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condylar process
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  髁突
     CV of posteroanterior diameter of glenoid fossa(0.074), medialateral diameter of condylar process(0.075),posteroanterior diameter in lateral 1/3 condylar process (0.090), medialateral diameter of glenoid fossa(0.112) were small.
     关节窝前后径(0.074),髁突左右径(0.075),髁突外1/3前后径(0.090),关节窝左右径(0.112)变异系数也比较小;
短句来源
     Expression of matrix metalloproteinase-3 in cartilage of the condylar process and its significance following indirect trauma of temporomandibular joint in goats
     羊间接性颞下颌关节损伤后髁突软骨中基质金属蛋白酶-3表达及其意义
短句来源
     Results The expression of MMP 3 was increased in cartilage of the condylar process one month after indirect trauma of TMJ, and became stronger later.
     结果 TMJ髁突软骨中MMP - 3伤后 1个月表达开始增强 ,后期进一步增强 ;
短句来源
     Maximal contrast enhancement ratio (MCER) , timeto MCER (Tmax), and contrast enhancement ratio at the 40th second of DMRI( CER40s) of basilar clivus, condylar process, and nasal concha weremeasured.
     应用分析软件,分别得到两组枕骨斜坡、髁突及鼻甲的最大对比增强率(Maximalcontrastenhancementratio,MCER)、到达最大对比增强率的时间(Tmax)及动态早期(40s时)对比增强率(CER40s)。
短句来源
     Clinical Classification and Treatment Options of Mandibular Condylar Process Fractures
     髁突骨折的临床分类与治疗方法探讨Clinical
短句来源
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  髁状突
     The Clinical Analysis of Surgical Treatment of Condylar Process Fractures
     髁状突骨折手术治疗临床分析
     Posteroanterior diameter(in medial 1/3)and medialateral diameter of condylar process and the ratio were less than that of glenoid fossa.
     髁状突前后径(中1/3处)和左右径及其比值小于关节窝的前后径和左右径及其比值;
     It was found that the mean mandibular condylar process fracture angle of the patients managed conservatively was 26.81° and of those managed surgically was 56. 28° It was also noted that the mean age among the two groups was 24. 62 yearsand 35. 86 years.
     结果为髁状突骨折移位角度,行保守和手术治疗者分别平均为26.81°和56.28°; 年龄则分别为24.62岁和35.86岁。
短句来源
     Authors following (1~7 years) resultants of 23 patients studies, 16 of whom were managed conservatively and 7 surgically, to observe the relationship between late clinical result and condylar process fracture angulation before and after treatment.
     作者对23例髁状突骨折患者保守治疗16人,手术治疗7人,随访1~7年,以观察治疗前后髁状突骨折后成角和恢复情况与远期临床疗效的关系。
短句来源
     At different times during consolidation period, the positive stains of TGF β1 in condylar process on both sides were all more obvious than that of the control group.
     稳定期不同阶段髁状突TGF β1阳性着色均较对照组显著增强。
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  “condylar process”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Results 480 patients with condylar process fractures were treated in ourhospital. After treatment in conservative group,average maximum mouth opening is 31.65±4.71mm,good occluding relation 127(85.23%)cases,mandibular deviation 11(7.38%)cases;
     结果保守治疗后张口度31.65±4.71mm,正常咬合关系127(85.23%)例,下颌偏斜11(7.38%)例;
     The widest posteroanterior diameter was in medial 1/3 of condylar process.
     前后径以中1/3处最宽,内、外1/3处接近,呈近似椭圆形;
     Objective To observe the role of matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3) in the pathogenesis of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) through investigating the expression of MMP 3 in cartilage of the condylar process at different time after indirect trauma of TMJ.
     目的 探讨基质金属蛋白酶 - 3(matrixmetalloproteinase - 3,MMP - 3)在羊颞下颌关节 ( (temporomandibularjoint,TMJ) )间接创伤后骨关节病发生中的作用。
短句来源
     The articular discs and the cartilage of the condylar process and glenoid fossa were all involved.
     关节附着撕裂、关节盘挫裂、疏松 ,呈虫蚀样改变 ,胶原纤维水肿。
短句来源
     The chondrocytes from the rabbits' condylar process were isolated and cultured before they were seeded into the scaffold, and cell attachment and proliferation were measured by the cell count 1, 3, 5, 7 and 10 days after the cell being seeded;
     取消化后第2代软骨细胞接种至支架材料复合培养,倒置相差显微镜下观察细胞生长情况。 复合培养1、3、5、7和10d后,PBS液清洗3次,置入24孔板并以0.25%胰酶和0.1%EDTA消化细胞,采集细胞进行细胞计数并绘制细胞生长曲线。
短句来源
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  condylar process
We conclude that exercise has a beneficial effect not only on bone loss in the tibia, but also on differential changes in the neck of the condylar process, perhaps by increasing serum levels of progesterone in OVX rats.
      
In OVX-Cont rats, histology and bone mineral density (BMD) showed bone loss in the proximal tibia, and histology, soft X-ray photographs and bone marrow area (BMA) revealed enlargement of the bone marrow cavity in the neck of the condylar process.
      
It is emphasized that the disease of ramus and condylar process has the risk of being easily missed because of atypical signs and symptoms by the use of antibiotics and difficult radiographic interpretation.
      
In radiographic analysis of bone changes of condylar process, there was a tendency to show that the more the infection extended upward, the more bone destruction became severe.
      
Although osteomyelitis involving mandibular condylar process is scarcely mentioned in the past literature, we have encountered 11 cases of such kind of disease during past three years.
      
