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ligaments
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  韧带
    An anatomical study of carpal ligaments around scaphoid
    腕舟骨周围韧带解剖学研究
短句来源
    The effect of growth factors during ligaments healing
    生长因子在韧带愈合中的作用
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    A study of the anatomic and histological properties of carpal ligaments
    腕关节韧带解剖及组织学特性研究
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    Study of radial collateral ligaments of elbow joint
    肘关节外侧副韧带应用解剖学研究
短句来源
    The length and width of the alar ligaments are 11.65±0.50mm and 6.65 ± 0.32mm. The length of the apical ligaments are 22.72± 0.84mm.
    (2)寰椎横韧带的长度及宽度分别为20.41±0.48mm和9.74±0.45mm,翼状韧带的长度和宽度分别为11.65±0.50mm和6.65±0.32mm,齿突尖韧带长度为22.72±0.84mm。
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  “ligaments”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Methods The ligaments composition, shape and motion of the elbow in 54 cadaveric specimens were studied in dissection.
    方法在54侧成人肘关节标本上解剖、观察时关节副韧带的组成、形态特点及肘关节不同屈曲角度时副韧带的形态变化。
短句来源
    superocollateral ligaments L 3~5 were 2.07mm,2.03mm,and 1.91mm in thickness respectively;
    乳突副突间韧带的厚度 ,L3~ 5 分别为 2 .0 7mm、2 .0 3mm、1.91mm ;
短句来源
    Results: The occurrence rate of the abnormal ligaments was 15.63%. Their length ? width and thickness were 0.98±0.18 cm?
    结果 :C7横突前结节与第 1肋颈间异常韧带的出现率为 15 .63 % ,其长度为 ( 0 .98± 0 .18)cm ,宽度为 ( 0 .3 9± 0 .11)cm ,厚度为 ( 0 .0 6±0 .0 2 )cm。
短句来源
    The distance from PSIS to the interior and the exfra opening of the canal averaged as 32.4±6.2 and 36.8±5.6 mm,respectively,while the total length of the posterior sacro-iliac ligaments averaged as 67.2±9.3 mm.
    外下口至髂后上棘的距离平均为36.8±5.6 mm; 髂后上棘至骶骨外侧角的距离平均为67.2±9.3 mm。
短句来源
    The length of the inferior transforaminal ligaments from T 3 to T 12 increased with the increasing of the ordinal number of thoracic vertebrae.
    T3 ̄T12横孔下韧带的长度随着椎骨序数的增加而有逐渐增加的趋势。
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  ligaments
This liquid film is broken into unstable ligaments which contract under the action of surface tension forming the droplets.
      
In case of ankle-sprains laxity of capsule and ligaments can be observed whereas chronic rotation instability is difficult to detect.
      
In the early stage, patients present with joint effusion which causes destruction of the cartilage ("stiff-type") and distends ligaments and capsules ("loose-type").
      
If there is still symptomatic chronic ankle instability, an anatomical reconstruction of the ligaments should be performed.
      
Malleolar fractures predominately result from a dislocation force at the ankle and are usually accompanied by injuries of the collateral ligaments and the tibiofibular syndesmosis.
      
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The mode of origin of the A. profunda femoris and its branches in 200Chinese was studied and analysed. The a. profuda femoris arises from thefemoral artery at a distance varying from 1 to 6 cm below the inguinal ligament,among which the most common distances were found to be between 2.45 cm and4.9 cm. The latter correspohds closely to Quain's figure. Based on the relationship of the A. profunda femoris with the A. circumflexafemoris medialis and the A. circumflexa lateralis, five main types and severalsubtypes...

The mode of origin of the A. profunda femoris and its branches in 200Chinese was studied and analysed. The a. profuda femoris arises from thefemoral artery at a distance varying from 1 to 6 cm below the inguinal ligament,among which the most common distances were found to be between 2.45 cm and4.9 cm. The latter correspohds closely to Quain's figure. Based on the relationship of the A. profunda femoris with the A. circumflexafemoris medialis and the A. circumflexa lateralis, five main types and severalsubtypes were classified. The ratio corresponds closely to that obtained by Prof. Pan from a study of150 Chinese specimens.

(一)股深动脉可在腹股沟靱带下1—6.1厘米之间自股动脉发出,以在腹股沟靱带下2.45—4.9厘米之间发出者为最多占76.3%与Quain氏指出者75%之数目相接近。 (二)依国人200例股深动脉分枝情形,可分为五型及若干副型从第一型为最多占68±3%,约占其他各型2/3强;第二、三型次之,各占14±1.5%及13±1%。其数目与潘氏报告150例者的结果相近(参表1)。 (三)无论旋股外侧动脉起於股动脉或股深动脉,它的降枝常有独立起源不与总幹一致。

The position of the subclavian artery in the neck and the origin of its branches in 90 sides of 74 Chinese cadavers were observed and analysed. In the neck,the subclavian artery ascends about 2.19 cm above the upper border of the clavicle and about 1.05 cm medial to the middle-point of the clavicle. The origin of the vertebral artery,the thyrocervical trunk and the internal mammary artery (except 1 case) is very constant,arising from the first (or medial part) of the subclavian artery; the costo-cervical trunk...

