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     The multiple regression equation obtained to estimate live body weight and tissue weight as: WB =-2.43 + 0.07 SL + 0.21 SW + 0.06 SH,WF =-1.09 + 0.04SL + 0.13SW-0.01SH.
     多元回归分析建立的壳长(SL)、壳高(SH)和壳宽(SW)、估计活体重(WB)和软体部重(WF)的回归方程为:WB=-2.43+0.07SL+0.21SW+0.06SH,WF=-1.09+0.04SL+0.13SW-0.01SH.
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     PCA—positive rate was 22.9% (11/48) in CAG located at gastric antrum, 43.75% (14/32) in CAG located at both antrum and body, and 50%(10/20) in CAG located at gastric body respectively.
     PCA阳性率分别为:胃窦部CAG中22.9%(11/48)、胃窦胃体部CAG中43.75%(14/32)、胃体部CAG中50%(10/20)。
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     Results: Mean ADC values of parenchymal areas of brain ranged between (0.668±0.06)×10-3~(0.803±0.02)×10-3mm2 s. Mean ADC values of the body of lateral ventricles was (2.968±0.05)×10-3mm2 s.
     结果:脑实质的平均ADC值范围为(0.668±0.06)×10-3~(0.803±0.02)×10-3mm2s,侧脑室体部的平均ADC值为(2.968±0.05)×10-3mm2s。
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     B = A/ weight of soft body;
     B=A/软体部重;
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     the depth of mucosa muscular layers of gastric antrum and body were 46 μm± 8 μm, 57 μm±15 Mm which were significantly increased compared to that of normal group (32 μm±6 μm, P<0.05, 29.6 μm±16 μm, P<0.01);
     胃窦部、胃体部粘膜肌层厚度(μm)分别为46±8,57±15,比正常对照明显增厚(32±6,P<0.05,29.6±16,P<0.01);
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     67. 52±tr 3. 81 in the stomachus preventriculus: 49. 41 ± 5. 69 in the center of stomach;
     胃贲门为67.52±3.81; 胃体部为49.41±5.69;
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     For the lateral meniscus,the height and width of the anterior horn were8.96±2.06mm and4.28±0.70mm,the height and width of the mid-body were9.18±2.12mm and4.74±0.90mm,the height and width of posterior were9.64±2.26mm and5.56±0.86mm,respectively.
     外侧半月板前角、体部、后角的宽度和高度分别为8.96±2.06mm和4.28±0.70mm,9.18±2.12mm和4.74±0.90mm,9.64±2.26mm和5.56±0.86mm。
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     Results The cancer of cardia-fundus,corpus and antrum accounted for 40.2%(408/1 014),17.0%(172/1 014) and 42.8%(434/1 014) respectively.
     结果在1 014例中贲门胃底部癌占40.2%(408/1 014),胃体部癌17.0%(172/1 014),胃窦部癌42.8%(434/1 014);
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     The average value of the third ventrcle of 60 adults is 2.30± 0.158mm, and the lateral ventricle is 2.25± 0.132mm.
     60例正常成人第三脑室平均值为2.30±0.168mm,侧脑室体部平均值2.25±0.132mm。
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     The LCHSRT,after the first doses given the doses ranging from36 to 40 Gy in 3.5-4 weeks in CRT,the doses of 20-32Gy was given with 3.6-5Gy per fraction treated every other day,to the total doses of 66-70Gy in 5.5-6 weeks.
     LCHSRT组,先常规放射治疗到剂量36~40Gy/3.5~4wk,再进行大分割体部伽玛刀治疗,3.6~5Gy/次,3次/wk,20~32Gy/1.5~2.5wk,总剂量达到66~70Gy/5.5~6wk。
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     Fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy for the body tumors
     肿瘤的立定向放疗
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     Mcthod for the Placcment of Palatal Implants
     腭种植的安置方法
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     Volume Graphics
     图形学
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Male Wistar rats were treated with both La(NO3)3 and Ce(NO3)3 at doses of 2, 10, and 50 mg/kg body weight.
      
