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multiple calculi
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  多发性结石
    Method:We retrospectively investigated 235 patients with renal calculi who were treated with minimally invasive percutaneous nephrolithotomy from July 2001 to June 2003. Of 235 cases, the diameter of the stone is from 1.5 cm to 1.7 cm, sole calculus in 195 cases, multiple calculi in 85 cases, respectively.
    方法 :采用微创PCNL治疗的2 35例肾结石患者 ,肾结石长径为 1.5~ 1.7cm ,单发性结石 15 0例 ,多发性结石 85例。
短句来源
    All patients were with mould or multiple calculi, 8 cases were complicated with ureter calculi ,and 6 cases were hospitalized because of obstructive anuria.
    左侧16例(38%)、右侧26例(62%)。 均为铸形或鹿角状、多发性结石,8例合并输尿管结石,6例因急性梗阻性无尿入院;
短句来源
    Methods From January 2000 to November 2004,92 MPCNL procedures for upper urinary calculi were performed in our hospital,with sole pelvic calculus in 47 patients,multiple calculi in 37,and impacted proximal ureteral caluci in 8,respectively. Among them,11 cases had open nephrolithotomy history.
    方法从2000年1月至2004年11月期间采用微创经皮肾取石术共治疗92例上尿路结石病人,其中单发肾盂结石47例(51%),多发性结石37例(40%),输尿管上段结石8例(9%),有开放手术史11例。
短句来源
    Sole calculus were found in 4 cases, multiple calculi in 8 cases respectively.
    结石长径为0.7~2.5cm,单发性结石4例,多发性结石8例。
短句来源
    Methods:The present study includes 48 cases of patients with complicated renal calculi who received percutaneous nephrolithotomy that had been preformed with ultrasonic and pneumatic lithotriptor (EMS III,Switzerland). Of these 48 cases,complete staghorn calculi were noted in 12 cases, partial staghorn calculi in 30 cases, multiple calculi in 6 cases.
    方法:采用经皮肾镜联合EMSIII代超声弹道碎石清石系统治疗48例复杂性肾结石患者,完全性鹿角状结石12例,部分鹿角状结石30例,多发性结石6例。
短句来源
  “multiple calculi”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Minimally invasive treatment for multiple calculi in homolateral kidney and ureter
    同侧肾、输尿管多段多发结石的微创治疗
短句来源
    The curative rates of unilateral and bilateral multiple calculi were 95.7% and 100% respectively.
    单侧多发结石治愈率 95 .7%。 双侧多发结石治愈率 10 0 %。
短句来源
    Seventeen patients had single calculus while 26 others had multiple calculi. The mean calculus diameter was 2. 6 cm×1. 7 cm. Thirteen patients had staghorn calculi with the maximal dimension of 5. 7 cm×7. 2 cm×4. 3 cm.
    结石大小平均为2.6 cm×1.7 cm,单发结石17例,多发复杂性肾结石26例,肾铸形或鹿角形结石13例,最大铸形结石为5.7 cm×7.2 cm×4.3 cm。
短句来源
    Application of the Choledochofiberscope and C-arm X-ray Device for the Surgical Management of Renal Cast-Calculus Complicated Calyceal Multiple Calculi
    纤维胆道镜和C臂X线机在手术治疗肾铸型结石合并肾盏多发结石中的应用价值
短句来源
    Method:A total of 16 patients,which have gaint staghorn calculi or/and multiple calculi in upper,middle and lower calyxes,were treated by incision of renal posterior lip and pyelolithotomy.
    方法 :对 16例巨大鹿角状结石或并发上、中、下盏多发结石患者 ,采用肾盂、肾后唇切开取石术。
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  multiple calculi
Adult bilateral non-obstructing orthotopic ureteroceles with multiple calculi: endoscopic management with review of literature
      
The second case had multiple calculi in renal pelvis and calices of the vertically positioned kidney.
      
It is pointed out that complete removal of the stones in case of multiple calculi is facilitated by this procedure.
      
Authors propose in certain cases (calculi in intrarenal pelvis, multiple calculi of the calyces, staghorn stones) the upper-transverse pyelotomy and describe the technique of the operation and the advantages of this method.
      
An abdominal X-ray revealed multiple calculi in the head of pancreas and blood tests showed his serum calcium level to be high.
      
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Purpose:To discuss the open operative method in the treatment of renal complex calculi.Method:A total of 16 patients,which have gaint staghorn calculi or/and multiple calculi in upper,middle and lower calyxes,were treated by incision of renal posterior lip and pyelolithotomy.Results: The calculi were removed uneventfully in all patients.Whose renal function recovered fully.The posterior segmental blood vessel was injured in 1 case,small calculi were preserved in 2 cases,and urine leakage happened...

Purpose:To discuss the open operative method in the treatment of renal complex calculi.Method:A total of 16 patients,which have gaint staghorn calculi or/and multiple calculi in upper,middle and lower calyxes,were treated by incision of renal posterior lip and pyelolithotomy.Results: The calculi were removed uneventfully in all patients.Whose renal function recovered fully.The posterior segmental blood vessel was injured in 1 case,small calculi were preserved in 2 cases,and urine leakage happened in 1 case.Conclusion:This open method has advantages such as excellent exposure,effect and less injury.

