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急性肾衰竭
相关语句
  acute renal failure
    Clinical analysis of 15 cases with acute renal failure caused by amoxicillin through intravenous injection
    注射用阿莫西林钠致急性肾衰竭15例分析
短句来源
    Objective To investigate the clinical characteristics of Acyclovir-induced acute renal failure(ARF).
    目的 探讨阿昔洛韦导致的急性肾衰竭(ARF)的临床特征。
短句来源
    Acute renal failure was also found in 52 cases, in which penicillins accounted for 66.67% .
    其次为急性肾衰竭 52例 ,青霉素类所占比例较高 (66 .67% )。
短句来源
    Acute renal failure induced by high-dose penicillinum
    大剂量青霉素致急性肾衰竭
短句来源
    OBJECTIVE:To study the reasons for acute renal failure(ARF) and hyperkalemia caused by ACEI which is used for treating cardiovascular disease,and the dealing method.
    目的 :探讨应用血管紧张素转化酶抑制剂 (ACEI)治疗心血管疾病时引起急性肾衰竭和高钾血症的原因及其应对方法。
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  “急性肾衰竭”译为未确定词的双语例句
    [Results] Acute onset,sever lumber or lower abdominal pain with gross hematuria occurred in almost all of cases,oliguria could be seen in 66% of cases,BUN(16.65±11.19)mmol/L Scr(472.5±325.67)μmol/L,amoxicillin was forbidden immediately when ARF was diagnosed,and ARF had a good prognosis after active treatment.
    [结果]静脉注射阿莫西林钠致急性肾衰竭起病急,100%出现剧烈腰痛或下腹痛伴肉眼血尿,66%伴有少尿,肾功检查尿素氮(16.65±11.19)mmol/L肌酐(472.5±325.67)μmol/L,出现症状即停药15 d内可以进入多尿期,3个月后随诊肾功能恢复正常。
短句来源
    Three Cases about Acyclovir Induced ARF
    阿昔洛韦致急性肾衰竭3例及相关综述
短句来源
    On one hand, ACEI can improve renal function, on the other hand, it can induce ARF and hyperkalemia.
    ACEI可以改善肾功能 ,也可能引起急性肾衰竭和高钾血症。
短句来源
    Usually after relief of ARF, ACEI can be safely used again, especially when causative factors are corrected.
    一般来说 ,在急性肾衰竭缓解之后可重新安全的服用ACEI,尤其是诱发因素已纠正后。
短句来源
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  acute renal failure
Intra-abdominal hypertension is an independent cause of acute renal failure after orthotopic liver transplantation
      
An independent association between acute renal failure (ARF) and intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) after liver transplantation has not been established previously.
      
The main complications after transplantation included pulmonary infection in two cases, acute renal failure in three cases and transplantation-related encephalopathy in one case.
      
Mitochondrial dysfunction at the early stage of cisplatin-induced acute renal failure in rats
      
The present study was undertaken to clarify the pathogenesis of cisplatin-induced acute renal failure at the early stage.
      
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Objective: To investigate the sorts of drugs and common clinical characteristics of β lactams antibiotics induced renal damage, and further analyze the influence factors related to renal damage.Method: The articles involved inβ lactams antibiotics induced renal damage in the database of Chinese Biomedical Disc and Medline from 1996 to June, 2002 were reviewed and analyzed.Result: There were 113 articles reporting 345 cases concerningβ lactams antibiotics induced renal damage in the period of 6 years. The...

Objective: To investigate the sorts of drugs and common clinical characteristics of β lactams antibiotics induced renal damage, and further analyze the influence factors related to renal damage.Method: The articles involved inβ lactams antibiotics induced renal damage in the database of Chinese Biomedical Disc and Medline from 1996 to June, 2002 were reviewed and analyzed.Result: There were 113 articles reporting 345 cases concerningβ lactams antibiotics induced renal damage in the period of 6 years. The cases were caused by 16 kinds of drugs, among which, 327 cases were caused by cephalosporins( 93.04% ). The main drugs were cefradine, cefazolin and cefodizime. The other 18 cases were caused by penicillins ( 6.96% ), mainly including ampicillin and amoxillin. The clinical manifestations of renal damage were hematuria(286 cases), in which cephalosporins accounted for 98.6% . Acute renal failure was also found in 52 cases, in which penicillins accounted for 66.67% .Conclusion: To preventing fromβ lactams antibiotics induced renal damage, the dugs should be rationally used, and urine or renal function have to be regularly monitored.

