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usage cost
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  使用成本
     It synthesized consider the construction cost and the maintenance cost(usage cost), sequentially realize the scientific construction design and select the reasonable architecture material, so that, at the premise of ensuring the quality of design, realize the target which can reduce the entire life cycle cost of the project.
     它综合考虑工程项目的建造成本和运营与维护成本(使用成本),从而实现科学的建筑设计和合理的选择建筑材料,以便在确保设计质量的前提下,实现降低项目全生命周期成本的目标。
短句来源
     But the high-voltage oxygen cabin devotion is big, the usage cost is high, and suffer the restrict of various factors.
     但高压氧舱投入大、使用成本高,并受多种因素的限制。
短句来源
     The feasibility of repetitive use of Fe-based shape memory alloy lock nut has been studied in order to lower the usage cost.
     为了降低铁基形状记忆合金防松螺母的使用成本,探索了该新型螺母重复使用的可行性。
短句来源
     Through the quantitative analysis of the usage cost, infrastructure cost, trip time cost and external cost of various traffic modes, including walk, bicycle, motorbike, bus, car, taxi, light- rail, subway and so on, the paper put forward a computing method on defining urban trip costs, and provides a basis for improving urban transport structure.
     本文通过对步行、自行车、摩托车、公共汽车、小汽车、出租汽车、轻轨、地铁等各种交通方式在使用成本、基础设施成本、出行时间成本以及外部成本等方面进行量化分析,确定了城市出行成本的计算方法,从而为各个城市优化交通结构提供依据。
短句来源
     Currently ,the research target of this realm is raising the drag reduction efficiency , at the same time ,is increasing its anti-to shear function and lower the usage cost as far as possible.
     目前,这一领域的研究目标是在不断提高其减阻效率的同时,尽量增强其抗剪切稳定性及降低其使用成本
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  “usage cost”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Instead of adopting congestion pricing mechanism, this paper imposes fixed usage price on throughput of each user, which is assumed to be the function of network congestion and usage cost.
     没有采用拥塞相关的计费,而是对每个用户有效传输的单位吞吐量收取固定的费用,但每个用户的传输速率是网络拥塞和单位带宽价格的函数,并在此基础上提出了用户净效用函数。
短句来源
     Then, we propose an approximate answers model using generalized databases and concept hierarchies based on location for mobile computing query processing. In a mobile computing environment, because of characteristics such as availability, connectivity, low-band width, data quality, usage cost, users may not obtain perfect answers to their queries within an acceptable time.
     然后,提出了一个使用概括数据库(generalized databases)和位置概念层次(concept hierarchies)的位置相关查询近似回答模型,在移动计算环境中,由于移动性、频繁断接性、无线连接的低带宽、无线网络的不稳定等特征,在可接受的时间内,用户可能得不到完整的查询回答。
短句来源
  相似匹配句对
     The Usage of "that
     “that”一词的用法
短句来源
     cost.
     在资金的组织上,把主要精力放在低成本存款上。
短句来源
     Calculatioin and Analysis of Cost Difference in Mixed Usage
     混合使用情况下的成本差异计算分析
短句来源
     The Usage of Surfactant
     表面活性剂的应用
短句来源
     On Construction Cost
     浅议工程造价
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  usage cost
The formulated problem assumes that the storage cost of C/D wafers is much less than the usage cost.
      
The cost per kilometre is much closer to our calculated fuel cost per km than to the total car usage cost per km.
      
Next, the peak demand, and electric usage cost were combined to generate the average cost of electricity in $/kWh.
      
Invariably, this involves making usage cost-effective and charging consumers a connection or subscription fee to cover other costs.
      
During processor configuration generation, we track FPGA resource usage cost of each configuration.
      


It takes very important role that aeroengine load and life monitoring technology in monitoring and assessing operating condition, life consumptiom and remaining life of aeroengine. It can improve the safety and reliability, and reduce direct usage cost of engine. In this paper, the life usage monitoring system is including data condensing processing,LCF counting for every flight and Low Cycle Fatigue, Thermal Fatigue, Creep, and any combination of them can be dealt with. The information obtained...

It takes very important role that aeroengine load and life monitoring technology in monitoring and assessing operating condition, life consumptiom and remaining life of aeroengine. It can improve the safety and reliability, and reduce direct usage cost of engine. In this paper, the life usage monitoring system is including data condensing processing,LCF counting for every flight and Low Cycle Fatigue, Thermal Fatigue, Creep, and any combination of them can be dealt with. The information obtained by life monitoring system is very useful for the database of part management which will be used to track the life usage of the engine parts.

航空发动机寿命监视技术对监视发动机的工作状态、寿命消耗、剩余寿命和保证发动机在高性能水平下安全、可靠地工作有十分重要的作用.本文所设计的地面监视系统功能包括,对发动机飞行参数进行筛选并提取出影响低周疲劳寿命的循环数以及计算离心负荷、热负荷作用下的低周疲劳和蠕变寿命消耗,建立各关键件在低周/ 蠕变交互作用下的实际寿命消耗的计算模型.通过发动机使用寿命数据库对各监视零件的剩余寿命加以管理,为使用和维修提供参考依据

QoS(Quality of Service) based network routing mechanisms are fundamental means to support QoS guarantees required by distributed multimedia applications. The QoS based routing algorithms are key components in QoS routing mechanisms. In this paper, two routing algorithms are presented, which are suitable to QoS based initial route setup for multimedia communication. The first algorithm supports the QoS based initial route setup between two participants. It can not only act as the QoS based routing (or the QoS...

