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internal carotid
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  颈内
     Stenosis of the Internal Carotid Artery Report of 21 Cases
     颈内动脉狭窄(附21例报告)
短句来源
     Clinical study of stenosis of the internal carotid artery
     颈内动脉狭窄的临床分析
短句来源
     Morphological changes of optic nerve compressed by internal carotid artery
     颈内动脉压迫视神经引起的形态学改变
短句来源
     The examination of radioactivity in CSF after injecting ~3H-cAMP into internal carotid artery in rabbits
     家兔~3H-cAMP颈内动脉注射后脑脊液放射活性的检测
短句来源
     Measurement of thromboxane B_2 and 6-keto-prostaglandin F_(1α) in plasm of rabbits with common carotid artery and internal carotid artery ligated
     结扎家兔颈总动脉和颈内动脉前后血浆TXB_2及6-Keto-PGF_(1α)含量的变化
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  “internal carotid”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Results Postoperative hypertension developed in 59 cases(21.1%),hypotension in 30 cases(10.7%),cranium reperfusion injury in 16 cases (5.7%), subcutaneous haematoma in 5 cases (1.8%),stroke in 5 case s (1.8%), acute internal carotid thrombosis in 4 cases (1.4%),and cranium neur ological deficits in 1 case (0.4%).
     结果术后合并高血压59例(21·1%)、低血压30例(10·7%)、脑灌注损害16例(5·7%)、皮下血肿5例(1·8%)、脑卒中5例(1·8%)、颈动脉血栓4例(1·4%)、颅神经损害1例(0·4%)。
短句来源
     Normal saline or BP 0 2ml/kg was injected into left internal carotid artery in NS and BP group respectively.
     02ml/kg体重生理盐水或BP注入左颈总动脉作为NS或BP组;
短句来源
     Results ① The distance between ophthalmic artery sent off from internal carotid artery(ICA) and optic canal was(4.72±0.58) mm.
     结果①眼动脉起始处距视神经管颅口(mm)4.72±0.58;
短句来源
     The angle between the horizontal part of the internal carotid artery(ICA) and the line which connects the carotid genu to the medial lip of LAM, is 67.1±4.3°,the distance between the cochlea and the ICA genu is 0.302±0.016cm.
     ICA水平段与ICA膝部和内耳门内侧缘连线的夹角为67.1±4.3°,耳蜗基底圈至ICA膝部的距离为0.302±0.016cm。
短句来源
     Conclusion: Embolization treatment is an effective method for traumatic internal carotid cavernous fistula.
     结论:栓塞治疗对于外伤性预内动脉海绵窦瘘是一种有效治疗方法。
短句来源
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  相似匹配句对
     Intracavernous internal carotid aneurysms
     海绵窦段颈内动脉瘤
短句来源
     Extracranial aneurysms of the internal carotid artery
     颅外颈内动脉瘤2例报告
短句来源
     ON INTERNAL CONTROL
     浅谈内部控制
短句来源
     internal oxidation
     内氧化
短句来源
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  internal carotid
Since adults show a difference in the same direction as children, the blood supply to the left internal carotid artery would seem to be the crucial factor.
      
The authors report about a 70-year old man, suffering from recurrent transient ischemic attacks by suspected internal carotid artery (ICA) re-stenosis, 11 and 13 years after CEA with patch angioplasty.
      
A 46 year old woman suffered from a subarachnoid hemorrhage caused by a "giant" aneurysm of the right internal carotid artery which was followed by acute circulatory insufficiency with left heart failure.
      
Angiography showed an occlusion of the left internal carotid and a narrowing of the lumen of the right internal carotid.
      
Autopsy revealed syphilitic Heubner arteritis of the right and left internal carotid and its branches and in addition, a fresh thrombosis of the right anterior cerebral artery.
      
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The intoxication from tartar emetic is presumed to be concerned with certain disorders of the central nervous system, but the study of the cerebral circulation in this aspect is still lacking. We used unanesthetized male rabbits, ligated the vertebral arteries and all the branches of the common carotid arteries except the internal carotid. Both common carotid arteries were connected to the bubble flow meter for measuring the intracranial blood flow. The averages and the standard deviations of 84...

