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急性肾衰竭
相关语句
  acute renal failure
    Multivariate logistic regression analysis identified acute renal failure as an independent predictor of mortality (OR= 6.7, 95% confidence interval: 2.5-18).
    逐步回归分析表明 ,早期发生急性肾衰竭是影响急性心肌梗死后心源性休克患者预后的独立因素 (OR =6 .7,95 %可信限 2 .5~ 18;P <0 .0 0 1)。
短句来源
    Conclusion Acute renal failure was common in patients with cardiogenic shock and was strongly associated with in-hospital mortality.
    结论 急性心肌梗死后心源性休克患者 ,早期发生急性肾衰竭 ,与其住院死亡率显著相关 ,可作为判断患者不良预后的指标。
短句来源
    Prognostic significance of early acute renal failure in patients with cardiogenic shock after acute myocardial infarction
    早期发生急性肾衰竭与急性心肌梗死后心源性休克患者预后的关系
短句来源
    Objective To investigate the relationship between early developed acute renal failure and the prognosis of patients with cardiogenic shock after acute myocardial infarction.
    目的 了解急性心肌梗死后心源性休克患者早期发生急性肾衰竭与其预后的关系。
短句来源
    Results Fifty-one (30%)of 172 patients developed acute renal failure within 24 hours after the onset of shock.
    结果 符合统计分析标准的患者共 172例 ,其中 5 1例 (30 % )于 2 4h内出现急性肾衰竭
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  “急性肾衰竭”译为未确定词的双语例句
    2 died of blood loss from aneurysm that ruptured into the free abdominal cavity, 1died of myocardial infarction 5 days postoperatively, 2 died of respiratory failure 3 days and 7 days postoperatively, and 2 died of renal failure 4 days and 8 days after operation.
    2例分别于术后3d和7d死于呼吸衰竭; 2例术后4d及8d死于急性肾衰竭
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  acute renal failure
Intra-abdominal hypertension is an independent cause of acute renal failure after orthotopic liver transplantation
      
An independent association between acute renal failure (ARF) and intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) after liver transplantation has not been established previously.
      
The main complications after transplantation included pulmonary infection in two cases, acute renal failure in three cases and transplantation-related encephalopathy in one case.
      
Mitochondrial dysfunction at the early stage of cisplatin-induced acute renal failure in rats
      
The present study was undertaken to clarify the pathogenesis of cisplatin-induced acute renal failure at the early stage.
      
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Objective To investigate the relationship between early developed acute renal failure and the prognosis of patients with cardiogenic shock after acute myocardial infarction. Methods All consecutive patients who were admitted by cardiogenic shock with diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction or unstable angina to the Chinese PLA General Hospital from 1992 to 2003 were enrolled. In-hospital mortality was compared between patients with and without early (<24 hrs after onset of shock ) developed acute renal...

Objective To investigate the relationship between early developed acute renal failure and the prognosis of patients with cardiogenic shock after acute myocardial infarction. Methods All consecutive patients who were admitted by cardiogenic shock with diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction or unstable angina to the Chinese PLA General Hospital from 1992 to 2003 were enrolled. In-hospital mortality was compared between patients with and without early (<24 hrs after onset of shock ) developed acute renal failure. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to assess the effect of acute renal failure on the prognosis of these patients. Results Fifty-one (30%)of 172 patients developed acute renal failure within 24 hours after the onset of shock. In-hospital mortality in patients with and without acute renal failure were 90%(46/51) and 56%(68/121), respectively. Multivariate logistic regression analysis identified acute renal failure as an independent predictor of mortality (OR= 6.7, 95% confidence interval: 2.5-18). Conclusion Acute renal failure was common in patients with cardiogenic shock and was strongly associated with in-hospital mortality.

目的 了解急性心肌梗死后心源性休克患者早期发生急性肾衰竭与其预后的关系。方法 回顾性分析解放军总医院 1993~ 2 0 0 3年间 ,因急性心肌梗死或冠心病心绞痛住院 ,并出现心源性休克的病例 ,以 2 4h内是否出现急性肾衰竭为标准 ,比较其住院期间死亡率 ,并采用多元Logistic回归分析 ,评估早期发生急性肾衰竭对患者预后的影响。结果 符合统计分析标准的患者共 172例 ,其中 5 1例 (30 % )于 2 4h内出现急性肾衰竭。有无早期发生急性肾衰竭的患者 ,其住院死亡率分别为 90 % (4 6 / 5 1)和 5 6 % (6 8/ 12 1)。逐步回归分析表明 ,早期发生急性肾衰竭是影响急性心肌梗死后心源性休克患者预后的独立因素 (OR =6 .7,95 %可信限 2 .5~ 18;P <0 .0 0 1)。结论 急性心肌梗死后心源性休克患者 ,早期发生急性肾衰竭 ,与其住院死亡率显著相关 ,可作为判断患者不良预后的指标。

Objective To discuss the diagnostic methods and management of ruptured abdominal aortic (aneurysm)(AAA) and to analyse the main factors that influence prognosis.Methods The clinical data of 15 cases of ruptured infrarenal AAA treated in our hospital from 1998~2004 were retrospectively analysed. The main clinical manifestations were abdominal pain and/or back pain,low blood pressure or shock, and (pulsating) abdominal mass. 8 cases were diagnosed by DSA and/or sCTA; Doppler ultrasonic examination (suggested)...

