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judicature
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  judicature
However, in recent years, with the gradual opening of China's judicial area, its judicature also begin to use precedents of foreign and comparative laws.
      
While in China, never before had its judicature ever used foreign laws or comparative law to handle non-foreign cases.
      
Legal Transplantation in the Judicature: Employing Foreign Laws in China's Judicial Practice
      
LE MALéKISME ET LES CONDITIONS REQUISES POUR L'EXERCICE DE LA JUDICATURE
      
The Judicature shall be exercised by the Courts of Law according to law, in the name of the Emperor.
      


Along with the return of Hong Kong and after the elimination of its colonialist hue, the legal system in Hong Kong will take on characteristics of pursuing rule by law,of respecting human rights, of judicial independence, of following legal precedents, and of having a distinctive style of its own. These legal characteristics in Hong Kong Special Administrative Region have come to pass under the Basic Law of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region:the principle of rule by law is firmly established;human rights...

Along with the return of Hong Kong and after the elimination of its colonialist hue, the legal system in Hong Kong will take on characteristics of pursuing rule by law,of respecting human rights, of judicial independence, of following legal precedents, and of having a distinctive style of its own. These legal characteristics in Hong Kong Special Administrative Region have come to pass under the Basic Law of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region:the principle of rule by law is firmly established;human rights are guaranteed in extended areas; judicature is more independent,being guaranteed by right of final trial;the tradition of legal precedents is continued although its leading position is being challenged; the independence of Hong Kong's legal field is retained while its peculiarities will be made more obvious.

随着香港回归,香港法制在消除殖民主义色彩后,将呈现出奉行法治、尊重人权、司法独立、遵循判例和自成法域的特色。香港特别行政区的法制特色是在《香港特别行政区基本法》的指导下推陈出新的产物:法治原则真正确立;人权保障明显扩大;司法独立更加充分并以终审权作保障;判例法传统得到延续,但判例法的主导地位面临挑战;独立法域地位得到保留,而其独特性则更加醒目。

The pragmatic serviceability of a constitution has become one of the essential tendencies in the process of the development of constitutions in the world today. In China, nevertheless, both the academic circles and judicial world hold the viewpoint that the constitution of China has no pragmatic serviceability in judicature, the theoretical misconception of which author of the thesis is trying to clarify.

宪法具有司法适用性 ,已成为当代宪法发展的重要趋势之一。但是 ,在我国 ,由于理论研究存在的误区 ,学术界和司法界普遍认为我国宪法不具有司法适用性。本文主要对这些理论研究误区进行了澄清。

Judicial guarantee of citizens'constitutional basic rights are the major content of the construction of legality in China.However,due to the warp in conception and system,the Constitution cannot be directly applied to the judicature.The basic characteristics of the Constitution make it a law which controls state powers,and guarantees citizens'basic rights.The legal nature of it decides that citizens'constitutional basic rights can be guaranteed in the way of judicature.The method of making judicial...

Judicial guarantee of citizens'constitutional basic rights are the major content of the construction of legality in China.However,due to the warp in conception and system,the Constitution cannot be directly applied to the judicature.The basic characteristics of the Constitution make it a law which controls state powers,and guarantees citizens'basic rights.The legal nature of it decides that citizens'constitutional basic rights can be guaranteed in the way of judicature.The method of making judicial guarantee for citizens'constitutional basic rights is to reform legal system, to set up constitution committee and constitution court,and to empower court to exercise judicial review.

公民宪法性基本权利的司法保障是我国法治建设的重要内容。但由于观念和制度的偏差 ,使宪法不能直接适用于司法。宪法的基本特征决定了它是控制国家权力、保障公民基本权利的法律 ,它的法律性决定了公民宪法性基本权利可以通过司法途径加以保障。公民宪法性基本权利进行司法保障的途径是改革法律制度 ,建立宪法委员会和宪法法院 ,赋予法院司法审查的权力。

 
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