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parachuting training
相关语句
  跳伞训练
     Study on the Effect of Parachuting Training on Paratroopers' Psychological Health Status and Its Related Risk Factors
     跳伞训练对跳伞员心理健康的影响及其危险因素研究
短句来源
     METHODS: In March 2004, 635 male military officers and soldiers participating in parachuting training from an airborne troop were enrolled with randomized, stratified and cluster sampling method.
     方法:于2004-03采取随机、分层、整群抽样方法,在空降兵某师参加跳伞训练的官兵中,选择男性官兵635人作为观察对象。
短句来源
     Epidemiological investigation of military training injuries in sea training and parachuting training
     海上训练与跳伞训练军训伤的流行病学调查
短句来源
     AIM To study epidemiological characteristics of military training injuries during parachuting training of the air force and sea training of the navy.
     目的 研究空军的跳伞训练和海军的海上训练期间军训伤的流行病学特征 ,制定初步的预防措施 .
短句来源
     AIM: To study the characteristics of copy style and defense style in parachutists during the prophase of parachuting training, and then analyze the relation with mental health.
     目的:了解空降兵官兵在跳伞训练前期的应对方式和防御方式特点,并进一步探讨与其心理健康的关系。
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  “parachuting training”译为未确定词的双语例句
     CONCLUSION The results showed that sea and parachuting training could make injuries varied.
     结论 不同于基础训练的训练内容 ,军训伤的发生情况亦不同 .
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  相似匹配句对
     Training
     培训
短句来源
     elctronic training
     浅谈电子培训(E-training)
短句来源
     The Characteristics of Parachuting Stress in Training and the Preventive Measures on Mental Health
     伞兵跳伞训练中心理应激特点及心理卫生保障措施
短句来源
     Epidemiological investigation of military training injuries in sea training and parachuting training
     海上训练与跳伞训练军训伤的流行病学调查
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AIM To study epidemiological characteristics of military training injuries during parachuting training of the air force and sea training of the navy. METHODS 1382 soldiers were investigated by epidemiological method. RESULTS The incidence in air force recruits was 16.3% and in navy recruits was 18.7%. The incidence in navy soldiers was 5.5%, which was significantly lower than that in navy recruits( P <0.01 ). The peak of incidence occurred in navy recruits, in the 2nd training month,...

AIM To study epidemiological characteristics of military training injuries during parachuting training of the air force and sea training of the navy. METHODS 1382 soldiers were investigated by epidemiological method. RESULTS The incidence in air force recruits was 16.3% and in navy recruits was 18.7%. The incidence in navy soldiers was 5.5%, which was significantly lower than that in navy recruits( P <0.01 ). The peak of incidence occurred in navy recruits, in the 2nd training month, while that in navy soldiers was in the 1st training month. The incidence in air force maintained a high level except in the 2nd training month. The incidence of injuries in lower legs and ankles was higher than that in other parts of the body in navy with ratio 42.9% and 17.9% respectively. The incidence of injuries in ankles and lumbar was higher than that in other parts of the body in air force with ratio 26.9% and 23.9% respectively. The incidence of acute traumatic injuries was the highest during special course. CONCLUSION The results showed that sea and parachuting training could make injuries varied. Different preventive measures should be adopted during special training.

目的 研究空军的跳伞训练和海军的海上训练期间军训伤的流行病学特征 ,制定初步的预防措施 .方法 采用就诊登记和回顾性调查的方法调查了军训伤的发生情况 .结果 空军某部新兵军训伤的发生率为 16 .3% ,海军某部新兵为18.7% ,海军老兵为 5 .5 % .空军新兵和海军新兵的发生率无显著性差异 ,海军新兵和老兵之间的发生率有显著性差异 (P<0 .0 1) .海军新兵的发生高峰为开训后第 2个月 ,海军老兵的发生高峰为开训后第 1个月 ,空军新兵开训后第 2个月发生率较低 ,其余月份均维持较高水平 .海军的受伤部位以小腿和踝关节为主 ,分别占 42 .9%和 17.9% ;空军的受伤部位以踝关节和腰部为主 ,分别占 2 6 .9%和 2 3.9% .海军和空军均以急性创伤性损伤为主要类型 ,且均以关节扭伤为主要伤型 .结论 不同于基础训练的训练内容 ,军训伤的发生情况亦不同 .根据特殊训练的特殊性 ,要制定不同的预防措施

