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急性肾衰竭
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  acute renal failure
    Comparison PD with HO on children with acute renal failure
    儿童急性肾衰竭透析疗法比较
短句来源
    Clinical and Pathological Analysis of Acute Renal Failure in Children
    急性肾衰竭临床与病理分析
短句来源
    Tracheal tubes replace PD-catheters in the peritoneal dialysis of children's acute renal failure
    用气管导管作腹膜透析管治疗儿童急性肾衰竭
短句来源
    Application of Hemodialysis and Filtration in Children with Acute Renal Failure
    血液透析并滤过在儿童急性肾衰竭中的应用
短句来源
    Objective To discuss the application of the hemodialysis and filtration(HDF) in children with acute renal failure(ARF).
    目的探讨血液透析并滤过(HDF)在小儿急性肾衰竭(ARF)的应用。
短句来源
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  “急性肾衰竭”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Contrast Research on Decreasing Rate of Serum β_2-Microglobulin before and after Children′s Hemodialysis and Hemodiafiltation
    血液透析与血液透析滤过急性肾衰竭患儿治疗前后血清β_2微球蛋白下降率对比
短句来源
    Methods The literature of 80 treated children with ARF from 1988. 1 to 2003.10 was reviewed.
    方法回顾性分析1988年1月~2003年10月诊治的急性肾衰竭80例病历资料。
短句来源
    CLINICAL OBSERVATION OF USING DEFERENT DOSAGE OF FUROSEMIDE TO TREAT RENAL FAILURE IN CHILD
    不同计量速尿治疗儿童急性肾衰竭少尿期临床观察
短句来源
    Methods The clinical and laboratory data of children with ARF were analyzed before and after dialysis between 1994 and 2002.Results Both PD and HD showed the same efficacy in correcting renal function and acid-base/electrolyte unbalance. But the recovery time in HD is shorter than PD.
    方法 总结 1994年至 2 0 0 2年在我院行PD或HD的急性肾衰竭患儿的临床资料。 结果 PD与HD改善肾功能、电解质紊乱和酸中毒的近期效果无显著性差异 (P >0 0 5 ) ,但HD组的肾功能、电解质和HCO3 -复常时间短于PD组 (P <0 0 5 )。
短句来源
    The timely dialysis therapy is the key to successful emergency treatment of ARF
    适时透析治疗是急性肾衰竭枪救成功的关键。
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  acute renal failure
Intra-abdominal hypertension is an independent cause of acute renal failure after orthotopic liver transplantation
      
An independent association between acute renal failure (ARF) and intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) after liver transplantation has not been established previously.
      
The main complications after transplantation included pulmonary infection in two cases, acute renal failure in three cases and transplantation-related encephalopathy in one case.
      
Mitochondrial dysfunction at the early stage of cisplatin-induced acute renal failure in rats
      
The present study was undertaken to clarify the pathogenesis of cisplatin-induced acute renal failure at the early stage.
      
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Objective To compare the clinical outcome in patients with hereditary haemolytic anemia (HHA) between allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (Allo-PBSCT) and umbilical cord blood stem cell transplantation (UCBT).Methods Sixteen patients with HHA (14 β-thalassemia major,2 congenital idiopathic haemolytic anemia) received PBSCT (n=7) or UCBT (n=9),respectively.The conditioning regimen consisted of busulfan 14~20mg/kg,cyclophosphages 160~200mg/kg and antithymocyte globulin 90 mg/kg for all patients.Of...

