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chronic stage
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  慢性期
     Conclusion: AD may occur in the chronic stage of spinal cord transection in rats. The abnormal expression of α_(1A)-and α_(1B)-AR mRNA in the heart and α_(1A)-,α_(1D)-,α_(2B)-and α_(2C)-AR mRNA in the mesenteric artery may be related to(AD.)
     结论:大鼠SCT慢性期AD的发生可能与心脏α1A-、α1B-AR,肠系膜前动脉α1A-、α1D-、α2B-、α2C-AR的异常表达有关。
短句来源
     Result: The patameters(鏱、鏿、HCT、Kesr、RE、Fg、DI) of CML patient who were at the chronic stage were all significantly higher than the normal control(P<0.05或P<0.01), IR was significantly lower than control(P<0.05).
     结果:CML慢性期患者b、HCT、ESR、Kesr、RE、Fg、DI值显著高于正常对照组(P<0.05或P<0.01),IR值显著低于正常对照组(P<0.01)。
短句来源
     Effects of Acupuncture on the Expression of Bcl-2 and Bax in Hippocampus Neurons of Acute and Chronic Stage Focal Cerebral Ischemia Rats
     急性期针刺和慢性期针刺对局灶性脑缺血大鼠海马神经元Bcl-2和Bax表达的影响
短句来源
     54 cases had not cured, including 2 cases (1.9%) who came into chronic stage, 46 cases (43.81%) who turned into the complication stage and 1 case in whom the re-infection took place, and 5 cases (4.76%) eventually died of this disease.
     54例未愈,其中转入慢性期2例(1.9%),后遗症期46例(43.81%),再感染1例(0.95%),死亡5例(4.76%)。
短句来源
     The purpose of this study was to evaluate sensitivity changes in peripheral α_1-adrenergic receptor at chronic stage, to observe apoptosis of thoracic ganglia and expression of α (a_1, a_2) - adrenergic receptors in the spinal cord at different time points in a high-level spinal cord injury (SCI) rat model.
     本实验研究高位脊髓损伤(Spinal cord injury, SCI)大鼠慢性期外周α-肾上腺素受体敏感性的变化,研究大鼠SCI后不同时间点脊髓损伤段和相邻节段侧角交感神经元的凋亡情况以及脊髓两种α(α_1,α_2)-肾上腺素受体mRNA表达的变化情况。
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  慢性阶段
     Results: Both highly sensitive C-reactive protein(hs-CRP) and brain natriuretic peptide(BNP),showed a significant positive correlation with ET-1.Chronic stage left ventricular ejection fraction(LVEF) and left ventricular end-diastolic volume index(LVEDVI) were significantly poorer in the H group.
     结果:ET-1与高敏C反应蛋白(hs-CRP)和脑钠肽(BNP)有相关性。 慢性阶段左室射血分数(LVEF)和左室舒张未容积指数(LVEDVI)在高组明显降低。
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     An Epidemic Model with Vaccination and Chronic Stage
     具有接种和急慢性阶段的流行病动力学研究
短句来源
     Conclusion: Functional disorders of cellular and humoral immunity exist in CPN patients of chronic stage.
     结论 :CPN患者慢性阶段存在着一定程度的细胞免疫、体液免疫功能紊乱。
短句来源
  “chronic stage”译为未确定词的双语例句
     In acute stage 76(54. 7%), in chronic stage 63(45.3%).
     活动期病例76例(54.7%)、缓解期63例(45.3%)。
短句来源
     BCL-2 protein expression during the chronic stage of traumatic brain injury in rats
     在大鼠颅脑损伤慢性病程中BCL-2蛋白的表达
短句来源
     There was a significant difference in positive rate between the acute stage and the chronic stage of ITP (χ 2=12.65,P<0.05).
     ITP组中急性型与慢性型之间有显著差异 (χ2 =12 6 5 ,P <0 .0 5 )。
短句来源
     . Results: The positive rate of severe hepatitis cases is 39.09% in acute stage and 81.36% in chronic stage.
     结果:急、慢性重型肝炎患者VEGF检出率分别为39·09%和81·36%。
短句来源
     RESULTS: No IL-8 was detected in the samples from normal pulp,but significant amount of IL-8 appeared in inflamed pulp tissues,and the level of IL-8 in exudates of acute stage of pulpitis was higher than that of chronic stage( P <0.01).
     结果 :正常牙髓组织渗出液中检测不到IL - 8,而炎症牙髓组织渗出液中均有较高水平的IL - 8(0 .33~ 1.0 μg/L) ,且在急性牙髓炎中的水平高于慢性牙髓炎 (P <0 .0 1)。
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  chronic stage
In the present study, transient ischemia for 20 minutes in a rat four-vessel occlusion model was induced, and serial changes in histology and N-methyl-d-asparate receptor (NMDA-R) binding were evaluated up to the chronic stage.
      
Loss of N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor binding in rat hippocampal areas at the chronic stage after transient forebrain isc
      
Enhanced chemical carcinogenesis in arthritic rats can be explained by a defective immune responsiveness in the chronic stage of arthritis.
      
Carteolol, a β-adrenergic blocker with intrinsic sympathomimetic action, prevented the development of dilatation and hypertrophy of the heart in the chronic stage following murine encephalomyocarditis (EMC) viral myocarditis.
      
Chronic stage of osteomyelitis was characterized by an elevated content of hydroxyproline bound to low-molecular-weight collagen fragments.
      
