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Development and application of a random walk model of atmospheric diffusion in the emergency response of nuclear accidents
      
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Risk Factors of Negative Impact on Objects of the Environment upon Accidents during Launches of Rocket-Space Hardware
      
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The infant mortality in Shanghai County, Shanghai, during the recent 5 yeara from 1977 through 1981, has been analysed and evaluated. It was found on the average, that the infant and neonatal mortality rates were 16‰ and 11‰ respectively. It was higher for males than for females. There was substantial seasonal variation of infant mortality, being higher in winter and spring. The leading causes of infant deaths were birth injury or suffocation, prematurity, congenital abnormality, pneumonia and accident....

The infant mortality in Shanghai County, Shanghai, during the recent 5 yeara from 1977 through 1981, has been analysed and evaluated. It was found on the average, that the infant and neonatal mortality rates were 16‰ and 11‰ respectively. It was higher for males than for females. There was substantial seasonal variation of infant mortality, being higher in winter and spring. The leading causes of infant deaths were birth injury or suffocation, prematurity, congenital abnormality, pneumonia and accident. Deaths from these five categories occupied 83% of total infant deaths. The life expectancy at birth was 72.5 years. The infant mortality, neonatal mortality and life expectancy have reached an advanced level as compared with available data from other demestic rural areas and other countries in the same period.

本文对上海县五年间(1977~1981)的婴儿死亡率作了分析与评价。结果表明,上海县婴儿及新生儿五年平均死亡率分别为16%、11%,男性均高于女性,有明显的季节变动,高峰在冬春季。主要死因为产伤及窒息、早产、先天畸形、肺炎、意外伤亡,五种死因共占婴儿死亡总数的83%。上海县平均期望寿命为72.5岁。婴儿、新生儿死亡率及平均期望寿命三项生命统计指标与国内同期其他农村及国外资料相比已达到先进水平。

The coverage and volume of ambulatory care service, inpatient care, preventive services and health status indices in Shanghai County appeared very adequate, in some oases exceeding the levels of a developed country such as the U. S. This conclusion was reached during the workshop of health services research in Shanghai County held in July, 1981 as a joint PRC-US intergovernmental cooperation enterprise.Data presently collected in Shanghai County and "Washington County permit an adequate analysis of the levels...

The coverage and volume of ambulatory care service, inpatient care, preventive services and health status indices in Shanghai County appeared very adequate, in some oases exceeding the levels of a developed country such as the U. S. This conclusion was reached during the workshop of health services research in Shanghai County held in July, 1981 as a joint PRC-US intergovernmental cooperation enterprise.Data presently collected in Shanghai County and "Washington County permit an adequate analysis of the levels of health care, cost of health care, health status, maternity and child health. Results indicate that Shanghai County possesses same levels with Washington County in regard to birth rate, infant mortality, neonatal mortality, life expectancy, death rate of cancer, stroke and accidents. Some information has shown that Shanghai County is in a better situation as to the utilization of health service, death rate of heart diseases, crude death rate, teenage pregnancy and low birth weight. In addition, certain categories of morbidity and mortality of infectious diseases, mortalities from respiratory and gastro-intestinal diseases are lower in Washington County than those of Shanghai County.

本文对两县卫生服务指标作了评价。上海县卫生工作在技术设备条件差、卫生经费少的情况下,通过较快速度,在主要卫生指标方面已达到华盛顿县的卫生水平。上海县医疗机构布局合理,卫生服务利用适当,总死亡率、心脏病死亡率、计划生育普及程度、青少年妊娠、出生低体重等指标均较华盛顿县为优;出生率、婴儿死亡率、新生儿死亡率、肿瘤死亡率和平均寿命等指标在两县相仿;传染病死亡率、呼吸系统疾病、消化系统疾病死亡率等在上海县要高于华盛顿县。

A study of proportional mortality ratios from cancer and other selected chronic diseases was conducted for male workers in 31 major plants of Anshan Iron and Steel Company.2903 workers deceased in 1971 through 1981 and the cause of death were determinated. Age- and cause - specif ic proportional mortality rates were compared with those of Anshan male population. The excess of overall cancer, accident, leucocythemia, malignant lymphadenoma, lung cancer, liver cancer coronary heart disease and cerebral vessel...

A study of proportional mortality ratios from cancer and other selected chronic diseases was conducted for male workers in 31 major plants of Anshan Iron and Steel Company.2903 workers deceased in 1971 through 1981 and the cause of death were determinated. Age- and cause - specif ic proportional mortality rates were compared with those of Anshan male population. The excess of overall cancer, accident, leucocythemia, malignant lymphadenoma, lung cancer, liver cancer coronary heart disease and cerebral vessel disease were found, and the standardized proportional mortality ratios were 1.21 (P<0.01) , 1.21

对鞍钢三十一个主要工厂男职工的癌症和其他几种慢性病进行了比例死亡比的分析研究。查明这些工厂在1971—1981年期间死亡的工人2903名,并明确了死因。年龄别和死因别比例死亡率与鞍山男性人口年龄别比例死亡专率进行了比较。全癌、事故、白血病、恶性淋巴瘤、肺癌、肝癌、冠心病和脑血管病超出鞍山居民,这些疾病的标化比例死亡比(SPMR)分别为1.21(P<0.01)、1.21(P<0.01)、1.72(P<0.01)、2.31(P<0.01)1.46(P<0.01)、1.22(P<0.05)、2.10(P<0.01)、1.22(P<0.01)。同时也进行了癌症比例死亡比(PCMR)的研究,与比例死亡比研究结果相似。

 
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