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target word     
相关语句
  目标词
     TARGET WORD SELECTION IN MACHINE TRANSLATION BASED ON MACHINE LEARNING
     机器翻译系统中基于机器学习的目标词选择
短句来源
     With strong semantic association between the priming word and the target word, the context effect results from the associative priming, which proves the modularity theory.
     而当启动词与目标词间有较弱的语义联结时 ,随语境干扰强度的增加 ,目标词的词汇通达也随之增加 ,这时的语境作用机制则符合相互作用理论
短句来源
     Target word selection in English Chinese machine translation is studied using the machine learning approach.
     文中利用机器学习的方法研究英汉机器翻译中目标词选择的问题。
短句来源
     With weak semantic association between the prime word and the target word,on the one hand, the modularities are independent of one another in the context which is lowly incongruent with the target word, i.e. the modularities are not influenced by other ones;
     在启动词与目标词语义联结弱的情况下 ,如果语境对目标词是一种低干扰 ,那么各模块之间彼此独立 ,一个模块不受另一个模块的影响 ;
短句来源
     The main findings are that grade three subjects' categorization reactions were influenced by the languages of category names only when the target word language was L1,that grade five subjects' reactions were influenced by the languages of category names only when the target word language was L2,and the junior students' reactions were not influenced by the languages of category names.
     结果发现,三年级被试的语义分类反应只有在目标词为第一语言时,受到范畴语言的影响。 五年级被试的语义分类反应只有当目标词为第二语言时受到范畴语言的影响,初中一年级被试的反应不受范畴语言影响。
短句来源
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  目标词语
     With weak semantic association between the prime word and the target word,on the one hand, the modularities are independent of one another in the context which is lowly incongruent with the target word, i.e. the modularities are not influenced by other ones;
     在启动词与目标词语义联结弱的情况下 ,如果语境对目标词是一种低干扰 ,那么各模块之间彼此独立 ,一个模块不受另一个模块的影响 ;
短句来源
  目标语词汇
     Translation Selection Modeling Based on Feasibility Evaluation of Target Word Combination
     基于目标语词汇组合合理性评价的译文选择模型
短句来源
  “target word”译为未确定词的双语例句
     A word-detect prospectlye memory taSk which is inlaid in some self confident assessment, items is adopted in experimeat l and 2. The frequency of the target word is increased across trials.
     实验1、 2采用包含前瞻记忆任务的纯粹的前瞻记忆自评问卷,同时将延时和人格等变量高度集成,并首次采用频率逐渐增大的语义靶。
短句来源
     In order to examine the superordinate goal inference in reading, two tasks(lexical decision and naming) and two time intervals between the last line of text and the target word (250ms & 500ms) are used. The materials are local and global coherent texts.
     本研究采用词汇判断和命名两种实验方法,250ms和500ms两种延时程序,以较连贯的自然语篇为实验材料,对语篇阅读中的整体目标推理机制进行了研究。
短句来源
     The essence of target word selection is multi classifications of a word. Different translations of a word correspond to different classes. Here proposed is an approach using ID3 decision tree classification algorithm when the features are ambiguous and tree structured.
     词的目标语选择本质上是词的多分类问题,不同的译文就是不同的分类.文中以决策归纳学习算法ID3为基础,提出了特征为树型结构并且带有歧义性时使用ID3学习算法的方法。
短句来源
     Using the semantic categories of words in the context as features, the approach is proved effective when it is applied to target word selection.
     以词的上下文中单词的语义分类为特征,该方法用于词的目标语选择取得了良好的效果.
短句来源
     In order to examine the superordinate goal inference in reading, the author used lexical decision task, naming and two time intervals between the last line of text and the target word(250ms and 500ms). The materials include local and global coherent texts.
     该研究采用词汇判断和命名的方法,250ms和500ms两种延时程序,以较连贯的自然语篇为实验材料,对语篇阅读中的高级目标推理机制进行了研究。
短句来源
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  target word
Subjects judged the emotional tone of a target word presented following the warning signal, and reaction times and error rates were measured.
      
The evidence comes from difficulties observed in judgements about the homophony with a target word of a pseudohomophone whose phonology does not match the putative abstract representation of that word.
      
Results indicated that participants were conservative decision-makers about sentences using the vocabulary words and that the conservative bias increased in strength as their level of knowledge about the target word increased.
      
unassociated words) with semantic plausibility (i.e., the target word was a plausible vs.
      
Situation model accounts predict that priming will occur when a target word can be integrated easily into an evolving discourse representation.
      
