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independent evolution
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  相似匹配句对
     Theoretical Analysis on the Evolution of independent Property Institution
     独立财产制度嬗变的理论透视
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     The crack evolution is completely independent of the mesh structure.
     非连续位移的扩展路径完全与网格结构无关.
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     EVOLUTION AND TAXONOMY
     进化论与分类学
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     EVOLUTION AND STRUCTURAL
     渤海湾地区中西部中生代构造特征及演化
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     independent judgers.
     法官独立。
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  independent evolution
We also discuss possible habitat factors that may have favored the independent evolution of particular seed types such as winged seeds in various lineages.
      
The psbA-trnH spacer exhibited patterns that can be explained by the independent evolution of large inversions in the psbA 3'UTR and mutational hot spots in the remaining portion of the psbA-trnH spacer.
      
The independent evolution and amplification of different satDNAs is discussed in relation to molecular phylogenetic data.
      
The molecular data confirm that the species of Solanum endemic to Macaronesia belong to two distinct clades, each showing an independent evolution of heteromorphic anthers.
      
Transversions apparently evolve at remarkably regular rates in ungulate taxa which have accumulated less than 20% estimated sequence divergence, corresponding to about 40-45 million years of independent evolution.
      
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The granite gneiss complex in eastern Jiaodong peninsula can be divided into three kinds of lithologies, i.e.(1) quartz dioritic tonalitic granodioritic gneiss,(2)adamellitic granitic gneiss; and (3)leucocratic granite.The intrusion sequences among them can be identified and the tabular zoned plagioclase crystals,belonging to plutonic mineral fabrics are widely preserved in the intrusions.The geochemistry of the different lithologies shows the features of independent evolution and the characteristics...

The granite gneiss complex in eastern Jiaodong peninsula can be divided into three kinds of lithologies, i.e.(1) quartz dioritic tonalitic granodioritic gneiss,(2)adamellitic granitic gneiss; and (3)leucocratic granite.The intrusion sequences among them can be identified and the tabular zoned plagioclase crystals,belonging to plutonic mineral fabrics are widely preserved in the intrusions.The geochemistry of the different lithologies shows the features of independent evolution and the characteristics of anatectic granites. Combined with isotopic ages,it has been determined that they are the granites formed during different stages of Proterozoic orageny.These rocks are commonly intensively depleted in Ti, Y, Sr, Ni, Mg, etc.,which proves that the magma was not directly derived from upper mantle or lower crust and they were the products of the anatexis of rocks that were formed in different stages of Proterozoic. This conclusion is very helpful to understand the Proterozoic crustal formation and evolution mechanism of the east sector of the south margin of North China platform.

胶东东部地区的元古宙花岗岩-片麻岩杂岩,可分为:(1)石英闪长质-英云闪长质-花岗闪长质片麻岩、(2)二长花岗质-钾长花岗质片麻岩和(3)淡色花岗岩三套岩石。它们之间可识别侵位先后关系,岩相中普遍存在残留的斜长石板状晶体、并具环带结构为主的原生深成岩的矿物相组构,地球化学成分演化各具独立性,并具有深熔花岗岩的性质,结合同位素年龄资料,确立它们是元古宙不同造山阶段形成的花岗岩。岩石中普遍存在Ti、Y、Sr、Ni及Mg等元素的强烈亏损,表明岩浆来源并非直接来源于上地幔或下地壳,它们是元古宙不同阶段已形成的岩石发生深熔作用形成的。这一认识有助于了解华北地台南缘东段元古宙这一重要地质时期的地壳形成和演化。

The monotypic genus Diplopanax Hand.-Mazz. of the south China and North Vietnam has been assigned by different authors to the Araliaceae, the Cornaceae and the Mastixiaceae. An investigation of floral, fruit, young stem and leaf anatomy confirmed the absence of secretory canals, one celled, two armed hairs, uniloculary ovar containing a single amphitropous ovule, these characters prelude the assignment of Diplopanax to the Araliaceae. This genus is the most similar to Mastixia based on morphological...

