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ligaments
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  韧带
    Tensile strength of thoracolumbar spine ligaments
    胸腰椎脊柱韧带拉伸性能的实验研究
短句来源
    A BIOMECHANICAL STUDY OF POSTERIOR CERVICAL LIGAMENTS AND CLINICAL IMPORTANCE
    颈椎棘上棘间韧带生物力学研究
短句来源
    A study of the anatomic and histological properties of carpal ligaments
    腕关节韧带解剖及组织学特性研究
短句来源
    Study of radial collateral ligaments of elbow joint
    肘关节外侧副韧带应用解剖学研究
短句来源
    The length and width of the alar ligaments are 11.65±0.50mm and 6.65 ± 0.32mm. The length of the apical ligaments are 22.72± 0.84mm.
    (2)寰椎横韧带的长度及宽度分别为20.41±0.48mm和9.74±0.45mm,翼状韧带的长度和宽度分别为11.65±0.50mm和6.65±0.32mm,齿突尖韧带长度为22.72±0.84mm。
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  “ligaments”译为未确定词的双语例句
    The Anatomy of the Dentate Ligaments and Its Clinical Significance
    齿状韧带的解剖及临床意义
短句来源
    A STUDY ON THE BIOMECHANICS OF THE ANTERIOR AND POSTERIOR CRUCTIATE LIGAMENTS AND RELATIONSHIP TO INJURY
    前、后交叉韧带的力学特性及其与损伤关系的研究
短句来源
    19(63%) left recurrent laryngeal nerves round the aorta, 11(37%)left recurrent laryngeal nerves round the aortic ends of the arterial ligaments.
    19例(63%)左喉返神经绕主动脉弓,11例(37%)绕动脉韧带的主动脉端。
短句来源
    The aortic ends of the arterial ligaments attach the aortic archs (80%) or the descending aortas(20%). The end connecting the pulmonary artery attachs the left pulmonary artery, 6 ends connecting pulmonary artery are in the pericardial cavity.
    动脉韧带的主动脉端附着于主动脉弓(80%)或降主动脉(20%),肺动脉端附着于左肺动脉,6例肺动脉端位于心包内。
短句来源
    Methods The ligaments composition, shape and motion of the elbow in 54 cadaveric specimens were studied in dissection.
    方法在54侧成人肘关节标本上解剖、观察时关节副韧带的组成、形态特点及肘关节不同屈曲角度时副韧带的形态变化。
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  ligaments
This liquid film is broken into unstable ligaments which contract under the action of surface tension forming the droplets.
      
In case of ankle-sprains laxity of capsule and ligaments can be observed whereas chronic rotation instability is difficult to detect.
      
In the early stage, patients present with joint effusion which causes destruction of the cartilage ("stiff-type") and distends ligaments and capsules ("loose-type").
      
If there is still symptomatic chronic ankle instability, an anatomical reconstruction of the ligaments should be performed.
      
Malleolar fractures predominately result from a dislocation force at the ankle and are usually accompanied by injuries of the collateral ligaments and the tibiofibular syndesmosis.
      
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A very rare case of an 8-9 month old human foetus with congenital absence of external genitalia, persistent primitive cloaca, and bilateral renal agenesis was observed from the anatomical and embryological angles. The perineum is represented by an eminence resembling an apricot seed. Macro-and microscopic observations show it to be a genital tubercle. As the ovaries and oviducts are developed normally, the foetus is a female, yet the uterus, vagina, and broad ligaments are absent. Naked-eye examination...

A very rare case of an 8-9 month old human foetus with congenital absence of external genitalia, persistent primitive cloaca, and bilateral renal agenesis was observed from the anatomical and embryological angles. The perineum is represented by an eminence resembling an apricot seed. Macro-and microscopic observations show it to be a genital tubercle. As the ovaries and oviducts are developed normally, the foetus is a female, yet the uterus, vagina, and broad ligaments are absent. Naked-eye examination of the abdominal and pelvic viscera and serial sec- tions of the latter have revealed that, the cloaca retains its primitive condition, with an abnormal development of the urorectal septum. No kidneys, ureters, renal vessels and nerves are identifiable, after microscopic examination of the sections of the retroperitoneal loose connective tissues taken from every 5 mm. along the posterior abdominal wall from the diaphragm down to the pelvic floor. This indicates an aplasia of the uretic bud and the metanephrogenic tissue. All the blood vessels supplying those organs represent wide deviations from the normal. A possible causes of the anomalies are briefly discussed. A developmental arrest is suggested.

