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  lower segment
    Results The overall 3 year survival rate has been 54% and the 5 year survival rate 46%. For monofocal carcinoma of the upper and middle segments of the ureter,the 3 year and the 5 year survival rate were 86% and 86% respectively,being significantly higher than those of the lower segment ureteral carcinoma (43% and 29%,P<0.05).
    结果输尿管肿瘤3年生存率为54%,5年生存率为46%,单发输尿管上中段癌3年、5年生存率分别为86%和86%,明显高于下段癌的43%和29%(P<0.05)。
短句来源
    Results 103 cases(95.3%) got success in orthotopic lithotriptics,success rate of upper segment calculi in ureter was 83.3%,middle segment was 96.3%,lower segment was 98.4%,mean lithotriptic time was (45±2.5)min,100% stone was excreted 1~3 months after operation.
    结果  10 3例原位碎石成功 ,总成功率 95 .3 % ,其中输尿管上段结石成功率为 83 .3 % ,中段结石为96.3 % ,下段结石为 98.4%。 平均碎石时间 ( 4 .5± 2 .2 )min ,术后 1~ 3个月结石排净率 10 0 %。
短句来源
    Results: 283 cases(94.93%)got success in orthotopic lithotriptics,success rate of upper segment calculi in ureter was 87.04%, middle segment was 95.58%, lower segment was 97.71% mean lithotriptic time was (15.7±2.8) min.
    结果 :本组气压弹道碎石治疗总成功率为 94 .6 3% (2 83/ 2 98) ,输尿管上段成功率为 87.0 4 % (47/ 5 4 ) ,输尿管中段成功率为 95 .5 8% (10 8/ 113) ,下段成功率为97.71% (12 8/ 131) ,平均碎石时间 (15 .7± 2 .8) min。
短句来源
    The single-session success rate was 93.5%(173/185),and was 75.0%(24/32) in the upper segment,95.8%(46/48) in the middle segment,and 98.1%(103/105) in the lower segment.
    一次碎石成功率93.5%(173/185),其中上段结石为75.0%(24/32),中段为95.8%(46/48),下段为98.1%(103/105)。
短句来源
    A CASE REPORT OF RIGHT LATERAL APPENDED KIDNEY CYSTONEPHROSIS AND OBSTRUCTION INDUCED DILATATION OF LOWER SEGMENT OF URETER COMBINED WITH INFECTION
    右侧附加肾囊性变、输尿管下段梗阻扩张并感染1例
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  lower segments
    In the 92 patients with the stones located in the middle or lower segments, the success rate of removal was 94.6% in 87 patients.
    其中中、下段结石 92例 ,取出或碎石后排除结石 87例 ,成功率为 94 .6 %。
短句来源
    In 7 of the cases there was severe dilatation of the middle and lower segments of the ureter and in 6 columnar dilatation of the whole ureter.
    输尿管中下段局部显著扩张者7例,全程呈柱状扩张者6例。
短句来源
    Conclusion Using ureteroscopy is effective for ureteral stones, especially for those located in the middle or lower segments.
    ④结论 输尿管镜治疗输尿管结石 ,尤其是输尿管中、下段结石效果较好
短句来源
  lower section
    Results:The success rate of the one stage for all patients was 88.3 %( 56.3 % in upper section, 87.9 % in middle section, 97.1 % in lower section ).
    结果 :一次性碎石取石成功率为 88.3 % ,其中输尿管上段结石为 5 6.3 % ( 18/ 3 2 ) ,输尿管中段结石为 87.9% ( 80 / 91) ,输尿管下段结石为 97.1% ( 2 66/ 2 74)。
短句来源
    (280/305) The successful rate of the upper section, the middle section, the lower section and the cystolith was 91%, 99%, 99.2% and 100% respectively.
