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consumption of
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     The Energy Consumption of Rock Fragmentation in Full-Face Boring
     全断面钻进岩石破碎过程的功能消耗
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     Analysis and Comparison of Power Consumption of Control Systems Using Controt Valves and Variable Speed Pumps
     控制系统中采用调节阀及变速泵的动力消耗分析与比较
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     Consumption of Brightener in Electroplating Process
     电镀过程光亮剂的消耗
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     WORLD PRODUCTION AND CONSUMPTION OF SILICON METAL, MANGANESE METAL AND CHROMIUM METAL
     世界金属硅、金属锰及金属铬的生产与消耗
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     POWER CONSUMPTION OF TWO-DIMENSIONAL VIBRATORY CUTTING SOIL
     二维振动切削土壤的功率消耗
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     Study on The Consumption of Animal Products in China
     我国城乡居民畜产品消费研究
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     Research on the Regulation System and Sustainable Consumption of Forest Products
     林产品可持续消费及其调控体系研究
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     The Production and Consumption of Cyberspace
     网络空间的生产与消费
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     World production and consumption of acrylonitrile
     世界丙烯腈的生产与消费
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     The world's production and consumption of sorbitol
     世界山梨醇生产与消费
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     Research on Energy Consumption of Urban Water Treatment Plant and Pump Station and Application
     城市给水处理厂及泵站能耗分析与应用研究
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     Studies on the Modulation Mechanisms of Water Consumption of Water Capacitance and Xylem Cavitation and Embolism in Three Tree Species
     油松侧柏元宝枫蒸腾耗水的空穴栓塞和水容调节机制
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     THE INFLUENCE OF HUDDLING AND AMBIENT TEMPERATURE ON OXYGEN CONSUMPTION OF RATTUS LOSEA
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     PRELIMINARY STUDY ON THE OXYGEN CONSUMPTION OF TILAPIA NILOTICA
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     The Analysis of Steam Consumption of Slasher
     浆纱机烘干耗汽量的测定分析
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The goals of high connectivity and low consumption of energy are reached.
      
Based on the analysis of the special power consumption of the tag, a new architecture is proposed.
      
Scaling-up method for stand water consumption of Quercus variabilis water conservation forest
      
Daily water consumption of different diameter classes in September ascended steeply in the early morning and reached the peak around 11:00, and then descended slowly to the valley at 18:00.
      
Results showed that water consumption of those species decreased with the increase in drought stress, and water consumptions of these shrubs were different: Forsythia suspensa was the greatest, and Syringa oblata was the lowest.
      
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The oxygen consumption of some pondfishes—Ctenopharyngodon idellus, Hypophthalmichthys molitrix and Aristichthys nobilis has been investigated. The results thus obtained are summarized as follows:The oxgen consumption of the fingerlings of the above-mentioned fishes, which weigh 0.4—1.7 gm, is on average 0.325 to 0.532 mg/gm/hr at a temperature varying between 28.5℃ and 31.7℃; that of the yearlings of these fishes with body weight of 38.9 to 172.3 gm. is 0.161 to 0.264 mg/gm/hr at a temperature of...

The oxygen consumption of some pondfishes—Ctenopharyngodon idellus, Hypophthalmichthys molitrix and Aristichthys nobilis has been investigated. The results thus obtained are summarized as follows:The oxgen consumption of the fingerlings of the above-mentioned fishes, which weigh 0.4—1.7 gm, is on average 0.325 to 0.532 mg/gm/hr at a temperature varying between 28.5℃ and 31.7℃; that of the yearlings of these fishes with body weight of 38.9 to 172.3 gm. is 0.161 to 0.264 mg/gm/hr at a temperature of 26.3—30.5℃; and that of Ctenopharyngodon of two years old, weighing 1103—1355 gm., is 0.139 to 0.151 mg/gm/hr at 21—23.5℃. In the same species of fishes, oxygen consumption decreases as the age or the body weight increases. This indicates that the younger fish require higher oxyen consumption than do the older ones.It was found that the rate of oxygen consumption of a fish is directly proportional to the temperature of the water; thus oxygen consumption increases as the water temperature rises. The rate of oxygen consumption of Aristichthys nobilis in the winter season is only 1/6 of that in the summer. Differences in the rate of oxygen consumption among these species of fishes were also noticed. The rate of oxygen consumption in Hypophthalmichthys molitrix is higher than in Aristickthys nobilis, and that of the latter is still higher than that of Ctenopharyngodon idellus

1.草鱼、白鲢、花鲢的鱼苗和第2年鱼,以及草鱼的第3年鱼在夏季水温下的耗氧率,均经连续至少7小时以上的测定。 体重0.4-1.7克的鱼苗,在28.5-31.7℃的水温中,平均耗氧率篇0.325-0.632毫克/克/小时;体重38.9-172.3克的第2年鱼,在26.3-30.6℃的水温中,平均耗氧率为0.161-0.264毫克/克/小时;体重1103-1355克的第3年鱼(草鱼)在水温21-23.5℃时,平均耗氧率为0.139-0.151毫克/克/小时。 2.耗氧率随体重的增加而减低;同种之内,小鱼的耗氧率较大鱼为高。 3.耗氧率随水温的上升而增加;花鲢在冬季的耗氧率不及夏季的1/6。 4.在体重和水温相仿的情形下,白鲢的耗氧率较花鲢为高,花鲢的耗氧率又较草鱼为高。

The effect of soybean phosphatide on toad hearts at higher temperatures(22-30℃) depends upon the duration of perfusion. In the first 2-3 hours there is always a strengthening of contraction, while after 5-10 hours, when the heart gives much feebler contraction due to exhaustion, this beneficial effect of phosphatide tends to disappear. The exhausted heart can, however, be made to improve by simply adding glucose to the perfusion fluid. Promptly the contractility of the heart recovers. Glucose thus, plays an...