Objective To compare the clinical outcome in patients with hereditary haemolytic anemia (HHA) between allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (Allo-PBSCT) and umbilical cord blood stem cell transplantation (UCBT).Methods Sixteen patients with HHA (14 β-thalassemia major,2 congenital idiopathic haemolytic anemia) received PBSCT (n=7) or UCBT (n=9),respectively.The conditioning regimen consisted of busulfan 14~20mg/kg,cyclophosphages 160~200mg/kg and antithymocyte globulin 90 mg/kg for all patients.Of them,8 patients also received melphalan (90mg/m 2),2 had thiotepa (6mg/kg) and another 4 thiotepa with fludarabine ( 150mg/m 2).Results The median follow-up period was 49(38~64 ) months in UCBT group and 39(25~49) months in PBSCT group.Seven patients with UCBT and 6 with PBSCT received engraft successfully,of them 2 relapsed within 60 days post UCBT,but none relapsed in the PBSCT group.Transplant-related death occurred in 1 patient in UCBT group,and 2 in PBSCT group,respectively.The cause of death was acute renal failure in UCBT,while in PBSCT,one of them died of hepatic veno-occlusive disease and the other got Escherichia coli septicemia.The aGVHD occurred in 4 patients in UCBT group and 5 in the PBSCT group,while cGVHD did in 1 and 3,respectively.Conclusion The high engraftment rate of PBSCT is its advantage,and the high risk of GVHD is its disadvantage.The lower rate and mildness of GVHD is the advantage of UCBT.Furthermore,the transplantation with HLA mismatched can be used successfully.However,the lower engraftment is the disadvantage of UCBT.

目的 比较亲属异基因脐血造血干细胞移植 (UCBT)与亲属异基因外周血造血干细胞移植 (PBSCT)治疗遗传性溶血性贫血 (溶贫 )的临床疗效。方法  16例遗传性溶贫 (重型 β地中海贫血 14例 ,先天性特发性溶血性贫血 2例 )中 9例行UCBT ,7例行PBSCT。预处理方案以白消安 14~ 2 0mg/kg、环磷酰胺 16 0~ 2 0 0mg/kg和抗胸腺细胞球蛋白 90mg/kg为基础 ,8例加马法兰 90mg/m2 ,2例加噻替哌 6mg/kg ,4例加噻替哌和氟达拉宾15 0mg/m2 。结果 UCBT组植入 7例 (7/ 9) ,其中 2例于移植术后 6 0d(+6 0d)内排斥、回复地中海贫血 (地贫 )状态 ,1例发生急性肾衰竭死亡 ;4例出现急性移植物抗宿主病 (aGVHD) ,1例出现慢性移植物抗宿主病 (cGVHD) ;中位随访时间 4 9个月 (38~ 6 4个月 )。PBSCT组植入 6例 (6 / 7) ,无继发排斥 ,1例发生肝衰竭死亡 ,1例于 +3d死于败血症 ;5例出现aGVHD ,其中 3例延续为cGVHD ;中位随访时间 39个月 (2 5~ 4 9...

目的 比较亲属异基因脐血造血干细胞移植 (UCBT)与亲属异基因外周血造血干细胞移植 (PBSCT)治疗遗传性溶血性贫血 (溶贫 )的临床疗效。方法  16例遗传性溶贫 (重型 β地中海贫血 14例 ,先天性特发性溶血性贫血 2例 )中 9例行UCBT ,7例行PBSCT。预处理方案以白消安 14~ 2 0mg/kg、环磷酰胺 16 0~ 2 0 0mg/kg和抗胸腺细胞球蛋白 90mg/kg为基础 ,8例加马法兰 90mg/m2 ,2例加噻替哌 6mg/kg ,4例加噻替哌和氟达拉宾15 0mg/m2 。结果 UCBT组植入 7例 (7/ 9) ,其中 2例于移植术后 6 0d(+6 0d)内排斥、回复地中海贫血 (地贫 )状态 ,1例发生急性肾衰竭死亡 ;4例出现急性移植物抗宿主病 (aGVHD) ,1例出现慢性移植物抗宿主病 (cGVHD) ;中位随访时间 4 9个月 (38~ 6 4个月 )。PBSCT组植入 6例 (6 / 7) ,无继发排斥 ,1例发生肝衰竭死亡 ,1例于 +3d死于败血症 ;5例出现aGVHD ,其中 3例延续为cGVHD ;中位随访时间 39个月 (2 5~ 4 9个月 )。结论 UCBT、PBSCT治疗遗传性溶贫具有不同的特点。PBSCT治疗具有植入率高 ,GVHD发生率也高的特点。UCBT具有GVHD程度较轻 ,提示人类白细胞抗原配型不全相合也可开展移植 ,但应改善低植入率的问题。

