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急性肾衰竭
相关语句
  acute renal failure
    Continuous renal replacement therapy(CRRT) is a kind of new method for the treatment of acute renal failure(ARF),it is better than traditional renal replacement therapy and is widely used in the treatment of sepsis and MODS.
    连续性肾脏替代治疗(continuous renal replacement therapy,CRRT)与传统的肾脏替代疗法相比,具有连续、缓慢清除溶质和血流动力学状态稳定等显著特点,已成为急性肾衰竭(ARF)、脓毒血症(sepsis)和多脏器功能障碍综合征(MODS)等疾病的重要治疗措施之一。
短句来源
    Nursing Care of 2 Patients Receiving Blood Purification due to Acute Renal Failure following Heart Surgery
    2例心脏术后急性肾衰竭血液滤过的护理
短句来源
    Modified Peritoneal Dialysis Treats Acute Renal Failure in Children
    改良腹膜透析治疗急性肾衰竭
短句来源
    Evaluation of continuous veno-venous hemofiltration therapy on acute renal failure in the elderly
    持续静脉-静脉血液滤过治疗老年急性肾衰竭
短句来源
    Nursing Care of the Patients with Nephrotic Syndrome-induced Acute Renal Failure Receiving Conservative Treatment
    肾病综合征致急性肾衰竭保守治疗患者的护理
短句来源
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  “急性肾衰竭”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Objective In this study, we cooperated continuous veno-venous hemofiltration in treatment of severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) and investigated the efficacy of CVVH in treatment of SAP. Methods 21 SAP patients were involved, complications of SAP before CVVH including SIRS in 21 patients , Shock in 11 patients , ARDS in 15 patients , ARF in 9 patients and pancreatitic encephalopathy in 6 patients .
    目的:探讨连续性静脉-静脉血液滤过(CVVH)治疗重症急性胰腺炎(Severe acute pancreatitis, SAP)的疗效及机制。 方法:21例SAP患者,其并发症有全身炎症反应综合征( systemic inflammatory response syndrome, SIRS) 21例、休克11例、急性呼吸窘迫综合征(acute respiratory distress syndrome, ARDS) 15例、急性肾衰竭( acute renal failure, ARF) 9例、胰性脑病6例。
短句来源
    Objective To investigate the nursing interventi on on the patients with primary nephritic syndrome (PNS) complicated with acute re nal failure ( ARF ).
    目的 探讨原发性肾病综合征 (PNS)并发急性肾衰竭 (ARF)的护理措施。
短句来源
    [Conclusion] The prognosis of ARF and MODS patients were improved with continuous haemodialysis and CVVH was one of the important methods in rescuing the MODS.
    2例死于脑疝。 结论连续性血液净化治疗能明显改善MODS合并急性肾衰竭患者的预后,CVVH是抢救MODS非常重要的方法。
短句来源
    Methods Ten rabbit ARF models were established successfully by intramuscular injection of 50% glycerin (12-15 ml/kg) into the rabbits’ thighs. Kidney function tests such as BUN and Cr were taken before and after the injection. Three days before and after the ARF model establishment,gray scale contrast-enhanced sonography was performed on each model.
    方法家兔后腿肌注50%甘油(12~15ml/kg),成功建立10只急性肾衰竭动物模型,分别于肾衰竭模型建立前后3d经耳缘静脉团注SonoVue(0.05ml/kg)进行肾灰阶超声造影。
短句来源
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  acute renal failure
Intra-abdominal hypertension is an independent cause of acute renal failure after orthotopic liver transplantation
      
An independent association between acute renal failure (ARF) and intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) after liver transplantation has not been established previously.
      
The main complications after transplantation included pulmonary infection in two cases, acute renal failure in three cases and transplantation-related encephalopathy in one case.
      
Mitochondrial dysfunction at the early stage of cisplatin-induced acute renal failure in rats
      
The present study was undertaken to clarify the pathogenesis of cisplatin-induced acute renal failure at the early stage.
      
