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zygomatic branches of facial nerve
相关语句
  面神经颧支
     Results:The minimal distances from the puncturing passage of anterolateral to zygomatic branches of facial nerve was 1.5±1.4 mm. And the minimal distances from the inferolateral puncturing passage to temporal branches and superficial temporal vessels were 8.6±3.3 mm and 2.4±1.4 mm.
     结果:前外侧穿刺径路距面神经颧支最近,为1.5±1.4mm,下外侧穿刺径路距面神经颞支及颞浅血管最近,分别为8.6±3.3mm和2.4±1.4mm。
短句来源
  “zygomatic branches of facial nerve”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The Applied Anatomical Research About the Positional Relationship Between Temporal Branches, Zygomatic Branches of Facial Nerve and Zygomatic Arch
     面神经颞支和颧支与颧弓间位置关系的应用解剖学研究
短句来源
     Objective: To provide anatomical foundation for the anesthesia of orbicular muscle of eye by locating the temporal branches and zygomatic branches of facial nerve.
     目的 :通过对面神经颞支和颧支的解剖定位为眼科手术麻醉眼轮匝肌提供解剖学基础。
短句来源
  相似匹配句对
     the zygomatic branch is bigger,with consistent location and fewer branches;
     颧支位置深在,较粗大,分支相对较少,位置恒定;
短句来源
     the zygomatic branch is bigger,with consistent location and fewer branches;
     结果表明:颞支位置深在,分支较多; 颧支位置深在,较粗大,分支相对较少,位置恒定;
短句来源
     There are communicating branches among the temporal branches, the zygomatic branches and the supraorbital and lacrimal nerves of the ophthalmic nerve.
     两支之间以及与眼神经的眶上神经和泪腺神经之间 ,都有交通支。
短句来源
     The conidiophore branches are rotiform.
     寄生菌有轮状分枝的分生孢子梗。
短句来源
     and the facial nerve branches on zygomatic bone and masseter were easily injured during the lifting of cheek flap.
     ②掀翻面肌皮瓣时,颧骨表面和咬肌表面的面神经分支是易损伤区
短句来源
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bjective:To provide anatomic basis for clinical application of arthroscopic of temporamandibular joint (TMJ).Methods:The relationships among facial nerve,superficial temporal vessels and three common used puncturing passage of TMJ arthroscopic were studied on 30 sides of adult headneck specimens.Results:The minimal distances from the puncturing passage of anterolateral to zygomatic branches of facial nerve was 1.5±1.4 mm.And the minimal distances from the inferolateral puncturing passage to temporal...

bjective:To provide anatomic basis for clinical application of arthroscopic of temporamandibular joint (TMJ).Methods:The relationships among facial nerve,superficial temporal vessels and three common used puncturing passage of TMJ arthroscopic were studied on 30 sides of adult headneck specimens.Results:The minimal distances from the puncturing passage of anterolateral to zygomatic branches of facial nerve was 1.5±1.4 mm.And the minimal distances from the inferolateral puncturing passage to temporal branches and superficial temporal vessels were 8.6±3.3 mm and 2.4±1.4 mm.Conclusions:The risk of facial nerve and superficial temporal vessels injury is very small by using the three common puncturing passage.

目的:为颞下颌关节内窥镜在临床上使用提供解剖学基础。方法:在30侧成人头颈部标本上解剖观察了颞下颌关节内窥镜穿刺进路的三种常用方法的穿刺通道与面神经和颞浅血管的位置关系。结果:前外侧穿刺径路距面神经颧支最近,为1.5±1.4mm,下外侧穿刺径路距面神经颞支及颞浅血管最近,分别为8.6±3.3mm和2.4±1.4mm。结论:只要避免粗暴操作,三种常用穿刺法的穿刺径路损伤面神经、颞浅血管的危险性是很小的。

Objective: To provide anatomical foundation for the anesthesia of orbicular muscle of eye by locating the temporal branches and zygomatic branches of facial nerve.Methods: Bilaterally dissected 50 normal adult craniofacial specimen(total 100 sides) by operation under microscope, observe and measure the quantities of the temporal branches and zygomatic branches, and the relative position with the zygomatic arch.Results: ①192 temporal branches found in the 100 sides all crossed...

