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botrytis
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  葡萄孢属
    Botrytis,including three species,accounted for 17.0%,B. squamosa Walker and B. allii Munn had the ratio of 15.6%,B. cinerea Pers was only 1.4%.
    葡萄孢属(Botrytis),占17.0%,主要是葱鳞葡萄孢霉(B.squamosaWalker)和葱腐葡萄孢霉(B.alliiMunn),占15.6%,灰葡萄孢霉(B.cinereaPers)仅为1.4%;
短句来源
    It was observed that the effect of inflorescence epidemic disease on the yield of macadamia during 1998~2001 in the institute . The pathogeny was identified as Botrytis sp.The highest incidence reachs 65%. The disease index。
    自年到年对云南省热带作物科学研究所的澳洲坚果花疫病及其对产量的影响进行观察,经鉴19982001定,病原菌为葡萄孢属真菌(Botrytis),最高的发病率达,病情指数为,发病高峰期在月底至 sp.65%14%12月初。
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  “botrytis”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Therefore,it is of essence that utilization of substituted fungicides in controlling diseases for cucumber in greenhouse,In our study,we have found that iprodione(0.562 kg·hm-2),pyrimethanil(0.450 kg·hm-2) and SYP-Z048(0.070 kg·hm-2) can effectively control cucumber gray mold(Botrytis cinerea) at the dosages mentioned above with an efficacy of up to 70 percentages;
    从防治效果看,温室内黄瓜叶片上喷雾施用异菌脲(0.562 kg.hm-2)、嘧霉胺(0.450 kg.hm-2)和啶菌恶唑(0.070 kg.hm-2)对黄瓜灰霉病(Botrytis cinerea)的控制效果均达到70%以上;
短句来源
    The fungal diseases were Leek downy mildew (Peronospora schleidenii), Leek rust(Puccinia allii), Garlic gray mold and Chinese chives gray mold (Botrytis allii), Garlic green mold (Penicillium cyclopium), Leek purple blotch and Garlic leaf blight (Alternaria porri), Leek black mold and Garlic black spot (Stemphylium botryosum) .
    已查明福建省的葱蒜类蔬菜真菌性病害有葱霜霉病(Peronospora schleidenii)、葱锈病(Puccinia allii)、蒜和韭菜灰霉病(Botrytis allii)、大蒜青霉病(Penicillium cyclopium)、葱紫斑病和大蒜叶枯病(Alternaria porri)、葱黑霉病和大蒜黑斑(紫斑)病(Stemphylium botryosum)。
短句来源
    Antagonistic bacteria Paenibacillus polymyxa W3, Y2 and Bacillus licheniformis W10, and their metabolites could induce systemic resistance against Botrytis cinerea in tomato leaves as expressed by reduced lesion area.
    拮抗细菌W3、Y2(paenibacillus polymyxa)和W10(Bacillus licheniformis)及其去菌液能诱导番茄叶片产生对灰霉病(Bortytis cinerea)的系统抗性。
    The result shows the average revised effective rate of preventing and curing Botrytis cinerea on tomato leaves reaches 85.68%, and the figure is 89.57% on tomato fruit.
    结果表明,利得烟剂对番茄叶片灰霉病的平均校正防效达85.68%,对番茄果实灰霉病的平均校正防效达89.57%。
    Six strains antagonistic to Botrytis cinerea Pers. were obtained by isolating samples of tomato soil infected by Botrytis cinerea in Zibo, B-01,B-02,B-03,B-04,B-06,B-07. The inhibition zone test showed that Bacillus and its filtrate had the strongest and stable inhibiting activity.
    采集淄博市自然感染灰霉病的大棚番茄土壤样品,采用稀释分离法分离到6株拮抗细菌菌株 B-01、B-02、B-03、B-04、B-06、B-07。
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  botrytis
Evaluation of the Effects of Biological Preparations on Phytopathogenic Fungi Didymella applanata and Botrytis cinerea
      
Fungicidal and fungistatic effects of biological preparations involving bacteria of the genera Pseudomonas and Bacillusand fungi of the genusChaetomium on phytopathogenic fungi Didymella applanata and Botrytis cinereawere evaluated.
      
showed promise as agents against simultaneous development of spur blight and Botrytis blight.
      
Study varieties of leguminous and cereal cultures were shown to contain endogenous inhibitors specific to proteinases of phytopathogenic fungi Fusarium, Colletotrichum, Helminthosporium, and Botrytis.
      
oxysporum, Botrytis sorokiniana, Alternaria tenui, and Phytophthora infestans.
      
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The mesophyll protoplasts were isolated from sterile seedling of cauliflower(Brassica oleracea L. var. botrytis L.). After protoplast purifications, the high protoplast yield ( 2.8 × 10~6/g FW ) was obtained. The purificatory protoplasts were cultured in MS-1 medium and the high frequency division (about 36.4% ) of the regenerated cells was observed.It was indicated that the gelrite embedding culture is most suitable for the mesophyll protoplast of cauliflower when compared with thin liquid culture, and...