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Thirty patients with acute renal failure (ARF) and chronic renal failure (CRF) have been well treated with continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis(CAPD)in our hospital. This group consisted of 19 CRF patients (14 male and 5 female, mean age 37.3 years)and 11 ARF Patients (5 male and 6 female, mean age 32.2 years). There were 20 patient-times complicated with peritonitis. Of them, 13 patient-times were infectious peritonitis, and 7 were noninfectious. The incidence of peritonitis with patients on CAPD was 1/7.55patient-month...

Thirty patients with acute renal failure (ARF) and chronic renal failure (CRF) have been well treated with continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis(CAPD)in our hospital. This group consisted of 19 CRF patients (14 male and 5 female, mean age 37.3 years)and 11 ARF Patients (5 male and 6 female, mean age 32.2 years). There were 20 patient-times complicated with peritonitis. Of them, 13 patient-times were infectious peritonitis, and 7 were noninfectious. The incidence of peritonitis with patients on CAPD was 1/7.55patient-month after 1983. It reduced significantly as compared with the incidence of 1/5.87 before 1983.

对30例急性肾衰竭(ARF)和慢性肾衰竭(CRF)病人进行CAPD治疗,其中并腹膜炎20例次,腹膜炎的发生率由1983年前的1次/5.87病人月降至1983年后的1次/7.55病人月。有11/15例发生透析管梗阻。在15个腹膜炎者中还进行了腹膜溶质清除特性,蛋白丢失量,葡萄糖吸收量和水的超滤量(出入超量)的初步探讨。

Objective To compare the diagnostic value of two dimentional ultrasound, spectrum and color Doppler ultrasound in experimental acute renal failure(ARF) in rabbits.Methods 50% glycerin (12~15 ml/kg ) were injected into the thigh muscle of the back leg of the rabbit to induce an animal model of ARF. Ultrasonic examination was performed on the day before (T 0) and days 1,3…13 after the injection(T 1,T 3…T 13 ). Renal size was evaluated by two dimensional ultrasound. The hemodynamic changes of the...

Objective To compare the diagnostic value of two dimentional ultrasound, spectrum and color Doppler ultrasound in experimental acute renal failure(ARF) in rabbits.Methods 50% glycerin (12~15 ml/kg ) were injected into the thigh muscle of the back leg of the rabbit to induce an animal model of ARF. Ultrasonic examination was performed on the day before (T 0) and days 1,3…13 after the injection(T 1,T 3…T 13 ). Renal size was evaluated by two dimensional ultrasound. The hemodynamic changes of the kidney were quantitatively analysed by spectrum Doppler,while color Doppler flow imaging(CDFI) and color Doppler power imaging(CDPI) were used to qualitatively study the blood perfusion of the kidney during ARF. The renal imaging in CDFI and CDPI were classified three grades.Grade Ⅰ,the blood perfusion of the kidney was normal and the flow singles could be seen at the site near to the renal capsule. Grade Ⅱ,the blood perfusion of the kidney was slightly abnormal and the flow singles could be seen in the renal cortex but not near to the capsule.Grade Ⅲ,the blood perfusion was heavily abnormal and the flow singles could not be seen in the renal cortex.Results The changes of renal hemodynamics and renal size began at T 3,peaked at T 5 and T 7,and returned to normal at T 9.The renal imaging of all rabbits were grade Ⅰ in CDPI and CDFI at T 0.In CDFI,all were grade Ⅲ at T 1~T 9,at T 11 and T 13 most of them only returned to grade Ⅱ,no one returned to grade Ⅰ.In CDPI, however, all were grade Ⅱ at T 1 and T 3, while only a few were grade Ⅲ at T 5 and T 7, and most have returned to grade Ⅰ at T 9.Conclusions During the period of ARF, two dimensional ultrasound is useful in showing the echo and measuring the depth of renal cortex. Spectrum Doppler is helpful in quantitatively analysing the renal hemodynamic changes. CDPI is more sensitive than CDFI in showing the blood perfusion of the kidney