Objective: To provide anatomical foundation for the anesthesia of orbicular muscle of eye by locating the temporal branches and zygomatic branches of facial nerve.Methods: Bilaterally dissected 50 normal adult craniofacial specimen(total 100 sides) by operation under microscope, observe and measure the quantities of the temporal branches and zygomatic branches, and the relative position with the zygomatic arch.Results: ①192 temporal branches found in the 100 sides all crossed the zygomatic arch and on the superior border of the zygomatic arch, the distance was about 1.04±0.34 cm toward its posterior end. ②In the 286 zygomatic branches observed in the 100 sides, only 132(46.2%)branches crossed the zygomatic arch and on the superior border of the zygomatic arch about 2.23±0.28 cm toward its posterior end;23(8.0%)branches advanced on the superficial part of the zygomatic arch and on the inferior border of the arch there was a distance of 2.47±0.81 cm toward its posterior parts; the remained 131(45.8%) branches went ahead under the zygomatic arch and the vertical distance between the point where they pass through the parotid gland and the inferior border of the zygomatic arch was about 0.69±0.20 cm. Conclusion: During the optical block anesthesia, to reach better effects, we could puncture at the superior border of the zygomatic arch and about 1.00 cm toward its posterior end, then advance along its superficial part toward anterior inferior, and finally stop at the point which is about 0.69 cm to the inferior edge of the zygomatic arch.

目的 :通过对面神经颞支和颧支的解剖定位为眼科手术麻醉眼轮匝肌提供解剖学基础。方法 :在手术显微镜下对 5 0例(10 0侧 )正常成人头面部标本进行解剖 ,观察和测量面神经颞支和颧支的数目及其与颧弓位置关系。结果 :10 0侧标本中 ,①颞支共192支 ,均跨越颧弓 ,在颧弓上缘处 ,距颧弓后端 (1.0 4± 0 .3 4)cm。②颧支共 2 86支 ,其中越颧弓者 13 2支 (占 46.2 % ) ,在颧弓上缘处 ,距颧弓后端 (2 .2 3± 0 .2 8)cm ;在颧弓表面前行者 2 3支 (占 8.0 % ) ,越颧弓下缘处距颧弓后端 (2 .47± 0 .81)cm ;在颧弓下方前行者13 1支 (占 45 .8% ) ,出腮腺处与颧弓下缘间的垂直距离为 (0 .69± 0 .2 0 )cm。结论 :眼科手术阻滞麻醉眼轮匝肌可以从颧弓上缘距后端 1.0cm左右处进针 ,在颧弓表面向前下推进至颧弓下缘下 0 .69cm处 ,能起到较好的麻醉效果

BACKGROUND:Facial nerve defect seriously impacts the mental and physical health of patients as well as their quality of life. Pediceled neck muscle transplant and autologous nerve transplant have been used in clinical to repair facial nerve defect and restore the facial muscle function.However,there are disadvantages and limits of above methods which have restricted their wide application of them.It is a research hotspot for looking for a new material to repair facial...

