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initiated
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  引发
     Studies on Relationship between Pathogenicity and Intracellular Signaling Initiated by Hepatitis C Virus E2 Protein
     丙型肝炎病毒E2蛋白引发细胞跨膜信号转导异常与致病性研究
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     Microwave-Improved Ring Opening Polymerization of ε-Caprolactone Initiated by Acids and Alcohols
     酸、醇引发的ε-己内酯微波开环聚合
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     PHOTOPOLYMERIZATION OF ACRYLONITRILE INITIATED WITH AROMATIC TERTIARY AMINE
     芳香叔胺引发丙烯腈光聚合研究
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     STUDIES ON THE POLYMERIZATION OF FUNCTIONAL MONOMERS CONTAINING AMINO GROUPS——Ⅲ. Polymerization of 4-(N, N-Dimethylaminobenzyl) Methacrylate Initiated by Lauroyl Peroxide
     含胺基功能性单体的聚合研究——Ⅲ.甲基丙烯酸4-(N,N-二甲氨基)苄酯在过氧化月桂酰引发下的聚合动力学
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     Parametric characteristics of an electrically initiated HF laser
     电引发HF激光器的参数特性
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  “initiated”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Mechanisms of Myocardial Energy Metabolic Disorders Responsible for Left Heart Failure Initiated by Lung Infection in Elderly Canines
     老龄犬肺部感染启动左心衰竭心肌能量代谢障碍的机制研究
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     Study on Preparation of P(BA-MMA-AA)/TiO_2 and PS/Na~+-MMT Nanocomposites Through Ultrasonically Initiated In-Situ Emulsion Polymerization
     超声辐照原位乳液聚合制备P(BA-MMA-AA)/TiO_2和PS/Na~+-MMT纳米复合材料的研究
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     Kinetic Behaviour of Styrene-Butadiene Solution Copolymerization Initiated with n-BuLi/t-BuOK
     n-BuLi/t-BuOK溶液丁苯共聚合的动力学行为
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     FATIGUE-CRACK INITIATED FROM NOTCH TIP UNDER CYCLIC COMPRESSIVE LOAD
     压应力条件下缺口产生疲劳裂纹的研究
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     Single-pulse CO_2 laser initiated deflagration of NH_3-O_2 mixtures on catalyst
     NH_3-O_2体系单脉冲CO_2激光复相爆燃反应研究
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  相似匹配句对
     initiated the intention of Historian.
     首倡史家之心术。
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     The RMS algorithm was initiated by K.
     RMS算法是K.
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  initiated
It was suggested that the mechanism for the eruption of heat was that La3+ ion damages the outer cell membrane and increases its permeability and the proton-electron potential energy across the cell membrane was reduced or couldn't even be initiated.
      
When polymerization was initiated by BP and TPO, and the dosage of NPGDA was 2.5% mol concentration of monomer, the grafting degree reaches 30.1%.
      
Cubilin was required for handling a greater amount of protein in nephrotic status and albumin-induced production of MCP-1 and RANTES by renal tubular cells, which further initiated tubulointerstitial inflammation in proteinuric disease.
      
They were crosslinked in situ via the radical polymerization of the vinyl group initiated by BPO after doping with lithium trifluoromethanesulfonimide (LiTFSI) to give rise to tough polymeric electrolyte films.
      
In this experiment we prepared the copolymer of L-lactide (L-LA) and (3s)-[(benzyloxycarbonyl) methyl] morpholine-2,5-dione (BMD) using tin(II)-octanoate initiated ring-opening copolymerization.
      
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The present paper treats the compression of a rectangular block between two parallel rough plates as a problem in the theory of plane strain for perfectly plastic-rigid materials.At first, the plastic-rigid theory of plane strain was outlined, then, the solution to the present problem is briefly surveyed. In section 4, the case that is left out in the present literature, viz. when the width-height ratio lies between 1 and 3.64 for partially rough plates is solved. In this treatment, the coefficient of friction...

The present paper treats the compression of a rectangular block between two parallel rough plates as a problem in the theory of plane strain for perfectly plastic-rigid materials.At first, the plastic-rigid theory of plane strain was outlined, then, the solution to the present problem is briefly surveyed. In section 4, the case that is left out in the present literature, viz. when the width-height ratio lies between 1 and 3.64 for partially rough plates is solved. In this treatment, the coefficient of friction ν is considered as constant along the contact surfaces. For eachμ, a critical value of the ratio w0/h is given. When w/hinitiated by A. F. Green (ref. 5). In the present case, however, a new parameter connected with μ should be added and the semi-inverse type of construction becomes very complicated.For w/h, the construction is again straightforward. The graphical construction used is described in detail in Appendix Ⅱ.The results of the solution are expressed in terms of Figs. 6 and 7, which show respectively: the average pressure on the plates vs. the width-height ratio for different values of μ and the pressure distributions along the plates. Although the construction for the intermediate case, w0/h

本文将平行刚性压板间的塑性流动问题作为理想刚塑性的平面应变问题处理;先简单的复习理想刚塑性的平面应变问题,然后对本问题已做的部分作简短的介绍,再处理了现在还未解决的情形,那就是:当1

The first step in caprolactam polymerization is an addition polymerization. The authors have studied the initiative influence of various substances on the polymerization and obtained the following results. The initiators of the free radical type, such as benzoyl peroxide and hydrogen peroxide together with their redox systems, all exerted no effect on caprolactam. While carboxylic acids gave only weak initiative effect in absence of water and amines gave no action, the mixtures of acids and amines and of acids...