    其中输尿管结石上段成功率为 91% ,中段成功率 99% ,下段成功率 99.5% ,膀胱尿道结石成功率 10 0 %。
短句来源
    Conclusions The most satisfactory curative effects of minimally invasive treatment of PL for urolith was with the middle and lower section of ureterolith, and then was the cystolith, the least was the nephrolith.
    结论 采用输尿管肾镜下气压弹道碎石术微创治疗泌尿系结石以中下段输尿管结石及膀胱尿道结石效果最为满意 ,其次是输尿管上段结石 ,肾结石疗效最差。
短句来源
    Results The successrate of the one stage for all paitient was 75%, 52% in upper section, 85% in middle sectior, 94% in lower section. Con-clusions Treatment of ureteral stone with this method has been safe.
    结果一次性碎石成功率为75%,其中输尿管上段结石52%,输尿管中段结石85%,输尿管下段结石94%,并发症主要为术后发热及血尿等。
短句来源
    Results:4 male cases of urethra stones and 20 cases of bladder stones were successfully cured by this method; 107 of total 109 middle and lower section of ureter stones were cured, and failed in 2 cases due to stenosis of ureter and ESWL were performed;
    结果 :4例男性尿道结石和 2 0例膀胱结石均碎石成功 ,输尿管中下段结石 10 9例 ,10 7例成功 ,2例输尿管口狭窄改用ESWL碎石成功 ;
短句来源
  “下段”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Results The overall successful operation rate for all level of ureteral stones in single procedure was 93%(67/72),while the upper one and mid-lower were 87%(26/30) and 98%(41/42),respectively.
    合并输尿管壁段狭窄5例、合并结石下方息肉形成19例、合并同侧肾积水68例。 结果单次手术成功率93%(67/72),其中上段单次手术成功率87%(26/30),中下段98%(41/42)。
短句来源
    The overall successful frag- mentation rate in single procedure was 94%(81/86),while the upper one and mid-lower were 88% (29/33)and 98%(52/53).
    单次结石粉碎率94%(81/86),其中上段单次结石粉碎率88%(29/33),中下段98%(52/53)。
短句来源
    Three cases of fragmentation failure were due to upper ureteral stones migrating to the renal pelvis. The success rate of fragmentation on one session was 95.8%(69/72),which was 92.1%(35/38) for upper segment calculi and 100%(34/34) for middle-to-lower segment calculi.
    3例失败由于位于输尿管上段的结石移至肾脏,一次碎石成功率95.8%(69/72),其中上段结石成功率92.1%(35/38)、中下段结石成功率100%(34/34)。
短句来源
    9 with calculi in the middle and the distal part of ureter .
    输尿管上段结石6例,中下段结石9例。
短句来源
    Results Endoscopic access and complete stone fragmentation was achieved in 726 of the 760 patients(91.1%): the successful rate was 96.4% for the lower lower ureteral stones,87.6% for upper ureteral stones,and 81.0% for renal pelvis stones. All patients were followed for 3~12 months and no severe complications were observed.
    完全碎石成功率91.1%(726/760),其中输尿管下段结石完全粉碎318例,碎石成功率96.4%,上段结石完全粉碎340例,碎石成功率87.6%,肾盂结石完全粉碎34例,碎石成功率81.0%,经过3~12月的随访,未见严重的并发症.
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  lower segment
In the lower segment of the stem, no abnormal tissue but a small amount of latewood-like tissue was produced after treatment.
      