The effect of soybean phosphatide on toad hearts at higher temperatures(22-30℃) depends upon the duration of perfusion. In the first 2-3 hours there is always a strengthening of contraction, while after 5-10 hours, when the heart gives much feebler contraction due to exhaustion, this beneficial effect of phosphatide tends to disappear. The exhausted heart can, however, be made to improve by simply adding glucose to the perfusion fluid. Promptly the contractility of the heart recovers. Glucose thus, plays an important role in the nutrition of the exhausted tissue. However in the first 2-3 hours after isolation when the heart is still relatively fresh, the added glucose is apparently not utilized. The consumption of glucose of the exhausted heart is in direct proportion to environmental temperature. In this series of experiments, the rate of consumption of glucose per gram heart tissue per hour is 0.84, 1.45 and 4.05 miligrams at 15-16℃, 22-23℃ and 27-30℃ respectively.

(一)磷脂對在較高室温長期灌流而衰弱的心臟或呈較弱而不持久的興奮作用,或竟無顯明的影響。 (二)葡萄糖在灌流液中的作用視室温與離體時間而定。在較高室温長期灌流而衰竭的心臟,葡萄糖是必要的,它可以維持心肌收縮並被心肌所消耗。如心臟離體時間較短,室温較低,則葡萄糖並非必需。 (三)在較高室温,長期灌流而衰竭的心臟,葡萄糖恢復心臟的搏動並為心肌所消耗。其消耗速率,在15—16℃,22—23℃以及27—30℃,每克心肌各為0.84,1.45,及4.05毫克/小時。本文在沈(?)淇教授指導下写作,特此致謝。

The action of aureomycin on the respiration of Escherichia coli under different conditions was studied. Our results show that the respiration of Escherichia coli in ordinary broth or in media containing glucose together with some nitrogenous substance such as casein hydrolysate, alanine, aspartate, glutamate, glycine or ammonium sulfate, could be inhibited by aureomycin of minimal growth inhibiting concentration, namely 2.5 μg/ml. In the last case, the uptake of ammonium-nitrogen by the bacteria was also diminished....

The action of aureomycin on the respiration of Escherichia coli under different conditions was studied. Our results show that the respiration of Escherichia coli in ordinary broth or in media containing glucose together with some nitrogenous substance such as casein hydrolysate, alanine, aspartate, glutamate, glycine or ammonium sulfate, could be inhibited by aureomycin of minimal growth inhibiting concentration, namely 2.5 μg/ml. In the last case, the uptake of ammonium-nitrogen by the bacteria was also diminished. Aureomycin of concentrations lower than 100 μg/ml gave no significant effect on the oxygen consumption of the bacteria in a medium containing glucose and phosphate buffer only. Similar results were obtained with pyruvate substituted for glucose and with glutamate as nitrogen source, while with pyruvate alone the oxidation was only slightly depressed by aureomycin (2.5 μg/ml). Malate and acetate oxidations were not inhibited by such low concentration of the antibiotic. In control experiments addition of any of the above mentioned nitrogenous substances to the medium markedly increased the rate of the respiration over that observed for glucose or pyruvate alone, and this increase with the exception of glutamate could not be accounted for by the additional oxidation of the nitrogen containing substrates. In presence of 2.5 μg/ml of aureomycin, this enhancing action of the nitrogenous compounds was strongly depressed. The observed inhibition in case of the substrate mixture cannot be due to the action of the drug on the oxidation of the individual substrates, but is due to processes involving the combined metabolism of glucose (pyruvate) and any one of the nitrogenous compounds. From the fact that the inhibition is clearly noticeable within 15 minutes after the addition of aureomycin and can be observed under conditions in which growth does not take place, as judged from the respiration, it is suggested that aureomycin can inhibit some processes concerned with the oxidative nitrogen metabolism, preceding cell division, of Escherichia coil.

實驗結果表明最低制菌濃度的金黴素可以顯著抑制大腸桿菌在含有葡萄糖和某些合氮物如酪朊水解物、丙氨酸、門冬氨酸、谷氨酸、甘氨酸或硫酸銨的培養基中的呼吸,也抑制了氨氮的同化。在以丙酮酸和谷氨酸作底質時有同樣的現象。以上述含氮物中的任何一種加於大腸桿菌的葡萄糖磷酸鹽緩衝劑的懸浮液中,可以有力地提高其呼吸率,比在單獨葡萄糖中的要高得多。2.5微克/毫升的金黴素可以強烈地抑制這種提高作用。這種觀察到的抑制並不是由於個別底質分别受到抑制的結果。本文討論了金黴素抑制大腸桿菌呼吸的作用機構和可能的幾種解釋,並指出這種作用可能是由於金黴素抑制了包括碳水化物和含氮物在内的某個或某些聯合代謝過程。

 
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