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Five specimens of the human adult cadavers were prepared for exploration of the axis of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) during passive movements. The ligaments of the joint were retained first and then removed. X-ray films of each specimen with and without ligaments have been taken in eight different positions and the movement of the joint was analysed. In specimen without ligaments, the condylar process rotates around a central axis about 6 mm underneath the condylar crest. The movement occurs...

Five specimens of the human adult cadavers were prepared for exploration of the axis of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) during passive movements. The ligaments of the joint were retained first and then removed. X-ray films of each specimen with and without ligaments have been taken in eight different positions and the movement of the joint was analysed. In specimen without ligaments, the condylar process rotates around a central axis about 6 mm underneath the condylar crest. The movement occurs between the condylar process and the articular disc. In specimen with ligaments intact, the opening of the mouth acts on a fixed axis, which is eccentric and lies about 12 mm underneath the condylar crest. The condylar process glides with the disc together in a foreward and downward direction.

采用5具尸体头颅,取其半侧,切除皮肤和肌肉,先保留韧带,再除去韧带,分别拍摄从咬(牙合)位至大张口位共8个位置的X光片。以探讨颢下颌关节在被动运动时的轴心位置。在除去韧带的情况下,髁突绕本身的轴作中心定轴转动,该中心位于髁嵴下方6毫米处,运动发生在髁突与关节盘之间。在保留韧带的情况下,下颌张口运动也是定轴转动,轴心位于髁嵴下方约12毫米处的Q点,髁突绕偏心的Q点转动,同时带动关节盘一起向前下滑动。

Abstract In this article 56 edentulous patients were selected and divided into a group of plump of alveolar ridge and a group of reduction.The lateral cephalographes were made for every subject.Each cephalograph was projected and the line distants and angles in mandibular medial axes were obtained by using the technique of medial axis transformation.The results showed as follows:The more resorption of the residual ridge,1.the lengths of mandibular body and ascending ramus increased;while the height of body,the...

Abstract In this article 56 edentulous patients were selected and divided into a group of plump of alveolar ridge and a group of reduction.The lateral cephalographes were made for every subject.Each cephalograph was projected and the line distants and angles in mandibular medial axes were obtained by using the technique of medial axis transformation.The results showed as follows:The more resorption of the residual ridge,1.the lengths of mandibular body and ascending ramus increased;while the height of body,the lengths of superior alveolar,mental and coronoid axis decreased;2.a more downright mandibular ramus relative to the body; 3.a closer approximation of the coronoid and condylar processes;and 4.superior alveolar incline towards lingual side.It is suggested that the more change of the height mandibular body occur for resorption of alveolar ridge,while a series of charges of mandibular size and shape are happened.

本实验对56例无牙颌患者(28例牙嵴丰满者和28例牙嵴萎缩者)的X线侧位片,应用中轴转换方法得到下颌骨中轴各线距和角度。并测量其线距和角度。结果表明:随着牙嵴吸收的增加,下颌体长度和下颌支长度增加;前牙槽突、颏突、颌骨前部高度,颌骨后部高度及喙突长度减少。下颌体和下颌支的连接更趋于平坦;喙突和髁突更趋于接近;前牙槽突向舌侧倾斜。说明牙槽骨的吸收使下颌体高度发生较大的变化。

Abstract The substantial defect of the temporomandi bular joint is usually causedby the internal derangement and neuromuscular disorders of the TMJ.It is alsoasscciated with the erosion of the articular cartilage,the pathological changes of thecondylar head by osteo-arthrtis and the deformity,displacement,and perforation of thearticular disk. The operation is consisted of the following 6 surgical and piosthetic steps,such as :1)to eliminate the neuromuscular disordcrs by detachment and reattachment of the mas-ticatory...

Abstract The substantial defect of the temporomandi bular joint is usually causedby the internal derangement and neuromuscular disorders of the TMJ.It is alsoasscciated with the erosion of the articular cartilage,the pathological changes of thecondylar head by osteo-arthrtis and the deformity,displacement,and perforation of thearticular disk. The operation is consisted of the following 6 surgical and piosthetic steps,such as :1)to eliminate the neuromuscular disordcrs by detachment and reattachment of the mas-ticatory muscles from the ramus of the mandible,2)to make a cap form osteotomy on thedefective part of the condylar head,3)to make a condyloplasty,4)to reconstruct a newTMJ by use of the original condylar process,5)to repair the perforation of the articulardisk by suturing together the capsular edges,and 6)to make a prosthetic therapy by useof an occlusal plate. From 1988.9 to 1990.11,20 cases have been succesfully performed.In this paperthe details of the operation were described and discussed.

颞颌关节紊乱综合征所造成的严重器质病变,常由于关节及其外周软组织的反复遭受急性创伤和慢性劳损所引起的颌肌痉挛、挛缩和功能失衡既对关节结构产生素乱也对骨关节及其外周组织产生由微至重的创伤、破坏和粘连。其主要症状为关节区、颌面部皇自觉痛及压痛和咀嚼食物时关节疼痛,因痛致痉,由痉增痛,互为因果,以至难治。颞颌关节重建及软组织松解术即从全面解决上述问题所采取的一种新疗法,以其因果兼治亦可简称根治术。本文总结1986.9-1990.12期间按本文治疗的方法治疗本症20例的经验,曾作过多次远期随诊,最短1年,最长7年,平均3.6年,未见术前症状复发及后遗症,关节及咀嚼功能恢复均良好。

 
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