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complicated calculi
相关语句
  复杂性结石
     Mini-PCNL for treatment of renal complicated calculi
     微穿刺经皮肾镜碎石术治疗肾脏复杂性结石(附62例报告)
短句来源
     From March 2001 to October 2004, we treated 62 cases of complicated calculi with mini-PCNL.
     方法2001年3月~2004年10月,作者采用微穿刺PCNL治疗肾脏复杂性结石62例。
短句来源
     Intra-cavitary treatment for urological complicated calculi with holmium laser lithotripsy
     腔内钬激光碎石术治疗泌尿系复杂性结石
短句来源
  “complicated calculi”译为未确定词的双语例句
     ENDOUROLOGICAL TREATING UPPER URINARY COMPLICATED CALCULI WITH HOLMIUM LASER LITHOTRIPSY
     上尿路复杂结石的腔内钬激光治疗
短句来源
     Treatment of ureteral complicated calculi with Holmium:YAG laser lithotripsy(Report of 87 cases)
     钬激光碎石术治疗复杂性输尿管结石87例报告
短句来源
     [Objective]To evaluate the application of mini-PCNL for treatment of renal complicated calculi.
     目的探讨采用微穿刺PCNL治疗肾脏复杂性结石的安全性和有效性。
短句来源
     An 8.9 F ureteroscopy and lithoclast were used to fragment complicated calculi.
     采用8.9F输尿管硬镜,直视下配合气压弹道碎石机将结石粉碎,一次或分次清除结石。
短句来源
     Objective:To evaluate the therapeutic effect and safety of Holmium:YAG laser on the endoscopic treatment of ureteral complicated calculi.
     目的:探讨复杂性输尿管结石经钬激光腔内治疗的有效性及安全性。
短句来源
更多       
  相似匹配句对
     Operative treatment of complicated renal calculi
     开放手术治疗复杂性肾结石的体会
短句来源
     PYELOURETEROCALYCOPLASTY IN THE MANAGEMENT OF COMPLICATED RENAL CALCULI
     肾盂输尿管下肾盏切开成形术——在治疗复杂性肾结石中的应用
短句来源
     Complicated sex
     性有千千结
短句来源
     ③ its structure is complicated ;
     ③结构复杂性。
短句来源
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Objective:To find a new operational route, which can be employed to in-cise and expose every segmental bile ducts,and improve the curative effect of complicated intrahepatic calculus. Methods: Surgical anatomic relationships between intrahepat-ic bile ducts and blood vessels in 30 human liver specimens of adult were studied; and a new operational procedure were designed to treat 46 patients with complicated intrahep-atic calculus. Results: In the liver specimens anatomic study, we got the following results:...

