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soccer
相关语句
  足球
    An investigation and analysis of common injuries in soccer games of the general university students
    普通高校大学生足球运动常见创伤的调查分析
短句来源
    True and fake motor fatigue in soccer games and its physiological mechanism
    足球比赛中真、假运动性疲劳的产生及生理机制
短句来源
    Methods Eight male soccer players (aged 20.63±0.74) of Beijing Sport University were the subjects in this experiment.
    方法 :受试对象为北京体育大学体育系男子足球专项运动员 8名 ,平均年龄 2 0 .6 3± 0 .74岁。
短句来源
    OBJECTIVE: To summarize the fatigue types in soccer games, define them, and discuss the physiological mechanism of fatigue.
    目的:综述足球比赛中疲劳状态的类型,并且对不同疲劳状态的概念进行界定,分析疲劳产生的生理机制。
短句来源
    An Analysis of the Cause of Sports Injuries in Soccer and the Preventive Countermeasure
    足球运动中损伤的原因分析及预防
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    Research on the Current Situation and Strategies of Sports Injuries among Male U-15 Soccer Athletes of China
    中国U-15男子足球运动员运动损伤调查及防治对策的研究
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    The Effect of “Living High- Exercising High-Training Low” on Expression of CD58 and CD59 of Erythrocyte and CD2 of T Lymphocyte in Soccer Players
    高住高练低训对足球运动员红细胞CD58、CD59和T淋巴细胞CD2表达的影响
短句来源
    while Female college soccer player's hemoglobin(Hb ),Hb%and hematocrit(Hct) values in blood were all normal,obviously decreased co mpared with the control group,and the difference was significant(t=4.84,4.23,7.0 4,P< 0.01).
    实验组的血红蛋白、血红蛋白比率和血细胞比容均在正常范围内,但较对照组明显减少,差异均有显著性意义(t=4.84,4.23,7.04,P均<0.01)。
短句来源
    Methods Eight male soccer players stayed at night in hypoxic environment(15.4%O 2, 10hr/day), and trained at sea level for 4 weeks.
    方法 :8名男性受试者每晚于 1 5 . 4 %O2 低氧环境中暴露 1 0小时 ,白天在常氧环境下训练。
短句来源
    DATA SOURCES: The computer-based online search of Medline, Elsevier and Springerlink was undertaken for related articles published in English between January 1970 and December 2005 with the of "soccer, fatigue, muscle, physiological mechanism".
    资料来源:应用计算机检索Medline、Elsevier、Springerlink数据库1970-01/2005-12期间的相关文章,检索词“soccer,fatigue,muscle,physiologicalmechanism”,限定文章语言种类为英文。
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  soccer
Functional training status of soccer players from leading Russian teams
      
The maximum aerobic power and aerobic efficiency (anaerobic threshold) have been determined in major league soccer players.
      
The aerobic capacity of soccer players from leading Russian teams is substantially lower than that of players from leading European teams.
      
Structural and functional characteristics of the heart of professional soccer players after retirement from long-term sports act
      
The structural and functional characteristics of the heart of 51 retired soccer players who ceased training 3-15 years ago are presented.
      
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In order to provide scientific basis for preventing metabolic disturbances of athletes trainingin hot environments, we conducted a study on the physiologic response, nutritional status, serumand sweat elements and effects of fluid supplements on 16 elite soccer players and 12 studentsof physical education institute. The main results were as follows: 1. As athletes trained in temperature of 26.6--31.0°C, RH 48--92%, the sweat volume of onetraining class averaged 2.0--3.6% of body weight; Sweat rate; 16--26...

