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penal sum
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  “penal sum”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Compare with the penal sum that contemporary reach nation, and the our country regardless study the aspect in the lawmaking, judicial aspect still in the theories all compare behind schedule.
     与当代达国家相比,我国的罚金刑无论在立法、司法方面还是在理论研究方面都比较落后。
短句来源
     Main concentration of penal sum is in the benefit in the crime, but the national office-holder's crime is however and very difficult to find out the penal shadow of penal sum.
     罚金刑主要集中在贪利性犯罪中,但国家公职人员犯罪却很难找到罚金刑的影子。
短句来源
     An importance that penalty is modern the marking is the penalty's light, but the penal sum develop the penal function of center to attain the important path of penalty light in the penalty system.
     刑罚现代化的一个重要标志是刑罚的轻缓化,而罚金刑在刑罚体系中发挥中心刑的作用是达到刑罚轻缓化的重要途径。
短句来源
     Commit crime this kind of to light punishment the crime in the our country, mistake however and very difficult find out the penal shadow of penal sum, and the penal sum share the big comparison in the heavy .
     在我国,过失犯罪这种轻刑犯罪却很难找到罚金刑的影子,且罚金刑在重刑中占较大比例。
短句来源
     And also On the books of college library ″compensate the penal sum″of law basis
     也论高校图书馆图书“赔罚款”的法律依据——兼与夏建群作者商榷
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  相似匹配句对
     On Legal Adjustment to Promissory Penal Sum
     浅谈约定违约金的法律调整
短句来源
     Establish the penal sum penal carry out the system;
     建立罚金刑的执行体系;
短句来源
     On Zero Sum
     说“零和”
短句来源
     Power Sum
     幂和
短句来源
     Penal Protection to Environment
     环境的刑法保护
短句来源
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As the report, on the first days of April, the eight banks in Shanghai which include the Industrial and Commercial bank, Agricultural bank, Construction bank, and Communication bank, took an unofficial agreement to the action of ahead repay the housing debt in Shanghai, according to it the banks will collect some " penal sum" in proportion to cover the loss in the interest and also aim to restrict this kind of action. But the agreement is legal or illegal? The opinions are divided widely. The author will...

As the report, on the first days of April, the eight banks in Shanghai which include the Industrial and Commercial bank, Agricultural bank, Construction bank, and Communication bank, took an unofficial agreement to the action of ahead repay the housing debt in Shanghai, according to it the banks will collect some " penal sum" in proportion to cover the loss in the interest and also aim to restrict this kind of action. But the agreement is legal or illegal? The opinions are divided widely. The author will take the comment from the competition aspect and present the countermeasure to it in this article.

据报道 ,今年 4月上旬 ,上海地区的工商、农业、建设、交通等 8家商业银行针对上海市个人住房贷款提前还贷行为达成初步意向 ,将对提前还贷行为收取一定比例的“违约金”,以弥补提前还贷带来的利益损失和约束贷款的提前还贷行为。该行为是合法还是违法 ,一时众说纷纭。文章从竞争法的角度对该行为加以评说 ,并提出相应的法律对策。

The Penal Sum and the Atonement are the Important penalties on the history of Chinese ancient legal system.They both base on the economic sanctions to Criminal offences,which belong to the property penalty. Because of the lack of historical data about this filed, the Penal Sum and the Atonement of the Qin and Han Dynasty did not get the system research before Zhang Jiashan Han Jian has been diding. The penal sum of the Han Dynasty divides seven grades. It since be applicable to the general common people,...

The Penal Sum and the Atonement are the Important penalties on the history of Chinese ancient legal system.They both base on the economic sanctions to Criminal offences,which belong to the property penalty. Because of the lack of historical data about this filed, the Penal Sum and the Atonement of the Qin and Han Dynasty did not get the system research before Zhang Jiashan Han Jian has been diding. The penal sum of the Han Dynasty divides seven grades. It since be applicable to the general common people, also aim at the criminal acts of the officialdom, wich does not limit the certain body. The officialdom involved in the Penal Sum of the Han Dynasty are mostly lower class, which is different from the Qin Dynasty. The Penal Sum of the Han Dynasty was applicable to many criminal acts,such as below rebel against authority、thieves and burglars、not studying diligently etc. involving the politics, economy and culture education. The severe grade is its innate character characteristic.The Atonement was used in almost all penalties of the Han Dynasty. Civilian's common people also could"Shu Si" 、"Shu Gong".Many Criminal acts could be atoned by various variety. Gold was as principle, the copper money was for assisting, concurrently and feudal title, bamboo 、valley 、horse, etc. The Atonement has not the restrict of the privilege,which was applicable to every people in principle.

罚金和赎刑是中国古代法制史上的重要刑罚,是对犯罪行为的一种经济制裁,属财产刑。由于史料缺乏,这一问题在张家山汉墓竹简等简牍出土以前一直未得到系统研究。汉代的罚金分七个等级:半两、一两、二两、四两、八两、一斤、二斤;它既适用于一般百姓,也针对官吏的罪行进行处罚,不限定一定的身份和阶层,所不同的是汉代罚金所涉及的官吏名称较秦律为多,但大都是较低级的官吏。汉代罚金的适用罪名很多,有以下犯上、任人不廉、盗窃、学业不精、打架斗殴等罪行,涉及政治、经济以及文化教育各方面,森严的等级性是其本质特征。汉代的赎刑小到赎耐、赎迁,大到赎死,几乎全部刑罚都可以赎。赎宫、赎死已不像秦代时只有特权阶级才可以赎,汉代法律原则上规定平民百姓也可以赎死、赎宫。汉代赎刑的表现形式多种多样,以黄金为主,铜钱为辅,兼及爵位、竹、谷、缣、粟、马、军功等形式。汉代赎刑适用对象很广,各类赎刑从法律表面规定的情况来看没有等级及特权的限制,即官民通用。

According to the provision of the "Contract Law",if promissory penal sum is lower or excessively higher than the actual loss,the privy could request people's court or arbitration organization to increase or properly decrease the promissory penal sum.Owing to the fact that no current laws or judicial interpretation have defined the provision,judiciaries could only use discretionary power to make judgment,which in a manner affects the standardization of executing the law.Because of this,this paper...

According to the provision of the "Contract Law",if promissory penal sum is lower or excessively higher than the actual loss,the privy could request people's court or arbitration organization to increase or properly decrease the promissory penal sum.Owing to the fact that no current laws or judicial interpretation have defined the provision,judiciaries could only use discretionary power to make judgment,which in a manner affects the standardization of executing the law.Because of this,this paper probes into these issues.

依据《合同法》规定,约定的违约金低于或者过分高于造成的实际损失,当事人可以请求人民法院或者仲裁机构予以增加或者适当减少。由于现行法律和司法解释对此均未做出明确的规定,法官只能运用自由裁量权做出判断,这在一定程度上影响了执法统一。有鉴于此,文章拟就此问题进行一些探讨。

 
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