The experiment of edge detection is made for the images of nature scenery, human body and accumulative raw material, whose result is compared with the one of classical algorithms and showing the robustness of the proposed method.
      
In order to satisfy the need of diagnoses, based on the characteristic of medical images that a sequence of frames are formed in one body inspection, a new strategy for medical images compression is proposed.
      
All of the above favors the use of software in the magnetic focused conductivity tomography system (MFCT) to reconstruct the image of conductivity within the human body.
      
The continuous wavelet transform (CWT) is employed to analyze vibration signals obtained from the motor body.
      
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The specific diagnosis of Bicaulus xinanensis sp. nov. is as follows:Body filiform, attenuated toward both ends, whitish when living. Cuticle with longitudinal ridges but without fine transverse striations. Mouth surrounded by 3 indefined lips with 3 pairs of papillae on their base.Male: Body 13.776—23.100 mm long and 0.132—0.182 mm in greatest diameter. Oesophagus 0.315—0.398 mm in length and 0.039—0.049 mm in greatest diameter. Anterior end to nerve ring 0.138—0.155 mm, to cervical papillae 0.181—0.264 mm...

The specific diagnosis of Bicaulus xinanensis sp. nov. is as follows:Body filiform, attenuated toward both ends, whitish when living. Cuticle with longitudinal ridges but without fine transverse striations. Mouth surrounded by 3 indefined lips with 3 pairs of papillae on their base.Male: Body 13.776—23.100 mm long and 0.132—0.182 mm in greatest diameter. Oesophagus 0.315—0.398 mm in length and 0.039—0.049 mm in greatest diameter. Anterior end to nerve ring 0.138—0.155 mm, to cervical papillae 0.181—0.264 mm and to excretory pore 0.214—0.257 mm. Telamon, not developed, consists of basal and transverse plates. 2 transyerse plates, yellowish-colored and pumpkin-seed shaped, are transparent and situated in the ventral side near the foot of gubernaculum. Bursa, not well developed, with 2 lateral lobes. Ventro-ventral ray large and stout, latero-ventral small and almost entirely combined with ventro-ventral like a little protrusion. 3 lateral rays, extending from a common stalk, are different in size. Anterio-lateral is the largest while posterio-lateral is the smallest and the shortest. External dorsal rays are short and much slender. The button-like dorsal ray possesses on its ventral side 5 papillae arranged on the posterio(?) margin like an arch. Between the external dorsal and the dorsal ray there is present a chitinous, spicule-like structure, branched or not branched. One pair of spicules, yellowish in color, equal in length and similar in shape, with porous main stalk and pecten-like alae. The alae originating between anterior 1/3 and median 1/3, enlarge gradually, then decrease in size toward the rounded distal end. On the distal end of the main stalk there is present a short, nonalate branch. Length of the spicule 0.264—0.283 mm. Gubernaculum, not well developed, consists of body and feet. The body, slightly chitinized and rod-shaped, measuring 0.105—0.117 mm in length, slightly bends in the distal 1/3, and ends into small rounded projection. 1 pair of strongly chitinized feet, deep brown in color, with 4 tooth-like processes on their edge.Female: Body 22.000—27.000 mm in length and 0.149—0.182 mm in greatest diameter. Oesophagus 0.381—0.435 mm in length and 0.052—0.075 mm in greatest diameter. Anterior end to nerve ring 0.141—0.191 mm, to cervical papillae 0.198—0.283 mm and to excretory pore 0.321—0.297 mm. Pro-vagina welldeveloped, covered on its lateral and ventral sides with a cuticular Hgule-like process. Tail 0.036—0.052 mm long with rounded end, covered with wrinkled cuticular membrane. Ova, elliptical in shape, 0.039—0.056 mm long and 0.026—0.039 mm in diameter.Host: sheep (Capra hircus L.), goat (Ovis aries L.).Location: Bronchiole, air sac and the nodule in the lung.Locality: China: Kunming, Kweiyang, Chengtu and Sinin.Type and paratype: Deposited in the Insitute of Zoology, Academia Sinica, Peking.

