Converting the late-developing advantage to late-developing benefits rests with not only many conditions such as material capital, human resources, economy of scale and etc. , but also the combination of the above factors and conditions, such as the dynamicexchange between technology imitation and institution transplant, the compatibility between institution transplant and informal restraints, the unifying of market space structure and etc.
5. The dissertation puts forward the method used transportation problem to solving problem on small-scale basic logistics networks design. The method supplies a gap which fore- pursuers could not settle the problem on cost of the nod’s establishing and they ignored the problem on the logistics cost of economy of scale.
The thesis summarized and extended the theoretical points on the Economic welfare effects resulting from arguing that RTAs tend to increase members' economic strength in the region and competition power in international market, extent international division of the labor basing on economy of scale, and to make all factors in the region serving for their short-term and long-term benefits.
The features of natural monopolies such as industries of telecommunications, electricity, railway, gas and water supply are that they need huge investment, have a long period to return their invesment, specialalities of the investment, economies of scale, and so on.
Based on this viewpoint,the paper make the further analysis on the six aspects,competition possibility of the public municipal and marketing theory,marketing rules and balance theory,government supervision and the capturing theory,design of inspiration regulation,network economic effect and large-scale economy effects,authorization and contracting and etc,as well as the specialties in China.
In the article, the author points out that the outside large-scale economy, which takes collective group of Industry as its presentation, is the key factor of the formation of urban competitiveness. And with new classical economics, new systematic economics, new growth theory and industrial organization theory, the causes of comparative advantage formed by external scale economy are analyzed theoretically.
Clearly, the economies of scale will be different for each of these interests as will the margins within which they operate.
To account for economies of scale a log-linear setting has been applied.
This is generally overcome by constructing large facilities having satisfactory economies of scale, thus making financing onerous and hindering the development of suitable technologies.
We investigate the product cycling problem (also known as the common cycle scheduling problem) when there are economies of scale due to increasing yield rates.
In this study the order picking function is modeled to explore its role with respect to inventory deployment and centralized distribution planning, in the presence of production economies of scale and deterministic demand.