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cervical spinal fractures
相关语句
  颈椎骨折
     Result:The rate of cervical spinal fractures in ankylosing spondylitis to all was 3.5% ,mean duration of AS were 23 years. The most frequent level of injury were C_(6、7) or C_(5、6). The posterior fixation with lateral mass and screw was simple.
     结果:强直性脊柱炎颈椎骨折病人约占所有颈椎骨折病人的3.5%,AS病史平均23年,好发于C_(6~7),其次为C_(5~6)。
短句来源
     Methods 20 cases of cervical spinal fractures underwent spiral CT scanning and were observed with axial scanning, 3D and multiplanar reconstruction (MPR) image that focused on the cervical spinal fracture and characteristics of CT manifestation.
     方法收集颈椎骨折患者术前螺旋CT资料20例,同时进行了MPR和3D重建图像分析。 着重观察颈椎骨折的部位、椎体序列、椎体高度、骨折线、椎体附件骨折和旋转/脱位等的螺旋CT表现,并评价轴扫、MPR和3D重建图像的优势。
短句来源
     In all the 52 cases, there were 34 (65.4%) initial cervical facet dislocations, 16 cervical spinal fractures and 2 spinal cord injuries without radiographic abnormality.
     发现有椎动脉损伤的患者中,34例(65.4%)原始损伤为颈椎小关节脱位,16例为颈椎骨折,2例为无放射影像异常的颈髓损伤。
短句来源
     Objective To study the image features and clinical significance of 3D and multiplanar reconstruction helical CT in cervical spinal fractures.
     目的探讨颈椎骨折螺旋CT轴扫、多平面(MPR)和三维(3D)重建图像的特点及其临床意义。
短句来源
     Methods 3 cervical spinal fractures and 2 cervical spondylous myelopathy were treated by anterior decompression, autografting and Orion plate fixation.
     方法 对 3例颈椎骨折合并高位截瘫和 2例脊髓型颈椎病患者施行颈椎前路减压植骨融合及Orion钢板内固定。
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  “cervical spinal fractures”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Diagnostic value of 3D reconstruction with spiral CT in upper cervical spinal fractures
     螺旋CT三维重建对上颈椎损伤的诊断价值
短句来源
     Diagnosis value of 3D and multiplanar reconstruction spiral CT in cervical spinal fractures
     螺旋CT多平面和三维重建对颈椎骨折的诊断价值
短句来源
     Conclusions Contiguous type was more common than noncontiguous type in multiple level cervical spinal fractures;
     结论 颈椎多节段损伤多为屈曲压缩型 ,连续型损伤多见 ,不连续型损伤少见 ;
短句来源
     Conclusion 3D and MPR of spinal CT are useful in the diagnosis of cervical spinal fractures.
     在显示椎体脱位和旋转方面,3D重建最直观。
短句来源
     In all the cases, there were 261 cervical spinal fractures, 12 spinal cord injuries (without radiographic abnormality), 46 cervical facet dislocations (including 22 unilateral facet dislocation and 24 bilateral facet dislocation).
     小关节脱位46例,其中单侧小关节脱位22例,双侧小关节脱位24例; 无放射影像异常的脊髓损伤12例。
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  相似匹配句对
     Objective: To study the surgical treatment for cervical spinal fractures and dislocations.
     目的 :探讨无脊髓损伤的颈椎骨折脱位的手术治疗方法和技术改进。
短句来源
     The nerves of cervical spinal column
     颈部脊柱部分结构的神经分布
短句来源
     MRI of Cervical Spinal Trauma
     颈椎损伤的MRI表现
短句来源
     Treatment of Cervical Fractures with Spinal Cord Injury during Perioperative Period
     颈椎骨折合并脊髓损伤病人的围手术期处理
短句来源
     Diagnosis of cervical spinal fractures in ankylosing spondylitis and the management with posterior fixation
     强直性脊柱炎颈椎骨折诊断及后路内固定治疗
短句来源
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  cervical spinal fractures
Three cervical spinal fractures are presented patients with ankylosing spondylitis.
      
Management of cervical spinal fractures in ankylosing spondylitis with posterior fixation.
      


