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contralateral breast
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  对侧乳腺
     Among whom 16 were reconstructed with contralateral breast split flap,6 with rectus abdominis myoctutaneous flap,and 8 with flap of greater Omentum and intermediate split thickeness skin graft.
     胸壁肿物切除后行对侧乳腺劈裂瓣修补术 16例 ,行同侧腹直肌瓣修补术 6例 ,行大网膜瓣修补+中厚皮瓣植皮术 8例。
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     Metastatic targets were lung 66.7%,chest wall 50.0%,contralateral breast 33.3%,lymph nodes 56.5%,pleurae 40.0%,bone 11.0%,liver 0%,pericardia 100%,respectively. The dose-limiting toxicity was neutropenia (grade Ⅲ and Ⅳ were 33.3% of patients).
     肺转移灶有效率 6 6 7% ,胸壁转移灶有效率 5 0 0 % ,对侧乳腺转移灶有效率 33 3% ,淋巴结、胸膜、骨、肝转移灶有效率分别是 5 6 5 %、4 0 0 %、11 0 %、0 ,心包 10 0 %。
短句来源
     the Dmean of contralateral breast decreased from 75.4 cGy to 20.3 cGy; the Dmean of contralateral lung decreased from 30.9 cGy to 16.1 cGy.
     对侧乳腺和对侧肺的Dmean也分别从75.4cGy减少到20.3cGy和从30.9cGy到16.1cGy。
短句来源
     Most cases of T0 breast cancer could be detected promptly with careful examination of presenting symptoms, such as nipple discharge, local thickening of the breast, nipple erosion, nipple retraction and postmenopausal mastalgia, while 12 cases were detected by routine mammography of the contralateral breast.
     主要根据乳头溢液、乳腺腺体增厚、乳头糜烂、乳头回缩等主诉,进行追踪检查而发现,其中12例曾患乳腺癌的患者行对侧乳腺常规X线摄影而发现。
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  “contralateral breast”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Comparison between dynamic wedge and physical wedge in the influence of dose to the contralateral breast and lung in radiotherapy for primary breast cancer
     乳腺癌放疗应用动态楔形板和物理楔形板对健侧乳腺和肺受量的影响
短句来源
     And the average contralateral breast mean dose was 4.80±1.70 Gy for MRT, but a greater breast volume was exposed compared with PWTFs.
     IMRT方案中对侧胸壁的平均剂量为4.80±1.70Gy,但对侧胸壁暴露于低剂量区得体积较PWTFs中增大。
短句来源
     There was no progressive growing of the carcinoma except in 1 case of bone metastasis and contralateral breast metastasis.
     随访 3个月至 5年 ,除 1例 1年后出现对侧乳房及骨转移外 ,其余均无肿瘤生长。
短句来源
     It is emphasized that contralateral breast should be examined carefully before operation and the patient should be followed up within 2-3 year operated if she has unilateral brcast cancer. It is warned that an active treatment is given up when an isolated mass disocvered in the contralateral breast is misdiagnosed as metastatic cancer.
     强调对患者有一例乳腺癌患者术前要进行对侧乳房的全面检查,术后2~3年内也要密切随访的重要性,警惕将对侧乳房发现的孤立性肿块误认为转移癌而放弃积极治疗。
短句来源
     In high risk patients,excision biopsy to the suspectable contralateral breast disease is help to early diagnosis and treatment.
     对高危病人有可疑病变要及时切除活检 ,以利于早期发现及时治疗。
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  相似匹配句对
     SARCOMA OF THE BREAST
     23例乳腺肉瘤临床病理分析
短句来源
     HAMARTOMAS OF THE BREAST
     乳腺错构瘤
短句来源
     Conclusion The contralateral breast must be checked regularly in the postoperative patients,specially in l year.
     结论对于乳腺癌术后病人,应重对侧乳腺的检查,特别是在1年以内。
短句来源
     There was no progressive growing of the carcinoma except in 1 case of bone metastasis and contralateral breast metastasis.
     随访 3个月至 5年 ,除 1例 1年后出现对侧乳房及骨转移外 ,其余均无肿瘤生长。
短句来源
     2) the cerebellospinal are pathways contralateral;
     ②这一传导通路是向对侧投射的;
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  contralateral breast
Tamoxifen can further decrease the rate of new in-breast events on the affected side and in the contralateral breast.
      
