The normal value of biochemistry indices of dog in Chongqing area presented in this paper are based from the pre-burn values of the experiments of respiratory inhalationinjury over the years in our Burn Center.

Conclusion It is very important to survey systematically the variation of bacteria and the changes in antimicrobial susceptibility in a burn center to guide the choice of effective antibiotic in clinical practice.

Conclusion\ It is very important to survey systematically the variation of bacteria and the changes in antimicrobial susceptibility in a burn center to guide the choice of effective antibiotic in clinical practice.

METHODS: The experiment was conducted in the Laboratory of Military Burn Center, the 159 Hospital of Chinese PLA from June 2005 to January 2006. ①Mononuclear cells from human cord blood were transplanted into fetal rats in uteri and infused into the livers of neonatal rats to establish the chimeric animal models, meanwhile, the control rats were treated with phosphate buffer solution by the same method.

Objective To survey the imipenem (IMP) resistance of Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated from the in-patients, health care workers' hands and the environment of a burn center, and to compare the resistance of IMP susceptible isolates to commonly used antimicrobial agents with those of IMP resistant isolates.

MethodsFrom January 1970 through October 1998, altogether 5 330 burn patients were admitted to our burn center, and among them 451 patients developed sepsis. To analyze the efficacy of different treatment strategies developed during these 29 years, three periods were divided, namely 1970to 1979, 1980 to 1992, and 1993 to 1998. The incidence and mortality of sepsis were compared, thereupon the efficacy of different treatment strategies were analyzed.

Objective To provide the theory instructions for the diagnosis and the treatment of the patients with burn infections, we investigated the incidence of nosocomial infections, distributions of bacteria, bacterium spectrum of drug-resistant, suscepibility to infections and prophylaxis methods in patients with burn in burn center.

Objective To investigate the state of the resistance of methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) to the antibiotics in current usage in our burn center.

Results The resistance rate of pseudomonas aeruginosa was up to 100% to cephlosporins and cefepime, 95% to sulperazon and 100% to amikacin, but down to only 5% to netilmicin in 2001, and its resistance to imipenem had been increasing over 70% since 1996. Conclusion Pseudomonas aeruginosa in our burn center was resistant to multiantibiotics except netilmicin.

Using a case study methodology, we examined the implementation of a patient charting system in the Burn Center of a large, not-for-profit, teaching hospital.

Implementation of a Patient Charting System: Challenges Encountered and Tactics Adopted in a Burn Center

CONCLUSIONS: With early recognition of the disease, transfer to a burn center, proper wound management, and infection monitoring, patients with TEN have an excellent chance of survival without scarring and sequelae.

The incidence ofPseudomonas aeruginosa bacteremia was examined in 5,882 burn patients consecutively admitted over a 25-year period to one burn center.

Twenty-five year review ofPseudomonas aeruginosa bacteremia in a burn center

From January 1959 to December 1981, 3617 burn patients were admitted to the First Teaching Hospital Burn Center. The ratio between male and female was 3:1. The highest incidence was found in the group under 5 years of age. It was most prevalent in summer season. Thermal injury was the major cause of burn accident. Most third degree burns were caused by hot or melted metals.In 5.97% of the cases the burn area exceeded morn than 70% body surface area. Total mortality rate was 7.52%....

From January 1959 to December 1981, 3617 burn patients were admitted to the First Teaching Hospital Burn Center. The ratio between male and female was 3:1. The highest incidence was found in the group under 5 years of age. It was most prevalent in summer season. Thermal injury was the major cause of burn accident. Most third degree burns were caused by hot or melted metals.In 5.97% of the cases the burn area exceeded morn than 70% body surface area. Total mortality rate was 7.52%. The incidence of complications was 26.90%. Septicemia was the most common one.The mortality rates of successive years and the probability among the burn area, age and mortality were calculated. Then the weighted linear regression equation was proposed.In analysing 254 cases who died in the course of treatment, it was found that the prevention and intensive treatment of shock, and the strict control of infection were the chief measures to reduc the incidece complications.It was emphasized that early diagnosis and treatment of respiratory tract burns and its pulmonary complications are crucial to reduc the mortality.

An analytical method for the error of statistic simulation in the Monte-Carlo solution of 3-D furnace heat transfer is presented. The method begins with the analysis of radiative simulation between two small zones. Their behaviour is expressed as the process that the energy beams are emitted from point source and then do the random walk. Thus the expression of variance caused by the statistic simulation of the two zones is gained. In the whole furnace the radiative simulation is handled as the radiative simulation...

An analytical method for the error of statistic simulation in the Monte-Carlo solution of 3-D furnace heat transfer is presented. The method begins with the analysis of radiative simulation between two small zones. Their behaviour is expressed as the process that the energy beams are emitted from point source and then do the random walk. Thus the expression of variance caused by the statistic simulation of the two zones is gained. In the whole furnace the radiative simulation is handled as the radiative simulation of many points sources which exist simultaneously. And this process is expressed being the simulating of the function which consists of a group of stochastic processes each corresponding, to one zone. Through this function we gain the expression of statistic simulations error in radiative transport term. On the basis of that, the expressions of simulations error in. furnace heat flux distribution and temperature distribution are discovered.An error analysis for the Monte-Carlo solution of a furnace of large boiler (HG-410/100-6 type) is carried out using the error expressions mentioned above. The result shows that owing to the difference of the position and physical parameters of the zones, the statistic error in every zone is different. While we make 1548 zones in the furnace and 6×105 energy beams in total the maximum fractional error of radiative simulation in the gas area is only 4 to 5 present at burning center but 20 to 28 percent at furnace outlet, and on the furnace wall is 10 percent at burner area, but 25 .to 30 percent at furnace outlet (Fig., 1,2). The maximum error of gas temperature is 20 to 60℃, and the maximum calculating error of surface temperature on the sooted furnace wall is 130 to 200℃ (Fig. 3).This paper discussed three problems. First, in the case of furnace heat transfer the va- riation of the total number of energy beams will produce different effect on the zones which possess different, positions and different properties. As to China made 410 t/b boiler if the furnace is divided to 1600 zones it seems proper to choose the total number of energy beams near s×105. Second, the example calculating shows that, the technic of "N∞ energy" is better than technic of "N = const". Third, in the present enginerring applying if the statistic error should be remained near the original level, the total number of en-ergy beams must be increased proportionally to the increase of furnace zones.

The normal value of biochemistry indices of dog in Chongqing area presented in this paper are based from the pre-burn values of the experiments of respiratory inhalationinjury over the years in our Burn Center. Most of these normal value are similar to Chinese and foreign documented data. A few mean values, such as plasma protein and hemoglobin, are lower than the documented data. Some of the mean values, such as blood sugar and urea nitrogen, fluctuate over a wider range.