Objective:To find a new operational route, which can be employed to in-cise and expose every segmental bile ducts,and improve the curative effect of complicated intrahepatic calculus. Methods: Surgical anatomic relationships between intrahepat-ic bile ducts and blood vessels in 30 human liver specimens of adult were studied; and a new operational procedure were designed to treat 46 patients with complicated intrahep-atic calculus. Results: In the liver specimens anatomic study, we got the following results: From visceral face we can see that both left and right hepatic ducts locate superior anterior edge of the left and right trunk of the portal vein. Left medial segmental duct and right anterior segmental duct locate anteriormedially(near the hilus)with the corresponding portal vein.73.3%(22/30) of right posterior segmental duct locates in the visceral deep of portal vein of right anterior segment (18/30) or inferior-anterior segment of right lobe(4/30). And 80%(24/30) of this duct locates in the visceral deep(20/30) or the posterior-superior edge of portal vein of right posterior lobe(4/30). Most left lateral segmental duct locates in the visceral deep of sagittal portion of left portal vein. Hepatic artery locates between intrahepatic portal vein or bile ducts in the Glisson sheath. Observation from diaphragmatic face,anatomic relationships between intrahepatic bile duct and blood vessels is exactly or nearly contrary to those from visceral face. Therefore, we can continually incise left and right hepatic bile duct,and most left medial segmental duct and right anterior segmental duct from visceral face. But exposing and cutting open right posterior segmental duct, left lateral segmental duct and some right segmental ducts through visceral operational route are still difficult. Diaphragmatic operational route including incising middle fissure,resecting quadrate lobe and then incising parenchymal through imaginary projecting lines of right posterior segmental duct may avoid damaging the main branches of right portal vein,and easily expose and cut open strictures and bifurcation of right intrahepatic ducts. Whereas,cutting open left lateral segmental duct from diaphragmatic face can avoid damaging the sagittal portion of left portal vein. A new combined op-ertional route getting to every segmental ducts from both visceral face and diaphragmatic face are designed. 46 patients with multiple complicated calculi and strictures in intrahepatic bile ducts were treated with this new operational procedure. No patient died of operation. 31 patients were followed up 39 months (average). The result showed:28 cases (90%)had excellent curative effect, 2 cases(6. 5%) improved, 1 case (3. 5%) was no avail. Conclusion :Combined opertional route from both visceral face and diaphragmatic face to expose and cut open intra and extra hepatic bile ducts and the strictures within them, can facilitate removing calculus, and "Big bowl" Roux-en-Y intrahepatic hepatoje-junostomy can get rid of strictures in intrahepatic bile ducts and reconstruct bile drainage. This new procedure is an effective treatment for intrahepatic calculus.

目的 探讨显露和剖开肝内各叶、段胆管的手术方法,提高复杂性肝内胆管结石病的治疗效果.方法 从肝内胆管手术显露的角度,研究了30个成人肝脏标本肝内各叶、段胆管与血管走行位置的解剖关系,设计了新的手术方法、用于治疗复杂性肝内胆管结石46例.结果 肝内胆管与血管走行的位置关系.从肝脏的脏面观:左右肝管均位于门静脉左右干的前上缘.左内叶胆管、右前叶胆管位于相应门静脉支的前内侧(近肝门侧).右后叶胆管有73.3%(22/30)位于门静脉右前支(18/30)或门静脉右前下段支(4/30)脏面深侧;80%(24/30)走行于门静脉右后叶支脏面深侧(20/3O)或后上缘(4/30).左外叶胆管基本上都走行于门静脉矢状部脏面深侧,只有2个标本的左外叶下段支胆管在其浅侧.肝动脉在肝内各叶段的分支基本上走行与Glisson鞘内胆管与门静脉之间或侧旁.从肝脏膈面观:肝内各叶、段胆管与血管的解剖位置关系大致与脏面观相反或接近相反.据此,从肝脏脏面显露肝门、可以连续切开左右肝管和多数左内叶及右前叶胆管,但难以显露右后叶及右叶各段胆管和左外叶胆管;而从肝脏膈面进路切开肝方叶或肝中裂.再沿右后叶胆管投影方向切开肝实质,则可避开右肝内的门静脉...

目的 探讨显露和剖开肝内各叶、段胆管的手术方法,提高复杂性肝内胆管结石病的治疗效果.方法 从肝内胆管手术显露的角度,研究了30个成人肝脏标本肝内各叶、段胆管与血管走行位置的解剖关系,设计了新的手术方法、用于治疗复杂性肝内胆管结石46例.结果 肝内胆管与血管走行的位置关系.从肝脏的脏面观:左右肝管均位于门静脉左右干的前上缘.左内叶胆管、右前叶胆管位于相应门静脉支的前内侧(近肝门侧).右后叶胆管有73.3%(22/30)位于门静脉右前支(18/30)或门静脉右前下段支(4/30)脏面深侧;80%(24/30)走行于门静脉右后叶支脏面深侧(20/3O)或后上缘(4/30).左外叶胆管基本上都走行于门静脉矢状部脏面深侧,只有2个标本的左外叶下段支胆管在其浅侧.肝动脉在肝内各叶段的分支基本上走行与Glisson鞘内胆管与门静脉之间或侧旁.从肝脏膈面观:肝内各叶、段胆管与血管的解剖位置关系大致与脏面观相反或接近相反.据此,从肝脏脏面显露肝门、可以连续切开左右肝管和多数左内叶及右前叶胆管,但难以显露右后叶及右叶各段胆管和左外叶胆管;而从肝脏膈面进路切开肝方叶或肝中裂.再沿右后叶胆管投影方向切开肝实质,则可避开右肝内的门静脉主要分支,比较容易显露和切开右肝内各叶、段胆管汇合部及狭窄段.从肝左叶膈面切开左外叶胆?

