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penal sanction
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  刑事制裁
     Agreement on Trade-related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights, Including Trade in Counterfeiting Goods as law document of the WTO system frame promotes to suppress, with the way of penal sanction, the acts of intentional crime, having the business scale, that violate the patent right intentionally.
     而构成WTO体制框架的法律文件《知识产权协议》提倡以刑事制裁手段遏制具有商业规模且故意侵害专利权的行为,由此,专利权保护问题和维护世界贸易秩序联系在一起,我国亦享有(承担)该等国际条约项下的权利(义务)。
短句来源
     By analyzing the legislation of organized crime in different countries and regions, we find that the principal part of legislation is common part, purposely offense in subjective fact, behavioral offense in objective fact and special stern on penal sanction.
     通过对世界上各国和地区黑社会性质组织犯罪的立法分析,我们发现国外黑社会性质组织犯罪的立法主体为一般主体、主观方面表现为目的犯、客观方面表现为行为犯和刑事制裁方面特别严厉。
短句来源
  “penal sanction”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Trend of Prostitution Gang & Penal Sanction
     卖淫团伙化趋势及其刑事抗制
短句来源
     Taking up the power of penal sanction to protect the patent system as the finally defend limit is generally accepted in modern lawmaking by all the countries of the eastern or the western.
     以启动刑罚权为保护专利制度的最后防线乃东西方各国现代立法上通例。
短句来源
     Because the system of duty of loyalty is an important legal norm in the civil law and the mercantile law, this article discusses only director's civil liability, not administrative sanction and penal sanction.
     团董事忠实义务制度属一民商法课题,故本文仅讨论董事的民事法律责任,而不涉及行政责任和刑事处罚。
短句来源
     The first part, as the preface, makes a through inquiry of the origins and developments of the theory of unite crime, indicating the subject of the crime has a contradictory relationship between penal sanction and traditional criminal theory.
     另一方面,传统的刑事责任理论与现存的单位犯罪事实之间存在着难以逾越的“鸿沟”,上述各国刑法理论在刑罚功利性与理论传承性之间踯躅徘徊、艰难前行。
短句来源
  相似匹配句对
     Trend of Prostitution Gang & Penal Sanction
     卖淫团伙化趋势及其刑事抗制
短句来源
     Community Service Sanction: Foreign Experience And Thoughts of Introducing into Chinese Administration of Justice And Penal
     社区服务刑:国外经验及引入我国刑事司法的构想
短句来源
     Studies on Administrative Sanction
     论行政处分
短句来源
     Penal Protection to Environment
     环境的刑法保护
短句来源
     On Self- governed Sanction Theory
     论仲裁条款自治理论
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  penal sanction
It is therefore regarded as the ultima ratio of the penal sanction system.
      


Based on analysis of Austrian Criminal Code in 1975 and the latest criminal acts, this article makes a comment on the current reforms in Austrian Criminal Law within 30 years in the light of the regulation of criminal law, the application of penal sanctions and the handling of the accused or convict. The general characters of these reforms are as follows: (1) extension of the scope of criminal Law; (2) restrictions in the area of penal sanctions and (3) humanized improvements for the accused or convicted...

Based on analysis of Austrian Criminal Code in 1975 and the latest criminal acts, this article makes a comment on the current reforms in Austrian Criminal Law within 30 years in the light of the regulation of criminal law, the application of penal sanctions and the handling of the accused or convict. The general characters of these reforms are as follows: (1) extension of the scope of criminal Law; (2) restrictions in the area of penal sanctions and (3) humanized improvements for the accused or convicted persons. These characters indicate clearly that basic understanding of criminal law is changing. The criminal law is being transformed from a law simply providing punishments into a law regulating how to deal comprehensively with punishable offences, that is, into a more differentiated “crime law”.