目的 比较二维超声、频谱及彩色多普勒超声在诊断急性肾衰竭 (ARF)中的价值。方法 兔后腿肌注 5 0 %甘油 12~ 15ml/kg ,建立ARF动物模型 ,分别于给药前 (T0 )、给药后 1、3… 13d(T1、T3…T13)共 8个时间点行超声检查 ,二维超声用于观察肾脏大小及回声改变 ,频谱多普勒用于定量分析肾血流动力学改变 ,彩色多普勒血流显像 (CDFI)及彩色多普勒能量显像 (CDPI)用于定性分析肾血流灌注情况 ,将肾血流情况分为 3级 :Ⅰ级 ,肾血流灌注正常 ,血流信号可延至肾包膜下 ;Ⅱ级 ,肾血流灌注不良 ,血流信号可延至肾皮质 ,但不能至肾包膜下 ;Ⅲ级 ,肾血流灌注重度不良 ,血流信号不能延至肾皮质。结果 肾脏大小及肾血流动力学改变均从T3 开始 ,T5、T7达高峰 ,T9时多已恢复至正常 ,且肾皮质增厚与肾体积增大高度相关。T0 时所有兔肾CDFI及CDPI均表现为Ⅰ级 ,T1~T9各时相所有兔CDFI均为Ⅲ级 ,T11、T13 时多数仅恢复至Ⅱ级。T1、T3 时CDPI均为Ⅱ级 ,T5、T7时仅少数发展为Ⅲ级 ,T11时多数恢复至Ⅰ级。结论 ARF时 ,高分辨力二...

目的 比较二维超声、频谱及彩色多普勒超声在诊断急性肾衰竭 (ARF)中的价值。方法 兔后腿肌注 5 0 %甘油 12~ 15ml/kg ,建立ARF动物模型 ,分别于给药前 (T0 )、给药后 1、3… 13d(T1、T3…T13)共 8个时间点行超声检查 ,二维超声用于观察肾脏大小及回声改变 ,频谱多普勒用于定量分析肾血流动力学改变 ,彩色多普勒血流显像 (CDFI)及彩色多普勒能量显像 (CDPI)用于定性分析肾血流灌注情况 ,将肾血流情况分为 3级 :Ⅰ级 ,肾血流灌注正常 ,血流信号可延至肾包膜下 ;Ⅱ级 ,肾血流灌注不良 ,血流信号可延至肾皮质 ,但不能至肾包膜下 ;Ⅲ级 ,肾血流灌注重度不良 ,血流信号不能延至肾皮质。结果 肾脏大小及肾血流动力学改变均从T3 开始 ,T5、T7达高峰 ,T9时多已恢复至正常 ,且肾皮质增厚与肾体积增大高度相关。T0 时所有兔肾CDFI及CDPI均表现为Ⅰ级 ,T1~T9各时相所有兔CDFI均为Ⅲ级 ,T11、T13 时多数仅恢复至Ⅱ级。T1、T3 时CDPI均为Ⅱ级 ,T5、T7时仅少数发展为Ⅲ级 ,T11时多数恢复至Ⅰ级。结论 ARF时 ,高分辨力二维超声在显示肾皮质回声改变及皮质厚度的精确测量上有较高价值 ;频谱多普勒有助于定量分析肾血流动力学改变 ;在显示肾血流灌注的改变上 ,CDPI较CDFI有更高的敏感性

Objective To compare the effect of peritoneal dialysis and continuous vena-vena hemodialysis/hemofiltration (CRRT) on critical ill patients Methods We retrospectively reviewed 20 cases with severe acute renal failure,among whom 12 patients were treated with PD and 8 patients with CRRT The basic information,including age,sex,primary disease,type of dialysis,severity of the disease,biochemistry index,dialysis related complications and dialysis expense per day were all recorded Results There were no differences...

