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ligaments
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  韧带
    DATE SOURCES:A computer-based search was conducted in PubMed for literatures concerned with tissue engineering ligaments within ACL reconstruction published between January 1985 and December 2005 with the of "tissue engineering,anterior cruciate ligament" in English.
    资料来源:应用计算机检索PubMed 1985-01/2005-12关于组织工程韧带重建前交叉韧带的文章,检索词“tissueengineering,anterior cruciate ligament”并限定文章的语种类为English。
短句来源
    The involved ligament included 29 anterior cruciate ligament of knee(ACL), 6 posterior cruciate ligament of knee(PCL),4 combined ACL and PCL, 3 medial collateral or lateral collateral ligaments of knee point and 1 posterolateral complex injury of knee.
    单纯前交叉韧带(anterior cruciate ligament,ACL)损伤29膝,单纯后交叉韧带(posterior cruciate ligament,PCL)损伤6膝,ACL和PCL联合损伤4膝。 合并内侧或外侧侧副韧带损伤3膝,合并后外侧结构损伤1膝。
短句来源
    Five cases complicated by rupture of anterior cruciate ligament,8 cases by rupture of posterior cruciate ligament and 3 cases by rupture of both ligaments.
    合并前交叉韧带(anterior cruciate ligament,ACL)断裂5例,后交叉韧带(posterior cruciate ligament,PCL)断裂8例,ACL和PCL均断裂3例;
短句来源
    An Experimental study of the effects of alar ligaments transection on the stability of the occipito atlanto axial complex
    翼状韧带断裂对枕颈部稳定性影响的生物力学实验研究
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    Experimental study on the efects of the thoracolumbar spinal ligaments fractional resection on spinal stability
    胸腰段脊柱韧带分级切断对脊柱稳定性影响实验研究
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  “ligaments”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Results: Ten specimens of normal posterior longitudinal ligaments were positive for bFGF(25%) and twenty-four specimens with COPLL were positive for bFGF(80%).
    结果:正常对照组bFGF表达10例阳性,30例阴性,阳性率25%;
短句来源
    (5) Separate the nerve root from the surrounding tissue, measure the intraforaminal ligaments.
    (5)沿神经根向两侧分离,观测椎间孔内神经根周围的韧带的形态特点。
短句来源
    Objective To discuss the clinical results of arthroscopic reconstruction of posterior and anterior cruciate ligaments of the knee with double semitendinous tendons.
    目的观察膝关节镜下双股半腱肌腱单端固定法重建膝前、后交叉韧带的方法及疗效,探讨其优缺点。
短句来源
    While in group B, the angle of flexion of the MP joint before operation is 34.59±5.32°, it increased 6.29±2.98° and to 40.89±2.36° when the plantar plate were cut, later the cut of the bilateral collateral ligaments increased another 9.71± 1.94° and to 50.60±2.01°.
    B组,术前跖趾关节屈曲角度为34.59±5.32°,切断跖板后屈曲角度增加6.29±2.98°,达40.89±2.36°,与切断前比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.01);
短句来源
    Biomechanical Study on the Pelvic Ligaments and Unstable Pelvic Fracture Internal Fixation
    骨盆韧带的生物力学研究及旋转不稳定骨盆骨折的治疗
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  ligaments
This liquid film is broken into unstable ligaments which contract under the action of surface tension forming the droplets.
      
In case of ankle-sprains laxity of capsule and ligaments can be observed whereas chronic rotation instability is difficult to detect.
      
In the early stage, patients present with joint effusion which causes destruction of the cartilage ("stiff-type") and distends ligaments and capsules ("loose-type").
      
If there is still symptomatic chronic ankle instability, an anatomical reconstruction of the ligaments should be performed.
      
Malleolar fractures predominately result from a dislocation force at the ankle and are usually accompanied by injuries of the collateral ligaments and the tibiofibular syndesmosis.
      
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The superficial epigastric and stiperficial circumflex iliac vessels ofthe grion region that has often been taken as a donor site of an islandskin flap for distant transplantation were investigated in 79 Chinese maleadult cadavars, 21 dissected bilaterally and 58 unilaterally with a totalof 100 sides, 50 from the right and 50 from the left. Dissections wereperformed after the femoral arteries had been injected with red-colouredlatex. The data showed that the vessels mentioned above were present inall the cadavers...

The superficial epigastric and stiperficial circumflex iliac vessels ofthe grion region that has often been taken as a donor site of an islandskin flap for distant transplantation were investigated in 79 Chinese maleadult cadavars, 21 dissected bilaterally and 58 unilaterally with a totalof 100 sides, 50 from the right and 50 from the left. Dissections wereperformed after the femoral arteries had been injected with red-colouredlatex. The data showed that the vessels mentioned above were present inall the cadavers examined except that the superficial epigastric artery(S. E.A. ) was absent in 2 specimens, one on each side. In 41 cases theS.E.A. arose from the medial side of the femoral artery, and 46 of thesuperficial circumflex iliac arteries (S.C. I.A.) sprang from the oppositeside of the same arterial trunk. The origins of the vessels were foundmostly within 5 cm below the inguinal ligament, with only few insigni-ficant exceptions, and they were included within the clinically designedflap. The mean diameters of S.E.A. and S.C. I.A. at their startingpoints measured 1.65mm and 1.35mm respectively. After piercing the deepfascia the caliber of these arteries was smaller. Therefore, the authorspropose that in the dissection of a skin flap the vessels should be dividedat their origins, so that the larger caliber might be available for anasto-mosis. The veins are larger than their corresponding arteries and, as arule, were near and superficial to the latter. The anatomy of groin vessels has been discussed in connection withits clinical application in several aspects. The authors suggest that itwould be better to choose the S. C. I.A. and use sartorius muscle as thekey landmark to find this artery.