The first step in caprolactam polymerization is an addition polymerization. The authors have studied the initiative influence of various substances on the polymerization and obtained the following results. The initiators of the free radical type, such as benzoyl peroxide and hydrogen peroxide together with their redox systems, all exerted no effect on caprolactam. While carboxylic acids gave only weak initiative effect in absence of water and amines gave no action, the mixtures of acids and amines and of acids and water initiated the polymerization rapidly. Amino-acids of various types also gave rapid initiation. 6-Benzoyl-amino-caproic acid was found to be far inferior in the initiative activity than benzoic acid. Trimethylphenyl ammonium iodide did not initiate the polymerization, and attempt to polymerize N-methyl caprolactam gave negative results.From these facts, the polymerization of caprolactam is clearly neither of free radical nor of step-wise addition mechanism. The authors suggest that the initiation is exerted by both the cation and anion of the initiator. These ions activate the amide grouping by a proton transfer mechanism, which causes caprolactam to polarize in the type of a zwitter-ion and thereafter polymerization proceeds.

己內醯胺聚合的最初階段為加成聚合。作者研究若干種化合物,試驗它們對己內醯胺聚合的引發作用。結果,自由基型的引發劑如過氧化苯甲醯,過氧化氫和它們的氧化還原體系,均不能引發己內醯胺的聚合。羧酸在無水存在時其引發作用甚弱。胺類則缺乏引發效應。但羧酸与胺同時存在時能迅速的引起己內醯胺的聚合。氨基酸不論何種類型均有迅速的引發作用。苯甲醯胺基己酸的引發作用遠較苯甲酸為差。碘化三甲基苯基銨(季銨鹽)不能引發己內醯胺的聚合,而N-甲基己內醯胺也不能用這些引發劑引起聚合。根據以上結果,己內醯胺聚合顯非自由基型的聚合,亦非引發劑与單體的逐步加成。作者建議引發劑的正負兩種離子都有影響。引發機構是由於氫原子的轉移,使己內醯胺發生雙離子式的極化,因而發生聚合。

After a preliminary partial removal of the cerebral hemisphere on one side and subsequent degeneration of the fibers originating therefrom, the exposed corpus callosum becomes available for pure antidromic stimulation. In the rabbit motor cortex, with monopolar surface leading, the response elicited by a single antidromic volley from the corpus callosum, has a rather regular pattern with minor variations. The first phase is uniformly simple, while the second negative phase with its various modifications generally...

After a preliminary partial removal of the cerebral hemisphere on one side and subsequent degeneration of the fibers originating therefrom, the exposed corpus callosum becomes available for pure antidromic stimulation. In the rabbit motor cortex, with monopolar surface leading, the response elicited by a single antidromic volley from the corpus callosum, has a rather regular pattern with minor variations. The first phase is uniformly simple, while the second negative phase with its various modifications generally shows the presence of more or less prolonged negativity which does not seem to be accountable for by antidromic activation of the callosal neurons alone. The second negative phase becomes relatively much more conspicuous with the stronger stimuli and is generally accompanied by discharges in the pyramidal tract. This part of the response is greatly increased by strychnine. It is thus clear that antidromic stimulation of the callosal neurons through their collaterals can initiate postsynaptic activities. With 2 strong stimuli at increasing intervals, the response to the second stimulus still shows a peculiar deficit in its second phase even at intervals of over 200 msec. With 2 weaker stimuli in succession, however, the second phase of the response to the second stimulus may show a relative increase in size instead of a relative deficit. The cortical responses to antidromic stimulation of the corpus callosum and of the pyramidal tract, when they follow each other in close succession, have been found to show considerable mutual interaction. The interaction between the response to antidromic caUosal stimulation and the initial negative response to direct surface stimulation has also been observed. In their sensitivity to local surface application of procaine, the various components of the cortical response to pure antidromic and to mixed antidromic and orthodromic callosal stimulation show characteristic differences. Recording with microelectrode shows that the second negative phase of the cortical response to antidromic callosal stimulation becomes progressively displaced forward in time. while the initial positive phase becomes smaller and smaller as the microelectrode is lowered step by step, until at a depth of about 1.2 mm, the initial positive phase disappears altogether. All these could be understood by reference to cortical histology.

摘除一侧大腦半球的一部分,等待足够時日使發源於這一部分大腦皮層的胼胝體纖維變質,然後刺激暴露出來的胼胝體就可以得到純粹的逆行衝動傳向對側大腦皮層的胼胝體神經原。用單極引出,這種逆行衝動在大腦皮層引起的反應首先是一個簡單的正電位,然後是一個時程較長的負電位。這負電位可被番木龞鹼大大增加,並伴有錐體束放射。這些表明,胼胝體神經原在接受逆行刺激時能通過其側枝引起突觸後的活動。在用接連兩次逆行刺激時,隨着所用刺激是弱或強,第一個反應的負電位部分可以增大或減小。由胼胝體的逆行刺激和錐體束的逆行刺激在皮層所引起的兩個反應之間有相互影響,當後者在先時,前者的負電位部分減少。就局部施加於大腦皮層表面的普魯卡因溶液對於它們的藥效發展的快慢而言,胼胝體逆行刺激在皮層引起的反應與胼胝體的順行及逆行混合刺激所引起的反應的各組成部分有其特異的差別。用微電極逐步插入皮層不同深度處記錄得到的胼胝體逆行刺激所引起的反應表現有系統的變化。這些結果從有關組織學資料可以得出自然的解釋。

 
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