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lateral group
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  侧基
     In polymer molecular chain leading into anion type sulphonate group with strong hydration high active and large lateral group double bond compounds containing benzene ring. Through large mummers of experiments, a new kind of anti-salt multivariate polymer PBS has been synthesized.
     在聚合物分子链中引入阴离子型强水化高活性磺酸基团和大体积侧基含苯环的双键化合物,通过大量实验研究,合成了新型抗盐丙烯酰胺类多元聚合物PBS。
短句来源
     The compatibility between polyolefin and other materials can be improved via grafting-modified polyolefin to introduce polar or functional lateral group. The application realm of polyolefin can be extended in this way.
     通过对聚烯烃进行接枝改性,在非极性的分子链上引入极性或功能性侧基,可以极大地改善聚烯烃与其它材料的相容性,大大拓宽它的应用领域。
短句来源
  外侧群
     0.36±1 0.21mm for the lateral group.
     外侧群平均0.36±0.21mm。
短句来源
     The median nerve group: In the spinalcord the labeled cells are located in the C4-T2 segments and They are found to be more in the dor-sal subdivision of the lateral group of the ventral horn than in the radial nerve group;
     正中神经组:出现在脊髓C_4~T_2节段,在前角外侧群中的分布偏向背侧;
短句来源
     There were usually 2 to 3 vessels in medial or lateral group.
     内、外侧群均各以2~3支最多见。
短句来源
     In the lateral group of hand muscle the average percentage of type Ⅰ fibers is 61.5%.
     从总体看,手肌中慢缩纤维(总平均为55.8%)略占优势。 其中外侧群Ⅰ型纤维占61.5%,中间群占51.9%,内侧群占57.6%。
短句来源
     The cells of the lateral group were located in nucleus latendis reticularis (LRN)and the reticular formation dorsomedial to the LRN,increasing in number from the rostral to the caudal level.
     外侧群细胞分布于外侧网状核(LRN)及其背内侧网状结构,从吻侧向尾侧逐渐增多。
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  “lateral group”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Methods Thirty Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 3 groups: medial group, lateral group, and direct coaptation group, with 10 each.
     方法取SD大鼠30只,随机分为3组,每组10只。
短句来源
     Results Extension of wrist and fingers in both medial and lateral groups appeared at the same pace of respiration at postoperative day 19 to 23. Extensor carpi ulnaris recovered better in the medial group than in the lateral group, while there was no difference in the recovery of extensor digitorum communis.
     结果内侧组和外侧组大鼠均于术后19至23 d出现与呼吸同步的伸腕、指动作。 电生理和肌湿重检测显示,内侧组腕伸肌(尺侧腕伸肌)恢复优于外侧组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05),伸指肌恢复两组相似,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。
短句来源
     66. 7% and 75% in lateral group respectively (P>0. 05) .
     外侧型肿瘤分别为 66.7%和75%(P>0.05)。
短句来源
     and papil-loedema in lateral group (51. 6%) -In the microsurgical group and non-microsurgical group, the rate of total removal of medial tumors was 65% and 20% respectively (P<0. 01);
     外侧型肿瘤为视乳头水肿(51.6%)。 内侧型肿瘤的全切除率显微手术组和非显微手术组分别为65%和20%(P<0.01);
短句来源
     The constellation of the motor cell groups is anomalous: Apart from themedial group in the anterior horn, the lateral group is shifted ventrolaterally.
     前角的细胞群簇配布失常:除内侧群外,外侧各群拓前前方。
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  lateral group
We measured Love- and Rayleigh-wave group-velocity dispersion using multiple filter analysis and then performed a tomographic inversion using these observations to estimate lateral group velocity variations in the period range of 5-60?s.
      
In this way it is possible to understand the effect of the lateral group hindrance, as it will be illustrated in the paper.
      
However, two cells of the posterior group in dorsal opisthosomal center and anterior lateral group of the dorso-lateral cheliceral center remained immunoreactive throughout feeding.
      
A few distinctly larger cells occur in the ventral groups and one large pair occurs in the lateral group of the maxillary neuromere.
      
Among the possibly GABA-containing projection neurons are several cells, with somata in the lateral group of the antennal lobe, that send their axons directly to the lateral protocerebmm.
      