Objective: To study the surgical treatment for cervical spinal fractures and dislocations. Methods: Twenty two cases of cervical spinal fractures and dislocations without spinal cord injury, including 8 cases of fresh injury and 14 cases of old injury, were treated with anterior decompression, reduction, autograft and AO cervical spine locking plate fixation. Results: Clinical manifestations were improved in all cases and 7 cases got complete remission. Six months after surgery, 16 patients...

Objective: To study the surgical treatment for cervical spinal fractures and dislocations. Methods: Twenty two cases of cervical spinal fractures and dislocations without spinal cord injury, including 8 cases of fresh injury and 14 cases of old injury, were treated with anterior decompression, reduction, autograft and AO cervical spine locking plate fixation. Results: Clinical manifestations were improved in all cases and 7 cases got complete remission. Six months after surgery, 16 patients went back to work and 3 cases still felt finger numbness. Solid fusion was obtained within 3 months in all cases. Intervertebral heights and physiologic curves were kept well and there were no plate/screw break or loose. Conclusion: Anterior approach is preferred to cervical spinal fractures and dislocation without spinal cord injury. Through anterior approach, it is feasible to get complete decompression, good reduction and excellent maintenance of intervertebral heights and physiologic curves. More important, cervical spine can be stabilized immediately and secondary injury to spinal cord will be prevented.

目的 :探讨无脊髓损伤的颈椎骨折脱位的手术治疗方法和技术改进。 方法 :对 2 2例无脊髓损伤的颈椎骨折或骨折脱位 ,其中新鲜损伤 8例 ,陈旧性损伤 14例 ,采用经前路伤椎椎体次全切除减压、复位、自体髂骨植骨及 AO纯钛带锁钢板固定的方法进行手术治疗。结果 :术后全部病例经随访观察 ,症状获得改善 ,7例完全恢复。植骨在 3个月内牢固融合 ,术后 6个月 ,16例重返工作 ,3例残留手指麻木。颈椎椎间高度、生理曲度维持良好 ,无钢板、螺钉折断、滑脱等并发症。结论 :对于无脊髓损伤的颈椎骨折脱位宜首选经前路手术治疗 ,前路手术除可达到减压、复位、恢复颈椎椎间高度和生理曲度外 ,更重要的是可重建颈椎即刻稳定性 ,对防止继发性脊髓损伤有极其重要的作用

To evaluate the clinical effect of APOFIX instrument in treating superior cervical spinal fracture and dislocation, six cases of superior cervical spinal fractures and dislocations (including 4 cases of odontoid fractures accompanying atlanoaxial sub dislocations and 2 cases of Hangman`s fractures) were treated by C 1~2 arthrodesis and autologous bone grafts using APOFIX instrument. The clinical outcome was assessed by radiographs of the cervical spine for a regular time. The...

To evaluate the clinical effect of APOFIX instrument in treating superior cervical spinal fracture and dislocation, six cases of superior cervical spinal fractures and dislocations (including 4 cases of odontoid fractures accompanying atlanoaxial sub dislocations and 2 cases of Hangman`s fractures) were treated by C 1~2 arthrodesis and autologous bone grafts using APOFIX instrument. The clinical outcome was assessed by radiographs of the cervical spine for a regular time. The results showed that successive installation of inner fixation was obtained in all patients who were followed up postoperatively for 6~18 months. Solid osseous unions were gained in all 6 cases without loosely surging of interlaminar clamps and shifting of graft bones. The study suggests that it is safe ,simple and effective for the treatment of superior cervical spinal fractures and dislocations using APOFIX instrument. The preoperative anatomic reduction of atlantoaxial is the key to operation.

对 6例上颈椎骨折脱位患者 (齿状突骨折伴寰枢椎半脱位 4例 ,Hangman骨折 2例 ) ,应用 APOFIX系统行后路 C1~ 2 固定及植骨融合术 ,术后定期摄颈椎 X线片。结果 6例内固定均成功 ,并获 6个月以上随访 ,椎板钩及植骨块无松动及移位 ,植骨融合。认为 APOFIX应用于上颈椎后路内固定 ,安全、简便、有效 ;术前解剖复位是手术成功的关键

Objective To study the mechanism and treatment principle of spinal fracture paraplegia combined with diaphragmatic injury. Methods A retrospective analysis was made of 16 patients with spinal fracture paraplegia combined with diaphragmatic injury,who were admitted and received emergency treatment at our hospital in the past 20 years.Results The injuries were caused by direct or indirect violence.Six sustained cervical spinal...

