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Development and application of a random walk model of atmospheric diffusion in the emergency response of nuclear accidents
      
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The probabilistic aspects of rocket accidents during their launching and the motion in the troposphere are discussed.
      
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The activities of CPK, LDH,α-HBDH,GOT and AlP in CSF in 42 cases (27 malesand 15 females) of central nervous system(CNS) diseases were determined with Beck-man Auto PACER and reagents. According toclincal diagnosis, the patients were dividedinto four groups: (1) 24 cases of cerebrovas-cular accidents: 11 cases of them were hemor-rhagic apoplexy, and the othor 13 cases werearteriosclerotic cerebral infarction; (2) 7 casesof sporadic encephalitis; (3) 6 cases of Guil-lain-Barre syndrome; and (4) 5 cases...

The activities of CPK, LDH,α-HBDH,GOT and AlP in CSF in 42 cases (27 malesand 15 females) of central nervous system(CNS) diseases were determined with Beck-man Auto PACER and reagents. According toclincal diagnosis, the patients were dividedinto four groups: (1) 24 cases of cerebrovas-cular accidents: 11 cases of them were hemor-rhagic apoplexy, and the othor 13 cases werearteriosclerotic cerebral infarction; (2) 7 casesof sporadic encephalitis; (3) 6 cases of Guil-lain-Barre syndrome; and (4) 5 cases of dis-eases of demyelination. It was found that activities of CPK,LDHα-HBDH and GOT in CSF in the groups ofhemorrhagic apoplexy and cerebral infarctionwere much higher than those of the controlgroup. There was a significant difference(P<0.05). Such changes were more significant inthe group of hemorrhagic apoplexy. The in-creased enzymatic activity in CSF was relatedto the severity of the diseases, and not toRBS, WBC counts and protein levels in CSF.CPK activity was the only enzyme in CSFthat was significantly higher in the groups ofsporadic encephalitis, Guillain-Barre syndromeand diseases of demyelination than that in thecontrol group (P<0.05), but no significantdifference (P>0.05)among the various diseasegroups. In this study,between the AlP activityof various disease group and that of controlgroups, there was no significant difference(P>0.05). The authors are of the opinion that, al-though the increased enzymatic activity inCSF can result from the common action in var-ious ways, the escaped enzymes from neuronsin cerebral tissue injured and the osmaticchanges of blood-brain barrier can be themain causes of the increased enzymatic activityin CSF in the patients of this series. Forobserving the enzymatic activity in CSF,CPK, LDH, α-HBDH and GOT are rathermore suitable to be selected.

作者同时测定42例CNS疾病患者CSF中CPK、LDH、α-HBDH、GOT和A1P活性,发现CSF中酶活性的升高以出血性卒中最明显,脑梗塞次之,散发性脑炎、格林-巴利综合征和脱髓鞘疾病不明显。提出观察CNS疾病间CSF中酶活性的变化,以选择CPK、LDH、α-HBDH和GOT为宜,A1P无实际意义。

Thirty newborn infants were followed-up during the mean age of 3.3 year old. Among hem, 2 died soon after discharge, 75% of 28 survivors complicated with recurrent respiratory nfection. 22 infants had chest X-ray films, 3 of them presented the X-ray changes of BPD. 26 nfants had ophthalmologic examination and no one with retrolental fibroplasia. There were 6 nfants with neurologic deficits, including the 2 infants died, there were 8 infants with poor rognosis altogether. These 8 infants had had some clinical...

Thirty newborn infants were followed-up during the mean age of 3.3 year old. Among hem, 2 died soon after discharge, 75% of 28 survivors complicated with recurrent respiratory nfection. 22 infants had chest X-ray films, 3 of them presented the X-ray changes of BPD. 26 nfants had ophthalmologic examination and no one with retrolental fibroplasia. There were 6 nfants with neurologic deficits, including the 2 infants died, there were 8 infants with poor rognosis altogether. These 8 infants had had some clinical accidents probably lead to eurologic damage during the period of ventilator therapy. There was no correlation between the entilator parameters and neurologic deficit.

对30名新生儿期使用呼吸器治疗的婴儿做了随访。随访时年龄平均为3.3岁,其中2例出院后不久死亡,存活28例中75%有反复呼吸道感染。22名婴儿摄胸片检查,其中3例有符合Ⅳ级BPD的X线改变。26名婴儿做了眼底检查,未发现有晶体后纤维增生。28名随访患儿中6名有神经后遗症,连同2名死亡患儿,预后不良者共8名,占26.6%。此8例患儿住院期间均曾发生过可能造成神经损伤的病情变化,与使用呼吸器时间,最高吸气压和氧浓度无关。

By reviewing infantile death reporting works in jiangsu Province,obvious discrepancies were found between the reported numbers of deaths and the actual deaths,with a fail-to report rate of 17.87% for newly born and 25. 61% for infant death.The discrepancy is higher in rural areas.It showed a negative correlation with the advancement of age. There was no sex difference. Among the fail-to-report diseeses,pneumonia,unintentional accident,neonate asphyxia and congenital deformity were common. Countermeasures...

By reviewing infantile death reporting works in jiangsu Province,obvious discrepancies were found between the reported numbers of deaths and the actual deaths,with a fail-to report rate of 17.87% for newly born and 25. 61% for infant death.The discrepancy is higher in rural areas.It showed a negative correlation with the advancement of age. There was no sex difference. Among the fail-to-report diseeses,pneumonia,unintentional accident,neonate asphyxia and congenital deformity were common. Countermeasures are suggested by the authors.

江苏省婴儿死亡报告工作中,出现漏报率为17.87%,婴儿死亡漏报率为25.61%,农村出生漏报率和婴儿死亡漏报率均高于城市。婴儿死亡漏报中年龄越小,漏报越多;男女性别之间无显著性差异。城乡婴儿死亡漏报的主要死因是肺炎、意外死亡、新生儿窒息和先天畸形。本文还分析了造成漏报的主要原因,并提出了防止漏报的对策和干预措施。

 
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