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Two sympodic fetuses (sympus dipus) of 7-8 months present very similarabnormalities. The lower extremities are fused along their posterolateral borders.Many muscles are missing or anomalous on their posterior aspects and in thesoles. The perineum is completely obliterated. The caudal parts of the digestiveand urogenital systems are absent. Their lumbosacral cords have been studiedin serial sections in comparison with a normal series with the followingresults: The general features of the cross sections of the...

Two sympodic fetuses (sympus dipus) of 7-8 months present very similarabnormalities. The lower extremities are fused along their posterolateral borders.Many muscles are missing or anomalous on their posterior aspects and in thesoles. The perineum is completely obliterated. The caudal parts of the digestiveand urogenital systems are absent. Their lumbosacral cords have been studiedin serial sections in comparison with a normal series with the followingresults: The general features of the cross sections of the sympodic cords are erratic:The sections are smaller, compressed mediolaterally or ventrodorsally and theirtwo sides are not symmetrical. The central canal is shifted ventrally. The graymatter of the anterior horn spreads anteriorly while the white matter in thisregion becomes thinned off, but compensatively thickened in the adjacent parts. The constellation of the motor cell groups is anomalous: Apart from themedial group in the anterior horn, the lateral group is shifted ventrolaterally.The cell columns are smaller in cross section, poorly defined and scattered nearthe anterior white matter. They become abruptly attenuated from the middlepart of the series downward and soon leave the anterior horn a total blank. The number of motor cells in the anterior horn is decreased: The cellmagnitude of the lateral column in sympodic fetus 1 is estimated at 72.1% ofthe normal. In sympodic fetus 2 it falls to 27.5%. The percentage values of themedial cell columns in sympodic fetuses 1 and 2 dwindle to 55.4% and 28.7%respectively. Taking together the two columns, the percentages of the motorcells in sympodic fetuses 1 and 2 are reduced to 71.0 and 27.6 respectively. The reduction and anomaly of the muscles are concentrated in the caudalsegments of the sympodic body,--the pelvis and perineum in particular. Themotor cells in the anterior horn of the lumbosacral cord show a commensuratedecrement, especially at the caudalmost levels. The degree of development ofthe myotomes is correlated with the magnitude of their central motor cells.

胎龄7—8月的二个单腿胎儿(双足单腿畸胎)表现近似的畸变。左右下肢愈合,後侧和足心的肌肉多有歉缺。会阴部完全无有。消化、生殖和泌尿器的下端全不存在。二胎的脊髓腰骶部经切片观察,与常胎比较,发现以下的事实。脊髓的切面形相乖异:切面减小;左右或前後扁窄;左右不复对称;中央管偏居前方;前角的灰质拓向前侧;此部的白质显著减薄,但在它处却相当加厚。前角的细胞群簇配布失常:除内侧群外,外侧各群拓前前方。各核团切面单薄,界限不清,贴白质星散配布。到了腰膨大的中部,核因形体骤减,前角随即全成空白。前角的运动细胞数量大减:畸胎1的外侧柱的细胞分量约当常胎数值的72.1%;畸胎2低至27.5%。。在畸胎1和2,内侧柱的百分数值分别少到55.4和28.7。若合看内外二柱,它们的百分数值分别减至71.0和27.6。在单腿畸胎中,肌肉的歉缺多在下部的体节,特是骨盆和会阴。它们的脊髓骶部中,前角的细胞相应减少,特在尾端。身体肌节的发展程度与主管的中枢细胞的数量是相系的。

Three races of silkworm, Bombyx mori L. namely univoltine "Bagdad", bivoitine"J×C" (at high incubating temperature) and nondiapausing multivotine "Vietnam"were used as materials in these studies. The brain was fixed in Susa or Bouin. Afterfixation it was embedded in paraffin wax and sectioned at 5μ. The serial sections werestained with Mallory's triple stain, somewhat modified, and Gomori's chrome alum-hematoxylin philoxine. The former method proved excellent for the purpose of thesestudies. The neurosecretory...