BACKGROUND:Facial nerve defect seriously impacts the mental and physical health of patients as well as their quality of life. Pediceled neck muscle transplant and autologous nerve transplant have been used in clinical to repair facial nerve defect and restore the facial muscle function.However,there are disadvantages and limits of above methods which have restricted their wide application of them.It is a research hotspot for looking for a new material to repair facial nerve defect. OBJECTIVE:To investigate the effects of autologous degenerative skeletal muscle to repair facial nerve defect and provide theoretic basis for further improving the functions of facial nerve. DESIGN:Randomized controlled study based on animals. SETTING:Anatomy department and neurological department in a medical college. MATERIALS:The experiment was completed in the Neuro histochemical Teaching Section of Xianning Medical College from April to September 2002.Twenty two Japanese big ear rabbits were randomly divided into 3 groups:8 in group A to conduct autologous degenerative skeletal muscle transplant,8 in group B to conduct autologous nerve transplant and 6 in group C as normal control. METHODS:Animal model was built by make 8 mm defect of zygomatic branch of left facial nerve in 22 rabbits.Electrophysiological examination and morphologic observation were conducted to the zygomatic branch of facial nerve and the muscle it controlled to rabbits after 20 weeks. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:Electrophysiological examination results and morphologic observation of each group. RESULTS:Electrophysiological examination: Neural stem action potential(NAP),compound facial muscles action potential(cMAP) and nerve conduction velocity(NCV) were compared between groups.There was no difference between group A and B(P >0.05) while significant difference existed between group A and C,B and C (P< 0.05).Morphological image analysis:number of nerve fibers was 2 559±1 683 in group A,2 658±1 295 in group B and 3 253±1 564 in group C.Diameter of nerve fiber was(4.01±0.88) μm,(4.26±0.77) μm,(4.98±0.72) μm for the three groups,respectively. Average density of regenerated nerve fiber:was(220±30) /0.013 89 mm2, (233±32) /0.0138 9 mm2,(315±27)/0.013 89 mm2,respectively.When comparing the above parameters between groups,there was no difference between group A and B(P >0.05),while there was significant difference between group A and C, B and C(P< 0.05). CONCLUSION:Autologous degenerative skeletal muscle can effectively induce and stimulate the regeneration of nerve and repair the facial nerve defect with the equivalent effects of autologous nerve transplant.

背景:面神经缺损严重影响患者身心健康及生活质量,临床采用较多的有带蒂颈肌移植术和自体神经移植术等修复面神经缺损,恢复面肌的功能,但上述方法均有其缺点和局限性,使其广泛应用受到限制,寻求一种新的修复面神经缺损的材料是目前研究的热点。目的:探讨自体变性骨骼肌替代神经材料对面神经缺损的修复作用,为进一步提高面神经功能提供理论依据。设计:以动物为研究对象,随机对照的实验研究。单位:一所医学院的解剖学教研室和神经科。材料:实验于2002-04/09在咸宁医学院神经组化研究室进行。选择日本大耳白兔22只,随机分为3组:A组8只以自体变性骨骼肌移植修复,B组8只以自体神经移植修复,C组6只作为正常对照。方法:22只日本大耳白兔左侧面神经上颊支缺损8mm为模型,术后20周分别对各组实验动物的上颊支神经(含移植体)及其支配的面肌进行电生理学检测及形态学图像观测。主要观察指标:各组电生理检测结果和形态学观察。结果:电生理学检测:在神经干动作电位,面肌复合动作电位,神经传导速度3项对应指标的组间比较,A组和B组比较,差异无显著性意义(P>0.05),而A,B组与C组比较差异有显著性(P<0.05)。形态学图像分析:神经纤维数:A组...

背景:面神经缺损严重影响患者身心健康及生活质量,临床采用较多的有带蒂颈肌移植术和自体神经移植术等修复面神经缺损,恢复面肌的功能,但上述方法均有其缺点和局限性,使其广泛应用受到限制,寻求一种新的修复面神经缺损的材料是目前研究的热点。目的:探讨自体变性骨骼肌替代神经材料对面神经缺损的修复作用,为进一步提高面神经功能提供理论依据。设计:以动物为研究对象,随机对照的实验研究。单位:一所医学院的解剖学教研室和神经科。材料:实验于2002-04/09在咸宁医学院神经组化研究室进行。选择日本大耳白兔22只,随机分为3组:A组8只以自体变性骨骼肌移植修复,B组8只以自体神经移植修复,C组6只作为正常对照。方法:22只日本大耳白兔左侧面神经上颊支缺损8mm为模型,术后20周分别对各组实验动物的上颊支神经(含移植体)及其支配的面肌进行电生理学检测及形态学图像观测。主要观察指标:各组电生理检测结果和形态学观察。结果:电生理学检测:在神经干动作电位,面肌复合动作电位,神经传导速度3项对应指标的组间比较,A组和B组比较,差异无显著性意义(P>0.05),而A,B组与C组比较差异有显著性(P<0.05)。形态学图像分析:神经纤维数:A组(2559±1683)条,B组(2658±1295)条,C组(3253±1564)条;神经纤维直径:A组(4.01±0.88)

 
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