Objective To explore the effect in children with critical illness using acute hemodialysis.Methods The 33 children of the age from 5 months to 7 years accepted emergent hemodialysises treatment by Gambro AK 90s dialytic machine with tubes of 0.5~0.8cm acetic acid fibremembrane.There were 20 infants with acute renal failure(ARF) and 13 children with fluoroacetamide poison.Results The 30 infants were recovered and curative rate was 90.9%.The complications of dialysis were found in 17 infants in 39 case time...

Objective To explore the effect in children with critical illness using acute hemodialysis.Methods The 33 children of the age from 5 months to 7 years accepted emergent hemodialysises treatment by Gambro AK 90s dialytic machine with tubes of 0.5~0.8cm acetic acid fibremembrane.There were 20 infants with acute renal failure(ARF) and 13 children with fluoroacetamide poison.Results The 30 infants were recovered and curative rate was 90.9%.The complications of dialysis were found in 17 infants in 39 case time hemodialysises(43.59%).Two infants died as a result of multiple organ failure.Conclusion Emergent hemodialysis technique is a most quickly and effective technique that for treating infants with critical illness of ARF and posion.

目的 探讨低龄儿血液透析技术实施的特点 ,以提高婴幼儿危重症抢救成功率。方法 采用瑞典产GambroAK90s血透机与宁波产 0 5~ 0 8cm醋酸纤维透析器对 33例年龄 5个月至 7岁危重儿实施紧急血液透析疗法 ,其中急性肾衰竭 2 0例 ,氟乙酰胺毒鼠药中毒 1 3例。结果  33例患儿均成功地实施 39例次紧急血液透析 ,透析中发生并发症 1 7例 (43 59% )经对症处理缓解。 30例治愈 ,治愈率 90 9%。结论 紧急血液透析技术是成功地抢救婴幼儿危重症最为快速、有效的措施之一

Objective To investigate the clinical effects of hemodialysis(HD) and peritoneal dialysis(PD) on children with acute renal failure(ARF).Methods The clinical and laboratory data of children with ARF were analyzed before and after dialysis between 1994 and 2002.Results Both PD and HD showed the same efficacy in correcting renal function and acid-base/electrolyte unbalance.But the recovery time in HD is shorter than PD.Conclusion HD therapy is a safe and effective approach for ARF, even at small age group,it...

Objective To investigate the clinical effects of hemodialysis(HD) and peritoneal dialysis(PD) on children with acute renal failure(ARF).Methods The clinical and laboratory data of children with ARF were analyzed before and after dialysis between 1994 and 2002.Results Both PD and HD showed the same efficacy in correcting renal function and acid-base/electrolyte unbalance.But the recovery time in HD is shorter than PD.Conclusion HD therapy is a safe and effective approach for ARF, even at small age group,it is faster than PD.PD is also an effective method in managing ARF especially in primary hospitals.

目的 为探讨儿童急性肾衰竭透析疗法效果 ,对我院腹膜透析和血液透析情况进行比较。方法 总结 1994年至 2 0 0 2年在我院行PD或HD的急性肾衰竭患儿的临床资料。结果 PD与HD改善肾功能、电解质紊乱和酸中毒的近期效果无显著性差异 (P >0 0 5 ) ,但HD组的肾功能、电解质和HCO3 -复常时间短于PD组 (P <0 0 5 )。结论 HD奏效快 ,ARF患儿病情紧急或合并多脏器衰竭时选用HD较适合 ,小年龄儿童HD治疗亦有可行性。但PD与HD对于改善肾功能、电解质紊乱和酸中毒同样有效 ,且适合基层医院开展

 
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