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  upper
    The Application of Lateral Trans-sacrospinalis Muscle Approach for Middle and Upper Ureteral and Pyelolithotomy
    经骶棘肌外侧径路在输尿管中上段及肾盂取石的应用
短句来源
    An experience of Eswl with Ureteral Balloon Catheters for the Treatment of Middle and Upper Ureteral Stones(Report of 25 Cases)
    输尿管气囊导管配合ESWL治疗输尿管中上段结石的体会
短句来源
    Results The overall successful operation rate for all level of ureteral stones in single procedure was 93%(67/72),while the upper one and mid-lower were 87%(26/30) and 98%(41/42),respectively.
    合并输尿管壁段狭窄5例、合并结石下方息肉形成19例、合并同侧肾积水68例。 结果单次手术成功率93%(67/72),其中上段单次手术成功率87%(26/30),中下段98%(41/42)。
短句来源
    The overall successful frag- mentation rate in single procedure was 94%(81/86),while the upper one and mid-lower were 88% (29/33)and 98%(52/53).
    单次结石粉碎率94%(81/86),其中上段单次结石粉碎率88%(29/33),中下段98%(52/53)。
短句来源
    Three cases of fragmentation failure were due to upper ureteral stones migrating to the renal pelvis. The success rate of fragmentation on one session was 95.8%(69/72),which was 92.1%(35/38) for upper segment calculi and 100%(34/34) for middle-to-lower segment calculi.
    3例失败由于位于输尿管上段的结石移至肾脏,一次碎石成功率95.8%(69/72),其中上段结石成功率92.1%(35/38)、中下段结石成功率100%(34/34)。
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  upper segment
    Three cases of fragmentation failure were due to upper ureteral stones migrating to the renal pelvis. The success rate of fragmentation on one session was 95.8%(69/72),which was 92.1%(35/38) for upper segment calculi and 100%(34/34) for middle-to-lower segment calculi.
    3例失败由于位于输尿管上段的结石移至肾脏,一次碎石成功率95.8%(69/72),其中上段结石成功率92.1%(35/38)、中下段结石成功率100%(34/34)。
短句来源
    Treatment of the complications in upper segment of ureter in kidney transplantation:a report of 4 cases
    移植肾输尿管上段并发症的处理四例
短句来源
    Improvement on Fixation Method of Operative Posture in Patients Underwent Renal and Upper Segment of Ureter Operation
    肾及输尿管上段手术体位固定方法的改进
短句来源
    Results: The cure rate of stones in the upper segment was 81%, and that of middle and distal stones was 96%.
    结果 :输尿管上段结石原位碎石治愈率为81% ,输尿管中下段为 96 %。
短句来源
    Results 103 cases(95.3%) got success in orthotopic lithotriptics,success rate of upper segment calculi in ureter was 83.3%,middle segment was 96.3%,lower segment was 98.4%,mean lithotriptic time was (45±2.5)min,100% stone was excreted 1~3 months after operation.
    结果  10 3例原位碎石成功 ,总成功率 95 .3 % ,其中输尿管上段结石成功率为 83 .3 % ,中段结石为96.3 % ,下段结石为 98.4%。 平均碎石时间 ( 4 .5± 2 .2 )min ,术后 1~ 3个月结石排净率 10 0 %。
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    9 with calculi in the middle and the distal part of ureter .
    输尿管上段结石6例,中下段结石9例。
短句来源
    [Results] Lithotripsy was performed successfully on one session in 95 cases with a success rate of 87%(95/107).
    结果107例患者中95例(其中肾盂结石3例,输尿管上段结石9例)一次碎石成功,成功率87%(95/107);
短句来源
    Application of minimally invasive technology in treatment of ureteral calculi:Report of 186 cases
    微创技术在输尿管上段结石中的应用(附186例报告)
短句来源
    Comparative Study on the Therapeutic Efficacy of ESWL via three Kinds of Approach for Treatment of Proximal Ureter Stone
    三种途径ESWL治疗输尿管上段结石的疗效比较
短句来源
    Ureterscopy and pneumatic lithotripsy in the treatment of ureteral calculi(68 cases report)
    输尿管肾镜气压弹道碎石术治疗输尿管上段结石(附68例报告)
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  upper
We apply our methods to the Dickson, upper triangular and symmetric coinvariants.
      