Three races of silkworm, Bombyx mori L. namely univoltine "Bagdad", bivoitine"J×C" (at high incubating temperature) and nondiapausing multivotine "Vietnam"were used as materials in these studies. The brain was fixed in Susa or Bouin. Afterfixation it was embedded in paraffin wax and sectioned at 5μ. The serial sections werestained with Mallory's triple stain, somewhat modified, and Gomori's chrome alum-hematoxylin philoxine. The former method proved excellent for the purpose of thesestudies. The neurosecretory cells observed in the brain are arranged in four groups, namelymedial, lateral, posterior and sternopleural groups in each half of the brain, in all eightgroups. The two medial groups are close together on each side of the midline on thedorsal and anterior parts of the pars intercerebralis. The two lateral groups are situateddorsally beside the medial groups. The posterior groups are located on the posteriorparts of the pars intercerebralis. The two sternopleural groups which had not been men-tioned by other authors before are located on the ventral and external-lateral parts, nearthe oesophageal commissure of the brain. The medial neursecretory cells of the univoltine race "Bagdad" were classified intofive types, namely A-, B-, C-, D- and E-cell, which could be distinguished by their sizeand staining reactions with Mallory's procedures. A-cell stained purple, measuring38μ to 42μ in major diameter (without containing of the large vacuole), B-cell which isintensely acidophil, stained deep red, measuring 19μ to 24μ, C-cell stained light grayish-blue, measuring 23μ to 29μ, D-cell stained deep-blue, measuring 18μ to 23μ, E-cellstained deep purple, slender in shape, measuring 24μ to 29μ. The number of the neurosecretory cells in the univoltine "Bagdad" is about 36 onthe fourth day of 5th larval stage, about 46 in the beginning of the pupal stage, about 48and 50 on the third day and seventh day of the pupal stage, respectively. The difference between univoltine "Bagdad" and multivoltine "Vietnam" withrespect to the neurosecretory cells of the brain is the absence of the "B-cell" in the parsintercerebralis of the brain in the nondiapausing multivoltine race.

家蚕一化性品种“巴格达”的脑以 Susa液固定,制成5微米的连续切片,用 Mallory三重染色对脑神经分泌细胞进行组织学观察结果,脑神经分泌细胞的分群除过去学者所记载的脑间部中央群及侧群外,还有后群及腹侧群(这是过去所未曾记载过的)。脑间部神经分泌细胞的类型,过去学者认为只有A、B两种细胞,根据我们的初步观察,由于其大小及染色性的不同可分为 A、B、C、D、E五种类型,用 Mallory三重染色(改良法),除染成紫色的大型A细胞及染成深紫红色的B细胞外,还有染成淡蓝灰色的C细胞,染成蓝色的D细胞及染成淡蓝紫色的长型E细胞。无滞育多化性“越南”品种脑间部神经分泌细胞与一化性“巴格达”品种所存在的差异初步观察为“越南”品种脑间部缺乏嗜复红的“B”细胞。

There are founded three species belonging to three different genera of the Echi-nostomes, from the intestine of the black stork (Ciconia migra Linnaeus) of China, namely Allechinostomum nigriciconiatum sp. nov., Chaunocephalus sinensis sp. nov., and Chaunocepholus ferox Dietz, 1909. The taxonomic position of the genera Allechinostomum Odhner, 1911 and Chaunocephalus Dietz, 1909 is discussed. Both genera are recorded for the first time not only from this locality, but also from East Asia. Keys to the species...