目的 :探讨复杂性肾结石手术取石方法。方法 :对 16例巨大鹿角状结石或并发上、中、下盏多发结石患者 ,采用肾盂、肾后唇切开取石术。结果 :全部病例均顺利取出结石 ,术后肾功能恢复好 ,术中损伤后段血管1例 ,残留小结石 2例 ,并发尿漏 1例。结论 :肾盂、肾后唇切开取石术具有显露充分、结石取净率高、损伤少等优点。

Objective To explore the treatment of complex calculus of upper urinary tract with ESWL.Methods The treatments of calculus of upper urinary tract since 1993 were summarized here.The lithotriptic effects of ESWL on major calculi of kidney and urinary tract,stag horn calculi of kidney and multiple calculi were retrospectively analyzed.The prevention of stone street formed by deposits and the application of double J shaped tubes in literature were also discussed here.Results The total effective rate was...

Objective To explore the treatment of complex calculus of upper urinary tract with ESWL.Methods The treatments of calculus of upper urinary tract since 1993 were summarized here.The lithotriptic effects of ESWL on major calculi of kidney and urinary tract,stag horn calculi of kidney and multiple calculi were retrospectively analyzed.The prevention of stone street formed by deposits and the application of double J shaped tubes in literature were also discussed here.Results The total effective rate was 96.4%,the curative rate was 92.1%.The effective rate in treating major caculi of kidney was 93.9%,the curative rate was 91.5%,and the formation rate of stone street was 23.7%.The curative rates of unilateral and bilateral multiple calculi were 95.7% and 100% respectively.Conclusion ESWL had good effect on both the caculi of upper urinary tract and multiple caculi.Combined use of of ESWL and other therapies should be chosen to treat stag horn caculi.The stone street formed after lithotriptic treatment should be discovered as early as possible and treated immediately.The double J shaped tubes seem to be unnecessary in treatments.

目的  探讨ESWL治疗复杂上尿路结石的方法。 方法  总结自 1993年以来行ESWL治疗的所有上尿路结石 ,对其中较大的肾、输尿管结石、肾鹿角结石及多发性结石的碎石效果进行分析 ,结合文献对石街的防治和双“J”管的应用进行讨论。结果 ESWL治疗上尿路结石总有效率96 .4 % ,治愈率 92 .1%。较大肾结石有效率 93.9% ,治愈率 91.5 % ,石街形成率 2 3.7%。单侧多发结石治愈率 95 .7%。双侧多发结石治愈率 10 0 %。结论 ESWL治疗较大的上尿路结石及多发性结石均有很好的效果。对鹿角形结石应与其它治疗联合应用。应及时发现并治疗碎石后形成的石街 ,双“J”管的应用并非必要

Objective:To evaluate the efficiency of minimal invasive percutaneous nephrolithotomy in treating renal calculi.Method:We retrospectively investigated 235 patients with renal calculi who were treated with minimally invasive percutaneous nephrolithotomy from July 2001 to June 2003. Of 235 cases, the diameter of the stone is from 1.5 cm to 1.7 cm, sole calculus in 195 cases, multiple calculi in 85 cases, respectively. Simutaneously, staghorn calculi in 60, bilateral renal calculi in 40, solitary...

Objective:To evaluate the efficiency of minimal invasive percutaneous nephrolithotomy in treating renal calculi.Method:We retrospectively investigated 235 patients with renal calculi who were treated with minimally invasive percutaneous nephrolithotomy from July 2001 to June 2003. Of 235 cases, the diameter of the stone is from 1.5 cm to 1.7 cm, sole calculus in 195 cases, multiple calculi in 85 cases, respectively. Simutaneously, staghorn calculi in 60, bilateral renal calculi in 40, solitary kidney in 9, and 23 cases had ever received open nephrolithotomy.Result:All cases were performed one-stage procedure, one session procedure in 183, 2 sessions or more in 52. Single tract in 198, multiple tracts in 37, respectively. The stone-free rate was 85%. Average operative time was 2 hours. Only 7 cases suffered from massive hemorrhage intraoperatively or postoperatively, who were managed by conservative treatment. The mean hospitalization time was 10 days.Conclusion:Minimally invasive PCNL is an effective technique in renal calculi treatment. The patients had less morbidity and quickly return to preoperative activity.

目的 :探讨微创经皮肾穿刺取石术 (微创PCNL)治疗肾结石的疗效。方法 :采用微创PCNL治疗的2 35例肾结石患者 ,肾结石长径为 1.5~ 1.7cm ,单发性结石 15 0例 ,多发性结石 85例。其中鹿角状结石 6 0例 ,双侧肾结石 4 0例 ,孤立肾并肾结石 9例 ,有开放手术史 2 3例。结果 :2 35例均行一期穿刺取石 ,其中 1次取石 183例 ,2次以上取石 5 2例 ;单通道取石 198例 ,多通道取石 37例 ,结石清除率 85 %。手术时间平均 2h ;术中、术后有明显出血 7例 (3% ) ,均经保守治疗治愈 ,平均住院时间 10d。结论 :微创PCNL是一种有效的治疗肾结石的方法 ,创伤小 ,恢复时间短

 
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