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In this experiment,the subjectswere asked to make lexical decisionabout tachistoscpically one-characterwords and nonwords.The context itemswere followed by the target items.We changed the intervals between con-text stimuli and target items(SOA),and found that both word-frequency andcontext had significant effects on therecognition of target words,and theeffect of context varied together with thelength of SOA.We maintain that theinteractions between the spreading-activation modes of context...

In this experiment,the subjectswere asked to make lexical decisionabout tachistoscpically one-characterwords and nonwords.The context itemswere followed by the target items.We changed the intervals between con-text stimuli and target items(SOA),and found that both word-frequency andcontext had significant effects on therecognition of target words,and theeffect of context varied together with thelength of SOA.We maintain that theinteractions between the spreading-activation modes of context logogen andthe processing ways of target wordsdetermine the lexieal decision.

本实验结果发现,词频影响单词的识别,语境的作用随SOA 的长短而变化.当SOA 较短时相关语境对高低频词的识别均有显著的促进作用,无关语境对高低频词的识别没有显著的抑制性影响。随着SOA 的延长相关语境对高频词的促进作用仍然显著,但无关语境对高频词的识别没有抑制作用,只对低频词有抑制性影响。文章认为语境词Lcgogen 的激活扩散方式和对目标词的加工方式之间的相互作用共同决定了本实验的词汇判断结果。

The experiment was designed to study primarily the effect of Chinesesentence context on word recognition using naming task. It was discoveredthat the type of sentence context, the defined degree of sentence contexton target word, word frequency and number of strokes all influencedword recognition and that the magnitude of contextual effect also dependedon the defined degrees of context, word frequency and number of strok-es. These findings illustrate that: (1) the locus of contextual effect...

The experiment was designed to study primarily the effect of Chinesesentence context on word recognition using naming task. It was discoveredthat the type of sentence context, the defined degree of sentence contexton target word, word frequency and number of strokes all influencedword recognition and that the magnitude of contextual effect also dependedon the defined degrees of context, word frequency and number of strok-es. These findings illustrate that: (1) the locus of contextual effect maybe changed with different conditions; (2) subjects employ different str-ategies in different degrees of contextual definition on word. Some predic-tions from the Verification Model, Logogen Model and Two-process The-ory respectively were not supported by this research. The mechanisms ofChinese contextual effects on word recognition needs further research.

本实验采用命名作业对汉语句子语境条件下的单词识别作了初步探索。结果发现:句子语境类型、语境对目标词的限制强度、目标词词频和笔画数对单词识别都产生明显影响;并且语境对单词识到效应的大小也受到语境限制强度、词频和笔画数等的影响。这些结果表明:(1)语境对单词识别的作用点会随着不同的条件而改变;(2)被试在不同的语境限制强度条件下采用了不同的利用语境信息的策略。本研究没有支持核证模型、Logogen模型和双加工理论的一些预测。有关汉语文的语境效应作用机制则有待于进一步的研究。

This study preliminarily inyestigated the possibility of young children incidentally learning words on television and the factors whichmight affect it. 86 pre-schoolers(40 from bottomclass and 46 from high class) participated inthis study. They watched cartoons with captions on television under near-natural-viewing condition. The main results in this study were as follows: 1) Young children were able to learn Chinese characters during viewing cartoons with captions without any guidance. It suggested that...

This study preliminarily inyestigated the possibility of young children incidentally learning words on television and the factors whichmight affect it. 86 pre-schoolers(40 from bottomclass and 46 from high class) participated inthis study. They watched cartoons with captions on television under near-natural-viewing condition. The main results in this study were as follows: 1) Young children were able to learn Chinese characters during viewing cartoons with captions without any guidance. It suggested that watching television had a positive effect on pre-schoolers' vocabulary development: 2)Boys and girls could all incidentally learn words on television; 3) Grapheme-meaning incidental learning was not affected by pre-schoolers'primary vocabulary level and familiarity of target words; 4) Grapheme-phoneme incidental learning only occured to for the preschoolers with a higher level of vocabulary and increasedwith the familiarity of target words; 5) The frequency effect existed both in graphememeaning and grapheme-phoneme incidental learning.

对幼儿从电视中伴随学习单词的可能性及其影响因素进行了初步的探讨。40名小班幼儿和46名大班幼儿参加了实验,他们在接近自然的状态下观看有字幕的动画片。结果发现:幼儿在无任何指导的情况下观看有字幕的动画片,能伴随学习到汉字,这表明,电视对幼儿的词汇发展有着积极的影响;不同性别的儿童都能同等程度地从电视中伴随学习到单词;词义的伴随学习受幼儿原有的词汇水平和幼儿对目标词熟悉程度的影响;词音的伴随学习只发生在词汇水平较高的幼儿当中,并且随着幼儿对目标词熟悉程度的增加而增加;词音和词义的伴随学习存在频度效应。

 
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