AIM: To study the characteristics of copy style and defense style in parachutists during the prophase of parachuting training, and then analyze the relation with mental health. METHODS: In March 2004, 635 male military officers and soldiers participating in parachuting training from an airborne troop were enrolled with randomized, stratified and cluster sampling method. ①Copy style questionnaire was adopted for use in coping style survey, consisting of 20 items, items 1-12 as active mode and 13-20...

AIM: To study the characteristics of copy style and defense style in parachutists during the prophase of parachuting training, and then analyze the relation with mental health. METHODS: In March 2004, 635 male military officers and soldiers participating in parachuting training from an airborne troop were enrolled with randomized, stratified and cluster sampling method. ①Copy style questionnaire was adopted for use in coping style survey, consisting of 20 items, items 1-12 as active mode and 13-20 as negative mode. The total and average score in respective mode were calculated and used as statistical indexes. ②A questionnaire on defense style was applied to assess the type of the defensive mechanisms, including 88 entries and nine scoring levels, in which high scores means higher applied frequency and less concealment. Altogether, three types of the protecting system were defined including maturity, immaturity and in-between, based on the parachutist's different positions, education and serving period. ③Symptoms checklist 90(SCL-90) was performed to assess mental health which was compared with the Chinese norm and Chinese PLA norm. SCL-90 was composed of ninety items (each item is scored from 1 to 5) and nine factors including somatization, obsessive-compulsive, interpersonal sensitivity, depression, anxiety, hostility, phobic anxiety, paranoid ideation, psychoticism. The total score and score of different symptoms were used as the analytical index, in which higher score means poorer mental health. The same guidance was used to tell the test purpose before test, and the questionnaires were filled in independently and anonymously, and then the questionnaires were taken back on the spot. Meanwhile, the method of U test and correlation analysis were applied for data statistics. RESULTS: All the 635 questionnaires were taken back, among which, 28 questionnaires were excluded because of incomplete answer, and the valid questionnaires were 607 with the valid rate of 95.6%. ①Scores on active coping and negative coping were 1.63±0.65 and 1.03±0.54, respectively (t=18.452, P < 0.01), indicating that most parachutists had a tendency to active coping style. ② More soldiers inclined to use the immature or in-between protecting methods than their officers and there were no differences in mature and in-between styles and score on concealment factor among the parachutists with different educational levels except immature style. Parachutists serving less than one year inclined to apply immature defense style, while mature defense style was found in most parachutists who had served for more than four years. ③Among the 607 subjects, 153 parachutists were found to have mental disease, accounting for 25.21%. As compared with the Chinese norm, the total score, scores on all the factors except hostility and psychoticism, and scores on positive symptoms were significantly higher in the parachutists. As compared with the Chinese PLA norm, scores on interpersonal sensitivity, psychoticism and hostility were significantly lower, and scores on obsessive-compulsive, anxiety and phobic anxiety and positive items were higher. No difference was found in the scores on somatization, depression and paranoid ideation. ④In SCL-90, scores on various factors were positively correlated with negative coping style, and immature and in-between styles, and correlation coefficient was larger; however, there was a negative correlation between SCL-90 scores and active coping style, and correlation coefficient was rather small. In addition, there was no clear correlation between SCL-90 scores and most mature coping styles. CONCLUSION: More attention should be paid to the psychological problems in the parachutists during parachuting training, and the outer psychological social environments, its positive sensibility experience, psychological protecting ability and coping skills should be reinforced. Thus, the fighting ability can be improved.

