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the sexes
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  男女
    At the same time, these problems provide additional proof that during the period of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom, Hong Xiuquan and his colleagues were fundamentally incapable of concepts such as women’s liberation and equality between the sexes in the modern sense.
    同时 ,它又从一个侧面证明 ,在太平天国时代 ,洪秀全等人根本不可能萌发近代意义上的妇女解放或男女平等意识。
短句来源
    Compared with Locke's notion of equality, the School of "New Youth" had a more radical appearance in its demands of family morals and equality of the sexes in general.
    比诸洛克的平等观念,“新青年”派通常在家庭伦理和男女平等要求上表现出更激进的面貌。
短句来源
    As a main battlefield of the New Culture Movement, New Youth spread the fundamental factors of the harmonious society in western countries in modern times, bringing about the important effect of popular resistance against Yuan Shikai' s attempt to stage a comeback, wakening up the progressive ideas of the people such as "personality liberation" , "independence of property" , "equality between the sexes" etc.
    《新青年》作为新文化运动的主要阵地,传播了近代西方和谐社会的基本要素,为抵制袁世凯复辟帝制发挥了重要的舆论宣传作用,唤醒了国人的“个性解放”、“财产独立”、“男女平等”等近代文明意识,大大促进了社会的发展。
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  the sexes
The reversal of the roles of the sexes is specific to polygamous species of the family; it has not been recorded in monogamous species.
      
We describe the spawning behavior of the Primor'e pipefish Syngnathus acusimilis.We show that fish of this species, although polygamous, have no roles reversal between the sexes, and the males are more active during courtship and mate selection.
      
Integration of the sexes in a small psychiatric rehabilitation hospital is discussed.
      
- Even if cultural factors have considerable influence they can hardly explain the very great imbalance of the sexes.
      
The authors argue that this makes it necessary to separate the sexes in the epidemiological studies on suicide.
      
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After establishing the Heavenly Capital at Nanjing, the Taiping employed stern laws and severe punishments to continue its policy of breaking up families and keeping men and women separate, even while Hong Xiuquan and other leaders repeatedly selected beauties from the population as concubines. According to the policy, even cohabitation by a married couple was punishable by death. Therefore, sexual relations became the strictest taboo in the Taiping Army, and soldiers were punished for the slightest infractions....

After establishing the Heavenly Capital at Nanjing, the Taiping employed stern laws and severe punishments to continue its policy of breaking up families and keeping men and women separate, even while Hong Xiuquan and other leaders repeatedly selected beauties from the population as concubines. According to the policy, even cohabitation by a married couple was punishable by death. Therefore, sexual relations became the strictest taboo in the Taiping Army, and soldiers were punished for the slightest infractions. This caused resentment and increasing resistance among soldiers and civilians. After the bans were lifted, the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom pursued a marriage policy which strictly demarcated social rank. At the same time, it still emphasized taking strict precautions against illicit sexual relations. However, by this point, the overall situation was already spinning more and more out of control. The circumstances and changes brought about by the problems surrounding marriage-related issues epitomize the evolution of military discipline in the Taiping Army, and significantly affected the army’s fighting capacity and relations between the army (and officials) and civilians. At the same time, these problems provide additional proof that during the period of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom, Hong Xiuquan and his colleagues were fundamentally incapable of concepts such as women’s liberation and equality between the sexes in the modern sense.