The position of the subclavian artery in the neck and the origin of its branches in 90 sides of 74 Chinese cadavers were observed and analysed. In the neck,the subclavian artery ascends about 2.19 cm above the upper border of the clavicle and about 1.05 cm medial to the middle-point of the clavicle. The origin of the vertebral artery,the thyrocervical trunk and the internal mammary artery (except 1 case) is very constant,arising from the first (or medial part) of the subclavian artery; the costo-cervical trunk may arise from any one of the three parts,on the left side more often from the second or middle part (62.5%) and on the right side more often from the first part (73.3%);the transverse cervical artery may also arise from any one of the three parts,more often from the first part (64.66%),as a branch of the thyro-cervical trunk. 18 types Were observed in the pattern of branching of the thyro-cervical trunk.Type Ⅰ with the artery divided into the inferior thyroid artery,ascending cervical artery,superficial cer- vical artery and suprascapular artery and type Ⅱ into inferior thyroid ascending cervical,transverse cervical and suprascapular artery occurred more often than other types (type Ⅰ 18.00% and type Ⅱ 26.00% respectively). The supra-scapular artery arising from the thyro-cervical trunk or from the internal mammary artery in most cases passes above the suprascapular ligament;that arising from the third part of the subclavian artery or from the axillary artery in most cases passes below the ligament. On the left side the inferior thyroid artery more often passes in the front of the inferior laryngeol nerve,on the right side it passes in front and behind the nerve in almost equal num- bers.

根据90例(男:76例,女:14例)尸体锁骨下动脉及其部分分支之统计,有以下之初步结果:1.锁骨下动脉于颈部,高出锁骨上缘之平均距离为2.19厘米,及该点(锁骨上缘之点)至胸锁关节之距离平均长度为2.18厘米。2.锁骨下动脉移行为腋动脉时,并非在锁骨之中点通过,而在其中点之内侧平均距离为1.05厘米处通过。3.椎动脉、甲状颈干及胸廓内动脉(1例除外)均由锁骨下动脉之第一段发出;肋颈干在三段中均可发出,但左侧以第二段,右侧以第一段为多;颈横动脉同样可由三段中发出,但以第一段发出者为多见。4.甲状颈干分支类型共计18型,以第一、二型最多,应为标准型。5.肩胛上动脉起于甲状颈干或胸廓内动脉者,多在肩胛上韧带之上经过;起于锁骨下动脉第三段或腋动脉者,多在韧带之下经过。6.甲状腺下动脉行经喉下神经之前方者较后方为多,以左侧为甚,右侧前后之出现率几相等。

1. 400 isolated skulls, 56 skulls from the integral human skeletons, and skulls of10 cadavers (5 adults and 5 juveniles) collected skulls from Shanghai and its vicinity werestudied for the characteristics of foramen magnum and the surrounding structures. 2. The shape of the foramen can be grouped into six types i.e. (1) oval, (2) rhom-boid, (3) ellipsoid, (4) round, (5) mushroom-like, and (6) hexogonal. 3. The percentages of the presence of the posterior condyloid canal were found tobe both sides present, 51%;...

1. 400 isolated skulls, 56 skulls from the integral human skeletons, and skulls of10 cadavers (5 adults and 5 juveniles) collected skulls from Shanghai and its vicinity werestudied for the characteristics of foramen magnum and the surrounding structures. 2. The shape of the foramen can be grouped into six types i.e. (1) oval, (2) rhom-boid, (3) ellipsoid, (4) round, (5) mushroom-like, and (6) hexogonal. 3. The percentages of the presence of the posterior condyloid canal were found tobe both sides present, 51%; right side alone 18%; left side alone 18% and both sidesabsent, 13%. The result was almost identical with that of Loh found from the skulls ofWestern China, and not far from that of Wood-Jones found from Northern China. Itis found that the anterior end of the posterior condyloid canal does not always open intothe sigmoid sulcus, but may sometimes lead into the jugular foramen, and in those casesthe vein passing through this canal can not be considered as an emissary vein. 4. Regarding the bony process situated around the anterior margin of the foramenmagnum, it can be classified into three categories according to their positions, i.e. (1)preoccipital spine, i.e. those on the anterior margin of the froman magnum, (2) precondyloidtubercle, i.e. those in front of the occipital tubercle and (3) postclival spine, i.e. thosearound the lower part of the clivus. 5. From the studies of the integral skeletons and the regional dissections, the au-thors found that the appearance of the bony processes may be due to traction and ossifi-cation of end of the ligaments related with the corresponding regions. It is therefore, nota homologous structure of the occipital condyle of the reptiles and birds; it is not athird condyle.

我们就上海地区收集的材料,对中国人的枕骨大孔及其邻近的结构作了一些观察,择要如下: 1.枕骨大孔呈现六种不同的形状: (1)卵圆形 (2)菱形 (3)椭圆形 (4)圆形 (5)蕈形 (6)六角形比Martin氏所报导的四种形式多后两种。 2.髁后管的出现率与陆氏所得之结果大致相同,与Wood-Jones的材料相差也不大。但发现髁后管的前端有时不开口于乙状沟,而通到颈静脉孔。 3.关于枕骨大孔前缘一带出现的骨突,我们根据位置的不同分为三类: (1)枕前棘 (2)髁前结节 (3)斜坡后棘 4.通过整套骨骼检查,以及实地解剖的观察,我们认为这些骨突的出现,可能是由于韧带的牵引及骨化,而与鸟类和爬虫类的第三髁,并非同源结构。

 
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