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急性肾衰竭
相关语句
  acute renal failure
    Clinical analysis of acute renal failure in severely thermal burn
    重度热烧伤并发急性肾衰竭临床分析
短句来源
    Etiological and prognostic factors in patients with acute renal failure after cardiac surgery
    心脏手术后急性肾衰竭患者的病因和预后相关因素分析
短句来源
    Objective To evaluate etiological and prognostic factors contributing to acute renal failure (ARF) after cardiac surgery.
    目的探讨心脏手术后急性肾衰竭(ARF)的病因和影响预后的因素。
短句来源
    [Background] Multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) is a major complication of cardiac surgery. MODS with acute renal failure (ARF) is associated with very high mortality.
    [背景]多脏器功能障碍综合征(MODS)是心脏术后的危重并发症,伴有急性肾衰竭(ARF)患者的预后则更差。
短句来源
    Objective:To explore some early useful diagnosis parameters and some methods to prevent and treat acute renal failure in severely thermal burn,a serious complication of the disease.
    目的 :寻找有助于早期诊断热烧伤并发急性肾衰竭 (ARF)的诊断指标以及指导治疗和预防的有用措施。
短句来源
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  “急性肾衰竭”译为未确定词的双语例句
    [Background] Inflammation and oxidative stress often happen after cardiac surgery because the contact of circling pipeline and oxidation instrument, ischemia reperfusion injury and surgical trauma. When this is severe, multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) arised.
    【背景】心脏手术体外循环(Cardiopulmonary bypass,CPB)时因血液与循环管道和氧合器接触、缺血再灌注损伤、手术损伤等因素常导致术后炎症反应和氧化应激,严重时可发生多脏器功能衰竭,合并重症急性肾衰竭(Acute renal failure,ARF)的多脏器功能障碍综合征(Multiple organ dysfunction syndrome,MODS)患者的死亡率很高。
短句来源
    The major causes of death were postoperative acute kidney failure,metabolic acidosis,hyperkalemia,and primary heart or lung diseases.
    术后急性肾衰竭、代谢性酸中毒及高钾血症、原发心肺疾患是死亡的主要原因。
短句来源
    Methods 36 cases of micro-injury treatment for intracranial hematoma caused by hypertensive in our hospital from September 1997 to December 2003,postoperative management included intensive were reviewed.
    方法 回顾性分析微创手术治疗高血压脑出血所形成的颅内血肿 36例 ,术后严密监护各项生命体征 ,及时纠正高颅压、脑疝、消化道出血、感染、成人呼吸窘迫综合征、急性肾衰竭等危及生命的并发症。
短句来源
    Results Of the 36 cases of hypertensive intracerebral hemorrage,6 cases died and 30 cases survived. 80%~95% of all these cases were testified to have basicly scavenged hemorrahage within 2~6 days.
    结果  36例血肿清除率达 80 %~ 95 % ,存活 30例 (83% ) ,死亡 6例 (17% ) ,其中 2例死于脑疝 ,2例死于应激性溃疡 ,1例死于急性肾衰竭 ,1例死于严重肺部感染。
短句来源
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  acute renal failure
Intra-abdominal hypertension is an independent cause of acute renal failure after orthotopic liver transplantation
      
An independent association between acute renal failure (ARF) and intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) after liver transplantation has not been established previously.
      
The main complications after transplantation included pulmonary infection in two cases, acute renal failure in three cases and transplantation-related encephalopathy in one case.
      
Mitochondrial dysfunction at the early stage of cisplatin-induced acute renal failure in rats
      
The present study was undertaken to clarify the pathogenesis of cisplatin-induced acute renal failure at the early stage.
      
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Objective:To explore some early useful diagnosis parameters and some methods to prevent and treat acute renal failure in severely thermal burn,a serious complication of the disease.Methods:Chlinical data of 119 patients with severely thermal burn (second-and third-degree burns covering 30% or more of their body surface area) was analyzed retrospectively.The related factors of ARF in the total of 29 patients complicated with ARF were also analyzed retrospectively.Results:24.8% patients with severely thermal burn...

Objective:To explore some early useful diagnosis parameters and some methods to prevent and treat acute renal failure in severely thermal burn,a serious complication of the disease.Methods:Chlinical data of 119 patients with severely thermal burn (second-and third-degree burns covering 30% or more of their body surface area) was analyzed retrospectively.The related factors of ARF in the total of 29 patients complicated with ARF were also analyzed retrospectively.Results:24.8% patients with severely thermal burn complicated with ARF.Mortality rate in ARF group higher than that in ordinary group significantly (P<0.001).Burned body area in ARF group higher than that in ordinary group significantly (P<0.001) but sera albumin levels in ARF group lower than that in ordinary group significantly (P<0.001).Sera creatinine (Scr) in ARF group correlated positively with burned body area and negatively with sera albumin levels.Conclusion:The losing and the Consumption of albumin play an important role in severely thermal burn complicated with ARF.Redress hypoalbuminemia at an early date may be a good method to prevent ARF complicated form severely thermal burned.Hypoalbuminemia maybe act as a useful parameter to diagnose ARF in severely thermal burned