To clarify the infection risks and the value of endotoxin determination in urine during extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) Methods According to the distribution and complications of upper urinary calculi, 164 patients were divided into five groups Group A consisted of 48 patients with 1 to 4 renal calculi, which were or less than 2?cm in diameter Group B was composed of 24 patients with renal calculus larger than 2?cm in diameter or one to multiple renal calculi Group C was composed of 22 patients...

To clarify the infection risks and the value of endotoxin determination in urine during extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) Methods According to the distribution and complications of upper urinary calculi, 164 patients were divided into five groups Group A consisted of 48 patients with 1 to 4 renal calculi, which were or less than 2?cm in diameter Group B was composed of 24 patients with renal calculus larger than 2?cm in diameter or one to multiple renal calculi Group C was composed of 22 patients with 1 to 3 renal calculi accompanied by 1 to 2 ureteric calculi Group D consisted of 51 patients with 1 to 3 ureteric calculi that were 0 5 to 1 2?cm in diameter, respectively Group E included 19 patients with complicated renal calculus, such as casting and staghorn renal calculus Urine and blood samples of these patients were obtained before and after ESWL, respectively Their urine samples were proven sterile prior to treatment All samples were cultured for bacteria and investigated for endotoxin concentration by the limulus lysate test Results No significant difference in serum endotoxin was noted before and after ESWL Blood bacterial cultures were all negative in all patients after ESWL, similar to those before ESWL Significant increases in urine endotoxin after ESWL compared with that before ESWL in patients of Groups B, C and E were observed, respectively ( P <0 05) There was no significant difference in urine endotoxin after ESWL compared with that before ESWL in patients of Groups A and D The positive incidences of urine bacterial culture were significantly increased ( P <0 05) in Groups B and C and very significantly increased ( P <0 01) in Group E compared with those in Groups A and D Conclusions Urinary infection risk following ESWL was lower in patients with one to several renal calculi, which were less than 2?cm in diameter and did not interfere obviously with the urine flow or in patients with 1 to 3 ureteric calculi that were 0 5 to 1 2?cm in diameter The risk was higher in those with complicated calculi, such as casting, staghorn renal calculus, renal calculus larger than 2?cm in diameter or renal calculi accompanied by ureteric calculi For patients with higher infection risk after ESWL, prophylactic antibiotics are necessary even if bacteriuria is not present before ESWL Endotoxin determination in urine is a reliable, sensitive and simple method for the diagnosis of bacterial infection in patients undergoing ESWL

目的 探讨体外冲击波碎石 (ESWL)导致机体感染的可能性及测定尿液内毒素的价值和意义。方法  16 4例上尿路结石病人分成 5组。A组 :4 8例肾结石病人 ,结石 1- 4枚 (直径均≤ 2cm)。B组 :2 4例肾结石病人 ,结石 1- 3枚 (直径均 >2cm)。C组 :2 2例肾结石病人 ,结石 1- 3枚 ,伴 1- 2枚输尿管结石。D组 :51例输尿管结石病人 ,结石 1- 3枚 (直径为 0 5- 1 2cm)。E组 :19例复杂性肾结石病人。除A组外均有不同程度尿流梗阻。ESWL治疗前均无尿路感染。所有患者ESWL治疗前后取血、尿作细菌培养及以鲎试验测内毒素浓度。结果 所有病人ESWL治疗前、后血液内毒素浓度均无显著性变化 ,血液细菌培养均为阴性。B、C和E组ESWL治疗后尿液内毒素均较治疗前显著性升高。A和D组ESWL治疗前后尿液内毒素浓度均无显著性改变。ESWL治疗后B、C和E组尿液细菌培养阳性率较A和D组显著升高 ,或非常显著升高。结论 直径≤ 2cm、对引流系统无明显影响的肾结石或直径 0 5- 1 2cm的输尿管结石 ,ESWL治疗导致泌尿系感染的可能性较小 ;但复杂性、直径 ...