Objective To discuss the diagnostic methods and management of ruptured abdominal aortic (aneurysm)(AAA) and to analyse the main factors that influence prognosis.Methods The clinical data of 15 cases of ruptured infrarenal AAA treated in our hospital from 1998~2004 were retrospectively analysed. The main clinical manifestations were abdominal pain and/or back pain,low blood pressure or shock, and (pulsating) abdominal mass. 8 cases were diagnosed by DSA and/or sCTA; Doppler ultrasonic examination (suggested) rupture of abdominal aortic aneurysm in 2 cases; 2 cases had known history of AAA prior to (rupture); and 3 cases were diagnosed during operation. All of the patients underwent surgical operation. (Successful) clamping of the abdominal aorta above the neck of AAA was accomplished in 13 cases. Of these, the aorta was occluded below the diaphragm in 4 cases, and below the renal arteries in 9 cases.Results Seven cases(46.6%) died in the perioperative period. 2 died of blood loss from aneurysm that ruptured into the free abdominal cavity, 1died of myocardial infarction 5 days postoperatively, 2 died of respiratory failure 3 days and 7 days postoperatively, and 2 died of renal failure 4 days and 8 days after operation. Severe (complications) did not develop in the remaining patients.Conclusions Patients who present with the trilogy of abdominal pain and/or back pain, low blood pressure or shock and pulsating abdominal mass can be (diagnosed) easily. CT and Doppler ultrasonic examination are indicated for patients with questionable diagnosis and have stable vital signs. Operation is effective treatment for ruptured AAA. The crux of the operation is to mack an aortic occlusion proximal to the site of rupture of aorta to effectively control bleeding. Patients with rupture of AAA into the free peritoneal cavity or those with acute myocardial infarction, acute renal failure or respiratory complications had poor prognosis.

目的探讨破裂性腹主动脉瘤及时有效的诊断方法、治疗措施及影响预后的主要因素。方法回顾分析6年间收治的15例破裂性腹主动脉瘤的临床资料。临床表现为腹痛和/或腰背痛,血压下降或休克,腹部可触及搏动性肿块。8例行DSA和/或sCTA检查确诊,2例彩色多普勒超声检查提示腹主动脉瘤破裂,2例破裂前明确有腹主动脉瘤病史,3例剖腹探查发现。所有患者均行手术治疗。13例成功钳夹腹主动脉瘤颈上端的主动脉(4例在膈肌下方阻断,9例在肾动脉下阻断)控制出血,行人工血管重建。结果术中和术后死亡7例(46.67%):2例破入游离腹腔,打开腹腔后失血过多死于术中;1例术后5d死于心肌梗死;2例分别于术后3d和7d死于呼吸衰竭;2例术后4d及8d死于急性肾衰竭。其余病例未出现严重并发症。结论对同时有突发性腹痛和/或腰背痛、血压下降或休克、腹部搏动性肿块三联征的患者可明确诊断;CT、多普勒超声等检查适于生命体征相对稳定的疑似病例。手术是治疗的有效方法;选择不同的阻断破裂口近端腹主动脉以控制出血是手术的关键。破入游离腹腔或并发急性心肌梗死、急性肾衰竭和肺部并发症者,预后不佳。

Objective To analyze the clinical characteristics of patients with cholesterol crystal embolism (CCE) after percutaneous coronary intervention. Methods Six patients with atherosclerosis presenting with simultaneous occurrence of acute renal failure and peripheral ischemic changes were diagnosed as cholesterol crystal embolism and their clinical data were analyzed. Results The patients, 5 men and 1 woman, had an average age of 72 years. Most of them had risk factors of atherosclerosis such as hypertension, diabetes...

Objective To analyze the clinical characteristics of patients with cholesterol crystal embolism (CCE) after percutaneous coronary intervention. Methods Six patients with atherosclerosis presenting with simultaneous occurrence of acute renal failure and peripheral ischemic changes were diagnosed as cholesterol crystal embolism and their clinical data were analyzed. Results The patients, 5 men and 1 woman, had an average age of 72 years. Most of them had risk factors of atherosclerosis such as hypertension, diabetes and smoking. The levels of serum creatinine increased progressively after coronary angiography. All patients had concomitant skin lesions, including blue toes. Cutaneous biopsy of 1 patient found cholesterol emboli in arterioles. All patients received statins, and 2 received dialysis. Three patients died, and 3 patients remained chronic renal failure. Conclusion Since the morbidity of CCE is growing and the disease is iatrogenic in origin, special attention should be paid to this disease.

目的观察冠状动脉造影及介入治疗术后胆固醇结晶栓塞的发生情况、临床特点及治疗情况。方法6例动脉粥样硬化患者因急性肾衰竭、外周皮肤缺血性损害,诊断为胆固醇结晶栓塞,收集其临床资料,并随访预后情况。结果6例患者中5例为男性,平均年龄72岁,多数伴有高血压、糖尿病、吸烟等动脉粥样硬化的危险因素。6例患者均在冠状动脉造影后出现血肌酐水平进行性升高,皮肤损害表现为肢端蓝紫色淤斑。1例患者的足趾皮肤活检见到胆固醇结晶栓子。所有患者应用他汀类药物治疗,2例患者给予肾替代治疗。随访有3例患者死亡,3例患者仍为慢性肾衰竭。结论医源性胆固醇结晶栓塞的发病率逐渐增高,临床医生对此病应有足够的认识。

 
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