In this case-control study, we evaluated the significance of germline ATM missense variants to the risk of contralateral breast cancer (CBC).
      
The spectrum of ATM missense variants and their contribution to contralateral breast cancer
      
Secondary end points include safety, overall survival, time to distant metastases, and time to contralateral breast cancer.
      
Risk for contralateral breast cancers in a population covered by mammography: effects of family history, age at diagnosis and hi
      
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This paper reports 170 cases of breast cancer treated by surgery in our hospital during the Period 1891 to 1985. Of these patients, 10(5.9%) (1 male and 9 females, mean age 46.1) had bilateral breast cancer, 8(4.7%) primary bilateral breast cancer and 2 (1.2%) secondary bilateral breast cancer. The shortest interval between the primary cancer focus and the secondary focus was 10 months and the longest 41 months, the mean interval was 27.5 months. Primary bilateral breast cancer was mostly seen in premenopause...

This paper reports 170 cases of breast cancer treated by surgery in our hospital during the Period 1891 to 1985. Of these patients, 10(5.9%) (1 male and 9 females, mean age 46.1) had bilateral breast cancer, 8(4.7%) primary bilateral breast cancer and 2 (1.2%) secondary bilateral breast cancer. The shortest interval between the primary cancer focus and the secondary focus was 10 months and the longest 41 months, the mean interval was 27.5 months. Primary bilateral breast cancer was mostly seen in premenopause women: If pirmary cancer occured one after another, second- day cancer focus mostly occured within the first 2-3 years after primary cancer focus was treated. It is emphasized that contralateral breast should be examined carefully before operation and the patient should be followed up within 2-3 year operated if she has unilateral brcast cancer. It is warned that an active treatment is given up when an isolated mass disocvered in the contralateral breast is misdiagnosed as metastatic cancer.

本文报告我院1981~1985年五年间,手术治疗乳腺癌170例,其中双侧乳腺癌10例(男1例、女9例)占5.9%,平均年龄46.1岁。属原发性双侧乳腺癌8例(占4.7%),属继发性(转移性)双侧乳癌5例(占1.2%)。第二癌灶距第一癌灶间隔最短10个月,最长41个月,平均27.5个月。指出双侧乳腺癌大多发生在绝经期之前的妇女;原发癌为先后发生者,第二癌灶多出现在第一癌灶治疗后的头2~3年。强调对患者有一例乳腺癌患者术前要进行对侧乳房的全面检查,术后2~3年内也要密切随访的重要性,警惕将对侧乳房发现的孤立性肿块误认为转移癌而放弃积极治疗。

Objective In order to achieve a high\|quality reconstructed breast, we improved the operation method using the skin sparing incision mastectomy and immediate TRAM flap breast reconstruction. Methods Patients with duct carcinoma in situ were selected to undergo mastectomy with a skin sparing incision. The site of the previous biopsy incision was marked around the areola, and then the preferred skin sparing incision included the nipple\|areola complex and a margin around the biopsy site for the non\|ptotic breast....

Objective In order to achieve a high\|quality reconstructed breast, we improved the operation method using the skin sparing incision mastectomy and immediate TRAM flap breast reconstruction. Methods Patients with duct carcinoma in situ were selected to undergo mastectomy with a skin sparing incision. The site of the previous biopsy incision was marked around the areola, and then the preferred skin sparing incision included the nipple\|areola complex and a margin around the biopsy site for the non\|ptotic breast. The excised skin was replaced as precisely as possible with the TRAM flap skin immediately. While the mastectomy was being performed the TRAM flap was incised and elevated. The pedicled or free TRAM flap has been used for 34 patients. Nipple\|areola reconstruction was made at the second stage. Results The results of the skin sparing breast reconstruction are better than other breast reconstruction techniques in the breast's shape,colour,sensation,symmetry and incision scar. Conclusions Skin sparing incision mastectomy with immediate TRAM flap breast reconstruction technique is an ideal breast reconstructive method for the patients with breast duct carcinoma in situ. The advantages of the method include ① The TRAM flap is an autograft without rejection; ② The reconstructed breast has good shape and better sensation than other autograft reconstructive techniques since most breast skin has been spared; ③ The symmetry of the reconstructed breast with the contralateral breast is improved.