The mesophyll protoplasts were isolated from sterile seedling of cauliflower(Brassica oleracea L. var. botrytis L.). After protoplast purifications, the high protoplast yield ( 2.8 × 10~6/g FW ) was obtained. The purificatory protoplasts were cultured in MS-1 medium and the high frequency division (about 36.4% ) of the regenerated cells was observed.It was indicated that the gelrite embedding culture is most suitable for the mesophyll protoplast of cauliflower when compared with thin liquid culture, and double layer culture. The shoots were readily formed from the regenerated calli by they were transferred onto MS-4 differentiation medium. The intact plantlets were readily formed when shoots were transferred to MS-5 rooting medium. Normal cauliflowers were obtained from 54 plants regenerated from mesophyll protoplasts of early maturing variety'60d' of cauliflower after transplanting into pots.

从花椰菜的无菌苗的叶肉组织分离原生质体,经纯化获得了高的原生质体产量(2.8×10~6/gFW)。纯化的原生质体用MS—1培养基培养,得到了再生细胞的高频率分裂(36.4%)。比较了液体浅层培养、双层培养和Gelrite包埋培养方法,发现Gelrite包埋培养,最宜于花椰菜叶肉组织的原生质体。原生质体再生的愈伤组织转到分化培养基MS-4上,可诱导分化成苗,随后,转移到生根培养基MS-5上即可形成完整植株。移栽54株再生植株到盛土壤的盆中生长,均能结出正常的花球。

The experiment results showed that five of eight isolates infected the stored Chinese cabbages at the temperature of 0℃,5℃ and 10℃ respectively.Among them,Alternaria brassicicola,Colletotrichum higginsianum and Botrytis cinerea could sporulate at 0℃-5℃, but A. brassicae and A.raphani could only sporulate at 10℃.Since the temperature in the cellars,both of the traditional and forced ventilation types, did not exceed 5℃, A.brassicase and A.raphani could infect the stored cabbages, but could not sporulate....

The experiment results showed that five of eight isolates infected the stored Chinese cabbages at the temperature of 0℃,5℃ and 10℃ respectively.Among them,Alternaria brassicicola,Colletotrichum higginsianum and Botrytis cinerea could sporulate at 0℃-5℃, but A. brassicae and A.raphani could only sporulate at 10℃.Since the temperature in the cellars,both of the traditional and forced ventilation types, did not exceed 5℃, A.brassicase and A.raphani could infect the stored cabbages, but could not sporulate. So the severity of the Alternaria black spot disease of Chinese cabbages in cellars mainly depend on the amount of the fungi brought in from the field.The result also showed that C.higginsianum,A.brassicae and B. cinerea could sporulate below 0℃,so the amount of those fungi could increase in both tydes of cellars,and the quantity of their isolates brought in from fields and the seventy of the disease showed less correlation.In addition,the temperature control in the cellars played an important part in the inhibition of those fungi. The cellars of the forced ventilation type introduced in Beijing was considered to be better for controlling the diseases.

在0,5,10℃下人工接种8种大白菜贮藏期主要真菌分离物。结果有5种可在10℃的条件下侵染大白菜。其中甘蓝链格孢、希金斯刺盘孢及灰葡萄孢可在0~5℃下产孢。而芸薹链格孢、萝卜链格孢则仅在10℃条件下可以产孢。鉴于管理正常的传统型及强制通风型大白菜窖的窖温一般不超过5℃,故带入窖中的芸薹链格孢及萝卜链格孢可侵染白菜而不能产孢。因此在北京郊区引起大白菜烂窖的黑斑病的发生程度,主要决定于田间携入病菌量的多少。希金斯刺盘孢、甘蓝链格孢、灰葡萄孢在0℃下能产孢,因此,这几种菌的菌量在上述两种窖中仍可增加。田间携入量与病害在窖中的发生程度关系较上述两种菌要小。控制窖温对抑制这些病菌在窖中的蔓延有着重要的意义。

Botrytis cinerea Persoon isolated from Fraguria ananassa was grown well in Peberdy's liquid medium(pH3-4) at 25℃ and produced toxin which inhibits the cell activity of the callus of Fraguria ananassa. The highest toxicity of culture filtrates occurred on the twentieth day after incubation. The crude toxin was obtained from condensed culture filtrates by extraction with chloroform. The toxin exhibited absorption maximum at 269nm.

草莓灰霉病菌(Botrytis cinerea Persoon)在25℃、pH3~4的Peberdy培养基中生长良好,并可产生引起草莓愈伤组织细胞死亡的毒素。产生毒素的高峰期为静置培养20天。灰霉菌发酵液中的毒素可用氯仿进行提取,经提取后的毒素液在269nm处有吸收峰。本研究建立了利用草莓愈伤组织细胞的荧光活性测定毒力的方法。

 
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