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augmentation     
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  增大
     Results: QTd and JTd were greater in patients with ventricular arrhythmia than without ventricular arrhythmin. QTd (112.86±33.84)ms vs. (54.48±24.43)ms, P<0.01. JTd (101.43±36.34)ms vs. (41.38±19.22)ms, P<0.01. Conclusions: QTd or JTd augmentation may be associated with ventricular arrhythmia.
     结果:AMI有室性心律失常组QTd及JTd显著高于无室性心律失常组,QTd(112.86±33.84)ms对(54.48±24.43)ms,JTd(101.43±36.34)ms对(41.38±19.22)ms,P<0.01.结论:QTd或JTd增大时发生室性心律失常的可能性增大.
短句来源
     Results The excretion levels of IP-10 and IFN-γ increased gradually with SLEDAI augmentation. Between IP-10 and IFN-γ,there was well correlation among CsA+PHA、 PHA and spontaneous(P<0.05).
     结果随着SLE-DAI增大,IP-10和IFN-γ浓度相应升高,且两者之间的CsA+植物血凝素(PHA)、PHA及无药对照具有相关性(P<0.05)。
短句来源
     The results show that only after moderate intensive noise exposure (95 or 115 dB), the immediate augmentation of the amplitude of P0 wave can be induced with frequency charecteristics.
     结果证明; 只有在适度噪声(95或115dB)暴露后可引起P_0波幅即时增大,且有频率特性。
短句来源
     Augmentation of uterine was 94.1% andtenderness was 30.5% in gynecologial examination, and diffuse thickening was 68.9%, uterine volume less than pregnancy in eight weeks was 71.0%.
     妇科检查子宫增大占94.1%,其中68.9%均匀增大,71.0%子宫≤孕8周大小; 30.5%伴宫体压痛。
短句来源
     The positive rate of cell increased with augmentation of N/P.
     随着N/P比的增大,细胞的阳性率也增加。
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  增稳
     THE ANALYSIS OF CONFATIBILlTY FOR CONTROL AUGMENTATION SYSTEM AND MACHINERY CONTROL SYSTEM
     控制增稳系统与机械操纵系统的相容性分析
短句来源
     Dynamic Stability Analysis and Control Law Design of Stability Augmentation System for Helicopter
     直升机动稳定性分析和增稳系统控制律设计
短句来源
     Both control systems are called control and augmentation systems.
     从而使得飞控系统发展了控制增稳系统,即在增稳系统的基础上加入增控回路。
短句来源
     A Study of Digital Adaptive Command Augmentation System
     数字式自适应控制增稳系统的研究
短句来源
     Stability augmentation of vegetable protein drinks
     植物蛋白饮料增稳研究
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  “augmentation”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Research of GPS Integrity Augmentation
     GPS完善性增强研究
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     Augmentation and Optimization on Heat Conduction and Convection Processes
     导热和对流换热过程的强化与优化
短句来源
     Augmentation of Neovasclurization with Endothelial Progenitor Cells in Ischemic Limb
     血管内皮祖细胞在肢体缺血时的血管新生作用的研究
短句来源
     Experimental Study of Injectable Hydroxyapatite Cement for the Augmentation of Mechanical Properties in the Osteoporotic Femoral Intertrochanteric Area
     可注射性羟基磷灰石骨水泥增强疏松转子间区力学性能的实验研究
短句来源
     Augmentation of the Efficacy of HSV-tk Gene Therapy in Glioma Treatment via Upregulating Gap Junctional Intercellular Communication
     上调细胞间缝隙连接通讯以促进胶质瘤HSV-tk基因治疗疗效的实验研究
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  augmentation
As compared with the well-known results of the control theory, the method of state space expansion enabled augmentation of the class of systems that are controlled autonomously in the output variables.
      
The results show that the effects of MNNG on the immunostimulated animals display significant quantitative augmentation with respect to non-immunized controls.
      
This augmentation consists in higher animal mortality, extension of the dedifferentiating stump tissue and concomitant retardation of limb restoration, and increase in the incidence of abnormal regenerates.
      
Addition of AA during the treatment with Glu resulted in more pronounced augmentation of [Ca2+]i and the decrease in ΔΨm than the changes in these parameters observed during independent action of AA; removal of Glu did not abolish these changes.
      
Thus, task performance with an optimum level of information load occurred with smaller mental and physiological strain along with reduction of the heart rate and augmentation of duration of voluntary breath holding.
      
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Soy-bean phosphatides, sodium oleate and rabbit serum are able to revive the contractility of toad heart inhibited by high potassium(0.054 to 0.074 gram of KCl in 100 ml Ringer solution) and by acetylcholine. During the recovery of the mechanical activity of the cardiac muscle in potassium inhibition, there is always an augmentation of its electrical response. Adrenaline stimulates the potassium as well as the acetylcholine inhibited toad hearts. The action of adrenaline differs from that of the lipids...