The intoxication from tartar emetic is presumed to be concerned with certain disorders of the central nervous system, but the study of the cerebral circulation in this aspect is still lacking. We used unanesthetized male rabbits, ligated the vertebral arteries and all the branches of the common carotid arteries except the internal carotid. Both common carotid arteries were connected to the bubble flow meter for measuring the intracranial blood flow. The averages and the standard deviations of 84 normal rabbits: the mean arterial blood pressure (BP) was 107±17 mm Hg, the cerebral blood flow (CBF) 142±35 ml/100 g brain/minute, and the cerebral vascular resistance (CVR) 0.80±0.24 mm Hg/ml blood/100 g brain/minute. Intravenous injection of a dose of tartar emetic 4-6 mg/kg or three-day's intensive treatment (4 mg/kg b. i. d.) had no measurable influence on the cerebral circulation. Intravenous drip of 15-20 mg/kg produced a slowing of CBF, but no action on CVR. Intraperitoneal administration of 20 mg/kg gave only slight alterations; with increasing doses up to 80 mg/kg, the decrease of CBF and the increase of CVR became remarkable. So the therapeutic doses of tartar emetic rendered little change in the cerebral circalation, while the toxic doses yielded a reduction of CBF and a constriction of the intracranial vessels. Before the cardiac arrhythmias occurred, the CBF had been diminishing and the CVR enhancing. At the time that the cerebral circulation was in a state of very low BP, very slow CBF and very high CVR, the electro cardiogram also revealed arrhythmias. Intracarotid injections of small doses (below 4μg) of tartar emetic did not modify the cerebral circulation, whereas a large dose (0:8 mg) induced a striking rise of CBF and a precipitous drop of CVR, lasting a few minutes. Intravenous administration of sodium dimercaptosuccinate 0.25 g/kg conferred no marked action, but a dose twice the amount brought about cardiac arrhythmia together with a dwindling CBF and an augmenting CVR. Intravenous injection of atropine sulfate 1 mg/kg yielded a tendency to decreasing CBF and increasing CVR, while 2 mg/kg produced an evidently high CBF accompanied by a low CVR. Intracarotid injections of either sodium dimercaptosuccinate or atropine elicited a prompt rise of CBF and a fall Of CVR.

(一)用气泡流量計测定84只不麻醉雄兔的脑血流,頸动脉平均血压(BP)是107±17毫米汞柱,脑血流量(CBF)是142±35毫升/100克脑/分鐘,脑血管阻力(CVR)为0.80±0.24毫米汞柱/毫升血/100克脑/分鐘。在持續試驗2小时过程中比較稳定。 (二)吐酒石的作用:治疗量和三日疗法对兔脑血流无明显影响,靜脉和腹腔用藥40毫克/千克以上时,均呈現不同程度的CBF减慢和CVR增大。CVR主要反映脑血管口徑的变化,所以中毒剂量的吐酒石有收縮脑血管的作用。發生心律紊乱前,CBF已在逐漸减慢,而CVR正行加大。再繼續观察,当处于BP显著低、CBF显著慢、OVR显著大的状态时,心电圖也發現心律紊乱。 頸动脉注射吐酒石4微克以下对脑血流无影响,只有在極高的濃度(0.8毫克)时,發生CBF驟增,CVR頓时銳减,数分鐘后复原。 (三)靜脉注射二巯基丁二酸鈉0.25克/千克时,未發現对CBF和CVR的明显作用。而剂量加倍时則引起心律紊乱、CBF减慢和CVR加大。靜脉注射硫酸阿託品1毫克/千克时,有CBF减少和CVR增大的趋势。2毫克/千克时,CBF明显增多,CVR同时变小。 頸动脉注射二巯基丁二酸鈉4.8毫克或硫酸...

(一)用气泡流量計测定84只不麻醉雄兔的脑血流,頸动脉平均血压(BP)是107±17毫米汞柱,脑血流量(CBF)是142±35毫升/100克脑/分鐘,脑血管阻力(CVR)为0.80±0.24毫米汞柱/毫升血/100克脑/分鐘。在持續試驗2小时过程中比較稳定。 (二)吐酒石的作用:治疗量和三日疗法对兔脑血流无明显影响,靜脉和腹腔用藥40毫克/千克以上时,均呈現不同程度的CBF减慢和CVR增大。CVR主要反映脑血管口徑的变化,所以中毒剂量的吐酒石有收縮脑血管的作用。發生心律紊乱前,CBF已在逐漸减慢,而CVR正行加大。再繼續观察,当处于BP显著低、CBF显著慢、OVR显著大的状态时,心电圖也發現心律紊乱。 頸动脉注射吐酒石4微克以下对脑血流无影响,只有在極高的濃度(0.8毫克)时,發生CBF驟增,CVR頓时銳减,数分鐘后复原。 (三)靜脉注射二巯基丁二酸鈉0.25克/千克时,未發現对CBF和CVR的明显作用。而剂量加倍时則引起心律紊乱、CBF减慢和CVR加大。靜脉注射硫酸阿託品1毫克/千克时,有CBF减少和CVR增大的趋势。2毫克/千克时,CBF明显增多,CVR同时变小。 頸动脉注射二巯基丁二酸鈉4.8毫克或硫酸阿託品20微克后,均立卽出現CBF加快,CVR减小。