目的:了解空降兵官兵在跳伞训练前期的应对方式和防御方式特点,并进一步探讨与其心理健康的关系。方法:于2004-03采取随机、分层、整群抽样方法,在空降兵某师参加跳伞训练的官兵中,选择男性官兵635人作为观察对象。①应用应对方式问卷进行应对方式的调查。该问卷共20个条目,包括积极应对方式(条目1~12)和消极应对方式(条目13~20),以这两个维度的各自总分及均分为统计指标。②采用防御方式问卷评定其采用的防御机制的类型。该问卷含88个条目,1~9级评分制,评分越高即应用该机制的频度越大,其掩饰程度则越小。将成熟型,非成熟型,中间型防御类型按官兵不同的职别、不同文化层次和兵龄层次进行划分。③采用症状自评量表进行心理健康调查。并与中国人常模和中国军人常模进行比较。该量表共90项,包括躯体化、强迫、人际关系、抑郁、焦虑、敌对、恐惧、偏执、精神病性等9个因子。每项评分1~5分。以量表总分与各症状因子分为指标,总分为90项累计得分,得分高反映心理健康状态差。采用统一指导语和无记名方式答卷。要求被调查对象根据自己的实际情况当场填写,独立完成,填写完毕后当场交卷。应用U检验及相关分析进行资料统计。结果:发问卷635份,回收6...

目的:了解空降兵官兵在跳伞训练前期的应对方式和防御方式特点,并进一步探讨与其心理健康的关系。方法:于2004-03采取随机、分层、整群抽样方法,在空降兵某师参加跳伞训练的官兵中,选择男性官兵635人作为观察对象。①应用应对方式问卷进行应对方式的调查。该问卷共20个条目,包括积极应对方式(条目1~12)和消极应对方式(条目13~20),以这两个维度的各自总分及均分为统计指标。②采用防御方式问卷评定其采用的防御机制的类型。该问卷含88个条目,1~9级评分制,评分越高即应用该机制的频度越大,其掩饰程度则越小。将成熟型,非成熟型,中间型防御类型按官兵不同的职别、不同文化层次和兵龄层次进行划分。③采用症状自评量表进行心理健康调查。并与中国人常模和中国军人常模进行比较。该量表共90项,包括躯体化、强迫、人际关系、抑郁、焦虑、敌对、恐惧、偏执、精神病性等9个因子。每项评分1~5分。以量表总分与各症状因子分为指标,总分为90项累计得分,得分高反映心理健康状态差。采用统一指导语和无记名方式答卷。要求被调查对象根据自己的实际情况当场填写,独立完成,填写完毕后当场交卷。应用U检验及相关分析进行资料统计。结果:发问卷635份,回收635份,剔除28份不全答卷,实际有效问卷607份,有效率95.6%。①空降兵积极应对方式得分为1.63±0.65,消极应对方式得分为1.03±0.54,配对t检验结果t=18.452,p<0.01。说明大多数空降兵官兵倾向于应用积极的应对方式,只有少数人采用消极的应对方式。②防御机制的采用:士官与士兵组较多采用不成熟型和中间型防御方式,且与干部组间有显著性差异。不同文化层次空降兵所采用的防御方式,除不成熟型有差异外,成熟型,中间型,掩饰因子得分差异无显著性。军龄<1年组的空降兵较多采用不成熟型防御方式,军龄>4年组的空降兵较多采用成熟型防御方式,且与其他两组比较,差异有显著性。③空降兵607人中有心理问题的人数是153名,阳性率达25.2%。与中国人常模相比,除敌对性与精神病性因子无差异外;其余各因子及总分和阳性项目均分均显著高于中国人常模;与军人常模相比,躯体化、抑郁、偏执3因子无差异,人际关系、精神病性、敌对性3因子显著低于军人常模;其余3因子及总分和阳性项目均分均显著高于军人常模。④症状自评量表各因子分与消极应对和不成熟型防御方式及中间型防御方式得分之间正相关显著,且相关系数较大,而与绝大部分积极应对方式得分之间负相关显著,且相关系数较小,与绝大部分成熟型防御方式之间无明显相关。结论:要高度重视空降兵跳伞训练中的心理健康问题,增强空降兵官兵的外部心理社会环境,增强其正性情感体验,心理防护能力和应对技巧,提高部队战斗力。

 
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