1.在昆明、贵阳、成都、西宁的绵羊和山羊肺脏的小支气管、肺泡和结节中找到了西南歧尾线虫,新种。 2.新种的特征为导刺带长0.105—0.117毫米,体部呈棒状,其远端的顶部鈍圆,且稍突出。交合刺长0.264—0.283毫米,远端有一短的分枝,分枝上无栉状结构。雄虫尾端后缘在外背肋与背肋之间有一对分叉或单支的角质刺。 3.附有歧尾属(Bicaulus)各个种的检索表。

Acute experiments were performed on rabbits anesthetized with urethane. The change of concentration of plasma free fatty acid (FFA) was observed after electrical stimulation of the peripheral ends of left greater splanchnic nerves. The results were as follows: (1) In normal rabbits with intact adrenal glands, the effect of stimulation of splanchnie nerves upon the plasma FFA level was rather inconsistent, the result being either an increase, or a decrease, or no change. (2) After left adrenalectomy, however,...

Acute experiments were performed on rabbits anesthetized with urethane. The change of concentration of plasma free fatty acid (FFA) was observed after electrical stimulation of the peripheral ends of left greater splanchnic nerves. The results were as follows: (1) In normal rabbits with intact adrenal glands, the effect of stimulation of splanchnie nerves upon the plasma FFA level was rather inconsistent, the result being either an increase, or a decrease, or no change. (2) After left adrenalectomy, however, a marked decrease in the plasma FFA level was obtained after splanchnic stimulation in all the rabbits observed. The effect was abolished When the α-cells of the pancreatic islets were selectively destroyed by the administration of cobalt chloride. This effect was repeated in acute experiments performed on dogs with blockade of left adrenal venous return. A marked decrease in the plasma FFA with concomitant hyperglycemia was observed after splanchnic stimulation. This effect was abolished after extirpation of the body and tail (where most of the α cells are concentrated) of the pancreas. (3) By using cortisone-pretreated rabbits for assaying, it was found that a substance with glucagon-like activity by which hyperglycemia and lowering of the plasma FFA level can be induced was present in the blood of the portal vein after splanchnic stimulation. It is concluded from the above results that the greater splanchnic nerves appear to innervate the α-cells of the pancreas from which a glucagon-like substance capable of lowering the plasma FFA level is liberated into the blood stream after splanchnic stimulation.

本工作主要用兎做急性实驗,研究直接刺激内脏大神經外周端对血浆自由脂肪酸濃度的影响。結果如下: (一)在正常的不切除腎上腺的兎体上,刺激內脏大神經外周端对血浆自由脂肪酸濃度有不同的影响:有的使血浆自由脂肪酸濃度升高;有的降低;有的則基本不变。 (二)切除左侧腎上腺,刺激左侧內脏大神經外周端后,血浆自由脂肪酸濃度表現明显降低。若預先注射氯化钴以破坏胰島α細胞后,再做此項观察,血浆自由脂肪酸濃度的降低反应卽消失。在急性实驗狗身上,阻断左侧腎上腺靜脉血回流,刺激左侧內脏大神經外周端,亦可同样引起血浆自由脂肪酸濃度的降低,以及血糖濃度显著升高。切除胰尾部和胰体部以消除大部分胰島α細胞的作用后,再刺激內脏大神經外周端,上述反应卽消失。 (三)血液鉴定实驗指出,对切除腎上腺兎刺激內脏大神經后,門靜脉血血浆中有升高血糖物质存在,后者具有使血糖濃度升高和血浆自由脂肪酸濃度降低的作用。总結以上結果,可以认为,内脏大神經除支配腎上腺體质影响血糖和血浆自由脂肪酸濃度外,还极可能支配胰島α細胞,釋放类胰高血糖素物质,使血糖濃度升高及血浆自由脂肪酸濃度降低。

The present article deals with the important morphological characters of the eggs, larvae and metamorphosed fries of two flat fishes, Paralichthys olivaceus (T. & S.) and Zebrias zebra (Bloch), based mainly upon the living specimens reared successfully in our laboratory since 1959. Besides, the diagonostic characteristics for the identification of the eggs of P. olvaceus, the characteristics common to the eggs and larvae of the genera Paralichthys, important characters of the eggs and larvae of Zebrias zebra,...