从解剖学与胚胎学观点,观察一例先天性无外阴、原始泄殖腔保留与双侧肾未发育的8—9月胎儿。会阴部只显一杏仁状隆起,经肉眼与显微镜观察此隆起与内生殖器,证明此杏仁状隆起为生殖结构,卵巢与输卵管发育正常,表明为女性胎儿,但子宫、阴道与阔韧带缺如。检视腹腔与盆腔脏器,并把骨盆内脏器作连续切片,发现尿直肠隔发育反常,使泄殖腔保留原始状态。双侧肾、输尿管、肾血管与神经均未找到。循腹后壁由膈至骨盆底每隔5毫米取腹膜后疏松结缔组织,未发现残留的后肾组织,表明输尿管芽与生后肾组织均未发育。所有供给异常器官的血管发现很大变异。产生畸形的原因略加论述,从发育受阻碍或抑制的假说似能作较合理的解释。

Sixty species of monogenetic trematodes (Dactylogyrus, Ancylodiscoides, Ancyro-cephaltts, Bychouskyella, Falciunguis and Gyrodactylus) parasitic on the commercial fishes of lake Hong Hu have been recorded in the present report. Two of them are considered as new species. They are charaterized as follows:1. Dactylogyrus ungulatus sp. nov(Fig. 1.)Body of small size, being 490-860 μ long and 93-150 μ in width.Marginal booklets 13-21 μ.. Total length of central large anchors 23-29 μ, basal portion 12-21 μ, point...

Sixty species of monogenetic trematodes (Dactylogyrus, Ancylodiscoides, Ancyro-cephaltts, Bychouskyella, Falciunguis and Gyrodactylus) parasitic on the commercial fishes of lake Hong Hu have been recorded in the present report. Two of them are considered as new species. They are charaterized as follows:1. Dactylogyrus ungulatus sp. nov(Fig. 1.)Body of small size, being 490-860 μ long and 93-150 μ in width.Marginal booklets 13-21 μ.. Total length of central large anchors 23-29 μ, basal portion 12-21 μ, point 6-12 μ, inner root 6-11 μ, outer root 1-4 μ. connective plate 2-3 × 16-25 μ.Copulatory tube 42-49 μ in length. Supporting apparatus, with swollen base and three claw-like projections on extremity, measuring 29-34 μ. Vagina and eggs have not been discovered. Description based on 10 specimens.Types: Deposited in the Department of fishery, Central China Agricultural College and in the author's collection.Host:Xcnocypris argentea.Location: Gill.Distribution: Middle Yangtze valley (Jiayu, Lake Hong-Hu, Hubei Province).Remarks: This worm is rather similar to Dactylogyrus chondrostomi Malewitzkaja 1941 and D. cordus in the shape of the central large anchors, but it differs from the latter by the shape of male copulatory organ and the size of cuticular structures.2. Gyrodactylus honghuensis sp. nov.(Fig. 2.)Body of small size, being 190-240 μ long and 39-50 μ wide. Pharynx 15 × 14-16 μ and opisthnhaptor 50-67 × 40-50 μ in size. Marginal booklets are of ordinary type; total length 23-24 μ, handle 17-18 μ, point 5 μ.Total length of anchors 44-52 μ; the basal portion 33-39 μ, inner root 14-21 μ, point 16-20 μ. Connective plate of the outer root small, ligament-like, 2 × 14-17 μ in size, basal connective plate 4-5 × 24-27 μ.Male copulatory organ 12 × 11 μ in diameter, cirrus bulb with five large spines and two minute spines.Host: Erythrocultrr dabryi.Location: Gill.Loeality: Lake Hong-Hu, Hubei Province. Types: Deposited in the Department of Fishery. Central China Agricultural college. Description is based on 10 specimens.Remarks: This worm is similar to G. sprostonae Ling, 1962 but it differs from the latter by the structure of the male copulatory organ and size of basal connective plate.

本文报告寄生子洪湖经济鱼类鳃上的单殖吸虫共60种,包括描述指环虫和三代虫各一新种,并有若干寄主新记录及长江流域新记录。

The reproductive pattern of the bactrian camel(Camelus bactrianus L.) was investigated in Haixi Camel Farm from 1963 to 1965.In section 1, the anatomy of genital organs was studied. The female genital system is characterized by that the left uterine horn is apparently larger than the right one, the left broad ligament is much wider than the right; since the left ovary is not fixed in position, it is sometimes difficult to be detected in rectal examination. The middle uterine artery is lacking, the main...

The reproductive pattern of the bactrian camel(Camelus bactrianus L.) was investigated in Haixi Camel Farm from 1963 to 1965.In section 1, the anatomy of genital organs was studied. The female genital system is characterized by that the left uterine horn is apparently larger than the right one, the left broad ligament is much wider than the right; since the left ovary is not fixed in position, it is sometimes difficult to be detected in rectal examination. The middle uterine artery is lacking, the main blood supply of the genital tract comes from the posterior uterine arteries. The male camel has no seminal vesicle. The disseminate part of the prostate is inconspicuous, but the urethral glands are well developed.

母驼生殖器官的特点是左子宫角比右角发达,左侧子宫阔韧带比右侧宽的多;左侧卵巢因为不固定,直肠检查时有时不容易找到。没有子宫中动脉,子宫后动脉为生殖道的主要动脉。公驼没有精囊腺,前列腺扩散部不明显;尿道腺则很发达。

 
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