定都天京后 ,洪秀全等首义诸王在频繁选美的同时 ,却又借助于严刑峻法 ,继续推行隔绝男女、拆散家庭的政策 ,规定即使夫妻同居也是死罪 ,使得两性关系成为太平军中最大的禁忌 ,动辄得咎 ,导致广大军民的不满和抵触情绪日益滋蔓。弛禁后 ,太平天国推行严判上下尊卑的婚姻政策 ,同时仍然强调严男女之大防 ,严禁异性在婚姻之外稍有混杂 ,但总的来说局面已日趋失控。围绕婚姻等问题所引发的事态和变化是太平军军纪演变过程的一个缩影 ,对其战斗力的消长和军 (官 )民关系均产生了不可忽视的影响。同时 ,它又从一个侧面证明 ,在太平天国时代 ,洪秀全等人根本不可能萌发近代意义上的妇女解放或男女平等意识。

During the May Fourth New Cultural Movement of 1919 that linked up with the "Hundred Days' Reform" of 1898 and the 1911 Revolution, the spread of the modern idea of "equality" reached its peak. The May Fourth intellectuals were represented by members of "New Youth", whose idea of "equality" had its historical features. With the downfall of China's autocratic monarchy the "equality" began to enter into urban intellectuals' everyday life due to its part transformation from a heretical political appeal to an article...

During the May Fourth New Cultural Movement of 1919 that linked up with the "Hundred Days' Reform" of 1898 and the 1911 Revolution, the spread of the modern idea of "equality" reached its peak. The May Fourth intellectuals were represented by members of "New Youth", whose idea of "equality" had its historical features. With the downfall of China's autocratic monarchy the "equality" began to enter into urban intellectuals' everyday life due to its part transformation from a heretical political appeal to an article in law. Compared with Locke's notion of equality, the School of "New Youth" had a more radical appearance in its demands of family morals and equality of the sexes in general. However, differences towards the issue of economic equality among its members constituted an in-depth cause for their later separation. What was generally emphasized by those liberals was only equality of legal rights, while economic equality tended to be overlooked. On the other hand, radical leftists paid more attention to substantial equality in economy. Their dissatisfaction with intellectual enlightenment of the idea of equality made them turn to engage in practical social revolutions.

从戊戌变法、辛亥革命,到五四新文化运动,构成了现代“平等”观念传播的高峰。以“新青年”派为代表的五四知识分子的“平等”观念有其历史的特点,帝制的颠覆使“平等”从异端的政治诉求部分地变为法律条文,开始进入城市知识分子的日常生活。比诸洛克的平等观念,“新青年”派通常在家庭伦理和男女平等要求上表现出更激进的面貌。但是,对待经济平等问题的分歧,则凸现了“新青年”派日后分裂的深层原因。自由主义者通常强调的只是法权平等,常忽略经济平等;激进的左翼则更加注重经济的实质平等,不满足于平等观念的思想启蒙,促使他们转向从事实际的社会变革。

From 1931 to 1937, migrants from inside Shanhaiguan Pass to Northeast China took on different characteristics: the amount of the migrants reduced and fluctuated, thus the migrant movement was forced to suspend for a time; These migrants largely distributed in the cities and industrial parks of south in Northeast China; the settlement’s rate of migrants dropped and flowing quality increased. From the sex, age, profession and migrating course of migrants, the essential changes on population migrating and...

From 1931 to 1937, migrants from inside Shanhaiguan Pass to Northeast China took on different characteristics: the amount of the migrants reduced and fluctuated, thus the migrant movement was forced to suspend for a time; These migrants largely distributed in the cities and industrial parks of south in Northeast China; the settlement’s rate of migrants dropped and flowing quality increased. From the sex, age, profession and migrating course of migrants, the essential changes on population migrating and flowing between inside Shanhaiguan Pass and Northeast China took place, that is to say, the migrants inside Shanhaiguan Pass in Northeast China did not make a living freely any more, was deceived and recruited as “coolie”, it had obvious coerciveness .

1931—1937年,关内向东北移民具有以下基本特点移民的数量少、波动大,移民运动一度中断;移民的流向和地域分布,以南满的城市和工业区为主;移民的居住年限下降,流动性增强。从移民的性别、年龄、职业及迁移过程等方面可以看出,1931年后关内与东北间人口的迁移与流动发生了根本变化,即进入东北地区的关内人口,不再是自由流入谋生,而是被作为“苦力”招骗而来,带有明显的强制性。

 
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