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   reinfection 在 临床医学 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.134秒
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reinfection
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  再感染
    By comparing 4 pairs of isolates before and after treatment, we confirm recrudescence accured in 3 patients for the same RAPD profiles each and reinfection accured in 1 patient for the different RAPD profiles.
    (3)对4例十二指肠溃疡伴Hp感染者在治疗前及治疗后1年再现的菌株的RAPD分析,发现3例患者的菌株具有相同的RAPD图谱,证实为原菌株的复发,而1例患者的菌株则产生不同的RAPD图谱,推测为新菌株的再感染
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    Objective To distinguish primary CMV infection from reactivation or reinfection.
    目的 区分巨细胞病毒 (CMV)原发性感染、继发性感染的病毒活化或再感染
短句来源
    Urea denaturation test was an efficient method to distinguish primary CMV infection from reactivation or reinfection.
    尿素变性实验是鉴别初次感染和体内病毒活化及再感染的有效方法。
短句来源
    Results Of 37 qualified patients with recurrent tuberculosis, the isolates from 25 patients in their two tuberculosis episodes showed different MIRU patterns, indicating that 68% recurrent patients were due to exogenous reinfection.
    结果在37例符合要求的结核病复发患者中,25例患者两次发病时MIRU基因型发生了变化,提示68%的结核病患者复发是由于外源性再感染而引起的。
短句来源
    The exogenous reinfection rate decreased with the age from 3/3 (under 30 years) to 73% (11/15, 30 to 60 years) and 58% (11/19, over 60 years). The frequency of exogenous reinfection increased with the tuberculosis recurrent interval.
    随着年龄的增加,结核病复发患者中由外源性再感染所致的可能性逐步降低,≤30岁、31~60岁、≥61岁患者中外源性再感染的比例分别为3/3、73%(11/15)、58%(11/19)。
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  “reinfection”译为未确定词的双语例句
    We also found that the reinfection rate of HAV is low in HB patients with HBeAg pos-itive while the rate is high in HB patient with HBeAg negative.
    同时还发现HBSAg阳性的合并甲型肝炎(甲肝)的感染率低(2.95%),而HBsAg阴性的合并甲肝的感染率高(15.36%)。
短句来源
    Conclusions TTV can infect hepatic and extrahepatic tissues and its infection in extrahepatic tissues aught be responsible for a state of reinfection and higher prevalence in different population.
    结论 TT病毒能感染肝及肝外组织,肝外组织中的感染可能与TT病毒的再度感染及在不同人群中的较高感染率有关。
短句来源
    It is related to HBV gene variation or reinfection. S/CO ratio of HBeAg is related to HBV-DNA quantity. S/CO ratio of HBsAg is not related to HBV-DNA quantity.
    结论HBeAg、PreS1Ag与HBV-DNA高度相关,可作为HBV复制的免疫指标,HBsAg(+)/抗-HBs(+)同时存在可能与HBV基因变异或不同亚型二次感染有关,HBeAg+的S/CO值与HBV-DNA定量有相关性,HBsAg(+)的S/CO值与HBV-DNA定量无显著相关。
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  reinfection
Myocardial-activated T cells and elevated serum interleukin-6 were involved in the exacerbation of the disease during the reinfection.
      
Influenza, parainfluenza and respiratory syncytial viruses cause respiratory infections in man with consequent transient and sometimes imperfect resistance against reinfection.
      
Reinfection was seen in two patients, while the results were unevaluable in two cases.
      
Relapse or reinfection occurred in 44% of the ampicillin-treated patients as compared to 7% in the bacampicillin-treated patients.
      
Relapse or reinfection was observed in 86 patients (13%) four to six weeks post-therapy.
      
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The detection of CT from excretion of excretive and reproductive system and IgA and lgG from serum was reported.35.7% in rate for CT and 71.8% in rate for its antibody were obtained with the cases of female cervicitis and male urethritis who had sexual indisor der history.The result implies that (T may be one of the main caus- es of venereal disease (VD) and IgA can be regurded as a mark for active infection of VD,and CT can cause reinfection along with gonociccus neisseria.

本文报道18例泌尿生殖系分泌物的 CT 抗原和39例血清的 IgA、IgG 抗体检测结果。在有性乱史的女性官颈炎、男性尿道炎人群中,CT 抗原检出率35.7%,抗体检出率71.8%。证实了 CT 在我国是性传播疾病的重要病因之一;血清 IgA 抗体可作为活动性感染指标;CT与淋病奈瑟氏菌可重迭感染。

Abetract:HBV DNA is one of the most direct index indicating HBV is reproducting. We studied the result of in-specting five thousand and nine hundred seventy four case of hepatitis Aand B scrum markers and found that determiningthe HBV is reproducting you cannot only depend on HBeAg negaive while you have to consult if HBVDNA is detected aspositive :determining HBV stop reproducting. you cannot only depend on HBeAg positive while you have to consult ifHBVDNA is detected as negative. We also found that the reinfection...

