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tropical montane
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  热带山地
     Litterfall production of tropical seasonal rain forest (1 072 to 1 285 g·m~-2·a~-1) was higher than in the tropical montane rain forest (718 to 1 014 g·m~-2·a~-1).
     热带季节雨林凋落量(1072~1285g·m-2·a-1)显著高于热带山地雨林凋落量(718~1014g·m-2·a-1)。
短句来源
     This paper observed the tropical montane climate in Xishuangbanna of Southwest China,investigated the biomass of tropical montane rain forest in 5 plots(0.16~0.25 hm~2) at the altitude of(1 100)~(1 820 m) there,built the biomass regression equation and estimated the biomass of montane rain forest,and compared the results derived from the biomass regression equations of the tropical seasonal rain forest distributed at lower area and the montane rain forest.
     观测了西双版纳山地气候,建立了山地雨林生物量回归方程,调查了海拔1 100~1 820 m范围5块样地(面积0.16~0.25 hm2)的热带山地雨林生物量。
短句来源
     The size of most EG in the tropical montane rain forest range from 30m 2 through 500m 2, averaged about 160m 2. And the size of most CG in the forest range from 15m 2 through 200m 2, averaged about 80m 2. Most gaps were formed 40 years ago, and most of which aged 10~30a.
     海南热带山地雨林中EG的大小一般变化在30~500m2左右,平均约为160m2,大多数CG的大小一般都变化在15~200m2左右,平均约为80m2。 大多数的林隙是在40a以前形成的,而10~30a之前形成的林隙最多。
短句来源
     STUDY ON THE FOREST CYCLE AND COMMUNITY CHARACTERISTICS IN A TROPICAL MONTANE RAIN FOREST IN BAWANGLING, HAINAN PROVINCE
     海南霸王岭热带山地雨林森林循环与群落特征研究
短句来源
     The Forest Cycle and Tree Species Diversity Dynamics in a Tropical Montane Rain Forest of Hainan Island ,South China
     海南霸王岭热带山地雨林森林循环与树种多样性动态
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  “tropical montane”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Five months later after felling tropical montane rainforest by the intensity of 30% and 50%,the soil carbon storage declined by 4.5% and 5.3% respectively compared with the previous virgin tropical forest.
     30 %、50 %择伐强度经营 5个月后林地土壤 C储量分别比原始林降低 4 .5%和 5.3% ,但 30 %强度经营林地土壤 C/N接近未采伐的原始林。
短句来源
     The biomass of tropical montane rain forest was 32.6% lower than that of tropical seasonal rain forest,and the biomass regression equation derived from tropical seasonal rain forest was not suitable to the estimation of the biomass of tropical montane rain forest.
     可见,西双版纳山地海拔增加导致雨季降雨量增加,山地雨林生物量较热带季节雨林降低32.6%,季节雨林生物量方程不适用于山地雨林。
短句来源
     Using the biomass regression equation of the tropical seasonal rain forest to estimate the biomass of montane rain forest would make the total biomass and the biomass of stem and root overestimated by 38.3%~61.5%,respectively,and make the branch biomass underestimated by 7.6%~30.8%. The results suggested that in the tropical montane rain forest in Xishuangbanna,the rainfall mostly occurred in rain season was increased with increasing altitude.
     采用热带季节雨林生物量回归方程估计山地雨林生物量,会使得总生物量以及树干和树根生物量高估38.3%~61.5%,树枝生物量低估7.6%~30.8%。
短句来源
     According to values of niche breadth based on gap age classes, the species in the tropical montane rain forest were classified into 4 types, i. e. efficient utilization on gap resources comparatively efficient utilization on gap resources not efficient utilization on gap resources, and very few utilization on gap resources.
     根据树种在不同年龄级林隙内的生态位宽度的变化 ,可分为对林隙时间生态资源利用充分、利用较充分、利用不充分和利用很少的 4类树种。
短句来源
     The tropical montane rain forest belt consists of : (1) Low-montane rain forest with three formations and three associations.
     (三)低山枫香林:1.枫香.鸭脚木群系.二、中山雨林:(一)中山针阔叶雨林:1.陆均松.岭南青同群系;
短句来源
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  相似匹配句对
     Measurement of Species Associations in Tropical Montane Rain Forest
     热带山地雨林种间联结的测定
短句来源
     Coenological Characteristics of Tropical Montane Rain Forest in Xishuangbanna
     西双版纳热带山地雨林群落学特征分析
短句来源
     Tropical Botanical Garden
     热带之梦中心
短句来源
     Tropical Timber Market
     国际热带木材市场
短句来源
     The montane steppe is richer in region.
     从a 多样性指数大小来看,山地草甸>亚高山草甸>草甸草原>草原>荒漠草原>高寒草甸>山地荒漠。
短句来源
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  tropical montane
It is suggested that this unique seed type is a derived condition and has evolved in adaptation to the specialised habitat in tropical montane cloud forests.
      