目的 为完善和提高再造乳房的质量 ,使患早期乳腺癌的病人更容易接受乳房再造手术。方法 选择患乳腺导管内原位癌的病人 ,经乳晕切口活检做病理检查确立诊断 ,采用乳晕环形切口行保留乳房皮肤的乳腺皮下切除术 ,应用腹直肌肌皮瓣即刻再造乳房 ,仅以少量的肌皮瓣皮肤弥补切除的乳头、乳晕 ,在此皮瓣上再造乳头 ,经文身使乳头、乳晕色泽与健侧一致。结果 此方法再造的乳房瘢痕较少 ,且隐蔽 ,外观形态自然 ,易与健侧对称 ,保留了乳房皮肤的良好感觉 ,但手术适应证选择要严格 ,以免术后乳腺癌复发 ,术中切除乳腺需彻底但又不能损伤乳房皮肤和皮下组织 ,其过程需多专科协作完成。结论 在严格选择手术适应证的前提下 ,经多专科协作完成的该术式 ,为一更加完善的乳房再造方法

Objective:The purpose of this study is to assess the clinical characteristics and management of bilateral primary breast cancer(BPBC).Methods:Ten cases BPBC were found in 655 cases radical mastectomy from November 1985 to January 2000 by retrospective study.Results:The incidence of the BPBC was 1.53%(10/655)in our study.Patients with BPBC were significantly younger than those with unilateral cases.The incidence was higher in premenopausal period than postmenopausal period,It often occurred in upper out quadrant...

Objective:The purpose of this study is to assess the clinical characteristics and management of bilateral primary breast cancer(BPBC).Methods:Ten cases BPBC were found in 655 cases radical mastectomy from November 1985 to January 2000 by retrospective study.Results:The incidence of the BPBC was 1.53%(10/655)in our study.Patients with BPBC were significantly younger than those with unilateral cases.The incidence was higher in premenopausal period than postmenopausal period,It often occurred in upper out quadrant and areolar area.The initial cancer of BPBC was most in stage Ⅱ~Ⅲ.The early and proper therapy to initial cancer were the most important prognostic factor.The size of the second cancer,number of positive lymph nodes of the first and second cancers were also prognostic factors.The incidence of synchronous was lower compared with metachronous,but its prognosis was poorer.Conclusion:Patients with BPBC had poorer prognosis compared with unilateral breast cancer.So it is important to careful exam contralateral breast and close follow-up post-operatively.In high risk patients,excision biopsy to the suspectable contralateral breast disease is help to early diagnosis and treatment.Negtive lymph node metastasis is also a risk factor of BPBC.

目的 :探讨双侧原发性乳腺癌临床特点及诊治。方法 :回顾性分析 1985年 11月~ 2 0 0 0年 1月行乳腺癌根治性手术 6 5 5例中双侧原发性乳腺癌 (bilateralprimarybreastcancer,BPBC) 10例的临床资料。结果 :BPBC较单侧乳腺癌发病年龄明显提前。BPBC绝经前较绝经后发病率高。BPBC好发部位多集中于腺体丰富区域和导管集中部位 ,即乳房外上象限及乳晕区域最常见。同时性癌及异时性癌的首发癌以Ⅱ、Ⅲ期较多。首发癌及时正确的治疗是影响BPBC预后的重要因素。BPBC病灶大小、腋淋巴转移数目及水平均影响预后。同时性BPBC发病较少 ,预后较差 ;异时性BPBC多见 ,预后较好。结论 :BPBC较单侧癌预后差 ,对单侧癌术前要常规做联合诊断检查 ,术后严密随访 ,要特别注意检查对侧乳腺。对高危病人有可疑病变要及时切除活检 ,以利于早期发现及时治疗。无腋淋巴转移也是发生BPBC的危险因素

 
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