The monotypic genus Diplopanax Hand.-Mazz. of the south China and North Vietnam has been assigned by different authors to the Araliaceae, the Cornaceae and the Mastixiaceae. An investigation of floral, fruit, young stem and leaf anatomy confirmed the absence of secretory canals, one celled, two armed hairs, uniloculary ovar containing a single amphitropous ovule, these characters prelude the assignment of Diplopanax to the Araliaceae. This genus is the most similar to Mastixia based on morphological characters. The genus also possesses some features discordant in the Cornaceae, having epitropous ovules, horse-shoeshaped seed locule, cyme. Additionally, incomplete septum occurs in mastixiaoids fossil fruit of the upper Cretaceous, mastixoids is an independent evolution line. So the separate family Mastixiaceae enclosing Diplopanax and Mastixia is supported, and it is rather primitive in the order Cornales.

马蹄参属Diplopanax Hand . - Mazz.被不同的作者放在五加科Araliaceae、山茱萸科Cornaceae 或单室茱萸科Mastixiaceae 中,本文报道了马蹄参Diplopanaxstachyanthus Hand. - Mazz. 的解剖学特征,通过比较研究支持将马蹄参属从五加科中移出,改隶于单室山茱萸科。马蹄参属在山茱萸目Cornales 中处于比较原始的演化水平。

Based on the uplift of ancient planation surface,river terrace and sedimentary response of the Yinggehai basin and Qiongdongnan basin (Ying-Qiong basins),the paper suggests that the Western Yunnan Plateau (WYP)experienced a rapid uplift and denudation. The WYP has uplifted regionally about 610~700 m since Quaternary. Silicate detritus budget in Ying-Qiong basins from the WYP,mass balance between denudation areas of the WYP and accumulation areas of the Ying~Qiong basins and paleotemperature of Pliocene basins...

Based on the uplift of ancient planation surface,river terrace and sedimentary response of the Yinggehai basin and Qiongdongnan basin (Ying-Qiong basins),the paper suggests that the Western Yunnan Plateau (WYP)experienced a rapid uplift and denudation. The WYP has uplifted regionally about 610~700 m since Quaternary. Silicate detritus budget in Ying-Qiong basins from the WYP,mass balance between denudation areas of the WYP and accumulation areas of the Ying~Qiong basins and paleotemperature of Pliocene basins in the internal plateau were employed respectively to reconstruct denudation thickness of the WYP in Quaternary. About 1 059 m and 1 500~ 1 600 m have been worn away in western and eastern Lancang River,respectively. We take 1 059 m and 1 500 m respectively as denudation thickness of the western and eastern Lancang River,and 1. 6 Ma as the lower limit of Quaternary according to IUGS 1989 scale to calculate average denudation rate of the WYP to be 0.68 mm/a in western and 0. 94 mm/a in eastern Lancang River. Relative uplift rates in different times of Quaternary were calculated according to river terrace,and the results show that the WYP experienced a rapid and slow uplift alternatively. It includes: (1) acceleration uplift from 1. 6 Ma to 0. 296 Ma, (2) slow-footed upIift from 0.296Ma to 0.025 Ma, (3) acceleration uplift again from 0.025 Ma t0 now. Uplift reached its peak in 0. 386~0.296 Ma and peak rate was 2. 24~2. 5 mm/a;secondary rapid uplift was in 0.177~0. 296. Ma and rate 2. 02~2.28 mm/a,and the slowest uplift in 1. 6~0. 647 Ma and rate of uplift 0.68~0.94 mm/a. Some aspects of upllft history of the WYP are very similar to that of Tibetan Plateau because it was affected by uplift of Tibetan Plateau in Quaternary,but meanwhile,it also showed independent evolution characteristics.

由滇西高原内古夷平面的抬高、外流水系的河流阶地、高原外营歌海盆地和琼东南盆地的沉积响应,共同揭示滇西高原第四纪以来的快速隆升和剥蚀历史。第四纪以来滇西高原区域性抬升了610~700余米、被剥蚀了1095~1600m,其平均剥蚀速率为0.68~0.94mm/a。根据河流阶地计算出第四纪以来各时段的隆升速率;隆升在0.386~0.296Ma达到峰期,隆升速率为2.24~2.SOmm/a;1.6~0.647Ma隆升速率最缓慢为0.68~0.94mm/a。滇西高原第四纪以来的隆升量和隆升峰期与同期的青藏高原具有相似性,但隆升速率明显低于东喜马拉雅构造结的隆升速率。

 
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