112 cerebral arteriograms of 97 cases were selected as normal through carefull screening of more than 2, 600 carotid arteriograms, combined with clinical evaluation and negative encephalographic findings. The angiographic appearance of the carotid arterial system was analyzed. Emphasis was placed on the topographic relationship between the vessels and the skull, and also on the interrelations between the arteries as well.The pathways of the internal carotid artery, the anterior cerebral artery and the...

112 cerebral arteriograms of 97 cases were selected as normal through carefull screening of more than 2, 600 carotid arteriograms, combined with clinical evaluation and negative encephalographic findings. The angiographic appearance of the carotid arterial system was analyzed. Emphasis was placed on the topographic relationship between the vessels and the skull, and also on the interrelations between the arteries as well.The pathways of the internal carotid artery, the anterior cerebral artery and the middle cerebral artery were found to be constant. The calibers of the arteries in each case were variable, but the proportion between them was similar. The ratio of the anterior cerebral artery to the intraoranial carotid artrey was 0.4, while that of the middle cerebral artery to intracranial carotid artery was 0.6. The branches of the internal carotid artery could be observed more clearly from the lateral view, the middle cerebral artery showed in all cases, the anterior cerebral artery showed in 93 %, the anterior choroidal artery in 71 %, the ophthalmic artery in 90 % and the posterior communicating artery only in 40%. The form and position of the arteries were also constant. By careful measurement, it was found that there was a definite relationship between the position of the cerebral arteries and certain landmarks of the calvarium, and this could be utilized as criteria for diagnosis.

颈动脉造影是神经系统X线诊断领域中一项常用和有效的检查,脑血管正常X线表现的文献报道已有很多,但尚少国人的资料,而一般的解剖和X线形态描述很难区别细小病变与正常变异。作者将所收集的脑动脉造影材料,结合投影位置,阐述主要脑动脉的形态、走向、管径大小和分支情况,着重介绍脑动脉之间、或其与颅骨定点间的关系,以便说明问题和分析比较。

This is a report of a rare case of aspergillosis of the central nervoussystem proved by autopsy.The patient, a man of 56, suffered from frontalheadache, left ptosis, decreased vision and pain in the left eye for aboutfive months. One month prior to admission,he began to have right hemi-paresis. Neurological examinations revealed lethargy, paralysis of theleft oculomotor and abducent nerves, pale fundi and right hemiparesis. Hiscerebro-spinal fluid was clear and colorless with cells 450/mm~3, protein114mg%, chloride...

This is a report of a rare case of aspergillosis of the central nervoussystem proved by autopsy.The patient, a man of 56, suffered from frontalheadache, left ptosis, decreased vision and pain in the left eye for aboutfive months. One month prior to admission,he began to have right hemi-paresis. Neurological examinations revealed lethargy, paralysis of theleft oculomotor and abducent nerves, pale fundi and right hemiparesis. Hiscerebro-spinal fluid was clear and colorless with cells 450/mm~3, protein114mg%, chloride 529mg%, and normal sugar. Smear and culture werenegative. The left carotid angiogram revealed irregularities of the syphonportion of the left internal carotid artery. After admission the patient'scondition gradually deteriorated. One month later, when he was eating, hesuddenly coughed badly and soon died inspite of resuscitation. Neuropa-thological examination revealed localized meningites, granuloma andabscess in the ventral-medial portion of the left temporal lobe andsubarachnoid hemorrhage resulting from fungal mycetic arteritis. Theorganism in the lesion was found to be typical aspergillus.

中枢神经系统曲菌病是一种少见的疾病。本文报告一例伴有蜘蛛膜下腔出血的中枢神经系统曲菌病,并对其病因、病理、临床表现、诊断等方面进行了讨论。

 
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