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underestimated
相关语句
  低估
    Analysis on Overestimated or Underestimated Growth Rate of GDP of China
    对我国GDP增长率高估或低估判断的分析
短句来源
    Calculated with the former method, China's GDP is apparently underestimated; on the basis of PPP it will be overestimated.
    用汇率作为评价标准测算的中国的GDP显然被低估,而以购买力平价作为评价标准测算的中国的GDP则可能被高估。
短句来源
    Value added of service sector in China has been significantly underestimated due to historical reason and some special characteristics of the sector. And growth rate of service sector's value added is more likely biased.
    由于历史原因和服务业本身的一些特点 ,我国现价服务业增加值被严重地低估了 ,服务业增长率计算也可能存在着偏差。
短句来源
    By the proof, it can be concluded that the price of buying the Coal pit exploit option is equal to the underestimated part under the traditional evaluation method.
    实证可得到获得使用煤炭开采权的价格等于传统估计方法低估的部分.
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  underestimated
It was found that the 1-s interval is significantly overestimated, while the other intervals are underestimated.
      
Because of the last-named effect, the results of analysis may be underestimated several times
      
This mechanism is responsible for the underestimated values of NOE and the corresponding errors in the distance determination.
      
The energies D0 of M-N, M-B, and M-C bonds were found to be underestimated by the MO LCAO method at the HF/6-31G* level.
      
In particular, these are underestimated sensitivity levels, unreasonable restrictions of the field of using of the residual magnetization method (RMM), and the absence of specifying the quantity that must be measured before testing.
      
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The most often used methods to compare the GDP of different countries are “the exchange rate” and “purchasing power parity(PPP)”.Calculated with the former method, China's GDP is apparently underestimated;on the basis of PPP it will be overestimated.Therefore,the estimation of China's GDP should be between the two.In order to compare China's GDP with that of other countries,we should make necessary modification and adjustment of both methods and combine them so as to calculate the actual level of China's...

The most often used methods to compare the GDP of different countries are “the exchange rate” and “purchasing power parity(PPP)”.Calculated with the former method, China's GDP is apparently underestimated;on the basis of PPP it will be overestimated.Therefore,the estimation of China's GDP should be between the two.In order to compare China's GDP with that of other countries,we should make necessary modification and adjustment of both methods and combine them so as to calculate the actual level of China's economic scale and make an interval estimation.

GDP的国际比较常用汇率法和购买力平价法。用汇率作为评价标准测算的中国的GDP显然被低估,而以购买力平价作为评价标准测算的中国的GDP则可能被高估。真实的中国GDP的规模大致处于两者之间。为了正确地进行中国GDP的国际比较,一方面,有必要针对两种方法存在的问题作必要的修正和调整,另一方面还应当综合利用两种方法,对中国经济规模的真实水平进行测算和区间估计

This paper focus on estimation of value added of service sector in China.Value added of service sector in China has been significantly underestimated due to historical reason and some special characteristics of the sector.And growth rate of service sector's value added is more likely biased.Pervious works made attempt to re-estimate valued added of service sector,however,without exception,faced constraint of basic data required.The shortcoming of estimate of service sector's value added seriously harms...

This paper focus on estimation of value added of service sector in China.Value added of service sector in China has been significantly underestimated due to historical reason and some special characteristics of the sector.And growth rate of service sector's value added is more likely biased.Pervious works made attempt to re-estimate valued added of service sector,however,without exception,faced constraint of basic data required.The shortcoming of estimate of service sector's value added seriously harms any economic analysis and policy making that makes use of estimate of service sector.In the long run,better estimate of service sector's value added in China mainly depends on improvement of statistics and surveys that designed to record many aspects of service sector,under current condition,however,we still have a large room to improve estimates of service sector's value added.

本文集中讨论我国服务业增加值估算中存在的问题。由于历史原因和服务业本身的一些特点 ,我国现价服务业增加值被严重地低估了 ,服务业增长率计算也可能存在着偏差。对服务业增加值的以往研究均受到基础数据的限制而未能根本地解决这些问题。服务业统计核算的缺陷严重地阻碍着经济分析和经济决策。因此 ,改善我国服务业统计核算是当务之急。从长远的角度来说 ,服务业增加值核算的改善在很大程度上取决于统计调查的完善。但是 ,在现有的条件下 ,仍然有很大的改善余地。

The traditional calculating method of the contribution of foreign trade cuts apart the connection between every economic variable.In addition,the influences of import and export on the domestic consumption and investment are not taken into acount by the method.Therefore,there is a tendency of underestimating the contribution of foreign trade to our country's economic growth.In view of this,based on fully considering the inherent link between every economic variables,this article proposes a group of simultaneous...

The traditional calculating method of the contribution of foreign trade cuts apart the connection between every economic variable.In addition,the influences of import and export on the domestic consumption and investment are not taken into acount by the method.Therefore,there is a tendency of underestimating the contribution of foreign trade to our country's economic growth.In view of this,based on fully considering the inherent link between every economic variables,this article proposes a group of simultaneous equations in order to re-estimate the contribution of foreign trade to China's economic growth.

传统的外贸贡献计算方法割裂了各经济变量之间的联系,没有充分考虑出口对国内消费和投资的影响,因而,这一方法存在低估外贸对我国经济增长的作用的倾向.有鉴于此,文章在充分考虑各经济变量之间的内在联系的基础上,构建一个联立方程组以重新估算外贸对我国经济增长的贡献程度.

 
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