目的 探讨体外冲击波碎石 (ESWL)导致机体感染的可能性及测定尿液内毒素的价值和意义。方法  16 4例上尿路结石病人分成 5组。A组 :4 8例肾结石病人 ,结石 1- 4枚 (直径均≤ 2cm)。B组 :2 4例肾结石病人 ,结石 1- 3枚 (直径均 >2cm)。C组 :2 2例肾结石病人 ,结石 1- 3枚 ,伴 1- 2枚输尿管结石。D组 :51例输尿管结石病人 ,结石 1- 3枚 (直径为 0 5- 1 2cm)。E组 :19例复杂性肾结石病人。除A组外均有不同程度尿流梗阻。ESWL治疗前均无尿路感染。所有患者ESWL治疗前后取血、尿作细菌培养及以鲎试验测内毒素浓度。结果 所有病人ESWL治疗前、后血液内毒素浓度均无显著性变化 ,血液细菌培养均为阴性。B、C和E组ESWL治疗后尿液内毒素均较治疗前显著性升高。A和D组ESWL治疗前后尿液内毒素浓度均无显著性改变。ESWL治疗后B、C和E组尿液细菌培养阳性率较A和D组显著升高 ,或非常显著升高。结论 直径≤ 2cm、对引流系统无明显影响的肾结石或直径 0 5- 1 2cm的输尿管结石 ,ESWL治疗导致泌尿系感染的可能性较小 ;但复杂性、直径 >2cm的肾结石、或肾结石伴输尿管结石 ,即使ESWL治疗前无菌尿症 ,ESWL导致泌尿系感染的可能性大 ,预防性使用抗生素是必要的。另外 ,尿液内毒素测定是诊断ESWL病人泌尿系是否感染的一个

Objective: To evaluate the therapeutic effect and safety of Holmium laser on the endourological treatment of upper urinary complicated calculi. Methods:Investigated the clinical material on endourological treatment of 11 cases upper urinary complicated calculi with Holmium laser lithotripsy. Results:Eleven cases upper urinary complicated calculi were fragmented after 1~5 lithotripsy, mean 4 lithotripsy. The operation time was 30~200 min, mean 120 min. The average hospitalization days after...

Objective: To evaluate the therapeutic effect and safety of Holmium laser on the endourological treatment of upper urinary complicated calculi. Methods:Investigated the clinical material on endourological treatment of 11 cases upper urinary complicated calculi with Holmium laser lithotripsy. Results:Eleven cases upper urinary complicated calculi were fragmented after 1~5 lithotripsy, mean 4 lithotripsy. The operation time was 30~200 min, mean 120 min. The average hospitalization days after last lithotripsy was 2d.Conclusions:The endourological treatment of upper urinary complicated calculi with Holmium laser lithotripsy is a new, safe and efficient method.

目的 :探讨上尿路复杂结石的腔内钬激光治疗效果及安全性。方法 :总结 11例上尿路复杂结石腔内钬激光治疗的临床资料。结果 :11例均碎石成功。碎石次数 1~ 5次 ,平均 4次 ,手术时间 30~ 2 0 0min ,平均手术时间 12 0min ,末次碎石术后住院天数 1~ 3d ,平均 2d。结论 :腔内钬激光治疗上尿路复杂结石是一种新的、安全的、有效的方法。

 
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