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In six parts the present article reviews the special features of China' s westernregions and the major causes of their undeveloped economy before expatiating ona comprehensive idea for their faster development: 1.Analysis of the present economic situation there; 2.key to their faster development; 3.Proposal for a Bank of Development in China' s West as a means to pro-vide funds needed for changes in the import patterns; 4.Positive regional policies for better economic interflow between China' sEast and west;...

In six parts the present article reviews the special features of China' s westernregions and the major causes of their undeveloped economy before expatiating ona comprehensive idea for their faster development: 1.Analysis of the present economic situation there; 2.key to their faster development; 3.Proposal for a Bank of Development in China' s West as a means to pro-vide funds needed for changes in the import patterns; 4.Positive regional policies for better economic interflow between China' sEast and west; 5.Reshaping of the large enterprises and formation of enterprise groups asmeans to bring about a new organism of internal growth; and 6.New government economic behaviours needed for effective governmentencouragement and guidance to China' s Western economic development.

本文论述了我国西部地区的特点和经济不发达的主要原因,并在此基础上提出了加速该地区经济发展的基本思路。全文共分四个部分:(一)西部地区经济现状分析;(二)加快西部经济发展的关键;(三)建立“中国西部开发银行”,以资金为枢纽带动外部输入方式的转变;(四)采取积极的区域政策,切实推动东西部交流;(五)以大企业的重塑为主攻方向,建立西部企业群,实现内部增长机制的转换;(六)改变政府经济行为,有效发挥政府推动和引导经济发展的作用。

The basic principles presribed by the co-authors of the present article for theadministration of any enterprise group include centralized policy making,coordinatedcontrol,independent management and separate responsibilty for success or failure.An enterprise group may be put under the administration consisting of three levels,namely:the operational level marked by decentralization,the policy-making level mar-ked by centralization,and the coordinated-control level,an intermediate level mar-ked by the...

The basic principles presribed by the co-authors of the present article for theadministration of any enterprise group include centralized policy making,coordinatedcontrol,independent management and separate responsibilty for success or failure.An enterprise group may be put under the administration consisting of three levels,namely:the operational level marked by decentralization,the policy-making level mar-ked by centralization,and the coordinated-control level,an intermediate level mar-ked by the combination of centralization and decentralization.The outcome of sucha new model must be a systematic operational mechanism that could be summed up aspolicy making-coordination-control-management,a mechanism that will give an enter-prise group functions in all these four sectors:

本文构造了企业集团管理体制模式的基本框架是:集中政策、协调控制、独立经营、自负盈亏。根据这一构思,企业集团可以分成三个管理层次,即实行分权管理的作业层;实行集权管理的政策层;中间是集权与分权相结合的协调控制层。企业集团管理体制新模式必须建立一套系统的运行机制,即决策——一协调—一控制——经营的运行机制,使企业集团具有决策功能、控制功能、协调功能以及独立经营的功能。

As technological innovation forms China' s basic program for the technologicalupdating of her enterprises and enterprise groups and for higher economical, socialand environmental benefits of them, the relevant government policies must be graduallyperfected and strengthened. More than ten separate reports were written by a specialgroup which the State Council Research Centre on Development sent to China'sAutomobile Plant No. 1 for a 6-week investigation and research mission. Thepresent article consists...

As technological innovation forms China' s basic program for the technologicalupdating of her enterprises and enterprise groups and for higher economical, socialand environmental benefits of them, the relevant government policies must be graduallyperfected and strengthened. More than ten separate reports were written by a specialgroup which the State Council Research Centre on Development sent to China'sAutomobile Plant No. 1 for a 6-week investigation and research mission. Thepresent article consists of a summary of the main arguments raised on the basis ofthe group's findings, focusing on the updating of the products as the backbone ofoverall innovation and on the problem of the control over the scale of innovation.Also included are a set of proposals on government policy making on industry, fundraising and technological transformation.

技术改造,是推进我国现有企业及其集团技术进步,提高经济、社会、环境效益的基本方针,必须日益完善和强化有关的各项政策。国务院发展研究中心组织的技改调研组在第一汽车制造厂进行了为期一个半月的蹲点调研,撰写了十几个专题报告,本文是调研所获的主要观点的概括。文中着重分析了以产品更新为主线带动企业技术改造的基本经验,探讨了当前大中型企业技术改造中存在的约束问题,提出了有关产业政策、资金政策、技术政策以及经济体制改革方面的若干政策建议。

 
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