目的 :分析 β 内酰胺类抗生素所致肾损害的药物品种、常见临床特点及可能原因。 方法 :以 1 996~2 0 0 2年 6月中国生物医学文献数据库和Medline中有关 β 内酰胺类抗生素所致肾损害的文摘为线索 ,逐篇查阅原文 ,按统一标准筛选病例 ,并进行统计分析。结果 :6年间符合筛选标准的 1 1 3篇文献中报告 β 内酰胺类抗生素所致肾损害 345例 ,共涉及 1 6种药物 ,其中头孢菌素类占 32 1例 ,达 93 .0 4 % ,主要为头孢拉定、头孢唑林和头孢地嗪 ;青霉素类仅 2 4例 ,占 6 .96 % ,常见为氨苄西林和阿莫西林。肾损害临床表现主要为血尿 (2 86例 ) ,以头孢菌素类所致为主 (98.60 % )。其次为急性肾衰竭 52例 ,青霉素类所占比例较高 (66 .67% )。本文分别对头孢菌素类和青霉素类所致的血尿和急性肾衰竭临床特点、药物致病因素和预防措施进行了分析。结论 :合理用药、适时监测尿常规和肾功能变化应可减少或避免 β 内酰胺类抗生素肾损害的发生

OBJECTIVE:To study the reasons for acute renal failure(ARF) and hyperkalemia caused by ACEI which is used for treating cardiovascular disease,and the dealing method. METHODS: By reviewing recent literatures at abroad associated with clinical experiences of the doctors to do analysis. RESULTS & CONCLUSION: Application of ACEI for the treatment of hypertension and chronic renal failure has two different effect. On one hand, ACEI can improve renal function, on the other hand, it can induce ARF and hyperkalemia....

OBJECTIVE:To study the reasons for acute renal failure(ARF) and hyperkalemia caused by ACEI which is used for treating cardiovascular disease,and the dealing method. METHODS: By reviewing recent literatures at abroad associated with clinical experiences of the doctors to do analysis. RESULTS & CONCLUSION: Application of ACEI for the treatment of hypertension and chronic renal failure has two different effect. On one hand, ACEI can improve renal function, on the other hand, it can induce ARF and hyperkalemia. So long as kidney perfusion is adequate without heavy loss of body fluid, ACEI can then improve hemodynamics of the kidney and further improve saline secretion of the kidney. However, when body fluid obviously loses, angiotensin Ⅱ plays an important part in maintaining GFR. ACEI can quickly decrease GFR, and subsequently cause oliguria or anuria renal failure. Usually after relief of ARF, ACEI can be safely used again, especially when causative factors are corrected.

目的 :探讨应用血管紧张素转化酶抑制剂 (ACEI)治疗心血管疾病时引起急性肾衰竭和高钾血症的原因及其应对方法。方法 :查阅近期国外相关文献 ,以及与笔者的临床经验相结合进行分析、评价。结果与结论 :应用ACEI类药物对于高血压和慢性肾衰竭患者来说是一把“双刃剑”。ACEI可以改善肾功能 ,也可能引起急性肾衰竭和高钾血症。只要肾脏灌注充分且体液丧失不严重 ,ACEI就可改善肾脏的血流动力学 ,从而进一步改善肾脏的盐分泌 ;而在体液显著丧失时 ,血管紧张素Ⅱ则可使肾小球滤过率 (GFR)迅速下降 ,继发少尿或无尿性肾衰竭。一般来说 ,在急性肾衰竭缓解之后可重新安全的服用ACEI,尤其是诱发因素已纠正后。

[Objective] To analysis the reason of acute renal failure caused by amoxicillin through intravenous injection,and to reduce the side effect of drugs.[Methods] To summary the clinical manifestations,laboratory tests,treatment and prognosis of 15 cases with acute renal failure caused by amoxicillin through intravenous injection.[Results] Acute onset,sever lumber or lower abdominal pain with gross hematuria occurred in almost all of cases,oliguria could be seen in 66% of cases,BUN(16.65±11.19)mmol/L Scr(472.5±325.67)μmol/L,amoxicillin...

[Objective] To analysis the reason of acute renal failure caused by amoxicillin through intravenous injection,and to reduce the side effect of drugs.[Methods] To summary the clinical manifestations,laboratory tests,treatment and prognosis of 15 cases with acute renal failure caused by amoxicillin through intravenous injection.[Results] Acute onset,sever lumber or lower abdominal pain with gross hematuria occurred in almost all of cases,oliguria could be seen in 66% of cases,BUN(16.65±11.19)mmol/L Scr(472.5±325.67)μmol/L,amoxicillin was forbidden immediately when ARF was diagnosed,and ARF had a good prognosis after active treatment.[Conclusion] Strictly master the dose and concentration of amoxicillin.

[目的]分析静脉注射阿莫西林钠导致急性肾衰竭的原因,以减少药物不良反应的发生。[方法]总结15例静脉注射阿莫西林钠致急性肾衰竭的临床表现、辅助检查结果、治疗及预后。[结果]静脉注射阿莫西林钠致急性肾衰竭起病急,100%出现剧烈腰痛或下腹痛伴肉眼血尿,66%伴有少尿,肾功检查尿素氮(16.65±11.19)mmol/L肌酐(472.5±325.67)μmol/L,出现症状即停药15 d内可以进入多尿期,3个月后随诊肾功能恢复正常。[结论]严格掌握注射用阿莫西林钠的剂量和浓度。

 
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