Anomalous motility of its upper part and significantly depressed pressure in the lower segment, as shown by manometry, have been correlated with radiological abnormalities.
      
Group I underwent mid-oesophageal resection with upper segment myotomy (14); group II mid-oesophageal resection with lower segment myotomy (8); and group III oesophageal transection and anastomosis without resection (6).
      
Congenital hydronephrosis in the lower segment of a duplex system
      
A radiograph taken with a Hegar dilator in the lower segment via the gastrostomy confirmed this suspicion, and the baby underwent a thoracotomy and primary anastomosis between the esophageal pouches.
      
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  lower segments
For this purpose, stratal water should be actively stirred in lower segments of the pipelines.
      
Rather, it is important that the upper and lower segments of the stimulus that are judged to be equal on vertical bisection tasks are co-extensive.
      
The middle and lower segments of the channel are rich in turbidite and other debrite deposits.
      
Lower segments of the LTC4 concentration-response curves were less affected than the upper portion suggesting the possibility of 2 LTC4 receptor subtypes.
      
The linear correlation coefficients are very satisfactory for most of the calibration curves, which include the higher segments of mass fractions; however, they are less satisfactory for the lower segments of the calibration curves.
      
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  lower section
Desorption is achieved by heating in the lower section and a part of the gas so desorbed generates the reflux in the column.
      
Maximum Pb contents (up to 1080?mg kg-1) were associated with anthropogenic material dumping in minor tributaries, storm sewer sediments and sediments in the "lower" section of the basin.
      
Samples were taken from lower section of the river bed at 30 stations along Gumusler creek, 13?km in length and their heavy metal contents were analyzed with XRF Spectrometer.
      
In the lower section (neuronal loss:-28%), the medial quarter was most severely affected.
      
Stray occurrences of olivine have been noted from the lower section of the flows.
      
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Eighteen patients with primary carcinoma of the ureter were treated at our hospital from 1955 to 1980. Among them, 11 cases were male, seven were female. The most common symptoms were painless gross hematuria and flank pain. Two thirds of the tumors occurred in the lower one third of the ureter. The principle diagnostic methods utilized were intravenous pyelography and retrograde pyelography. Nephroureterectomy is the safest operation in advanced cases. In some other conditions more conservative procedures may...

Eighteen patients with primary carcinoma of the ureter were treated at our hospital from 1955 to 1980. Among them, 11 cases were male, seven were female. The most common symptoms were painless gross hematuria and flank pain. Two thirds of the tumors occurred in the lower one third of the ureter. The principle diagnostic methods utilized were intravenous pyelography and retrograde pyelography. Nephroureterectomy is the safest operation in advanced cases. In some other conditions more conservative procedures may be performed. The higher the grade of the tumor, the poorer the prognosis will be. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment are emphasized.

我院1955~1980年治疗了原发性输尿管癌18例,男11例,女7例。主要的临床症状是无痛性肉眼血尿及腰痛。2/3的肿瘤位于输尿管的下段。膀胱镜、逆行造影和静脉尿路造影是主要诊断方法。依具体情况手术可采取肾输尿管全长切除或较保守的手术方法。肿瘤分期愈高预后愈差,因此早期诊断和治疗很重要。

127 cases of ureteral stones were treated between Jan. and Oct 1989 with a domestically made ESWL-II/ZM lithotripter. There were 69 cases of upper ureteral stones, 13 middle ureteral and 45 lower ureteral stones. Success has been achiered in all with no major complications and no adjurant surgical managements were needed at all. The preliminary experience was presented. It is believed that ESWL would be the treatment of first choice for ureteral as well as for renal stones.

本文报道1989年1月至10月应用国产ESWL—Ⅱ/ZM型体外冲击波碎石机原位治疗输尿管结石127例。其中输尿管上段结石69例,中段结石13例,下段结石45例,全部成功,效果满意。碎石治疗前、后未作其它泌尿外科辅助治疗。认为选择适当的碎石机型可以提高碎石成功率。输尿管结石原位体外冲击波碎石疗效满意,应作为首选治疗方法。较小结石也应早期治疗。对俯卧位治疗输尿管结石的优点和可能发生的并发症进行了讨论。

Phleboliths were observed on bothsides of inferior vesical veins in adissected cadaver and were positiveon X-ray films.Another 900 clinicalX-ray films were collected by randomsampling and in 4.5% of them phle-boliths were identified in inferior ve-sical veins.It is difficult to distingu-ish the phlebolith from inferior ure-teral calculi or spermatic calculi onX-ray films.The essential points fordifferential diagnosis were suggested.

在尸解中发现了一例双侧膀胱下静脉内有多个结石,经 X 光摄片证实结石均显影。随机对600例临床 X 光片进行观察,此类结石出现率为4.5%。因在 X 光片上易与输尿管下段结石和精囊腺内结石影像相混淆.为此作者分析了两者的鉴别要点,以供临床参考。

 
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