目的 :寻找有助于早期诊断热烧伤并发急性肾衰竭 (ARF)的诊断指标以及指导治疗和预防的有用措施。方法 :回顾性分析 117例重度热烧伤病人的临床资料 ,并对其中合并急性肾衰竭的 2 9例患者的可能因素进行相关分析。结果 :占 2 4 8%的重度热烧伤患者并发ARF ,而合并ARF的烧伤患者死亡率显著高于普通组 (P <0 0 0 1) ;ARF组烧伤面积显著高于普通组 ,而入院时血清白蛋白水平明显低于普通组 (P <0 0 0 1) ;合并ARF热烧伤患者肌酐 (Scr)水平峰值与烧伤面积呈正相关 ,与入院时血清白蛋白水平呈负相关。结论 :血清白蛋白的丢失和消耗在重度热烧伤并发ARF中起极其重要的作用 ,及早纠正低蛋白血症对预防重度热烧伤并发ARF具有重要意义 ,低蛋白血症可作为早期诊断热烧伤并发ARF的参考指标之一。

Objective To assess the outcome of liver transplantation in patients over sixty years of age,in order to attempt to expand the indications of liver transplantation. Methods From August,2000 to January,2002, the clinical data of 36 patients who underwent liver transplantation in our department were analysed retrospectively. Of the 36 cases, the data (operating time, the length of hospitalization, rejection rate and ICU stay days after operation) of 5 patients whose age were ≥60 years (elderly group)...

Objective To assess the outcome of liver transplantation in patients over sixty years of age,in order to attempt to expand the indications of liver transplantation. Methods From August,2000 to January,2002, the clinical data of 36 patients who underwent liver transplantation in our department were analysed retrospectively. Of the 36 cases, the data (operating time, the length of hospitalization, rejection rate and ICU stay days after operation) of 5 patients whose age were ≥60 years (elderly group) and the data of 31 patients whose age were under 60 years ( < 60 years group) were compared. Results The length of hospitalization was the same in both groups, and there were no significant differences in the operation time, ICU staying and blood losing during operation between the two groups. The rejection rate in the elderly group was significantly lower than that in < 60 years group (P< 0.05). Only 1 case in the elderly group died of acute renal failure, the other 4 recovered smoothly. Of the 4 patients,3alived for 7,9, 22 months, respectively. Conclusions For the elderly patients with end-stage liver disease,if they have good heart, lung and renal function, liver transplantation could be considered.

目的 探讨老年患者肝移植手术的特点 ,以期扩大肝移植的适应证。方法 对 2 0 0 0年 8月~ 2 0 0 2年 1月我院进行的 3 6例同种异体原位肝移植患者的临床资料进行回顾性分析 ,并比较其中 5例 60岁以上者 (≥ 60岁组 ,老年组 )与其他 3 1例年龄在 60岁以下的患者 ( <60岁组 )手术后恢复情况 ;分析老年患者的手术时间、手术中出血、手术后并发症、住院时间、手术后ICU停留时间等情况。结果 老年组患者手术时间、手术后出血及手术后恢复时间与 <60组无明显差别 ,手术后停留ICU的时间稍长 ,急性排异的发生率 ( 0 / 5 )低于 <60组 ( 8/ 3 1) (P <0 .0 5 )。老年组中 1例围手术期死于急性肾衰竭 ,其他 4例顺利恢复出院 ,其中 3例已分别生存 7,9,2 2个月。结论 对于无严重心、肺、肾功能障碍的终末期肝病的老年患者 ,可作为肝移植的适应证。

Objective To study micro-injury surgery for intracranal hematoma and management of postoperative complications.Methods 36 cases of micro-injury treatment for intracranial hematoma caused by hypertensive in our hospital from September 1997 to December 2003,postoperative management included intensive were reviewed.Results Of the 36 cases of hypertensive intracerebral hemorrage,6 cases died and 30 cases survived.80%~95% of all these cases were testified to have basicly scavenged hemorrahage within 2~6 days.Conclusion...

Objective To study micro-injury surgery for intracranal hematoma and management of postoperative complications.Methods 36 cases of micro-injury treatment for intracranial hematoma caused by hypertensive in our hospital from September 1997 to December 2003,postoperative management included intensive were reviewed.Results Of the 36 cases of hypertensive intracerebral hemorrage,6 cases died and 30 cases survived.80%~95% of all these cases were testified to have basicly scavenged hemorrahage within 2~6 days.Conclusion Correct choice of micro-injury operation is crucial.It is also very important to emphasize supervision,perioperation ursing and complication management,since they play a significant role in reducing mortality and diability.

目的 探讨颅内血肿微创手术效果与围手术期并发症监护处理的相应措施。方法 回顾性分析微创手术治疗高血压脑出血所形成的颅内血肿 36例 ,术后严密监护各项生命体征 ,及时纠正高颅压、脑疝、消化道出血、感染、成人呼吸窘迫综合征、急性肾衰竭等危及生命的并发症。结果  36例血肿清除率达 80 %~ 95 % ,存活 30例 (83% ) ,死亡 6例 (17% ) ,其中 2例死于脑疝 ,2例死于应激性溃疡 ,1例死于急性肾衰竭 ,1例死于严重肺部感染。结论 正确选择微创术是成功的关键 ;加强围手术期监护复苏及术后并发症处理 ,对提高颅内血肿患者的生存率及降低致残率具有重要意义

 
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