本文报告100例腹股沟皮瓣的主要血管——腹壁浅与旋髂浅血管的起源、支数、起始处与穿筋膜处的管径和位置、动脉分布范围,并将血管初步分型。结果表明绝大多数血管均包括在设计的皮瓣内,其管径亦适合于显微吻合。结合本组资料对临床应用进行了讨论,认为移植游离皮瓣时,似宜首先选用旋髂浅动脉,而缝匠肌是寻找此动脉的关键标志。

The blood vessels and nerves of m. rectus femoris were studied in 50Chinese cadavers (100 sides). It was found that, as a rule, the muscle issupplied by 1-4 arteries and we name them as inferior medial, superiormedial, posterior medial and posterior ascendens artery respectively ac-cording their sites of entrance into the muscle. Most of these muscles,however, possess only 2-3 of these arteries. The largest and ever-existingone is the inferior medial artery which may be regarded as the main arterysupplying the...

The blood vessels and nerves of m. rectus femoris were studied in 50Chinese cadavers (100 sides). It was found that, as a rule, the muscle issupplied by 1-4 arteries and we name them as inferior medial, superiormedial, posterior medial and posterior ascendens artery respectively ac-cording their sites of entrance into the muscle. Most of these muscles,however, possess only 2-3 of these arteries. The largest and ever-existingone is the inferior medial artery which may be regarded as the main arterysupplying the rectus. This branch springs from ramus descendens arteriacircumflexa femoris lateralis, descends along the medial border of themuscle and merges into it at the junction of its upper and middle thirds(57%) or its middle 1/3 (37%). The mean value of external diameters ofthis artery appears to be the 0.19±0. 006cm on the right and 0.19±0. 005cmon the left. Its accompanying vein (usually single) is thicker. Angiographic study revealed that, within the muscle, the main arteryhas an extensive distribution and considerably free anastomoses with thebranches of other arteries supplying the rectus. The superior medial artery is present in 66 pieces of m. rectus and themean value of its external diameter is 0.15±0.01cm on the right and0.15±0.007cm on the left. As to the nerve, all of them are derived from nervus femoralis. Themain artery to the rectus is constantly accompanied by a nerve. Muscu-lus rectus femoris usually has 1-3 portae neurovasculares, but mostly2-3.The mean width of the nerve accompanying the main artery to rectusis 1.7±0. 04mm. According to the data of the main artery to the rectus, the authorsfound that the surface projection of its origin is about 8.5cm distal tothe midpoint of inguinal ligament and approximately 1.69cm lateral to aline drawn between the midpoint of that ligament and the medial borderof patella. Therefore, it seems reasonable that the main artery can beexposed through an incision just lateral to this line in the middle 1/3of the thigh.

作者观测了50具(100例)成年男性尸体股直肌血管和神经的分布。供应该肌的动脉为1—4支。该肌的神经来源于股神经。股直肌内下动脉、静脉及神经的外径均值都大于1毫米,因而能满足当前显微外科吻合技术的需要。结合外科,本文讨论了移植股直肌的手术入路及寻找至该肌的主要血管的位置等问题。

The diagnosis of the rupture of the fibular collateral ligament of the ankle following varus injury can be made by inversion test film and anterior drawer test which s similar to the examination of the instability of the anterior cruciate ligament at at the knee.In order to evaluate the value of the anterior drawer test for the diagnosis of this lesion, the radiological evidences of the anterior and varus stress viewa were observed by dividing different fasciulus of the lateral ligament in...

The diagnosis of the rupture of the fibular collateral ligament of the ankle following varus injury can be made by inversion test film and anterior drawer test which s similar to the examination of the instability of the anterior cruciate ligament at at the knee.In order to evaluate the value of the anterior drawer test for the diagnosis of this lesion, the radiological evidences of the anterior and varus stress viewa were observed by dividing different fasciulus of the lateral ligament in 21 fresh cadaveric and amputated ankles.The effects of the applied weight and plantar flexion and the muscular tension of the lower leg on the antrior Subluxation of the talus i.e. positve anterior drawer sign were investigated.The clinical assessments were then made in 20 injuried ankles of 20 patients who were suffered from varus sprains.All injuried ankles of these patients were treated by surgery and the ligmentous injuries were verified. Then a comparision was made between the two stress views obtained before operation. The positive anterior drawer sign was demonstrated to be more common than varus tilt of the talus.Therefore, it is suggested that the antrior drawer test is very valuble in the diagnosis of the rupture of the anterior talofibular ligament.In this article the various factors which influenced the measured value of the anterior drawer test were discussed and the method of the examination and the diagnostic criteria were proposed.

从本组21例踝关节标本的前抽屉试验的实验研究和20例手术治疗的踝关节内翻损伤病例术前强迫内翻位和前抽屉试验检查结果中规察到: 前距腓韧带对保持踝关节前向的稳定性具有重要的作用。前抽屉试验对关节因急性内翻损伤而致前距腓韧带断裂或因陈旧性前距腓韧带断裂所致慢性踝关节不稳是一个简易安全的、具有重要价值的X线平片诊断的补充方法。比强迫内翻位检查有更高的阳性率。两种方法结合应用则能对踝关节外侧副韧带损伤情况作出较正确的诊断。

 
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