The least upper bound for the degrees of elements in a system of generators turns out to be independent of the number of vector variables.
      
The main result of this paper is to establish the upper bound form, for eachn.
      
In the special case whenFn is the projective spaceRPn, one also obtains the upper bound.
      
Description of B-orbit closures of order 2 in upper-triangular
      
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  upper segment
Then the gallbladder and the upper segment of the jejunum was anastomosed and the manometric procedures repeated after one week.
      
There is a close spatial association between mineable gold grades and the upper segment of the system.
      
This is probably related to excessive female deaths in the upper segment of the dose-response curve.
      
Fibres in the upper segment of the OT are of thin, in the lower segments of thick diameter.
      
Don), brought about abnormal thickening all over the upper segment from the NPA treatment.
      
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127 cases of ureteral stones were treated between Jan. and Oct 1989 with a domestically made ESWL-II/ZM lithotripter. There were 69 cases of upper ureteral stones, 13 middle ureteral and 45 lower ureteral stones. Success has been achiered in all with no major complications and no adjurant surgical managements were needed at all. The preliminary experience was presented. It is believed that ESWL would be the treatment of first choice for ureteral as well as for renal stones.

本文报道1989年1月至10月应用国产ESWL—Ⅱ/ZM型体外冲击波碎石机原位治疗输尿管结石127例。其中输尿管上段结石69例,中段结石13例,下段结石45例,全部成功,效果满意。碎石治疗前、后未作其它泌尿外科辅助治疗。认为选择适当的碎石机型可以提高碎石成功率。输尿管结石原位体外冲击波碎石疗效满意,应作为首选治疗方法。较小结石也应早期治疗。对俯卧位治疗输尿管结石的优点和可能发生的并发症进行了讨论。

Retrocaval ureter is a rare congenital anomaly. 3 cases were reported and surgical experiences were discussed in this article. Patient's symptoms are concealment, hydronephrosis on the right side is usually suggested by Ultrasonic-B examination. The diagnosis can be established from the I U P and retrograd pyelography. On the base of Harrill's operation, we modified the method that the dilated portion of the ureter was divided and cut off the constricted portion behind the vena cava, then end-to-end anastomosis...

Retrocaval ureter is a rare congenital anomaly. 3 cases were reported and surgical experiences were discussed in this article. Patient's symptoms are concealment, hydronephrosis on the right side is usually suggested by Ultrasonic-B examination. The diagnosis can be established from the I U P and retrograd pyelography. On the base of Harrill's operation, we modified the method that the dilated portion of the ureter was divided and cut off the constricted portion behind the vena cava, then end-to-end anastomosis performed. The postoperative effect observed satistactory.

下腔静脉后输尿管是一种少见的先天血管发育异常,本文报告近五年3例手术的经验。临床表现较隐蔽,B超可提示右肾积水,尿路造影是诊断的关键。常用Harill手术,我们采用自扩张段输尿管下部离断的改进方法,取得良好效果。对较长段输尿管狭窄需切除者,利用上段扩张之输尿管,达到原位保留肾脏的目的。

From March 1989 to March 1990, homemade ESWL machine of KDE-II type was used to treat 126 cases of ureteral stone, including 69 upper ureteral stones, 21 middle ones and 36 lower ones. The rate of success was 99.21%and most of the patients ( 90.47% ) cleared their frangmented stones within 3 months. It is believed that ESWL in situ willjbe of first choice for treating ureteral stones. The use of repeated ESWL and lesser shock wave energy for big stones could minimize the side effects of ESWL.

本文报告1989年3月至1990年3月应用KDE—Ⅱ型体外冲击波碎石机治疗输尿管结石126例。其中输尿管上段结石69例,中段结石21例,下段结石36例,结石总粉碎率99.21%,3月内结石排尽率90.47%,效果满意。认为输尿管结石原位体外冲击波碎石疗效满意,应作为首选的治疗方法。输尿管大结石分次碎石,控制冲击波能量,可减少碎石后并发症发生.

 
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