There are founded three species belonging to three different genera of the Echi-nostomes, from the intestine of the black stork (Ciconia migra Linnaeus) of China, namely Allechinostomum nigriciconiatum sp. nov., Chaunocephalus sinensis sp. nov., and Chaunocepholus ferox Dietz, 1909. The taxonomic position of the genera Allechinostomum Odhner, 1911 and Chaunocephalus Dietz, 1909 is discussed. Both genera are recorded for the first time not only from this locality, but also from East Asia. Keys to the species of the two genera are given in the Chinese text.1. Allechinostomum nigricicomatam sp. nov.Specific Diagnosis: Body lanceolated, 6.910-7.477 × 1.128-1.387 mm.. Spines limited in front of acetabulum. Head collar reniform, 0.430-0.457 mm in width. Collar spines 0.022-0.054 × 0.018 mm, 24 in number, arranged in a single row with a dorsal interval.Oral sucker terminal, 0.125-0.161 × 0.161-0.197 mm. Acetabulum oblong, situated in the anterior fourth of body. Prepharynx short, 0.027 mm. Pharynx trapezoid or ovoid, 0.170-0.214 × 0.179-0.197 mm. Oesophagus long, 0.842-0.931 mm, bifurcated in front of acetabulum. Caeca ended behind posterior testis. Testes tandem and smooth, anterior testis transversely oval, 0.433-0.466 × 0.573-0.716 mm, and posterior testis 0.466-0.716 × 0.555-0.609 mm. Cirrus sac oval, 0.412-0.555 × 0.251-0.305 mm, on right side of acetabulum. Internal seminal vesiele constricted into two portions. Ejaculatory duct long. Cirrus wanting. Ovary smooth, oval, 0.223-0.269 × 0.358-0.395 mm. Mehlis' glands situated between ovary and anterior testis. Vitellaria well developed, vitelline follicles occupying posterior half of body and forming two lateral groups behind posterior testis. Common vitelline duct in front of anterior testis. Uterus intercecal, about 6-8 loops, extending posteriorly to level of anterior testis. Ova numerous, oblong, deep-brown in color, 0.077-0.100 × 0.046-0.059 mm.This species is distinguished from the other species in the presence of post-ovarian uterine loops and distinguished from A. famelicum (Odhner, 1911) by (1) smaller collar spines, (2) position of vitellaria which begin from the level of the ovary, (3) smaller ova.Host: Black stork, Ciconia nigra Linnaeus. Location: Intestine.Locality. Nanyoa, Hunan Province, China. Date: January, 1948.Incidence and intensity of infection: 3 specimens from a black stork. Type and paratype specimens: Deposited in the Institute of Zoology, Academia Sinica.2. Chaunocephalus sinensis sp. nov.Specific Diagnosis: Body spoon-shaped, 4.85-6.60 × 0.636-1.750 mm. Spine 0.045 × 0.014 mm, scattered loosely in front of anterior level of acetabulum. Head collar 0.412-0.448 mm in width, bearing 27 collar spines in double rows. Corner spines 4 in number on each side, 0.077-0.109 × 0.018-0.023 mm. Oral sucker terminal, 0.150-0.182 × 0.136-0.173 mm. Prepharynx short, 0.072-0.077 mm in length. Pharynx ovoid, 0.168-0.186 × 0.096-0.132 mm. Oesophagus long, with many kteral diverticula, more than 10 on each side. Caeca terminated at posterior extremity and opening into excretory vesicle with uroproet. Acetabulum oval, 0.466-0.591 × 0.376-0.502 mm. Testes smooth, oval, parallel or slightly oblique in position. Left testis 0.269-0.403 × 0.179-0.287 mm, right testis 0.295-0.394 × 0.161-0.287 mm, with the former often slightly forward. Cirrus sac small, oblong, 0.223 × 0.099 mm, enclosing internal seminal vesicle (0.167 × 0.099 mm) and prostatic glands. Ovary smooth, oval, 0.448-0.645 × 0.358-0.518 mm. Mehlis' glands well developed, 0.305-0.466 × 0.537-0.645 mm. Vitellaria well developed, filling almost the whole body. Vitelline follicles arranged in transverse rows. Uterus short, mostly limited in between aeeta-bulum and gonads, consisting of about one hundred eggs. Ova oblong, brownish, operculated, 0.070-0.108 × 0.059-0.073 mm.This species is distinguished from C. ferox by: (1) the vitelline follicles being arranged in transverse rows and extending to the posterior extremity, (2) the corner spines being smaller, and (3) the width of the egg greater

在我国乌鹳(Ciconia nigra Linnaeus)的肠内找到三种棘口类吸虫,为乌鹳异棘口吸虫、新种(Allechinostomum nigriconiatum sp.nov.),中国肿头吸虫、新种(Chaunocephalus sinensis sp.nov.),肿头吸虫(Chaunocephalus ferox Dietz,1909)。对两个新种作了描述。 乌鹳异棘口吸虫、新种与该属的其他各种主要区别在具有卵巢后子宫环盘曲。中国肿头吸虫、新种与肿头吸虫的区别主要在卵黄腺滤泡呈横行排列,分布向后达体后部、角棘较小等特征,并与该属的其他种也作了比较。肿头吸虫属种的发现不但在我国而且在东亚均为首次。 文内对异棘口吸虫属(Allechinostomum Odhner,1910) 与肿头吸虫属(Chaunocephalus Dietz,1909)的分类位置各作了论述,并均列有种的检索表。

 
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