Epiphytic biomass, canopy humus and associated canopy water storage capacity are known to vary greatly between old-growth tropical montane cloud forests but for regenerating forests such data are virtually absent.
      
Thus even in structurally highly complex, multilayered tropical montane forests distinct community units exist that can be surveyed and classified by the Braun-Blanquet approach.
      
Habitat associations with topography and canopy structure of 42 abundant tree species were studied in a 2.74-ha plot of tropical montane forest on Mount Kinabalu, Borneo.
      
Habitat associations with topography and canopy structure of tree species in a tropical montane forest on Mount Kinabalu, Borneo
      
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The tropical forest characterized by species V atica guangxiensis of Dipterocarpaceae, existing in Mengla nature reserve of Xishuangbanna of Southern Yunnan, is a forest type of the dipterocarp forest from the northern margin of the tropical zone of SE Asia. A phytocoenological analysis on the forest has been presented in the paper. This forest, which has the vertical profile of three tree layers and other general eco-physiognomical features of tropical rain forest, is undoubtedly a true tropical rain forest....

The tropical forest characterized by species V atica guangxiensis of Dipterocarpaceae, existing in Mengla nature reserve of Xishuangbanna of Southern Yunnan, is a forest type of the dipterocarp forest from the northern margin of the tropical zone of SE Asia. A phytocoenological analysis on the forest has been presented in the paper. This forest, which has the vertical profile of three tree layers and other general eco-physiognomical features of tropical rain forest, is undoubtedly a true tropical rain forest. It could be considered as a community type of tropical seasonal rain forest which belongs to a formation of lowland rain forest. Occured at a relatively higher elevation (800—1100m above sea level) and deep valley habitats, the forest community, which has few deciduous trees in its tree layers, is a little different from the typical seasonal rain forest from the same region in which, deciduous tree species take up 1/4 or 1/3 of total species of the uppermost trees. Furthermore, it is seen in the forest community that there are a decline of typical tree species of tropical lowland and an appearance of some representative tree species of tropical montane. Evidently this forest is the type of lowland rain forest at altitudinal limit in the northern margin of tropical zone and has appeared to be transitional toward montane rain forest.

本文对分布在西双版纳勐腊县南部以龙脑香科植物版纳青梅为标志树种的热带森林作了群落学分析,认为它具有热带雨林的结构和基本特征,在性质上属于热带季节雨林。由于分布海拔偏高和生境特殊,它的上层乔木几乎常绿,在外貌上与望天树林和本地区典型的季节雨林有一定差异,在区系组成上向山地雨林过渡,它表现为一种季节雨林向山地雨林过渡的类型,同时也是一种热带北缘地区季节雨林的海拔极限类型。

Primulaceae,comprising 22 genera and about 1000 species, is found in almost alltemperate and subtropical parts of the world as well as in some tropical montane regions. Although the total range of the family is worldwide, most of the genera are muchmore restricted. The 22 genera may be divided into the following distribution patterns.1. Subcosmopolitan: Lysimaehia, Anagallis, Somolus.2. North temperate: Primula, Androsace, Cortusa, Trientalis, Glaux.3. West & Central Asia: Dionysia, Sredinskya.4. East...