基于对奥地利 1975年刑法典和最新刑事单行法规进行分析 ,从刑法的调整范围、刑罚适用和罪犯处遇 3方面论述奥地利刑法在最近 30年的新变革。从奥国刑法最新变革的诸方面看 ,其刑法变革的总体特点是 :犯罪规定扩大化、刑事处罚谦抑化、刑事处遇人道化。这些特点表明 ,人们过去对刑法的基本理解正在发生变化 ,刑法正从简单意义上的惩罚性法律转变为规范人们如何全方位地对待惩罚的法律

The jury system was first introduced in the first-established colony, New South Wales of Australia, and it possesses Anglo-American common law tradition. Section 80 of the Commonwealth Constitution provides that trial on indictment of any offence against any law of the Commonwealth shall be by jury,however,the states retain its legislative powers over the process of jury trial. An offence will be tried before a jury if it shall be substantially"indictable".A jury shall be both representative of the community...

The jury system was first introduced in the first-established colony, New South Wales of Australia, and it possesses Anglo-American common law tradition. Section 80 of the Commonwealth Constitution provides that trial on indictment of any offence against any law of the Commonwealth shall be by jury,however,the states retain its legislative powers over the process of jury trial. An offence will be tried before a jury if it shall be substantially"indictable".A jury shall be both representative of the community and impartial,which are ensured by random selection from the electoral roll and by challenges and penal sanctions by the law of contempt of court.The principle of unanimous verdict for the jury is now maintained , yet majority verdicts are authorised by state statutes. As for the tasks of judge and jury,they are demarcated along traditional lines, still the judge may instruct the jury to reder a verdict of not guilty if the evidence is "unsafe or unsatisfactory". Besides, appeals against convictions in jury trials may be on matters of fact or law or mixed law and fact, provided they have resulted in a "miscarriage of justice"or the evidence be "unreliable or wanting in credibility".

澳大利亚的刑事陪审制度正式确立于殖民地时期的新南威尔士,1900年的联邦宪法规定了陪审制度,但陪审法仍然属于各州或地区的立法权范围。澳大利亚的陪审制度继承了英国普通法的传统,属于英美式的陪审团制。陪审适用于可诉罪,不适用于简易罪;陪审团必须具备社区代表性与公正性,前者通过选民名单的随机挑选来实现,后者由回避申请和藐视法庭罪的刑事制裁等程序来加以保障;除了联邦犯罪以外,各州法律允许陪审团做出多数裁决,但有程度不同的、较大的限制;法官对陪审团具有司法指导的职能,如果证据存在高度缺陷,可以指导其做出无罪裁决;对陪审团的有罪裁决可依事实和法律问题进行上诉,理由主要是裁决导致了审判不公以及证据缺乏可靠性可信性等。澳大利亚的刑事陪审制度对我国人民陪审制度的改革和完善具有参考价值。

There are many ways in our country to restrain the detective from extorting a confession by torture,including penal sanction,administrative punishment,and civil liability.At the same time,many factors preventing these punishment working.Some factors can be eliminated by reforms,but those reforms are so big that it is very difficult to forecast when the reforms can be finished,even whether or not the reforms will be carried out.The other factors will never be eliminated.It is necessary for us to establish...

There are many ways in our country to restrain the detective from extorting a confession by torture,including penal sanction,administrative punishment,and civil liability.At the same time,many factors preventing these punishment working.Some factors can be eliminated by reforms,but those reforms are so big that it is very difficult to forecast when the reforms can be finished,even whether or not the reforms will be carried out.The other factors will never be eliminated.It is necessary for us to establish and perfect procedural sanction mechanism,which will work with the substantial sanction to cut down the torture.

为了抑制刑讯逼供的发生,我国确立了包括追究刑事责任、处以行政处分、判令承担民事赔偿责任等在内的多种直接对刑讯者本人进行实体性处罚的制裁措施。现阶段,众多因素限制了这些实体制裁措施效用的有效发挥。其中部分因素虽然在理论上可以通过诉讼制度变革予以消除,但是这些变革都较为重大,何时实现乃至能否实现都还是个问题,而部分因素则不可能通过制度变革予以消除。我国有必要建立和完善程序性裁判机制,使最高人民法院司法解释所确立的程序性制裁能发挥效用,并与实体性制裁互相配合,以抑制刑讯的发生。

 
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