QoS(Quality of Service) based network routing mechanisms are fundamental means to support QoS guarantees required by distributed multimedia applications. The QoS based routing algorithms are key components in QoS routing mechanisms. In this paper, two routing algorithms are presented, which are suitable to QoS based initial route setup for multimedia communication. The first algorithm supports the QoS based initial route setup between two participants. It can not only act as the QoS based routing (or the QoS based initial route setup algorithm if on line rerouting permitted) for point to point multimedia communication, but also act as the QoS based initial route setup algorithm for multimedia dynamic group communication in which the number of initial group members is two. It is based on Dijkstra's algorithm and belongs to hop by hop routing algorithm. It finds the minimum usage cost path from source node to destination one with certain constrains satisfied, at the same time, leads to the optimal resource (such as CPU, buffer, bandwidth) utility and guaranteeing end to end delay and end to end error rate requirements to maximum degree. The second proposed algorithm supports the QoS based initial route setup between multiple participants. It can not only act as the QoS based routing (or the QoS based initial route setup algorithm if on line rerouting permitted) for multimedia static group communication, but also act as the QoS based initial route setup algorithm for multimedia dynamic group communication in which the number of initial group members is greater than two. What to be solved is a kind of constrained Steiner tree problem, which is NP complete. By introducing a kind of heuristic cost, it is transformed into a kind of Steiner tree problem. Due to the NP completeness, GA(Genetic Algorithm) is applied to find the minimum heuristic cost Steiner tree. In addition, in order to speedup the convergence to the optimal solution, the domain knowledge based active mutation concept is presented and introduced into the second proposed algorithm. The defined heuristic cost is proportional to the available CPU capability and buffer capacity of the nodes and the available bandwidth of the edges along the route inversely, thus, the second proposed algorithm tends to setup route along the light loaded nodes and edges, helping application QoS requirements satisfied and network load balanced.The correctness of the proposed algorithms is also discussed. Simulation results show that they are effective and efficient.

基于服务质量的路由选择机制是从根本上提供分布式多媒体应用所需的服务质量保证的重要手段之一 .该文提出了两种基于服务质量的多媒体通信初始路由建立算法 .一种算法支持在两个通信方之间建立基于服务质量的初始路由 ,既可以作为点对点多媒体通信的基于服务质量的路由选择 /初始路由建立算法 ,也可以作为初始成员为两个的多媒体动态组通信的基于服务质量的初始路由建立算法 .另一种算法支持在多个通信方之间建立基于服务质量的初始路由 ,既可以作为多媒体静态组通信的基于服务质量的路由选择 /初始路由建立算法 ,也可以作为初始成员为多个的多媒体动态组通信的基于服务质量的初始路由建立算法 .文中还探讨了这两种算法的正确性 .

QoS(Quality of Service) Routing mechanisms are important research directions in distributed multimedia systems. For multimedia dynamic group communication, routing mechanisms should support the solving of the following three problems: QoS based initial route setup, QoS based group member joining, and QoS based group member leaving. In this paper, with the support of the QoS based initial route setup algorithms, based on resource sharing principles, QoS based destination node joining and leaving algorithms are...

QoS(Quality of Service) Routing mechanisms are important research directions in distributed multimedia systems. For multimedia dynamic group communication, routing mechanisms should support the solving of the following three problems: QoS based initial route setup, QoS based group member joining, and QoS based group member leaving. In this paper, with the support of the QoS based initial route setup algorithms, based on resource sharing principles, QoS based destination node joining and leaving algorithms are presented. The key ideas of the proposed QoS based destination node joining algorithm are as follows: under certain constrains and with resource sharing principles obeyed, finding a minimum incremental usage cost path from the source node to the newly joined destination node, at the same time, leading to the optimal resource (such as CPU, buffer, bandwidth) utility and guaranteeing end to end delay and end to end error rate requirements to the maximum degree. It can be called as source node initiated one pass destination node joining algorithm. In addition, it can avoid loop occurrence along the route when new destination nodes joining. The main idea of the proposed QoS based destination node leaving algorithm is as follows: with multimedia dynamic group communication QoS unaffected, trying to release the occupied resources(such as CPU, buffer, bandwidth) by the group along the route to the maximum degree as the destination node leaving from the group. Thus, it can improve the network resource utilization. The correctness of two proposed algorithms is also discussed. Simulation results show that they are effective and efficient. Combined with the QoS based initial route setup algorithms and with the help of other QoS control mechanisms (such as resource reservation, admission control, QoS accounting and QoS negotiation, etc), the QoS guarantees for distributed multimedia group applications could be supported by these proposed algorithms.

路由选择机制是分布式多媒体系统中的重要研究方向 .其中 ,基于服务质量的多媒体通信目的节点加入与退出算法是关键组成部分 .该文在基于服务质量的多媒体通信初始路由建立算法的基础上 ,基于资源共享原则 ,提出支持成员动态加入与退出多媒体组通信的目的节点加入与退出算法 ,以增加使用费用最小为目标在满足服务质量约束的条件下完成目的节点加入 ,在不影响多媒体组通信服务质量的前提下 ,在完成目的节点退出的同时最大限度地释放已占用资源 .文中还探讨了这些算法的有效性 .它们和基于服务质量的多媒体通信初始路由建立算法相结合 ,可以提供对分布式多媒体组应用服务质量保证的支持 .

 
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