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optimal international reserve
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  最优国际储备
     The standard of whether or not the international reserve scale of a state is moderate is that the optimal international reserve stock and the ability of stabilizing exchange rate when balance of payments deficit appears.
     一国国际储备规模合理与否 ,应当以最优国际储备存量和国际收支出现逆差时稳定汇率能力为标准。
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  相似匹配句对
     International
     国际投资大事
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     INTERNATIONAL
     国际
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     我国进行国际税收竞争的最优战略与策略分析
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     国际制造业资本转移、最优产业配套与政策转变
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     各种光强下的暗呼吸速率均随温度升高而增大。
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The standard of whether or not the international reserve scale of a state is moderate is that the optimal international reserve stock and the ability of stabilizing exchange rate when balance of payments deficit appears. It was declared by the empirical analysis that there is an intrinsic relation between international reserves in China and exchange rate stability. In a long run, the demand for international reserves in China is mainly decided by such factors as the national income,...

The standard of whether or not the international reserve scale of a state is moderate is that the optimal international reserve stock and the ability of stabilizing exchange rate when balance of payments deficit appears. It was declared by the empirical analysis that there is an intrinsic relation between international reserves in China and exchange rate stability. In a long run, the demand for international reserves in China is mainly decided by such factors as the national income, the average propensity to import, the opportunity cost, the foreign default risk, and the variability in the balance of payments, etc. In the a short time, the demand for international reserves in China is still affected by monetary policy. China puts into practice obligatory foreign exchange-selling system, the ability of international reserve stabilizing exchange rate is lower than in countries without obligatory foreign exchange-selling system. To cancel obligatory foreign exchange-selling system makes people own foreign exchange, thus it can improve the ability of international reserve in China.

一国国际储备规模合理与否 ,应当以最优国际储备存量和国际收支出现逆差时稳定汇率能力为标准。实证分析表明 ,中国国际储备和汇率稳定之间存在着内在的联系。从长期看 ,中国的国际储备需求主要由国民收入、进口倾向、储备的机会成本、债务风险和国际收支平衡等因素决定 ;从短期看 ,中国的国际储备需求还受到货币政策的影响。中国实行经常项下强制结售汇制 ,与不存在强制结售汇制国家相比 ,同样水平的国际储备稳定汇率的能力要低。取消强制结售汇制 ,让外汇资产积富于民 ,可提高中国国际储备稳定汇率的能力

Since the 1990's, it is difficult for mainstream theory of optimal international reserves to explain the practice of developing countries. This article suggests that in an era of high capital mobility, the main objective of international reserves management of developing countries is to hold"appropriate"amount to stabilize exchange rate through affecting international speculative capital. As for Chinese management of foreign reserves, the article holds that some evidences show that...

Since the 1990's, it is difficult for mainstream theory of optimal international reserves to explain the practice of developing countries. This article suggests that in an era of high capital mobility, the main objective of international reserves management of developing countries is to hold"appropriate"amount to stabilize exchange rate through affecting international speculative capital. As for Chinese management of foreign reserves, the article holds that some evidences show that the current level of Chinese foreign exchange reserves have disturbed stability of RMB exchange rate; In terms of dynamics, deficiency of demand and more fierce competition faced by fragile banking industry should endure China's increase of foreign exchange reserves.

20世纪90年代以来,发展中国家国际储备管理实践使主流最优国际储备研究思路面临根本性冲击。本文提出,在资本高度流动时代,发展中国家国际储备管理的核心目标是:通过保持“适度”国际储备来稳定国际投机资本,并以此促进汇率稳定。从这一分析思路出发,笔者对中国外汇储备管理有如下看法:有迹象表明,中国目前外汇储备水平已对汇率稳定构成了干扰;从动态发展的视角看,中国实体经济需求不足矛盾和脆弱银行体系面临的严峻竞争,都将扩充中国对外汇储备继续增长的包容性。

 
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