Soy-bean phosphatides, sodium oleate and rabbit serum are able to revive the contractility of toad heart inhibited by high potassium(0.054 to 0.074 gram of KCl in 100 ml Ringer solution) and by acetylcholine. During the recovery of the mechanical activity of the cardiac muscle in potassium inhibition, there is always an augmentation of its electrical response. Adrenaline stimulates the potassium as well as the acetylcholine inhibited toad hearts. The action of adrenaline differs from that of the lipids in(i) adrenaline produces no A-V block and(ii) adrenaline promotes the contractility and accelerates the rhythm of the heart.

(一)在高鉀抑制的心臟,大豆磷脂與油脂酸鈉和血清有恢復或增強心臟搏動的能力。 (二)磷脂在加強高鉀抑制中的機械反應同時,亦加強心肌的動作電流。 (三)腎上腺素亦有興奮高鉀與乙醯胆鹼抑制心臟的作用。與磷脂所表現有所不同,腎上腺素在高鉀任氏溶液中不出現房室阻滯;在乙醯胆鹼抑制下,則不但興奮心肌的機械反應且增加心搏的頻率。

It has been shown in our previous paper that intravenous injection of adrenalin and stimulation of the splanchnic nerve in the dog produced an inhibition of gastric secretion induced by histamine. Baxter, working on cats under experimental conditions comparable to ours, however, reported that intravenous injection of adrenalin either had no marked effect or a slightly augmentative effect on the histamine-induced secretion, and that stimulation of the splanchnic nerve yielded similar results. The question thus...

It has been shown in our previous paper that intravenous injection of adrenalin and stimulation of the splanchnic nerve in the dog produced an inhibition of gastric secretion induced by histamine. Baxter, working on cats under experimental conditions comparable to ours, however, reported that intravenous injection of adrenalin either had no marked effect or a slightly augmentative effect on the histamine-induced secretion, and that stimulation of the splanchnic nerve yielded similar results. The question thus arose as to whether the discrepancy between Baxter's and our reports was due to the use of different experimental animals. Experiments were therefore carried out on cats in our laboratory in an attempt to throw some light on the question. It was observed that, in both acute and chronic experiments, intraveous injection of adrenalin in most cases produced a marked diphasic effect on the secretion induced by histamine. The effect consisted of an initial phase of inhibition followed by one of augmentation, the two phases being usually about equal in size, sometimes the second phase somewhat larger than the first. When a dose of 0.02-0.1mg of adrenalin was administered in a single injection intravenously, the total duration of the diphasic response lasted 10-15min. It would be evident that if rather long intervals, e.g. 10-30min. were chosen for the collection of gastric juice, the diphasic feature of the response would be missed, and one might easily come to the conclusion that in the cat adrenalin either had no marked effect or an augmentative effect on the histamine-induced secretion, as Baxter did. In acute experiments, the stimulation of the splanchnic nerve showed an inhibitory effect on the secretion, disregarding whether the adrenal veins were ligated or not. In contrast with the adrenalin effect, that of splanchnic stimulation was rarely diphasic. We wish to express our deep gratitude to Prof. T. P. Feng for his constant guidance throughout this work.

(一)靜脈注射腎上腺素對組織胺引起的貓胃分泌不論在急性或慢性實驗,通常是双相的,開頭抑制分泌,接着增加分泌,兩相大小相似,有時第二相還稍為大些。在一次注射0.02—0.1毫克腎上腺素之後,整個效應過程歷時約10—15分钟。若用較長的間隔如每10—30分鐘收集一次胃分泌,則此双相效應就會被掩蓋,因而得出腎上腺素對貓胃分泌無明顯效應或有增加分泌的效應的結論,如Baxter等人所得到的一樣。 (二)在急性實驗中,刺激大内臟神經對组織胺引起的貓胃分泌有顯著的抑制效應。与腎上腺素的效應不同,刺激大內臟神經的效應通常是單相的。我們在工作中经常得到馮德培所长的指导。谨致谢意.

α-, β-, and γ-Dichroine—3 isomeric alkaloids from the Chinese antimalarial herb "Chang Shan" (Dichroa febrifuga, Lour.), were investigated on anesthetized dogs for their effects on blood pressure, respiration, splenic and kidney volumes, and the activities of the heart, uterus and small intestines. Parallel observations were also made on isolated hearts, uteri and small intestines from several other species of animals. In the doses used the pharmacological actions of these alkaloids appeared to be identical...