Objective To study the mechanism and treatment principle of spinal fracture paraplegia combined with diaphragmatic injury. Methods A retrospective analysis was made of 16 patients with spinal fracture paraplegia combined with diaphragmatic injury,who were admitted and received emergency treatment at our hospital in the past 20 years.Results The injuries were caused by direct or indirect violence.Six sustained cervical spinal fracture paraplegia combined with diaphragmatic injury,two men had thoracic vertebra fracture paraplegia combined with diaphragmatic injury and 8 cases had frature paraplegia of thoracolumbar region combined with diaphragmatic injury.Six patients received non surgical treatment,but died finally.10 received surgical treatment,of them 4 died and 6 improved.The total mortality rate was 62 5% and improvement rate was 37 5%.Conclusion Spinal fracture paraplegia combined with diaphragmatic injury is one of the most severe trauma in orthopedics.It is easy to detect paraplegia in the patients clinically,while diaphragmatic injury is often neglected and missed.Diaphragmatic muscle should first be repaired and at the same time chest and abdomen carefully examined.In fracture of cervical vertebra paraplegia,treatment may follow operation of the neck.While in patients with thoracic and lumbar vertebra fracture,diaphragmatic injury should first be dealt with,then fracture of spinal columm. [Key words] Fracture of spinal column;Paraplegia;Diaphragmatic injury ow dose of interleukin 1β(IL 1β) pretreatment can enhance the myocardium resist ance to ischemia and reperfusion(I/R) injury during the late phase We measured the changes of heat shock protein72(HSP72), IL 1β and superoxide dismutase(SOD) of the myocardium ,determined the infarct size and recorded the change of heart function and the rate of reperfusional arrhythmia at the end of ischemia 1h and reperfuse 2h after immediately,12h and 24h after IL 1β injected rats There was a significant increase of left ventricular diastolic pressure(LVDP) and a significant decrease of ±dp/dt and SOD contents in the ILPC and I/R groups than in the control at 0~24h after IL 1β or NS pretreat,but the increased amplitude of LVDP and decreased amplitude of the ±dp/dt and SOD were significantly lower in the ILPC group than in the I/R group at the end of 24h after IL 1βpretreatment( P <0 05) At the same time,the expressions of HSP72 increased and IL 1β decreased significantly ,the infarct size reduced remarkably in the ILPC group than in the control and I/R groups ,and the rate of ventricular arrhythmia was obviously reduced in the ILPC group than in the I/R group( P <0 05) No difference was observed in the ILPC and I/R groups at immediately and 12 hours It suggested that low dose IL 1β pretreatment induced the late cardioprotective and its mechanism could be associated with increase of protective proteins and the balance of oxidants and antioxidants

目的 探讨脊柱骨折截瘫合并膈肌损伤的机制和救治原则。方法 对近 2 0年来本院收治的脊柱骨折截瘫合并膈肌损伤的 16例患者进行回顾性分析。结果 本组患者受伤原因分为直接暴力或间接暴力。颈椎骨折截瘫合并膈肌损伤 6例 ,胸椎骨折截瘫合并膈肌损伤 2例 ,胸腰椎骨折截瘫合并膈肌损伤 8例。非手术治疗 6例 ,死亡 6例 ;手术治疗 10例 ,死亡 4例 ,好转 6例。总病死率 6 2 5 % ,好转率 37 5 %。结论 脊柱骨折截瘫合并膈肌损伤是骨科最为严重的创伤之一 ,膈肌损伤不易发现。首先应急诊修复膈肌及胸腹部脏器损伤 ,对颈椎骨折同时手术处理截瘫 ;对胸椎及腰椎骨折 ,则在处理膈肌损伤后再处理脊柱骨折

 
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