Primulaceae,comprising 22 genera and about 1000 species, is found in almost alltemperate and subtropical parts of the world as well as in some tropical montane regions. Although the total range of the family is worldwide, most of the genera are muchmore restricted. The 22 genera may be divided into the following distribution patterns.1. Subcosmopolitan: Lysimaehia, Anagallis, Somolus.2. North temperate: Primula, Androsace, Cortusa, Trientalis, Glaux.3. West & Central Asia: Dionysia, Sredinskya.4. East Asia: Stimpsonia.5. Sino-Himalaya: Bryocarpum, Pomatosace, Omphalogramma.6. Northeastern Asia-Western North America disjunct: Dodecatheon.7. Eurasian-Eastern North America disjunct' Hottonia.8. South Europe-Mediterranean: Cyclamen, Soldanella. Asterolinon, Cons.9. Tropical Africa mountains: Ardisiandra.10. Temperate South America: Pellatiacesa.Following Takhtajan's floristic regions of the world, the number of genera and speciesin each region are counted. The statistics show that the regions in richness of number ofgenera and species are successively: Eastern Asiatic Region (561/12), Irano -Turanian Region(150/12), Circumboreal Region (118/13), Mediterranean Region (63/9), North AmericanAtlantic Region (29/8), Sudano-Zambezian Region (31/6), Indochinese Region (30/4),Madrean Region (26/8), Rocky Mountain Region (27/6), Hawaiian Region(11/1), MalesianRegion (9/4), Chile-Patagonian Region (6/3), Northeast Australian Region (6/3),Brazilian Region (5/3). But the genera and species arc not evenly distributed ina region. The family is, however, an outstanding example of widely distributed, but exhibiting endemism, with the bulk of itS species (with 70% genera and 60% species) concentratedin two distribution beltS: one stretches from western China along Himalayas, covering avery narrow (c. 240 km wide) strip of territory, to Kashimir, but at the eastern end, thebelt widens, including Yunnan, western Sichuan, Guizhou, upper Myanma and northernVietnam; the other stretches from Caucasus along Alps to Pyrenees, includingmontane regions of south Europe in the north and extending to the cost regionof Mediterranean in the South. There are 12 genera and more than 500 species in China.The greatest concentration of species and diversity appears in western China and EastHimalaya, while Caucasus-Alps-Pyrenees is the secondary present distribution centre. Because the Himalaya and Alps-Pysenees are, geologically speaking, quite new and lack ofprimitive taxa, these areas are not considered as the centre of origin. On the contrary, themost primitive subgenus Idiophyton of Lysimachia, which is often cited as an archaicmember of the Primulaceae that suggests a connection on the Myrsinaceae, and theprimitive section Samuelia of Androsace, section Carolinella and section Monocarpicae ofPrimula are all confined to southern Yunnan, Guizhou, Guangxi, northern Vietnam, Myanmaand Thailand. Although there were transgression and regression of the sea, this area neverentirely submerged again since it raised in paleozoic period. It seems reasonable to presumethat the Primulaceae was origionally evolved in the mountane region of SE China includingnorthern part of Thailand, Myanma and Vietnam. In Tertiary, some species of the threelarge genera,viz.Lysimachia, Androsaee and Primula, might be widely distributed in Eurasia.During the Pleistocene ice age, they retreated to and survived in the refuges in westernChina,Caucasus and mountains of South Europe.Later they were well developed in theseareas and spread rapidly along the mountain ranges,and the present distribution patternswere formed.In the complete absence of any fossil evidence, an accurate account of the time of originis impossible. In the three families of Primulales(Myrsinaceae,Theophrastaceae,Primulaceae)only a few fossil leaves were found in Tertiary stratum from Europe, NAmerica and Greenland. Most taxonomists agree that the three families are closely allied,and A.Cronquist pointed out that"No one family of the Primulales is likely to bedirectly ancestral to either of the others".If this point of vie

根据Takhtajan世界植物区系分区对报春花科22属在世界各地以及在中国各省区的分布作了较详细的统计,在此基础上,将报春花科各属归纳为10个分布型,认为中国西部横断山区和东西马拉雅为报春花科的现代分布中心和多样化中心;高加索—阿尔卑斯山脉为第二分布中心;中国云南、贵州南部,广西西部至越南、泰国北部和缅甸西北部山地是报春花科植物最可能的起源中心;报春花科的起源时间应在早第三纪或晚白垩纪.

We compared the dynamics of litter production and storagc in the natural tropical montane rain forest with that of a regenerated forest after clear cut-ting at Jianfengling, Hainan lsland,and studied the cffect of typhoon onlitter production. The mean annual litterfall(D.w)in the tropical montane rain forcestwas 9.177t·ha ̄-1,of which the leaves,branches,and flowers and other mixed matter accounted for 49.6%,37.0%and l3.4%,respectively.The annual Iit- terfall in the regenerated forest was 9.323t·ha ̄-1,with...

We compared the dynamics of litter production and storagc in the natural tropical montane rain forest with that of a regenerated forest after clear cut-ting at Jianfengling, Hainan lsland,and studied the cffect of typhoon onlitter production. The mean annual litterfall(D.w)in the tropical montane rain forcestwas 9.177t·ha ̄-1,of which the leaves,branches,and flowers and other mixed matter accounted for 49.6%,37.0%and l3.4%,respectively.The annual Iit- terfall in the regenerated forest was 9.323t·ha ̄-1,with the leaves,branches,and flowers and other mixed matter occupying 56.2%,33.0%,and 10.89 %,respectively, of the total litterfall.The storage of litterfall in both of the two forest types was 5.9t·ha ̄-1. A double falling peak and extremely high percentage of litterfall caused by typhoon are characteristic of the litter production in the tropical forest at the Jianfengling area. In some years,the typhoon-induced litterfall account- ed for over 40%of the total litter production,illustrating that the effect of typhoon on tropiacl montane rain forest ecosystems is frequent,large and far eaching

本文对海南岛尖峰岭热带山地雨林及其更新群落的凋落物产量动态、各组分的季节变化规律及凋落物贮量进行了研究,分析比较了这两个林分的凋落节律的异同,并对凋落枝的收集方法进行了对比。本文指出:“双凋落峰”和“由于台风影响而产生大量非正常凋落物”是尖峰岭热带森林的两个重要的凋落特征。本项研究对深入了解热带林生态系统的功能、对热带森林资源的保护和永续利用均有重要意义。

 
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