α-, β-, and γ-Dichroine—3 isomeric alkaloids from the Chinese antimalarial herb "Chang Shan" (Dichroa febrifuga, Lour.), were investigated on anesthetized dogs for their effects on blood pressure, respiration, splenic and kidney volumes, and the activities of the heart, uterus and small intestines. Parallel observations were also made on isolated hearts, uteri and small intestines from several other species of animals. In the doses used the pharmacological actions of these alkaloids appeared to be identical qualitatively, and neither was there any marked quantitative difference. The lack of marked quantitative difference in their general pharmacological behavior is thus in strong contrast to their antimalarial activities, which vary tremendously from one another. These alkaloids, 2.5—10mg/kg given intravenously, produced a fall of blood pressure in all anesthetized dogs, usually associated with depressed cardiac contractions, and frequently an increase of the splenic and kidney volumes, while the respiration was not significantly affected. On the perfused rabbit heart, 0.2—2mg of them injected into the side tube of the cannula, always depressed the contractions, but in some cases slight augmentation preceeded the depression. The isolated frog heart was usually stimulated by the low concentrations of the alkaloidsand always depressed by their higher concentrations. In anesthetized dogs, the effects of these alkaloids on small intestines were inconsistent, stimulating in some cases and depressing in other cases; while the uterus was more commonly stimulated by them. In the concentrations used, these alkaloids always depressed the rabbit and dog intestines in vitro, but their effects on the isolated ileum of the guinea pig were dependant on the concentration, depressant in low concentrations, but usually stimulating or stimulating after transient depression in high concentrations. Their effects on the isolated uteri were still more complicated. On the rabbit nongravid uterus, their effects were in general not marked, in some cases there was slight stimulation and in other cases stimulation was preceeded by slight depression; but the gravid uterus was always stimulated by them. The nongravid uterus of the guinea pig was not significantly affected. As for the rat uterus, these alkaloids usually depressed the non-gravid and stimulated the gravid ones. α-, and β-Dichroine were also tested on the isolated non-gravid uterus of a monkey; only stimulation was observed.

(一)本文報告常山鹼甲、乙、丙對於麻醉犬血壓、呼吸、聛腎容積、心收縮、在位小 腸與在位子宮的作用,並佐以它們對於離體心臟、小腸和子宮的作用觀察。三種常山鹼的藥理作用,在所用劑量時並無質的不同,亦無明顯的量的不同。和它們抗瘧作用的強弱懸殊,形成強烈的對此。 (二)對於麻醉犬,靜脈內注入2.5—10毫克/千克後,三種常山鹼都能降低血壓,呼吸無顯著變化。脾容積與腎容積多增加,心收縮則呈現振幅減小。 (三)離體兔心灌注時,從導管的側枝內注入0.2—2毫克常山鹼,能引起顯著的抑制,有時在抑制前可見輕微的興奮作用。對於離體蛙心,低濃度多產生興奮,高濃度則抑制之。 (四)對於麻醉犬的在位小腸,三種常山鹼在上述劑量時作用並不一致,有時興奮之,有時抑制之,對於子宮則多興奮之。 (五)對於離體兔腸與犬腸,常山鹼在所試劑量時,恆引起抑制。對於豚鼠空腸,則低濃度時抑制,高濃度時往往興奮之,或在短暫的抑制後繼以興奮。 (六)對於離體子宮的作用更為複雜,對家兔未孕子宮,一般作用不著,有時輕微興奮之,有時在興奮前略呈抑制。對於有孕子宮則均興奮之。豚鼠未孕子宮對常山鹼的效應一般不顯著。對大白鼠未孕子宮多抑制之,對其有孕子宮則多呈興奮作用。曾...

(一)本文報告常山鹼甲、乙、丙對於麻醉犬血壓、呼吸、聛腎容積、心收縮、在位小 腸與在位子宮的作用,並佐以它們對於離體心臟、小腸和子宮的作用觀察。三種常山鹼的藥理作用,在所用劑量時並無質的不同,亦無明顯的量的不同。和它們抗瘧作用的強弱懸殊,形成強烈的對此。 (二)對於麻醉犬,靜脈內注入2.5—10毫克/千克後,三種常山鹼都能降低血壓,呼吸無顯著變化。脾容積與腎容積多增加,心收縮則呈現振幅減小。 (三)離體兔心灌注時,從導管的側枝內注入0.2—2毫克常山鹼,能引起顯著的抑制,有時在抑制前可見輕微的興奮作用。對於離體蛙心,低濃度多產生興奮,高濃度則抑制之。 (四)對於麻醉犬的在位小腸,三種常山鹼在上述劑量時作用並不一致,有時興奮之,有時抑制之,對於子宮則多興奮之。 (五)對於離體兔腸與犬腸,常山鹼在所試劑量時,恆引起抑制。對於豚鼠空腸,則低濃度時抑制,高濃度時往往興奮之,或在短暫的抑制後繼以興奮。 (六)對於離體子宮的作用更為複雜,對家兔未孕子宮,一般作用不著,有時輕微興奮之,有時在興奮前略呈抑制。對於有孕子宮則均興奮之。豚鼠未孕子宮對常山鹼的效應一般不顯著。對大白鼠未孕子宮多抑制之,對其有孕子宮則多呈興奮作用。曾試常山鹼甲、乙於一猴的未孕子宫,均有興奮作用。

 
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