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In the acute stage of acute glomerulo nephritis,the children's serum C, level was below normal in 26/34 cases (76.5%) and they all recovered in 2 weeks to 1 year; the immune complex was present in 13/15 cases; the lymphocyte blastogenesis rate was lower than normal in 12/35 cases (34.3%) while the immune globins were found no difference between acute and chronic stages. The FDP was positive in urine in 26/48 cases (54.2%) and only 15/48 cases (31.3%) positive in serum.

在急性肾小球肾炎急性期患儿血清中C_3水平有26/34例(76.5%)低于正常,但在2周至1年内恢复; 13/15例血清中有抗原抗体复合物;淋巴细胞转化率有12/35例(34.3%)低于正常,但免疫球蛋白在急性期与慢性期无明显不同。尿中FDP阳性者为26/48例(54.2%)而血中阳性者为15/48例(31.2%)。

The authors observed the chromo-somes of 50 bone marrow samples andtheir changes at different stages of thedisease in 32 Ph~1 positive CGL pa-tients. It was found that the percen-tage of Ph~1 positive bone marrow cellsincreased from the chronic stage, thepreterminal and to the terminal stages,with increasing average values of 72. 27±3.93%, 86. 07±6.30% and 95.50±2. 57% respectively. Statistically, thedifference between the average percent-ages of chronic and preterminal stageswas significant...

The authors observed the chromo-somes of 50 bone marrow samples andtheir changes at different stages of thedisease in 32 Ph~1 positive CGL pa-tients. It was found that the percen-tage of Ph~1 positive bone marrow cellsincreased from the chronic stage, thepreterminal and to the terminal stages,with increasing average values of 72. 27±3.93%, 86. 07±6.30% and 95.50±2. 57% respectively. Statistically, thedifference between the average percent-ages of chronic and preterminal stageswas significant (P<0.05). It was foundthat in addition to the Ph~1 chromosome,the number of cases with abnormalchromosome clone also increased. Whencomparing the survival times of theabnormal chromosome types in the ter-minal and preterminal stages. We foundthat the survival time of the cases withhyperdiploid clones (always with + C,+ Ph~1 karyotype) was longer than thatof the cases with non-hyperdiploid(including diploid and hypodiploid,thelatter always with -E or sometimeswith -F karyotype) clones (87. 70±4. 65 months, 28. 8± 8. 41 months respec-tively). Also the survival time of caseswith minute chromosome was shorterthan that of the cases without minutechromosome (11±3.55 months, 62±10. 42 months respectively). The differ-ences of the above two pairs were sta-tistically significant (P<0. 05). Becausethe reports about the relationship be-tween chromosome type and survivaltime are contradictory, which lends tocontroversy, more studies need to bedone.

作者在32例50人次Ph~1阳性慢粒病人的骨髓染色体标本中观察了病程中染色体的变化以及染色体变化与存活期的关系。发现Ph~1阳性细胞的百分数随着病程的发展而增加,有其它染色体异常克隆的病例,也随病程进展增多。超二倍体病例的存活期长于非超二倍体病例的存活期,含微小染色体病例的存活期短于不含微小染色体病例的存活期。

The interferon producing capacity and certain immunologic parameters were examined in 22 cases of chronic viral myocarditis, 9 cases of convalesent acute viral myocarditis, and in a number of normal individuals as control.It was found that the interferon producing capacity and lymphocyte transformation (PHA) in chronic group were lower than that of the convalesent acute viral myocarditis and the control group, and the serum IgG and IgA were also but the serum IgM on the contrary showed a higher level than that...

The interferon producing capacity and certain immunologic parameters were examined in 22 cases of chronic viral myocarditis, 9 cases of convalesent acute viral myocarditis, and in a number of normal individuals as control.It was found that the interferon producing capacity and lymphocyte transformation (PHA) in chronic group were lower than that of the convalesent acute viral myocarditis and the control group, and the serum IgG and IgA were also but the serum IgM on the contrary showed a higher level than that of convalesent and control group. The single serum titer of the neutral antibodies for Coxackie virus B I-6 with a value of ≥1: 32 was found in 45.4% (10 patients) of cases in the chronic group as compared with 22.2% and 20% in convalesent group and control group respectively.The above results denote that certain immunological aberration may possibly be the cause of the persistence and recurrence of the virus infection and hence the prolongation of the clinical course and its chronicity. Thus to enhance the host resistence against the virus by the administration of interferon and other drugs with similar effect to those patients with a subnormal level of interferon found during the acute stage should be considered. This may possibly prevent the progression of the disease to its chronic stage.

本文对22例慢性病毒性心肌炎、9例急性病毒性心肌炎痊愈者和正常人进行了α-干扰素诱生能力和免疫指标的测定。检查发现慢性组的α-干扰素诱生能力和淋巴细胞PHA转化率较急性病毒性心肌炎痊愈组和正常对照组为低。而IgM和单份血清柯萨奇B1-6型病毒中和抗体效价≥1:32者较后二组为高。上述结果提示慢性病毒性心肌炎可能由于免疫异常引起病毒反复活动或持续存在所引起。故治疗方面尚应考虑提高机体的防御病毒能力,并提出若在心肌炎的急性期进行干扰素能力检测,低于正常给予干扰素或其他增加诱生干扰素能力的药物,有可能避免部分急性病毒性心肌炎患者进入慢性阶段。

 
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