The present article deals with the important morphological characters of the eggs, larvae and metamorphosed fries of two flat fishes, Paralichthys olivaceus (T. & S.) and Zebrias zebra (Bloch), based mainly upon the living specimens reared successfully in our laboratory since 1959. Besides, the diagonostic characteristics for the identification of the eggs of P. olvaceus, the characteristics common to the eggs and larvae of the genera Paralichthys, important characters of the eggs and larvae of Zebrias zebra, and the relationships between the eye and the anterior end of the dorsal fin in P. olivaceus and in Zebrias zebra during the migration of the eye are discussed.

本文主要根据1959年以来在实验室内饲养的活材料,对牙鲆(鲆科)和条鳎(鳎科)两种鲽形目鱼类卵子及仔、稚鱼各种重要阶段的形态特征作了描述,以供鉴定之用。这两种鱼类仔鱼变态期和条鳎卵的详细形态特征均未见记载。 1.牙鲆 卵浮性,呈圆球形;卵膜光滑,无粘性;卵黄均匀。卵径0.83—1.10毫米,生殖初期的最大。油球一个,球径.0.15—0.22毫米,也是初期最大。胚体、鳍褶和卵黄囊上的色素分布广而分散。初孵仔鱼全长2.07—2.44毫米;肌节12(13)+26,体部及鳍褶上色素分散,21对肌节以后的鳍褶上没有色素。仔鱼时期背、臀鳍褶边缘出现扫帚状黄、黑色素。仔、稚鱼无鳔;其鳍前端的6—7根鳍条首先发育,形成冠状幼鳍。全长12.7—14.6毫米(孵化后约30天)、右眼转过头顶时,鳍式巳与成鱼完全一致;此时稚鱼已由水平游泳转变为底层活动。全长14.0毫米以上时(孵化后约35天),右眼已完全转到左侧(有眼侧);全长达到20.3—25.5毫米(约孵化后42—45天)时,鳞片完全长出。 2.条鳎 卵子也是浮性、圆球形的。卵径为1.45—1.68毫米。油球小而多,10—60个左右。胚体上黄色素极多。卵膜无粘性,有...

本文主要根据1959年以来在实验室内饲养的活材料,对牙鲆(鲆科)和条鳎(鳎科)两种鲽形目鱼类卵子及仔、稚鱼各种重要阶段的形态特征作了描述,以供鉴定之用。这两种鱼类仔鱼变态期和条鳎卵的详细形态特征均未见记载。 1.牙鲆 卵浮性,呈圆球形;卵膜光滑,无粘性;卵黄均匀。卵径0.83—1.10毫米,生殖初期的最大。油球一个,球径.0.15—0.22毫米,也是初期最大。胚体、鳍褶和卵黄囊上的色素分布广而分散。初孵仔鱼全长2.07—2.44毫米;肌节12(13)+26,体部及鳍褶上色素分散,21对肌节以后的鳍褶上没有色素。仔鱼时期背、臀鳍褶边缘出现扫帚状黄、黑色素。仔、稚鱼无鳔;其鳍前端的6—7根鳍条首先发育,形成冠状幼鳍。全长12.7—14.6毫米(孵化后约30天)、右眼转过头顶时,鳍式巳与成鱼完全一致;此时稚鱼已由水平游泳转变为底层活动。全长14.0毫米以上时(孵化后约35天),右眼已完全转到左侧(有眼侧);全长达到20.3—25.5毫米(约孵化后42—45天)时,鳞片完全长出。 2.条鳎 卵子也是浮性、圆球形的。卵径为1.45—1.68毫米。油球小而多,10—60个左右。胚体上黄色素极多。卵膜无粘性,有很大的六角形网纹,其对角距为0.17—0.20毫米。初孵仔鱼全长3.5毫米,肌节10+44。孵化后3—4天,在背鳍褶上出现2—3个峯状色素斑;消化道前端的背侧

 
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