Objective To compare the effect of peritoneal dialysis and continuous vena-vena hemodialysis/hemofiltration (CRRT) on critical ill patients Methods We retrospectively reviewed 20 cases with severe acute renal failure,among whom 12 patients were treated with PD and 8 patients with CRRT The basic information,including age,sex,primary disease,type of dialysis,severity of the disease,biochemistry index,dialysis related complications and dialysis expense per day were all recorded Results There were no differences in age,sex,severity of the disease and changes in serum biochemistry between two groups(P>0 05) No difference was found in the incidence of renal recovery and patient mortality between two groups(P>0 05) However,seventy-five percent of CRRT patients had dialysis related complications,which was higher than that of PD patients(P<0 05) Dialysis expense per day were (3220 94±95 32) yuan in CRRT patients,which were higher than(619 27±108 9) yuan in PD patients Conclusion Compared with CRRT,PD had the same effect on critical ill patients Our data suggested that PD should be used as the first therapy for critical ill patients in China

目的 比较腹膜透析 (PD)和持续性静脉静脉血液透析 /滤过 (CRRT)对于重症急性肾功能衰竭病人的治疗。方法 采用病例回顾性调查方法 ,收集就治于本院的 2 0例重症急性肾衰竭病人的病例资料 ,其中行CRRT者 8例 ,行PD者 1 2例。具体包括一般资料 (年龄、性别、原发病和透析方式 ) ,疾病严重程度 (多器官功能衰竭和急性生理学和慢性健康评分 ) ,透析前和透析后连续 5d血尿素氮、肌酐、钾、二氧化碳结合力水平的变化 ,预后 (肾功能恢复和存活 ) ,透析相关并发症 ,平均每日透析费用。结果 CRRT和PD组病人的年龄、性别构成和疾病严重程度无不同 (P >0 0 5 )。透析后连续 5d血尿素氮、肌酐、钾和二氧化碳结合力的变化并无差异 (P >0 0 5 )。两组病人中肾功能恢复及存活者所占比例无显著性差异 (P >0 0 5 )。但CRRT组中 75 %的病人合并透析相关并发症 ,明显高于PD组 (P <0 0 5 )。CRRT组病人平均每日透析费用为 (32 2 0 94±95 32 )元 ,明显高于PD组的 (6 1 9 2 7± 1 0 8 9)元 (P <0 ...

目的 比较腹膜透析 (PD)和持续性静脉静脉血液透析 /滤过 (CRRT)对于重症急性肾功能衰竭病人的治疗。方法 采用病例回顾性调查方法 ,收集就治于本院的 2 0例重症急性肾衰竭病人的病例资料 ,其中行CRRT者 8例 ,行PD者 1 2例。具体包括一般资料 (年龄、性别、原发病和透析方式 ) ,疾病严重程度 (多器官功能衰竭和急性生理学和慢性健康评分 ) ,透析前和透析后连续 5d血尿素氮、肌酐、钾、二氧化碳结合力水平的变化 ,预后 (肾功能恢复和存活 ) ,透析相关并发症 ,平均每日透析费用。结果 CRRT和PD组病人的年龄、性别构成和疾病严重程度无不同 (P >0 0 5 )。透析后连续 5d血尿素氮、肌酐、钾和二氧化碳结合力的变化并无差异 (P >0 0 5 )。两组病人中肾功能恢复及存活者所占比例无显著性差异 (P >0 0 5 )。但CRRT组中 75 %的病人合并透析相关并发症 ,明显高于PD组 (P <0 0 5 )。CRRT组病人平均每日透析费用为 (32 2 0 94±95 32 )元 ,明显高于PD组的 (6 1 9 2 7± 1 0 8 9)元 (P <0 0 1 )。结论 PD与CRRT治疗重症急性肾衰竭的疗效相当 ,但PD技术更为简单和经济 ,应作为我国急性肾衰竭的首选透析方式

 
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