In order to provide scientific basis for preventing metabolic disturbances of athletes trainingin hot environments, we conducted a study on the physiologic response, nutritional status, serumand sweat elements and effects of fluid supplements on 16 elite soccer players and 12 studentsof physical education institute. The main results were as follows: 1. As athletes trained in temperature of 26.6--31.0°C, RH 48--92%, the sweat volume of onetraining class averaged 2.0--3.6% of body weight; Sweat rate; 16--26 ml/min; 0.53--0.96 L/m~2/hr.;Body temperature increased 0.4--1.0°C; Urinary catacholamines output elevated; Hemoconcentration andhypoglycemia were caused. 2. Mean sweat elements levels were as follows: K~+ 32±8 mg%, Na~+ 101±36 mg%, Ca~(++) 10±4mg%, Mg~(++) 1.3±0.8 mg%, Fe(++) 63±25 g%, Zn(++) 87±23 g%, Cu(++) 34±15 g%, Nitrogen 1.17±0.36 g/d. Amonut of the sweat loss reached 37.7%(K~+), 23.7%(Na~+), 29.0%(Na~(++) ), 9.6(Mg~(++) ) ofthe diet intakes respectively. 3. The nutrition survey revealed that energy intake from fat source was high, vitamins insuffici-ent, and minerals as K~+, Ca~(++), Fe~(++) balance needed to be supervised. 4. Serum K~+ and Cu~(++) levels increased during exercise; Mg~(++) and Cu~(++) levels decreased in therecovery period of exercise. 5. Supplements of carbohydrate-electrolyte fluids helped to prevent hypoglycemia, alleviatehemoconcentration, and tended to keep element levels in sweat and serum.

运动员在热环境训练时大量排汗能引起体内微量元素的丢失以及HCT和Hb水平增加,血糖下降,尿液浓缩等生理反应。文章指出适当补充含糖5%的多种低渗电解质饮料,可使上述现象得到缓解。

The strength and endurance of quadriceps and hamstring muscles have been considered important in sports injury prevention and causation. The purpose of this study was to determine the isokinetic strength and endurance of those muscles of 54 elite male athletes (mean age 21.6 years) and 35 healthy males served as a control group (mean age 20.1 years) using a Cybex Ⅱ~+ system. Three testing speeds (60°/sec, 180°/sec and 240°/sec) were selected.The results indicated that the strength values of the quadriceps and...

The strength and endurance of quadriceps and hamstring muscles have been considered important in sports injury prevention and causation. The purpose of this study was to determine the isokinetic strength and endurance of those muscles of 54 elite male athletes (mean age 21.6 years) and 35 healthy males served as a control group (mean age 20.1 years) using a Cybex Ⅱ~+ system. Three testing speeds (60°/sec, 180°/sec and 240°/sec) were selected.The results indicated that the strength values of the quadriceps and hamstring muscles were significantlly higher in athletes than that in the control group (P<0.001).It was also found that the strength and endurance of quadriceps and hamstring muscles were different among the athletes, due to different sporting events. The torques of quadriceps were the strongest in weightlifting——3.63 Nm/kg (60/sec) 2.49 Nm/kg (180/sec) and 2.01 Nm/kg (240/sec). The strength values of hamstring were the highest in sprinter, 1.93 Nm/kg (60°/sec), 1.58 Nm/kg (180°/sec) and 1.31 Nm/kg (240°/sec). However, the strength values of quadriceps and hamstring muscles were the lowest in soccer, 3.10 Nm/kg, 1.60 Nm/kg (60°/sec), 2.01 Nm/kg, 1.13 Nm/kg (180°/sec) and 1.68 Nm/kg, 0.87 Nm/kg (240°/sec). The cyclist had the best endurance ratio of knee muscles, quadroceps 73.9% and hamstring 71.5%. The endurance ratio, however, was the lowest in weightlifting, quadriceps 54.2%, hamstring 46.3%.

研究结果证明:运动员膝关节等速肌力的各项指标均明显大于对照组青年的肌肉力量,P<0.001。在不同项目运动员中,股四头肌力最强为举重运动员,腘绳肌力最大的为短跑运动员。而足球运动员的股四头肌和腘绳肌力相对较弱。膝关节肌肉耐力最好为自行车运动员,举重运动员的耐力则最差。

In this paper,an investigation and analysis is made into the causes,types and locations of the injuries that frequently occur among the university students in soccer games.Methods and suggestions of treatments and preventions are proposed.

对普通高校大学生在足球运动中造成创伤常见的原因、类型、部位进行了调查分析 ,并提出运动创伤的一般处理方法和预防创伤的建议。

 
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