,效应仍存在;且此效应也不是由于气囊扩张阻断血液回流所致。(四)以奴佛卡因溶液阻断窦房结区后,右心房输液不再引起心率减慢。全身低温或选择性心脏低温(26—28℃)后,大多数实验中的心率在输液后不再变慢,由此说明右心房内输液对心率的影响是刺激直接作用于窦房结而改变其机能活动的结果。(五)在我们的实验条件下,从兔身上不能证示有 Bainbridge 反射的存在。

A review of 176 isolation of prostatic fossa for hemostasis without to use of indwelling urethral catheter in suprapubic prostateetomies has been presented. In a comparison of this series from three other literatures. The results of our series are favorable, especially in relation to decrease blood loss and complications. Operative and postoperative blood transfusions were given to 104 patients, of these transfusions 60 patients received 200ml of blood and 31 patients received 400ml, the most being 400ml...

A review of 176 isolation of prostatic fossa for hemostasis without to use of indwelling urethral catheter in suprapubic prostateetomies has been presented. In a comparison of this series from three other literatures. The results of our series are favorable, especially in relation to decrease blood loss and complications. Operative and postoperative blood transfusions were given to 104 patients, of these transfusions 60 patients received 200ml of blood and 31 patients received 400ml, the most being 400ml received by 13 patients with hypertension and local adhesion of prostate. As a whole, in our series the blood loss is less than those reported in the literatures. Suprapubic prostatic enucleation continues to be a safe and effective operative technigue for relieving obstructive prostatism.

本文总结了176例不用尿道留置导尿管止血的经耻骨上前列腺切除术,并与文献报导的3组经耻骨上前列腺切除的类似手术结果进行比较。本组手术效果是良好的,特别是能减少术中和术后的失血量以及併发症。本组有104例在术中或术后输血,其中输血200毫升者60例;输血400毫升者31例;有13例因患高血压或因局部粘连于术中失血较多而输血超过400毫升。总之,采用尿道不留置导尿管的止血法施行耻骨上前列腺切除术治疗梗阻性前列腺病失血量显著减少,是一种安全有效的手术方法。

The preventive effect of under-antiseptic seal drainage(UASD)on catheter-associated urinary tract infection was studied in 76 patients whose urine cultures were negative prior to catheterization. Catheters were introducted into the urinary tracts in all patients for periods of >7 days. The average period for which urine was kept sterile was 13.7±9.2(5-43) days in UASD group (40 cases),and 5.4±3.2 (1-13) days in open drainage group (36 cases),P<0.0001·The uriue steritily rates (%)3, 7, 11 and 14 days after indwelling...

The preventive effect of under-antiseptic seal drainage(UASD)on catheter-associated urinary tract infection was studied in 76 patients whose urine cultures were negative prior to catheterization. Catheters were introducted into the urinary tracts in all patients for periods of >7 days. The average period for which urine was kept sterile was 13.7±9.2(5-43) days in UASD group (40 cases),and 5.4±3.2 (1-13) days in open drainage group (36 cases),P<0.0001·The uriue steritily rates (%)3, 7, 11 and 14 days after indwelling catheter were 100.0,95.0,75.0 and 68.4 respectively in UASD group;and 88.9,27.8,10.5 and 0 in open drainage group, P<0.05-0.0001 . The results suggest that UASD is a convenient and efficacious drainage method in preventing catheter-associated infection.

在76例患者中,研究了消毒剂密封式引流(UASD)预防留置导管性尿路感染的效果。发现留置导管后尿无菌日,UASD组(40例)为13.7±9.2(5—43)日,开放引流组(36例)为5.4±3.2(1—13)日,P<0.0001。置管后2日内两组尿无菌率无差异(P<0.05),3、7、11、14日尿无菌率(%),UASD组为100.0、95.0、75.0、68.4,开放引流组为88.9、27.8、10.5、0,P<0.05~0.0001。本研究表明,UASD是一种简便而有良好预防感染效果的引流方法。

 
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