Abetract:HBV DNA is one of the most direct index indicating HBV is reproducting. We studied the result of in-specting five thousand and nine hundred seventy four case of hepatitis Aand B scrum markers and found that determiningthe HBV is reproducting you cannot only depend on HBeAg negaive while you have to consult if HBVDNA is detected aspositive :determining HBV stop reproducting. you cannot only depend on HBeAg positive while you have to consult ifHBVDNA is detected as negative. We also found that the reinfection rate of HAV is low in HB patients with HBeAg pos-itive while the rate is high in HB patient with HBeAg negative.

HBVDNA是乙型肝炎(乙肝)病毒复制最直接的指标,为探讨其在临床应用上的价值,通过5974例甲、乙型肝炎血清标志检测结果分析,对HBeAg阳性的含义有进一步的认识。发现它与HBeAg相关密切,在判断乙肝病毒复制时不能单凭HBeAg阳性,而应结合HBVDNA是否阳性;在判断乙肝病毒停止复制的康复期时也不能单凭HBeAg阴转、抗-HBe阳转,还应结合HBVDNA是否也阴转;同时还发现HBSAg阳性的合并甲型肝炎(甲肝)的感染率低(2.95%),而HBsAg阴性的合并甲肝的感染率高(15.36%)。

To establish a rapid and sensitive polymerase chain reaction (PCR) basedrandom amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) fingerprinting method to distinguish different H. pylori isolates and evaluate its use in distinguishing recrudescence and reinfection of H. pylori after eradication. Methods: H. pylori DNA was extracted and used for PCR based RAPD fingerprinting with a 10 nucleotide arbitrory primer. The reproducibility and sensitivity of RAPD patterns was tested using 50 different H. pylori strains. Strains...

To establish a rapid and sensitive polymerase chain reaction (PCR) basedrandom amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) fingerprinting method to distinguish different H. pylori isolates and evaluate its use in distinguishing recrudescence and reinfection of H. pylori after eradication. Methods: H. pylori DNA was extracted and used for PCR based RAPD fingerprinting with a 10 nucleotide arbitrory primer. The reproducibility and sensitivity of RAPD patterns was tested using 50 different H. pylori strains. Strains which isolated from 4 duodenal ulcer patients with H. pylori infection before treated with triple therapy and one year after eradication were tested by this method to confirm recrudescence and reinfection. Results: RAPD fingerprinting yielded 10 to 20 main bands on the agarose gels. The profiles of the PCR products from the same isolates at two different times were indistinguishable. 50 different clinical strains each yielded a distinct RAPD profiles, different from all others. By comparing 4 pairs of isolates before and after treatment, we confirm recrudescence accured in 3 patients for the same RAPD profiles each and reinfection accured in 1 patient for the different RAPD profiles. Conclusions: PCR based RAPD fingerprinting which only needs a single primer is a rapid, simple and reproducible method in distinguishing different H. pylori strains, especially in distinguishing recrudescene and reinfection of H. pylori.

目的:建立一种快速准确鉴定不同Hp菌株的RAPD分析方法,并评价其在区分Hp复发和再感染中的应用价值。方法:用苯酚—氯仿方法提取Hp DNA,以一个10nt的寡核苷酸为引物,建立Hp PCR扩增体系,所得PCR产物以2%琼脂糖凝胶电泳分析(RAPD分析),以50株临床分离的Hp菌株检测该方法的重复性。对4例十二指肠溃疡伴Hp感染者在三联治疗前后及根除后一年内再现的Hp菌株进行RAPD分析,鉴别复发和再感染。结果:(1)同-Hp菌株于不同时间进行的2次RAPD分析,所得的PCR产物完全一致,说明该方法具有良好的可重复性。(2)50株不同的Hp菌株各产生不同的RAPD图谱,可按此图谱的不同将它们区分开来。(3)对4例十二指肠溃疡伴Hp感染者在治疗前及治疗后1年再现的菌株的RAPD分析,发现3例患者的菌株具有相同的RAPD图谱,证实为原菌株的复发,而1例患者的菌株则产生不同的RAPD图谱,推测为新菌株的再感染。4例患者随访1年均为十二指肠溃疡复发。结论:RAPD分析只需单一的随机引物,方法简便、快速、经济、重复性好,可用于区分不同来源的Hp菌株,特别对治疗前后再现的菌株复发和再感染的鉴别更具临床应用价值。

 
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